Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Setaria italica
(foxtail millet)

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Datasheet

Setaria italica (foxtail millet)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Setaria italica
  • Preferred Common Name
  • foxtail millet
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
S. italica: 1, habit flowering stem; 2, sheath mouth with ligule; 3, flowering spikelet with bristles; 4, fruiting spikelet.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleS. italica - line drawing
CaptionS. italica: 1, habit flowering stem; 2, sheath mouth with ligule; 3, flowering spikelet with bristles; 4, fruiting spikelet. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
S. italica: 1, habit flowering stem; 2, sheath mouth with ligule; 3, flowering spikelet with bristles; 4, fruiting spikelet.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
S. italica - line drawingS. italica: 1, habit flowering stem; 2, sheath mouth with ligule; 3, flowering spikelet with bristles; 4, fruiting spikelet. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauvois (1812)

Preferred Common Name

  • foxtail millet

Other Scientific Names

  • Chaetochloa italica (L.) Scribn.
  • Panicum germanicum Mill.
  • Panicum italicum L. (1753)
  • Panicum viride var. italica L. (1759)
  • Setaria viridis subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauvois Briquet (1910)

International Common Names

  • English: German millet; Italian millet
  • Spanish: Mijo menor; Panizo de Italia
  • French: miliade; Millet des oiseaux; petit mil; Setaire d'Italie
  • Portuguese: milho-painco

Local Common Names

  • Cambodia: kuö thpu
  • Germany: Italienische Borstenhirse; Kolbenhirse
  • Indonesia: juwawut
  • Italy: Panico d'Italia
  • Laos: khauz fangz
  • Malaysia: rumput ekor kuching; sekoi
  • Netherlands: Trogierst
  • Philippines: bukakaw; dawa; turai
  • Sweden: Kolvhirs
  • Thailand: fanghangma; khao-fang
  • Vietnam: kee

EPPO code

  • SETIT (Setaria italica)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Cyperales
  •                         Family: Poaceae
  •                             Genus: Setaria
  •                                 Species: Setaria italica

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Atherigona atripalpis; Atherigona biseta (millet stem maggot); Chilo partellus (spotted stem borer); Cochliobolus setariae (millet blight); Foxtail mosaic virus; Millet red leaf virus; Mythimna separata (paddy armyworm); Ostrinia nubilalis (European maize borer); Oulema melanopus (oat leaf beetle); Peanut clump virus; Pyricularia setariae (blast of millet); Quelea quelea (weaver bird); Sesamia inferens (purple stem borer); Striga asiatica (witch weed); Ustilago crameri (head smut of millet); Xanthomonas campestris pv. pennamericanum (bacterial leaf streak); Xanthomonas vasicola pv. holcicola (streaky spot of sorghum and Sudan grass)

Minor host of:

Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae (bacterial leaf blight); Balansia oryzae-sativae (udbatta disease); Barley virus G; Barley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf); Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (rice leaf folder); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Cochliobolus miyabeanus (brown leaf spot of rice); Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); Heterodera zeae (corn cyst nematode); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Ostrinia furnacalis (Asian corn borer); Pantoea agglomerans (bacterial grapevine blight); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Rice black-streaked dwarf virus; Rice stripe virus (rice stripe tenuivirus); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Striga densiflora (witchweed); Waitea circinata (root rot of maize)

Wild host of:

Magnaporthe oryzae Triticum pathotype (wheat blast); Sarocladium oryzae (rice sheath rot); Sclerospora graminicola (downy mildew of pearl millet)

Host of (source - data mining):

Atherigona approximata; Atherigona pulla; Atherigona punctata