Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Secale cereale
(rye)

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Datasheet

Secale cereale (rye)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Secale cereale
  • Preferred Common Name
  • rye
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
S. cereale: 1, habit base of plant, stem part with leaves, spike; 2, flowering spikelet; 3, floret without lemma and palea; 4, fruiting spikelet; 5, grains.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleS. cereale - line drawing
CaptionS. cereale: 1, habit base of plant, stem part with leaves, spike; 2, flowering spikelet; 3, floret without lemma and palea; 4, fruiting spikelet; 5, grains. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
S. cereale: 1, habit base of plant, stem part with leaves, spike; 2, flowering spikelet; 3, floret without lemma and palea; 4, fruiting spikelet; 5, grains.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
S. cereale - line drawingS. cereale: 1, habit base of plant, stem part with leaves, spike; 2, flowering spikelet; 3, floret without lemma and palea; 4, fruiting spikelet; 5, grains. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Secale cereale L. (1753)

Preferred Common Name

  • rye

International Common Names

  • English: spring rye; winter rye
  • Spanish: centeno; centeno de invierno; centeno de verano
  • French: seigle; seigle de printemps; seigle d'hiver
  • Arabic: âles; barrâkah
  • Portuguese: centeiro; senteiro

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Roggen; Sommer- Roggen; Winter- Roggen
  • Indonesia: gandum hitam
  • Italy: segale; segale invernale; segale primaverile
  • Netherlands: Rogge; Winterrogge; Zomerrogge
  • Sweden: hoestraag; raag; vaarraag

EPPO code

  • SECCE (Secale cereale)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Cyperales
  •                         Family: Poaceae
  •                             Genus: Secale
  •                                 Species: Secale cereale

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 01 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresentRye production (2008) 44,000 MT (F)
MoroccoPresentRye production (2008) 2,400 MT (F)
South AfricaPresentRye production (2008) 3,100 MT (F)

Asia

ArmeniaPresentRye production (2008) 864 MT
AzerbaijanPresentRye production (2008) 34 MT
ChinaPresentRye production (2008) 350,000 MT (F)
IranPresent
JapanPresentRye production (2008) 0 MT (M)
KazakhstanPresentRye production (2008) 39,910 MT
KyrgyzstanPresentRye production (2008) 200 MT (*)
South KoreaPresentRye production (2008) 0 MT (F)
TajikistanPresentRye production (2008) 35 MT
TurkeyPresentRye production (2008) 246,521 MT
TurkmenistanPresentRye production (2008) 0 MT (M)
UzbekistanPresentRye production (2008) 10,000 MT (*)

Europe

AlbaniaPresentRye production (2008) 3,200 MT
AustriaPresentRye production (2008) 218,511 MT
BelarusPresentRye production (2008) 1,492,350 MT
BelgiumPresentRye production (2008) 2,000 MT (F)
BulgariaPresentRye production (2008) 14,766 MT
CroatiaPresentRye production (2008) 4,100 MT
CzechiaPresentRye production (2008) 209,787 MT
DenmarkPresentRye production (2008) 151,500 MT
EstoniaPresentRye production (2008) 65,600 MT
FinlandPresentRye production (2008) 60,800 MT
FrancePresentRye production (2008) 123,515 MT
GermanyPresentRye production (2008) 3,744,200 MT
GreecePresentRye production (2008) 61,500 MT
HungaryPresentRye production (2008) 113,500 MT
IrelandPresentRye production (2008) 400 MT (F)
ItalyPresentRye production (2008) 10,800 MT
LatviaPresentRye production (2008) 194,900 MT
LithuaniaPresentRye production (2008) 204,900 MT
LuxembourgPresentRye production (2008) 8,730 MT
MoldovaPresentRye production (2008) 1,317 MT
NetherlandsPresentRye production (2008) 8,000 MT
NorwayPresentRye production (2008) 47,000 MT
PolandPresentRye production (2008) 3,448,550 MT
PortugalPresentRye production (2008) 22,200 MT
RomaniaPresentRye production (2008) 31,446 MT
RussiaPresentRye production (2008) 4,505,060 MT
SerbiaPresentRye production (2008) 13,608 MT
SlovakiaPresentRye production (2008) 80,349 MT
SloveniaPresentRye production (2008) 2,080 MT
SpainPresentRye production (2008) 279,800 MT
SwedenPresentRye production (2008) 168,800 MT
SwitzerlandPresentRye production (2008) 12,400 MT
UkrainePresentRye production (2008) 1,050,800 MT
United KingdomPresentRye production (2008) 31,542 MT

North America

CanadaPresentRye production (2008) 316,200 MT
MexicoPresentRye production (2008) 19 MT
United StatesPresentRye production (2008) 202,680 MT
-FloridaPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresentRye production (2008) 20,000 MT (F)

South America

ArgentinaPresentRye production (2008) 33,859 MT
BoliviaPresentRye production (2008) 413 MT (F)
BrazilPresentRye production (2008) 6,085 MT
ChilePresentRye production (2008) 5,017 MT (F)
EcuadorPresentRye production (2008) 90 MT (F)
PeruPresentRye production (2008) 92 MT (F)

Distribution Database Table

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Distribution References

Alavi J, Strassen R zur, Bagherani N, 2007. Thrips (Thysanoptera) species associated with wheat and barley in Golestan province, Iran. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran. 27 (1), 1-28.

FAO, 2009. FAOSTAT Database., Rome, Italy: FAO. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#home

Hajihassani A, Maafi Z T, Ahmadi A, Taji M, 2011. Survey and biology of cereal cyst nematode, Heterodera latipons, in rain-fed wheat in Markazi Province, Iran. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 13 (4), 576-580. http://www.fspublishers.org/ijab/past-issues/IJABVOL_13_NO_4/19.pdf

Hassannejad S, Ghafarbi S P, 2013. Weed flora survey of Tabriz wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) fields. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES). 3 (9), 118-132. http://www.innspub.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/JBES-Vol3No9-p118-132.pdf

Kiedrowicz A, Rector B, Denİzhan E, Szydło W, Skoracka A, 2014. Infestation of grasses by eriophyoid mites (Acari: Eriophyoidea) in Turkey. International Journal of Acarology. 40 (6), 421-427. DOI:10.1080/01647954.2014.941004

Kolářová M, Tyšer L, Soukup J, 2013. Diversity of current weed vegetation on arable land in selected areas of the Czech Republic. Plant, Soil and Environment. 59 (5), 208-213. http://www.agriculturejournals.cz/web/pse.htm

Lim HyoJin, Seo EunYoung, Kim HyunSeung, Kim JungKyu, Park ChanHwan, Gong JunSu, Kim IkHyun, Han SangHuk, Kilcrease J P, Furuya N, Tsuchiya K, Hammond J, Lim HyounSub, 2016. 2015 nationwide survey revealed Barley stripe mosaic virus in Korean barley fields. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University. 61 (1), 71-77.

Momol M T, Blount A, Kucharek T A, Petersen M A, Nielsen M, Dankers W, Barnett R D, 2001. First report of a furovirus infecting field-grown rye in North America. Plant Disease. 85 (6), 678. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.6.678A

Pieczul K, Świerczyńska I, Byczkowska K, Perek A, Drapikowska M, 2019. First report of Fusarium avenaceum (fusarium stem rot) on Anthoxanthum aristatum in Poland. Plant Disease. 103 (1), 156. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-18-0427-PDN

Tomanović Ž, Kavallieratos N G, Athanassiou G, 2008. Spatial distribution of cereal aphids (Hemiptera: Aphidoidea) in Serbia. Acta Entomologica Serbica. 13 (1/2), 9-14.

Tunç İ, Bahșİ Ü, Göçmen H, 2012. Thysanoptera fauna of the aegean region, Turkey, in the spring. Turkish Journal of Zoology. 36 (5), 592-606. http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/zoology/

Vafaee B S, Narimani V, Farokhzad A, Chasemzadeh R, 2011. Quantitative evaluation of predominant of weeds in winter wheat and barley fields in Eastern Azerbaijan, Iran. Revista Cientifica UDO Agricola. 11 (1), 126-133. http://www.bioline.org.br/pdf?cg11013

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