Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Sitona humeralis



Sitona humeralis


  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Sitona humeralis
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    CAB International
    OX10 8DE
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report


Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Sitona humeralis Stephens, 1831

Other Scientific Names

  • Sitona attritus Gyllenhal, 1834
  • Sitona discoideus Reitter, nec Gyllenhal
  • Sitona inops Des brochers des Loges, 1899, nec Gyllenhal, 1834
  • Sitona pisi Stephens, 1831
  • Sitona promptus Gyllenhal, 1834
  • Sitones humeralis Stephens, 1831

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: bladrandbille, harot

EPPO code

  • SITNHU (Sitona humeralis)
  • SITNIN (Sitona inops)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Curculionidae
  •                             Genus: Sitona
  •                                 Species: Sitona humeralis

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


Georgia (Republic of)PresentKandelaki and Razmadze, 1972
IranPresentNHM, 1978; Boroumand, 1975; Alichi and Ahmadi, 1993; IIE, 1993
IraqPresentAeschlimann, 1984
SyriaPresentAeschlimann, 1984
TurkeyPresentLodos, 1971; Aeschlimann, 1984; Kivan, 1995
UzbekistanPresentYakhontov, 1935


AlbaniaPresentDieckmann, 1984
AustriaPresentNHM 1905, 1950; NHM 1905, 1964
BulgariaPresentAeschlimann, 1984
CyprusPresentAeschlimann, 1984
Czech RepublicPresentRotrekl, 1981
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentObrtel, 1969
DenmarkPresentWagn, 1954; Silfverberg, 1992
EstoniaPresentSilfverberg, 1992
FinlandPresentSilfverberg, 1992
FrancePresentNHM, 1975; NHM, 1977; Aeschlimann, 1984
-CorsicaPresentRoudier and, 1980
GermanyPresentDieckmann, 1980; Schumann, 1985
GreecePresentNHM 1968, 1977; Aeschlimann, 1984
HungaryWidespreadNádasy, 1983; Nádasy, 1986; Nádasy and Saringer, 1987; Nádasy and Gál, 1996
ItalyPresentAeschlimann, 1984
-SardiniaPresentRoudier and, 1980
-SicilyPresentRoudier and, 1980
LatviaPresentSilfverberg, 1992
LithuaniaPresentSilfverberg, 1992
NorwayPresentKvamme, 1981; Silfverberg, 1992
PolandPresentMinda-Lechowska, 1980; Cmoluch et al., 1982
RomaniaPresentAeschlimann, 1984
SpainPresentAeschlimann, 1984; Gimeno and Perdiguer, 1993
SwedenPresentSilfverberg, 1992
UKPresentNHM, 1896; NHM, 1941; NHM, 1968; NHM, 1986; Joy, 1932; Roudier and, 1980
UkrainePresentTaran and Semenyuk, 1976
Yugoslavia (former)PresentNHM, 1959; Tanasijevic, 1959; Tanasijevic, 1974

Growth Stages

Top of page Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / internal feeding

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Anaphes diana Parasite Eggs
Anaphes fuscipennis Parasite Eggs
Anaphes heterotomus Parasite Eggs
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Adults
Microctonus aethiopoides Parasite Adults Australia legumes
Microsoma exigua Parasite Adults
Patasson heterotomus Parasite
Perilitus rutilus Parasite Adults
Pygostolus falcatus Parasite Adults
Sturnus vulgaris Predator


Top of page

Aeschlimann JP, 1990. The distribution and importance of Microsoma exigua Mg. (Dipt., Tachinidae), a parasitoid of adult Sitona spp. (Col., Curculionidae) in the Mediterranean region. Journal of Applied Entomology, 109(2):151-155

Alichi M; Ahmadi AA, 1993. The Sitona species (Coleoptera; Curculionidae) of the Fars province. Journal of the Entomological Society of Iran, 12/13:16-18.

Balachowsky AS, 1963. Entomologie Appliquée a L'Agriculture. Tome 1. ColéoptFres (Second volume). Paris, France: Masson et Cie., 982-984.

BERRY PA; PARKER HL, 1950. Notes on Parasites of Sitona in Europe with especial Reference to Campogaster exigua (Meig.) (Diptera, Larvaevoridae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 52(5):251-258 pp.

Boroumand H, 1975. Key to the groups and species of the genus Sitona (Col. - Curculionidae) in Iran. Journal of the Entomological Society of Iran, 2(2):Pe 101-110; en 67-68

Cmoluch Z; Letowski J; Minda-Lechowska A, 1982. Weevils of the genus Sitona Germar (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) in plantations of papilionaceous plants in Poland. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skllodowska, C (Biologia), 37:67-86.

Dieckmann L, 1980. Contributions to the insect fauna of the GDR: Coleoptera - Curculionidae (Brachycerinp, Otiorhynchinp, Brachyderinp). Beitrage zur Entomologie, 30(1):145-310

Dieckmann L, 1984. Results of the 1961 expedition to Albania of the German Entomological Institute. 98th Contribution. Coleoptera: Curculionidae. Beitrage zur Entomologie, 34(2):427-440

El-Dessouki SA, 1971. The effect of larvae of Sitona spp. (Col., Curculionidae) on certain leguminous plants. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie, 67(4):411-431.

Gimeno F; Perdiguer A, 1993. Study on evolution in Aragon of phytophagous insects on lucerne. Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 19(3):379-387

Grandi G, 1913. Description of the larva and pupa of Sitona humeralis Steph. and observations on the morphology of the adult of this species. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Facoltà Agraria in Portici, 7:93-100.

Herting B, 1960. Biology of the westpalaearctic tachina Dipt., Tachinidae. Monographien ang. Ent. 16 (Beihefte Z. ang. Ent.), 1-188.

IIE, 1993. Sitona humeralis Stephens. Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A No. 536. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Joy NH, 1932. A Practical Handbook of British Beetles. Volume 1. London, UK: H. F. and G. Witherby.

Kandelaki DzhB; Razmadze KS, 1972. Results of tests of insecticides against the weevil Sitona humeralis Steph. Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR, 68(2):449-451

Kivan M, 1995. Preliminary investigations on Sitona Gm. (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) species occurring on forage legumes, their host plants and distribution in Tekirdag province. Tu^umlaut~rkiye Entomoloji Dergisi, 19(4):299-304; 15 ref.

Kvamme T, 1981. Five species new to Norway (Col., Attelabidae and Curculionidae). Fauna Norvegica, B, 28(1):39-40

Loan C; Holdaway FG, 1961. Pygostolus falcatus (Nees)(Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a parasite of Sitona species (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 52(3):473-488.

Lodos N, 1971. Preliminary list of Curculionidae with notes on distribution and biology of species in Turkey: 1. Sitona Germar. Yearbook of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ege, 2(1):1-35

May BM, 1994. An introduction to the immature stages of Australian Curculionoidea. In: Zimmerman EC, ed. Australian Weevils. Volume 2. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO, 365-728.

Minda-Lechowska A, 1980. The abundance dynamics of weevils (Curculionidae, Coleoptera) inhabiting lucerne crops (Medicago sativa L.) in south-eastern Poland. Annales Universitatis Marip Curie-Sklodowska, C (Biologia), 35:255-295

Nadasy M; Saringer G, 1987. Ecological studies on Sitona humeralis Steph. (Col., Curculionidae) in Hungary. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 52(2a):171-177

Nadasy MA, 1983. Food preference studies on adults of some Sitona species. Novenyvedelem, 19(7):298-304

Nadasy MA, 1986. Effect of extracts of different plants as inhibiting materials against feeding of Sitona humeralis Steph. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 51(3a):1087-1093

Nádasy MA; Gál CS, 1996. Feeding inhibition effect of Ajuga sp. plants on two insect pests (Sitona humeralis L., Pieris brassicae L.). Növényvédelem, 32(6):281-285.

Obrtel R, 1969. The insect fauna of the herbage stratum of lucerne fields in southern Moravia (Czechoslovakia). Prir. Pr. vst. Cesk. Akad. Ved., 3(10):1-49.

Petrukha OI, 1970. Sitona weevils. Zashchita Rastenii, 15(6):24-26

pschlimann JP, 1977. Notes on Patasson lameerei (Hym.: Mymaridae), an egg parasitoid of Sitona spp. (Col.: Curculionidae) in the Mediterranean region. Entomophaga, 22(1):111-114

pschlimann JP, 1980. The Sitona (Col.: Curculionidae) species occurring on Medicago and their natural enemies in the Mediterranean region. Entomophaga, 25(2):139-153

pschlimann JP, 1984. Distribution, host plants, and reproductive biology of the Sitona humeralis Stephens group of species (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie, 98(3):298-309

pschlimann JP, 1986. Distribution and effectiveness of Anaphes diana (= Patasson lameerei) (Hym.: Mymaridae), a parasitoid of Sitona spp. eggs (Col.: Curculionidae) in the Mediterranean region. Entomophaga, 31(2):163-172

Rotrekl J, 1979. The damage caused by weevils to emerging lucerne. Sbornik Uvtiz - Ochrana Rostlin, 15(2):139-144

Rotrekl J, 1981. Damage by larvae of the lucerne weevil (Sitona humeralis) on lucerne. Sbornik Uvtiz -- Ochrana Rostlin, 54(4):265-272

Roudier A, 1980. Sitona Germar 1817 of the group of Sitona humeralis Stephens 1831 (Col. Curculionidae). Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique de France, 85(7/8):207-217

Schumann K, 1985. The importance of weevils as foliage pests of clover and lucerne. Nachrichtenblatt für den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR, 39(2):38-41

Silfverberg H, 1992. Enumeratio Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae. Helsinki, Finland: Helsingin Hyönteisvaihtoyhdistys.

Solari F, 1948. Some new Sitona Germar (Col. Curc.). Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana, 27:64-71.

Tanasijevic N, 1959. The presence of the most important species of Sitona in our country and some data on their bionomics. Zborn. prirod. Nauke Matitsa srpska, 16:38-43.

Tanasijevic N, 1974. The incidence of different Sitona species (Curculionidae, Sitonini) on legumes (Papilionaceae) in the SR of Serbia. Zastita Bilja, 25(128/129):133-140

Taran FI; Semenyuk VI, 1976. The protection of hops 'Polesskoe gold'. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 6:21-22

Wagn O, 1954. Observations on the occurrence of pea and bean weevils (Sitona spp.) on leguminous crops. Tidsskrift for Planteaul, 57:706-712.

Yakhontov VV, 1935. Contribution to the biology and economic importance of the beetles of the genus Sitona Germ. Pests of lucerne in Central Asia. Sotsialisticheskaya Nauka i Tekhnika, 3:53-59.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map