Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

Scutellonema clathricaudatum

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Datasheet

Scutellonema clathricaudatum

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Scutellonema clathricaudatum
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Nematoda
  •       Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •         Genus: Scutellonema

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Field symptoms of crop growth variability on groundnut in Niger: foreground control and background DBCP fumigated microplot.
TitleSymptoms of S. clathricaudatum on groundnuts.
CaptionField symptoms of crop growth variability on groundnut in Niger: foreground control and background DBCP fumigated microplot.
CopyrightPierre Baujard
Field symptoms of crop growth variability on groundnut in Niger: foreground control and background DBCP fumigated microplot.
Symptoms of S. clathricaudatum on groundnuts.Field symptoms of crop growth variability on groundnut in Niger: foreground control and background DBCP fumigated microplot.Pierre Baujard
Typical symptoms of crop growth variability on peanut in Niger, 60 days after planting.
TitleSymptoms on peanut plant
CaptionTypical symptoms of crop growth variability on peanut in Niger, 60 days after planting.
CopyrightPierre Baujard
Typical symptoms of crop growth variability on peanut in Niger, 60 days after planting.
Symptoms on peanut plantTypical symptoms of crop growth variability on peanut in Niger, 60 days after planting.Pierre Baujard
Scutellonema clathricaudatum, female: A. Total view; B. Anterior part of the lateral field; C. Anterior body region; D. Lateral field immediately after the excretory pore; E, F, G: Variations in tail shape (A, B, D-G: scale 1; C: scale 2.
TitleLine artwork of female S. clathricaudatum
CaptionScutellonema clathricaudatum, female: A. Total view; B. Anterior part of the lateral field; C. Anterior body region; D. Lateral field immediately after the excretory pore; E, F, G: Variations in tail shape (A, B, D-G: scale 1; C: scale 2.
CopyrightNematologica
Scutellonema clathricaudatum, female: A. Total view; B. Anterior part of the lateral field; C. Anterior body region; D. Lateral field immediately after the excretory pore; E, F, G: Variations in tail shape (A, B, D-G: scale 1; C: scale 2.
Line artwork of female S. clathricaudatumScutellonema clathricaudatum, female: A. Total view; B. Anterior part of the lateral field; C. Anterior body region; D. Lateral field immediately after the excretory pore; E, F, G: Variations in tail shape (A, B, D-G: scale 1; C: scale 2.Nematologica
Scutellonema clathricaudatum, female: A. R, S. Anterior region; B, C, I, K, L. Vulval region and vagina, with posterior genital branch (B), and egg (C); D, E. Lip region, nend-on view; F. Cross section at basal lip annulus; G. Oesophageal region; H, J. Lateral field, anterior (H) and midbody (J) regions; M-O. Tails; P. Total view; Q. Basal Knobs.
TitleLine artwork of female.
CaptionScutellonema clathricaudatum, female: A. R, S. Anterior region; B, C, I, K, L. Vulval region and vagina, with posterior genital branch (B), and egg (C); D, E. Lip region, nend-on view; F. Cross section at basal lip annulus; G. Oesophageal region; H, J. Lateral field, anterior (H) and midbody (J) regions; M-O. Tails; P. Total view; Q. Basal Knobs.
CopyrightUniversity of Ghent, Belgium
Scutellonema clathricaudatum, female: A. R, S. Anterior region; B, C, I, K, L. Vulval region and vagina, with posterior genital branch (B), and egg (C); D, E. Lip region, nend-on view; F. Cross section at basal lip annulus; G. Oesophageal region; H, J. Lateral field, anterior (H) and midbody (J) regions; M-O. Tails; P. Total view; Q. Basal Knobs.
Line artwork of female.Scutellonema clathricaudatum, female: A. R, S. Anterior region; B, C, I, K, L. Vulval region and vagina, with posterior genital branch (B), and egg (C); D, E. Lip region, nend-on view; F. Cross section at basal lip annulus; G. Oesophageal region; H, J. Lateral field, anterior (H) and midbody (J) regions; M-O. Tails; P. Total view; Q. Basal Knobs.University of Ghent, Belgium
TitleSEM of female cephalic region
Caption
CopyrightRevue de Nematologie
SEM of female cephalic regionRevue de Nematologie
Arrow shows anterior extremity of the nematode.
TitleSEM of female vulvar region
CaptionArrow shows anterior extremity of the nematode.
CopyrightRevue de Nematologie
Arrow shows anterior extremity of the nematode.
SEM of female vulvar regionArrow shows anterior extremity of the nematode.Revue de Nematologie
TitleSEM of female tail region
Caption
CopyrightRevue de Nematologie
SEM of female tail regionRevue de Nematologie

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Scutellonema clathricaudatum Whitehead, 1959

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Nematoda
  •             Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •                 Genus: Scutellonema
  •                     Species: Scutellonema clathricaudatum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

BeninPresentICRISAT (1990); CABI and EPPO (2008)
Burkina FasoPresentICRISAT (1990); CABI and EPPO (2008)
CameroonPresentSakwe and Geraert (1991); Sakwe and Geraert (1992); CABI and EPPO (2008)
Central African RepublicPresentLuc et al. (1964); CABI and EPPO (2008)
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresentAli et al. (1973); CABI and EPPO (2008)
Congo, Republic of thePresentLuc et al. (1964); CABI and EPPO (2008)
Côte d'IvoirePresent, WidespreadMalcevschi (1978); Fortuner (1981); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EthiopiaPresentBerg and Mekete (2010)
GhanaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
GuineaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
KenyaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
MalawiPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
MaliPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2008)Original citation: Baujard & Martini, 1994a
MozambiquePresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
NigerPresent, WidespreadSharma et al. (1988); Sharma (1989); ICRISAT (1990); Sharma et al. (1990); Sharma et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2008); CABI (Undated)
NigeriaPresent, WidespreadCaveness (1967); Bridge (1972); Ogbuji (1981); Babatola and Omotade (1991); CABI and EPPO (2008); CABI (Undated);
Sierra LeonePresentVovlas et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2008)
South AfricaPresentBerg and Heyns (1973); CABI and EPPO (2008)
SudanPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
TanzaniaPresentWHITEHEAD (1959); WHITEHEAD (1959a); CABI and EPPO (2008)
TogoPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
UgandaPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)

Asia

ChinaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2008); Wang et al. (1991); Tian HongLin et al. (1995)
IndiaPresentGunasekaran (1979); CABI and EPPO (2008)
-ManipurPresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
ThailandPresentRatanaprapa and Boonduang (1975); CABI and EPPO (2008)

North America

CubaPresentKindelan et al. (1991); Gandarilla et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2008)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Roots / reduced root system
Whole plant / dwarfing

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Land vehiclesIn soil. Yes
Soil, sand and gravel Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Roots adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Leaves
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Ali SS; Geraert E; Coomans A, 1973. Some spiral nematodes from Africa. Biologisch Jaarboek Dodonaea, 41:53-70.

ANDRÂSSY I, 1958. Hoplolaimus tylenchiformis Daday, 1905 (Syn. H. coronatus Cobb, 1923) and the genera of the subfamily Hoplolaiminae Filipjev, 1936. (Hoplolaimus tylenchiformis Daday, 1905 (Syn. H. coronatus Cobb, 1923) und die Gattungen der Unterfamilie Hoplolaiminae Filipjev, 1936.) Nematologica, 3(1):44-56.

Babatola JO; Omotade MA, 1991. Chemical control of the nematode pests of cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Crop Protection, 10(2):121-124; 27 ref.

Baujard P, 1995. Use of biological data in plant parasitic nematode systematics: the "Scutellonema bradys group". Nematropica, 25:80-81.

Baujard P; Martiny B, 1994a. Etudes nématologiques au Mali, Afrique de l'Ouest. I. Prospections de deux zones arachidiFres. Journal of African Zoology, 108:217-224.

Baujard P; Martiny B, 1994b. Etudes nématologiques au Mali, Afrique de l'Ouest. II. Effets des traitements nématicides sur l'arachide et le mil. Journal of African Zoology, 108:329-334.

Baujard P; Martiny B, 1995. Ecology and pathogenicity of the Hoplolaimidae (Nemata) from the sahelian zone of West Africa. 4. The genus Aphasmatylenchus Sher, 1965. Fundamental and Applied Nematology, 18(4):355-360; 14 ref.

Baujard P; Mounport D; Martiny B; Ndiaye MA, 1990. Observations en microscopie électronique à balayage sur deux espFces du genre Scutellonema Andrássy, 1958 (Nemata: Hoplolaimidae). Revue de Nématologie, 13:351-360.

Berg E van den; Heyns J, 1973. South African Hoplolaimidae. 2. The genus Scutellonema Andrássy, 1958. Phytophylactica, 5:23-39.

Berg Evan den; Mekete T, 2010. Notes on and new records of some Tylenchoidea (Nematoda) from Ethiopia. Nematologia Mediterranea, 38(2):211-214. http://www.edizioniets.com

Bridge J, 1972. Plant parasitic nematodes of irrigated crops in the northern states of Nigeria. Samaru Miscellaneous Paper, Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria, No. 42:17 pp.

Bridge J, 1973. Nematodes as pests of yams in Nigeria. Mededelingen Fakulteit Landbouwwetenschappen, 38:841-852.

CABI/EPPO, 2008. Scutellonema clathricaudatum. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, October (Edition 1). Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 1044.

CAVENESS FE, 1967. Shadehouse host ranges of some Nigerian nematodes. Plant Disease Reporter, 51(1):33-37.

Caveness FE, 1967b. Nematology studies 1960-1965. Ibadan, Nigeria, USAID:Nigeria.

Fortuner R, 1981. Les nématodes associés au riz pluvial en Côte d'Ivoire. Agronomie Tropicale, 36:70-77.

Gandarilla H; Fernandez E; Kindelan A, 1992. First report of Scutellonema clathricaudatum Whitehead, 1959 in Cuba. Revista de Proteccio^acute~n Vegetal, 7(1):83-84; 6 ref.

Germani G; Baldwin JG; Bell AH; Wu XY, 1986. Revision of the genus Scutellonema Andrássy, 1958 (Nematoda: Tylenchida). Revue de Nématologie, 8(1985):289-320.

Gunasekaran CR, 1979. Survey on patchouli nematodes. Indian Journal of Nematology, 9(1):73

Hooper; DJ, 1990. Extraction and Processing of Plant and Soil Nematodes. In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J, eds. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 45-68.

ICRISAT, 1990. Research highlights 1989. Patancheru, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics.

Jatala P; Bridge J, 1990. Nematode parasites of root and tuber crops. In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J, eds. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 137-180.

Kindelan A; Gandarilla H; Frometa I, 1991. Phytonematodes associated with medicinal plants in the Estacion experimental de plantas medicinales "Dr. Juan Tomas Roig" of the Havana province. Proteccion de Plantas, 1(2):85-89; 4 ref.

Luc M; Merny G; Netscher C, 1964. EnquOte sur les nématodes parasites des cultures de la Republique Centrafricaine et du Congo-Brazzaville. L'Agronomie Tropicale Nogent, 19:723-746.

Malcevschi S, 1978. Quantitative study of the nematode fauna of andropogon grassy savannah in Lamto (Ivory-Coast). Revue d'Ecologie et de Biologie du Sol, 15(4):487-496

Mounport D; Baujard P; Martiny B, 1991. Ultrastructure of the cuticle and vaginal region of Scutellonema bradys, S. cavenessi and S. clathricaudatum (Nemata: Hoplolaimidae). Revue de Ne^acute~matologie, 14(2):261-275; 20 ref.

Nigeria; Federal Department of Agricultural Research, 1975. Annual report 1973-74. Annual report 1973-74. Moor Plantation, Ibadania. Niger, 178 pp.

Ogbuji RO, 1981. Nematodes associated with pawpaw (cv. Homestead) in Nsukka, Nigeria. Beitrage zur Tropischen Landwirtschaft und Veterinarmedizin, 19(4):423-427

Ratanaprapa D; Boonduang A, 1975. Identification of plant parasitic nematodes of Thailand. A second systematic study of Hoplolaimidae in Thailand. Plant Protection Service Technical Bulletin, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok, No. 27:35 pp.

Sakwe PN; Geraert E, 1991. Some plant parasitic nematodes from Cameroon with a description of Criconemella pelerentsi sp. n. (Tylenchida: Criconematidae). Nematologica, 37(3):263-274; 30 ref.

Sakwe PN; Geraert E, 1992. Plant parasitic nematodes from Cameroon: Criconematidae, Belonolaimidae and Hoplolaimidae (Nematoda: Tylenchida). Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 57(3A):857-877; 16 ref.

Sharma SB, 1989. Further investigations on the role of plant-parasitic nematodes in crop growth variability of groundnut in Niger. Legumes Pathology Progress Report, 8.

Sharma SB; Subrahmanyam P; Sarr E, 1990. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with groundnut in Niger. Tropical Pest Management, 36:71-72.

Sharma SB; Subrahmanyam P; Sarr E; Riel H van, 1988. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with groundnut at Sandore in Niger. International Arachis Newsletter, 4:10-11.

Sharma SB; Waliyar F; Subrahmanyam P; Ndunguru BJ, 1992. Role of Scutellonema clathricaudatum in etiology of groundnut growth variability in Niger. Plant and Soil, 143(1):133-139; 12 ref.

Sher SA, 1961. Revision of the Hoplolaiminae (Nematoda). I. Classification of nominal genera and nominal species. Nematologica, 6:155-161.

Sher SA, 1964. Revision of the Hoplolaiminae (Nematoda). III. Scutellonema Andrássy, 1958. Nematologica, 9:421-433.

Steiner GR; Lehew RR, 1933. Hoplolaimus bradys n. sp. (Tylenchidae, Nematoda), the cause of a disease of yam (Dioscorea sp.). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 101:260-264.

Subrahmanyam P; Ndunguru BJ; Sharma SB; Sahrawat KL; Greenburg DC; Riel Hvan, 1993. Etiology of crop growth variability in groundnut in Niger. Plant and Soil, 150(1):139-146; 14 ref.

Tian HongLin; Wang ShouHua; Wu XiuYing, 1995. Screening of rhizobacteria antagonistic to plant parasitic nematodes. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Pekinensis, 21(2):209-213; 11 ref.

Vovlas N; Troccoli A; Lamberti F, 1991. Morpho-anatomical observations on Aphasmatylenchus nigeriensis and Scutellonema clathricaudatum from West-Africa. Nematologia Mediterranea, 19(2):259-264; 9 ref.

Wang SH; Wu XY; Qiu WF, 1991. The identification of 6 species belonging to Hoplolaimidae in grape rhizosphere. Deciduous Fruit Tree, No. 2:5-8.

Whitehead AG, 1959. Scutellonema clathricaudatum n. sp. (Hoplolaiminae: Tylenchida), a suspected ectoparasite of the roots of cotton plants (Gossypium hirsutum L. var. UK 51). Nematologica, 4:56-59.

Whitehead AG, 1960. Hoplolaimus aberrans n. sp. (Hoplolaiminae: Tylenchida). Nematologica, 4:(1959)268-271.

Distribution References

Ali S S, Geraert E, Coomans A, 1973. Some spiral nematodes from Africa. Biologisch Jaarboek Dodonaea. 53-70.

Babatola J O, Omotade M A, 1991. Chemical control of the nematode pests of cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Crop Protection. 10 (2), 121-124. DOI:10.1016/0261-2194(91)90059-Z

Berg E van den, Heyns J, 1973. South African Hoplolaimidae. 2. The genus Scutellonema Andrássy, 1958. In: Phytophylactica, 5 23-39.

Berg E van den, Mekete T, 2010. Notes on and new records of some Tylenchoidea (Nematoda) from Ethiopia. Nematologia Mediterranea. 38 (2), 211-214. http://www.edizioniets.com

Bridge J, 1972. Plant parasitic nematodes of irrigated crops in the northern states of Nigeria. In: Samaru Miscellaneous Paper, Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria, 17 pp.

CABI, EPPO, 2008. Scutellonema clathricaudatum. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CABI. Map 1044.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Caveness F E, 1967. Shadehouse host ranges of some Nigerian nematodes. Plant Disease Reporter. 51 (1), 33-37.

Fortuner R, 1981. (Les nématodes associés au riz pluvial en Côte d'Ivoire). In: Agronomie Tropicale, 36 70-77.

Gandarilla H, Fernandez E, Kindelan A, 1992. First report of Scutellonema clathricaudatum Whitehead, 1959 in Cuba. (Primer informe de Scutellonema clathricaudatum Whithead, 1959 en Cuba.). Revista de Protección Vegetal. 7 (1), 83-84.

Gunasekaran C R, 1979. Survey on patchouli nematodes. Indian Journal of Nematology. 9 (1), 73.

ICRISAT, 1990. Research highlights 1989., Patancheru, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics.

Kindelan A, Gandarilla H, Frometa I, 1991. Phytonematodes associated with medicinal plants in the Estacion experimental de plantas medicinales "Dr. Juan Tomas Roig" of the Havana province. (Fitonematodos asociados a plantas medicinales en la estacion experimental de plantas medicinales "Dr. Juan Tomas Roig" en la provincia de la Habana.). Proteccion de Plantas. 1 (2), 85-89.

Luc M, Merny G, Netscher C, 1964. (Enquête sur les nématodes parasites des cultures de la Republique Centrafricaine et du Congo-Brazzaville). In: L'Agronomie Tropicale Nogent, 19 723-746.

Malcevschi S, 1978. Quantitative study of the nematode fauna of andropogon grassy savannah in Lamto (Ivory-Coast). (Considerations quantitatives sur la nematofaune d'une savane herbeuse a Andropogonees de Lamto (Cote-d'Ivoire).). Revue d'Ecologie et de Biologie du Sol. 15 (4), 487-496.

Ogbuji R O, 1981. Nematodes associated with pawpaw (cv. Homestead) in Nsukka, Nigeria. Beitrage zur Tropischen Landwirtschaft und Veterinarmedizin. 19 (4), 423-427.

Ratanaprapa D, Boonduang A, 1975. Identification of plant parasitic nematodes of Thailand. A second systematic study of Hoplolaimidae in Thailand. In: Plant Protection Service Technical Bulletin, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok, 35 pp.

Sakwe P N, Geraert E, 1991. Some plant parasitic nematodes from Cameroon with a description of Criconemella pelerentsi sp. n. (Tylenchida: Criconematidae). Nematologica. 37 (3), 263-274.

Sakwe P N, Geraert E, 1992. Plant parasitic nematodes from Cameroon: Criconematidae, Belonolaimidae and Hoplolaimidae (Nematoda: Tylenchida). In: Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 57 (3A) 857-877.

Sharma S B, 1989. Further investigations on the role of plant-parasitic nematodes in crop growth variability of groundnut in Niger. In: Legumes Pathology Progress Report, 61 pp.

Sharma S B, Subrahmanyam P, Sarr E, 1990. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with groundnut in Niger. Tropical Pest Management. 36 (1), 71-72.

Sharma S B, Subrahmanyam P, Sarr E, Riel H van, 1988. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with groundnut at Sandore in Niger. International Arachis Newsletter. 10-11.

Sharma S B, Waliyar F, Subrahmanyam P, Ndunguru B J, 1992. Role of Scutellonema clathricaudatum in etiology of groundnut growth variability in Niger. Plant and Soil. 143 (1), 133-139. DOI:10.1007/BF00009138

Tian HongLin, Wang ShouHua, Wu XiuYing, 1995. Screening of rhizobacteria antagonistic to plant parasitic nematodes. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Pekinensis. 21 (2), 209-213.

Vovlas N, Troccoli A, Lamberti F, 1991. Morpho-anatomical observations on Aphasmatylenchus nigeriensis and Scutellonema clathricaudatum from West-Africa. Nematologia Mediterranea. 19 (2), 259-264.

Wang S H, Wu X Y, Qiu W F, 1991. The identification of 6 species belonging to Hoplolaimidae in grape rhizosphere. Deciduous Fruit Tree. 5-8.

WHITEHEAD A G, 1959. Scutellonema clathricaudatum n.sp. (Hoplolaiminae: Tylen-chida), a suspected ectoparasite of the roots of the cotton plant Gossypium hirsutum L. var. UK 51). Nematologica. 4 (1), 56-59.

WHITEHEAD A G, 1959a. Hoplolaimus aberrans n.sp. (Hoplolaiminae : Tylenchida). Nematologica. 4 (4), 268-271.

Distribution Maps

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