Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Sirex juvencus
(steel-blue woodwasp)

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Datasheet

Sirex juvencus (steel-blue woodwasp)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Sirex juvencus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • steel-blue woodwasp
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Sirex juvencus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Preferred Common Name

  • steel-blue woodwasp

Other Scientific Names

  • Ichneumon juvencus Linnaeus
  • Paururus juvencus (Linnaeus)

International Common Names

  • English: blue horntail; horntail, blue; horntail, polished; polished horntail; wood wasp, steel-blue
  • Spanish: sirice azul
  • French: le sirex des resineux; sirex commun; sirex commune; sirex des coniferes

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: bla træhveps
  • Finland: sinipuupistiäinen
  • Germany: Kiefernholzwespe; Kiefernholzwespe, Blaue
  • Italy: sirice azurro; sirice azzurro
  • Netherlands: gewone houtwesp
  • Norway: blå treveps
  • Sweden: blå hornstekeln

EPPO code

  • SIRXJU (Sirex juvencus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hymenoptera
  •                         Family: Siricidae
  •                             Genus: Sirex
  •                                 Species: Sirex juvencus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

ChinaPresentNativeKanamitsu (1978)
JapanPresentNativeKanamitsu (1978)
MongoliaPresentNativeVasilenko (1998)
TurkeyPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978

Europe

AustriaPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978
BelarusPresentNativeVasilenko (1998)
CzechiaPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978
DenmarkPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978
EstoniaPresentNativeHeidemaa et al. (1998)
FrancePresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978
GermanyPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978
HungaryPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978
ItalyPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978
NorwayPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978
PolandPresentNativeZąbecki (1988)
PortugalPresentNativeNeves et al. (1978)
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Russia (Europe)PresentNativeKhomentovskii (1976); Bogdanova (1988); Vasilenko (1998)
SerbiaPresentNativeGrujic (1979)
SlovakiaPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978
SloveniaPresentJurc (2006)
SwedenPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978
SwitzerlandPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978
United KingdomPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Spradbery & Kirk, 1978

North America

CanadaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-British ColumbiaPresent, WidespreadNativeGoulet (1998)
-New BrunswickPresentNativeSmith and Schiff (2002)
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresentNativeSmith and Schiff (2002)
-Nova ScotiaPresentNativeSmith and Schiff (2002)
-YukonPresentNativeSmith and Schiff (2002)
MexicoPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Cibrián Tovar et al., 1995
United StatesPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
-AlaskaPresentNativeHolsten et al. (2001)
-ArizonaPresentNativeKirk (1975)
-CaliforniaPresentNativeKirk (1975)
-ColoradoPresentNativeKirk (1975)
-New JerseyPresentNativeSmith and Schiff (2002)
-New MexicoPresentNativeKirk (1975)
-OregonPresentNativeFurniss and Carolin (1977)
-WashingtonPresentNativeFurniss and Carolin (1977)

Oceania

AustraliaAbsent, Intercepted onlyHarris (1994); Crowe (2001)
New ZealandAbsent, Intercepted onlyHarris (1994)

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Stems / internal feeding
Stems / rot

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Deladenus siricidicola Parasite Larvae
Dendrocopos major Predator
Dryocopus martius Predator
Ibalia drewseni Parasite
Ibalia leucospoides Parasite Larvae
Ibalia ruficollis Parasite Larvae
Ibalia rufipes drewseni Parasite Larvae
Rhyssa hoferi Parasite Larvae
Rhyssa jozana Parasite Larvae
Rhyssa persuasoria Parasite Larvae

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches adults; eggs; larvae; nymphs; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Wood adults; eggs; larvae; nymphs; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Leaves
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)

Wood Packaging

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Wood Packaging liable to carry the pest in trade/transportTimber typeUsed as packing
Solid wood packing material with bark Conifer: crating, dunnage, pallets Yes
Solid wood packing material without bark Conifer: crating, dunnage, pallets Yes
Wood Packaging not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Loose wood packing material
Non-wood
Processed or treated wood

References

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Allen EA; Humble LM, 2002. Nonindigenous species introductions: a threat to Canada's forests and forest economy. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 24(2):103-110; 37 ref.

Bogdanova DA, 1988. Complexes of xylophagous insects in pine cultures contaminated by pine fungus. Izvestiya Sibirskogo Otdeleniya Akademii Nauk SSSR. Seriya Biologicheskikh Nauk, No. 3:25-28

Braasch H; Apel KH, 1997. On an unusual gradation of the wood wasp Sirex juvencus on pines and their parasitism by nematodes of the genus Deladenus. Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes, 49(3):57-59; 5 ref.

Capecki Z, 1972. The occurrence of Ibalia leucospoides and I. drewseni (Hym., Cynipidae) in Poland. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 42:801-805.

Cibrián Tovar D; Méndez Montiel JT; Campos Bolaños R; Yates III HO; Flores Lara JE, 1995. Forest Insects of Mexico. Chapingo, México: Universidad Autonoma Chapingo. Subsecretaria Forestal y de Fauna Silvestre de la Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulicos, México. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, USA. Natural Resources Canada, Canada. North American Forestry Commission, FAO, Publication 6.

Crowe B, 2001. Exotic Forest Pests Online Symposium: Hitchhikers not on plant material. http://www.apsnet.org/online/exoticpest/Papers/crowe.htm.

Drooz AT (Compiler), 1985. Insects of eastern forests. US Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publication No. 1426, 618 pp.

Furniss RL; Carolin VM, 1977. Western Forest Insects. Washington DC, USA: US Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Miscellaneous Publication No. 1339.

Goulet H, 1998. Sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta). In: Smith IM, Scudder GGE, eds. Assessment of species diversity in the Montane Cordillera Ecozone. Burlington: Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network.

Grujic D, 1979. Contribution to the knowledge of wood-wasps (Hymenoptera, Siricidae) from some localities in Serbia. Arhiv Bioloskih Nauka, 28(3/4):169-174

Harris AC, 1994. Interception of live Sirex juvencus (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) in Dunedin, New Zealand. Weta, 17(2):69-70; 3 ref.

Haugen DA; Bedding RA; Underdown MG; Neumann, 1990. National strategy for control of Sirex noctilio in Australia. Australian Forest Grower, 13(2).

Heidemaa M; Voolma K; Suda I, 1998. Species composition and distribution of the horntails (Hymenoptera, Siricoidea) of Estonia. Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 29:124-131.

Holsten E; Hennon P; Tremmer L; Schultz M, 2001. Insects and Diseases of Alaskan forests. USDA Forest Service, Alaska Region, R10-TP-87.

Iede ET; Penteado SRC; Bisol JC; Schaitza E, 1998. Sirex noctilio problem in Brazil: Detection, evaluation and control. In: USDA. Proceedings: Training and Control of Sirex noctilio with natural enemies, 45-52. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, USA: USDA Forest Service, Report FHTET 98-13.

Jurc M, 2006. Norway spruce - Picea abies (L.) Karsten. Insects on trunks, branches and in the wood - Part III. (Navadna smreka - Picea abies (L.) Karsten. Zuzelke na deblih, vejah in v lesu - 3. Del.) Gozdarski Vestnik, 64(4):197-212. http://www.dendro.bf.uni-lj.si/gozdv.html

Kanamitsu K, 1978. Woodwasps and their hymenopterous parasitoids in Japanese conifers. Kontyu, 46(3):498-508

Khomentovskii PA, 1976. Features of the colonization of Kurile larch by certain wood-destroying insects in Kamchatka. Forest protection: Voprosy zashchity lesa. Nauchnye Trudy, Moskovskii Lesotekhnicheskii Institut, 90:67-74.

Kirk AA, 1975. Siricid woodwasps and their associated parasitoids in the southwestern United States (Hymenoptera: Siricidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 51(1):57-61

Neves CMLB; Nogueira CDS; Cabral MTC; Ferreira LJC, 1978. Sobre o ataque dos insectos em pin heiros (Pinus pinaster Sol.) queimados (On the insects attacking pine (Pinus pinaster Sol.) wood after fires). Boletim Instituto dos Produtos Florestais, Madeiras e- Derivados. No. 19-78:3-8.

Smith DR; Schiff NM, 2002. A review of the siricid woodwasps and their ibaliid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Siricidae, Ibaliidae) in the Eastern United States, with emphasis on the mid-Atlantic region. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 104(1):174-194; many ref.

Spradbery JP, 1977. The oviposition biology of siricid woodwasps in Europe. Ecological Entomology, 2(3):225-230

Spradbery JP, 1990. Predation of larval siricid woodwasps (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) by woodpeckers in Europe. Entomologist, 109(2):67-71

Spradbery JP; Kirk AA, 1981. Experimental studies on the responses of European siricid woodwasps to host trees. Annals of Applied Biology, 98(2):179-185

Stillwell MA, 1966. Woodwasps (Siricidae) in conifers and the associated fungus, Stereum chaletii in eastern Canada. Forest Science, 12:121-128.

Vasilenko SV, 1998. Siricidae: Collection of the Siberian Zoological Museum. Siberian Zoological Museum of the Institute of Animal Systematics and Ecology, Novosibirisk, Russia. http://szmn.sbras.ru/Hymenop/Symphyta/Siricid.htm.

Zabecki W, 1988. Role of cambio- and xylophagous insects in the process of decline of silver fir stands affected by industrial air pollution in Ojcow National Park. Acta Agraria et Silvestria. Series Silvestris, 27:17-30

Distribution References

Bogdanova D A, 1988. Complexes of xylophagous insects in pine cultures contaminated by pine fungus. Izvestiya Sibirskogo Otdeleniya Akademii Nauk SSSR. Seriya Biologicheskikh Nauk. 25-28.

CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Crowe B, 2001. Exotic Forest Pests Online Symposium: Hitchhikers not on plant material., http://www.apsnet.org/online/exoticpest/Papers/crowe.htm

Furniss RL, Carolin VM, 1977. Western Forest Insects. Miscellaneous Publication No. 1339., Washington DC, USA: US Department of Agriculture Forest Service.

Goulet H, 1998. Sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta). In: Assessment of species diversity in the Montane Cordillera Ecozone, [ed. by Smith IM, Scudder GGE]. Burlington, Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network.

Grujic D, 1979. Contribution to the knowledge of wood-wasps (Hymenoptera, Siricidae) from some localities in Serbia. (Prilog poznavanju faune osa drvenarica (Hymenoptera, Siricidae) na nekim lokalitetima u SR Srbiji.). Arhiv Bioloskih Nauka. 28 (3/4), 169-174.

Harris A C, 1994. Interception of live Sirex juvencus (Hymenoptera: siricidae) in Dunedin, New Zealand. Weta. 17 (2), 69-70.

Heidemaa M, Voolma K, Süda I, 1998. Species composition and distribution of the horntails (Hymenoptera, Siricoidea) of Estonia. (Puiduvaablaste (Hymenoptera, Siricoidea) liigiline koosseis ja levik Eestis.). Metsanduslikud Uurimused. 124-131.

Holsten E, Hennon P, Tremmer L, Schultz M, 2001. Insects and Diseases of Alaskan forests. In: USDA Forest Service, Alaska Region, R10-TP-87,

Jurc M, 2006. Norway spruce - Picea abies (L.) Karsten. Insects on trunks, branches and in the wood - Part III. (Navadna smreka - Picea abies (L.) Karsten. Žuželke na deblih, vejah in v lesu - 3. Del.). Gozdarski Vestnik. 64 (4), 197-212. http://www.dendro.bf.uni-lj.si/gozdv.html

Kanamitsu K, 1978. Woodwasps and their hymenopterous parasitoids in Japanese conifers. Kontyu. 46 (3), 498-508.

Khomentovskii PA, 1976. Features of the colonization of Kurile larch by certain wood-destroying insects in Kamchatka. Forest protection: Voprosy zashchity lesa. In: Nauchnye Trudy, Moskovskii Lesotekhnicheskii Institut, 90 67-74.

Kirk A A, 1975. Siricid woodwasps and their associated parasitoids in the southwestern United States (Hymenoptera: Siricidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist. 51 (1), 57-61.

Neves C M L B, Nogueira C D S, Cabral M T C, Ferreira L J C, 1978. On the insects attacking pine (Pinus pinaster Sol.) wood after fires. (Sobre o ataque dos insectos em pin heiros (Pinus pinaster Sol.) queimados.). Boletim, Instituto dos Produtos Florestais, Madeiras e Derivados. 3-8.

Smith D R, Schiff N M, 2002. A review of the siricid woodwasps and their ibaliid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Siricidae, Ibaliidae) in the Eastern United States, with emphasis on the mid-Atlantic region. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 104 (1), 174-194.

Vasilenko SV, 1998. Siricidae: Collection of the Siberian Zoological Museum., Novosibirisk, Russia: Siberian Zoological Museum of the Institute of Animal Systematics and Ecology. http://szmn.sbras.ru/Hymenop/Symphyta/Siricid.htm

Ząbecki W, 1988. Role of cambio- and xylophagous insects in the process of decline of silver fir stands affected by industrial air pollution in Ojców National Park. (Rola owadów kambio- i ksylofagicznych w procesie zamierania jodłowych drzewostanów Ojcowskiego Parku Narodowego znajdujących się pod wpływem imisji przemysłowych.). Acta Agraria et Silvestria. Series Silvestris. 17-30.

Distribution Maps

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