Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Scotinophara coarctata
(black rice bug)

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Datasheet

Scotinophara coarctata (black rice bug)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Scotinophara coarctata
  • Preferred Common Name
  • black rice bug
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Eggs round and greenish-pink, laid in groups on leaves near the water level.
TitleAdult with eggs
CaptionEggs round and greenish-pink, laid in groups on leaves near the water level.
CopyrightWendell L. Morrill
Eggs round and greenish-pink, laid in groups on leaves near the water level.
Adult with eggsEggs round and greenish-pink, laid in groups on leaves near the water level.Wendell L. Morrill
S. coarctata adult with hatching eggs.
TitleAdult with hatching eggs
CaptionS. coarctata adult with hatching eggs.
CopyrightMerle Shepard
S. coarctata adult with hatching eggs.
Adult with hatching eggsS. coarctata adult with hatching eggs.Merle Shepard
S. coarctata adult with hatching eggs - nymphs brown and yellow with black spots.
TitleHatching eggs
CaptionS. coarctata adult with hatching eggs - nymphs brown and yellow with black spots.
CopyrightMerle Shepard
S. coarctata adult with hatching eggs - nymphs brown and yellow with black spots.
Hatching eggsS. coarctata adult with hatching eggs - nymphs brown and yellow with black spots. Merle Shepard
S. coarctata eggs and nymphs.
TitleEggs and nymphs
CaptionS. coarctata eggs and nymphs.
CopyrightWendell L. Morrill
S. coarctata eggs and nymphs.
Eggs and nymphsS. coarctata eggs and nymphs.Wendell L. Morrill

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Scotinophara coarctata (Fabricius)

Preferred Common Name

  • black rice bug

Other Scientific Names

  • Cimex coarctatus
  • Podops coarctata
  • Scotinophora coarctata

International Common Names

  • English: black bug; black rice shield bug; Malayan black bug; paddy, bug, black; RBB; rice black bug

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Wanze, Schwarze malaiische Reis-
  • Netherlands: rijstwants, zwarte
  • Philippines: itim na atanaya

EPPO code

  • SCOTCO (Scotinophara coarctata)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Heteroptera
  •                             Family: Pentatomidae
  •                                 Genus: Scotinophara
  •                                     Species: Scotinophara coarctata

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / dead heart
Growing point / dwarfing; stunting
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Stems / external feeding
Stems / stunting or rosetting
Whole plant / dwarfing

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Agonium daimio Predator Adults/Eggs/Nymphs
Anchomenus daimio Predator Adults/Nymphs
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Adults/Nymphs Philippines rice
Camaricus formosus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Lycosa pseudoannulata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Metarhizium anisopliae Pathogen Adults/Nymphs Philippines rice
Metioche vittaticollis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Micraspis crocea Predator Adults/Nymphs
Oxyopes javanus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Paecilomyces lilacinus Pathogen Adults/Nymphs Philippines rice
Psix lacunatus Parasite
Stenonabis tagalicus Predator Adults/Eggs/Nymphs
Telenomus chloropus Parasite
Telenomus cyrus Parasite Eggs
Telenomus triptus Parasite Eggs
Tetragnatha virescens Predator Adults/Nymphs
Trissolcus basalis Parasite Eggs

References

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1991. The migration of agricultural insect pests. Newsletter - Food and Fertilizer Technology Center, No. 94:2-4

Anand Prakash; Jagadiswari Rao, 1999. Age specific fecundity, life table and intrinsic rate of increase of Malaysian black bug, Scotinophara coarctata Fabricius. Entomon, 24(2):191-194.

Anandhi P; Pillai MAK, 2006. Effect of entomopathogenic fungi against Scotinophara coarctata. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 14(1):221-222.

Anandhi P; Pillai MAK, 2006. Ovicidal activity of some insecticides against Scotinophara coaractata (Fab.) [Hemiptera: Pentatomidae] on rice. Journal of Entomological Research, 30(1):65-66.

Anandhi P; Pillai MAK, 2006. Screening of rice varieties for resistance against rice black bug, Scotinophara coarctata (Fab.). Journal of Entomological Research, 30(2):131-132.

Arida GS; Shepard BM; Perez VA, 1988. Parasitization of the Malayan black bug (MBB) by five species of egg parasitoids. International Rice Research Newsletter, 13(6):42

Barrion AT; Machida O; Litsinger JA, 1982. The Malayian black bug, Scotinophara coarctata (F.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae): a new rice pest in the Philippines. International Rice Research Newsletter, 7: 6-7.

Corbett GH; Yusope M, 1972. Scotinophara coarctata (F.) the black bug of padi. Malaysian Agricultural Journal, 12: 91-107.

Domingo IT; Heinrichs EA; Khush GS; Masajo T; Wood DM; Aseron R; Vigonte R, 1985. Field screening of rice cultivars for resistance to black bug Scotinophara coarctata. International Rice Research Newsletter, 10(3):8-9

Ferrer ER; Shepard BM, 1987. Sampling Malayan black bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in rice. Environmental Entomology, 16(1):259-263

Gater BA; Corbett GH; Gater; BAR, 1926. A preliminary list of food-plants of some Malayan insects. Dept. Agric. Fed. Malay States Straits Sett., Bull. No. 38, 95 pp.

Heinrichs EA; Domingo IT; Castillo EH, 1987. Resistance and yield responses of rice cultivars to the black bug Scotinophara coarctata (F.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of Plant Protection in the Tropics, 4(1):55-64

Ito K; Sugiyama H; Nik MohdNoor NS; Min CP, 1993. Effects of lunar phase on light trap catches of the Malayan black rice bug, Scotinophara coarctata (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 83(1):59-66

Justo HD Jr, 1995. Integrated management of the Malayan black bug. Rice Technology Bulletin, No. 1. Los Ba±os, Philippines: Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice).

Justo HD Jr; Shepard BM; Perez VA; Tiongco E; Hibino H; Tsuboi T, 1988. Pest abundance on sequentially planted crops. International Rice Research Newsletter, 13(3):31

Mohamed MS; Lan YM, 1982. Pest problems and crop protection measures in direct-seeding of rice. MARDI, Serdang, Malaysia, mimeographed.

Morrill WL; Shepard BM; Rida GS; Parducho M, 1995. Damage by the Malayan black bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in rice. Journal of Economic Entomology, 88(5):1466-1468.

Nualsri Wongsiri, 1975. A revision of the genus Scotinophara Stal (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) of Southeast Asia. Taxon. Branch, Entomol. Zool. Div., Bangkok Tech. Bull. No. 003: 1-19.

Parducho MA; Arida GS; Shepard BM, 1988. Effect of flooding on Malayan black bug (MBB) egg hatching and parasitoid emergence. International Rice Research Newsletter, 13(6):39

Philippine-German Crop Protection Programme; Bureau of Plant Industry; and Ministry of Agriculture and Food, 1986. Rice black bug (Scotinophara coarctata). In: Integrated Pest Management - Rice. Manila, Philippines, 46-49.

Rao GV, 1977. Outbreak of Malayan black rice bug in Nellore district. International Rice Research Newsletter, 2(6):16

Reissig WH; Heinrichs EA; Litsinger JA; Moody K; Fiedler L; Mew TW; Barrion AT, 1986. Illustrated guide to integrated pest management in rice in tropical Asia. Laguna, Philippines; International Rice Research Institute, xi + 411pp.

Rombach MC; Aguda RM; Shepard BM; Roberts DW, 1986. Entomopathogenic fungi (Deuteromycotina) in the control of the black bug of rice, Scotinophara coarctata (Hemiptera; Pentatomidae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 48(2):174-179

Rothschild GHL, 1967. Insect pests of rice in Malaysia. Part II. Sarawak. In: The Major Insect Pests of the Rice Plant. Baltimore, USA: J. Hopkins Press, 729 pp.

Saxena RC; Justo HD Jr, 1987. Trap crop for green leafhopper (GLH) and tungro (RTV) management. International Rice Research Newsletter, 12(3):31-32

Saxena RC; Justo HD Jr; Palanginan EL, 1988. Trap crop for Nephotettix virescens (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) and tungro management in rice. Journal of Economic Entomology, 81(5):1485-1488

Shepard BM; Arida GS; Heong KL, 1986. Sex ratio and productive status of Scotinophara coarctata collected from light traps and rice fields. International Rice Research Newsletter, 11(3):23-24

Shepard BM; Parducho M; Arida GS, 1988. Effect of flooding on black bug Scotinophara coarctata (F.) egg parasitization. International Rice Research Newsletter, 13(2):22-23

Shepard BM; Perez VA, 1987. Influence of cultivation on survival of the Malayan black bug in ricefields. International Rice Research Newsletter, 12(3):35

Singh MP; Singh NI, 1987. First recorded incidence of rice bugs in Manipur, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 12(2):31

Subramanian A; Murugesan S; Rajendran R; Babu PCS, 1986. Occurrence and control of rice black bug at Coimbatore. International Rice Research Newsletter, 11(3):24

Wan F, 1980. Life cycle studies of the rice bug. Bubmung Lima, MARDI Rice Branch, 7 pp. mimeograph.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Distribution Maps

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