Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Sesamum indicum
(sesame)

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Datasheet

Sesamum indicum (sesame)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Sesamum indicum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • sesame
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Cereal
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Forage
  • Miscellaneous fuels
  • Oil/fat
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Pictures

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Sesamum indicum

Preferred Common Name

  • sesame

Other Scientific Names

  • Sesamum orientale

International Common Names

  • English: Simsim
  • Spanish: Ajonjoli; Sesamo
  • French: sésame commun

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Sesam
  • Italy: Sesamo
  • Netherlands: Sesam
  • Sweden: Sesam

EPPO code

  • SEGIN (Sesamum indicum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Scrophulariales
  •                         Family: Pedaliaceae
  •                             Genus: Sesamum
  •                                 Species: Sesamum indicum

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acherontia lachesis (death's head hawkmoth); Acherontia styx (small death's head hawkmoth); Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Alocypha bimaculata (simsim flea beetle); Amsacta moorei (tiger moth); Antigastra catalaunalis (sesame webworm); Asphondylia sesami (simsim gall midge); Cadra cautella (dried currant moth); Callosobruchus analis (weevil, bean); Celosia argentea (celosia); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus; Cylindrosporium sesami (angular leaf spot of sesame); Diabolocatantops axillaris (devil grasshopper); Digitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass); Eleusine indica (goose grass); Emex spinosa (spiny emex); Erinnyis ello (cassava hornworm (USA)); Eysarcoris guttiger (two spotted sesame bug); Helicoverpa fletcheri; Heliotropium europaeum (common heliotrope); Heliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope); Heterodera cajani (pigeon pea cyst nematode); Ipomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory); Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Momordica charantia (bitter gourd); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Nesidiocoris tenuis (tomato bug); Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Nysius (chinch bugs); Orosius orientalis (sesame jassid); Parthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed); Peanut mottle virus (peanut mottle); Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudomonas syringae pv. sesami (bacterial: sesame leaf spot); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Rottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass); Schistocerca gregaria (desert locust); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Solanum nigrum (black nightshade); Thrips palmi (melon thrips); Trogoderma granarium (khapra beetle); Xanthomonas campestris pv. sesami (bacterial: sesame blight)

Minor host of:

Acanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur); Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Adelphocoris lineolatus (lucerne bug); Aphis craccivora (groundnut aphid); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Aspergillus flavus (Aspergillus ear rot); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Carpophilus (dried-fruit beetles); Cenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Corcyra cephalonica (rice meal moth); Cuscuta campestris (field dodder); Cyrtozemia dispar; Dactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (vascular cotton wilt); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Hibiscus trionum (Venice mallow); Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm); Orobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape); Peanut stripe virus (groundnut stripe disease); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Phytophthora nicotianae (black shank); Phytophthora tropicalis; Portulaca oleracea (purslane); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Scutellonema bradys (yam nematode); soybean phyllody phytoplasma (soyabean phyllody); Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Tobacco leaf curl virus; Tobacco mosaic virus (tobacco mosaic); Tridax procumbens (coat buttons); Xanthomonas axonopodis (gummosis: grasses); Zucchini yellow mosaic virus

Associated with (not a host):

Bacillus subtilis; Hypocrea rufa (green mould of narcissus); Spiroplasma citri (stubborn disease of citrus); Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani)

Host of (source - data mining):

Alcidodes collaris; Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Alternaria sesami (blight of sesame); Alternaria sesamicola (zonate: sesame leaf spot); Atta sexdens rubropilosa; Caliothrips indicus (groundnut thrips); Cercospora sesami (leaf spot: sesame); Corynespora cassiicola (target leaf spot of tomato); Dasineura sesami; Elasmolomus sordidus (peanut trash bug); Empoasca decipiens (leafhopper, cotton); Empoasca kerri; Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. sesami (wilt: sesame); Mylabris pustulata (blister beetle, arhap); Neoaliturus haematoceps; Neolimnus aegyptiacus; Oidium sesami; Podosphaera xanthii (powdery mildew of cucurbits); Psilogramma increta; Spilarctia obliqua (common hairy caterpillar); Spilostethus pandurus; Steneotarsonemus zaheri; Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Forage

Fuels

  • Miscellaneous fuels

Human food and beverage

  • Cereal
  • Oil/fat
  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Pesticide

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore