Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Salix alba
(white willow)

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Datasheet

Salix alba (white willow)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Salix alba
  • Preferred Common Name
  • white willow
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Typical habitat in the Po valley, Italy.|Typical habitat in the Po valley.
TitleTypical habitat
CaptionTypical habitat in the Po valley, Italy.|Typical habitat in the Po valley.
CopyrightPaiero
Typical habitat in the Po valley, Italy.|Typical habitat in the Po valley.
Typical habitatTypical habitat in the Po valley, Italy.|Typical habitat in the Po valley.Paiero
Leaf with typical silky pubescence.
TitleLeaf
CaptionLeaf with typical silky pubescence.
CopyrightPaiero
Leaf with typical silky pubescence.
LeafLeaf with typical silky pubescence.Paiero
TitleMale flowers
Caption
CopyrightPaiero
Male flowersPaiero
A. branch with leaves and fruit catkins
B. twigs with female flowers
C. twigs with male flowers
D. leaf with detail of toothed margin 
E. detail of flowers.
TitleLine drawing of morphology
CaptionA. branch with leaves and fruit catkins B. twigs with female flowers C. twigs with male flowers D. leaf with detail of toothed margin E. detail of flowers.
CopyrightMartini/Paiero
A. branch with leaves and fruit catkins
B. twigs with female flowers
C. twigs with male flowers
D. leaf with detail of toothed margin 
E. detail of flowers.
Line drawing of morphologyA. branch with leaves and fruit catkins B. twigs with female flowers C. twigs with male flowers D. leaf with detail of toothed margin E. detail of flowers.Martini/Paiero

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Salix alba L.

Preferred Common Name

  • white willow

Other Scientific Names

  • Salix alba subsp. vitellina (L.) Arcang.
  • Salix alba var. britzensis Spath
  • Salix alba var. caerulea (Sm.) W. D. J. Koch
  • Salix alba var. calva G. Mey.
  • Salix alba var. sericea Gaudin
  • Salix alba var. vitellina (L.) Stokes

International Common Names

  • Spanish: sauce blanco
  • French: aubier; saule blanc
  • Russian: iba belaja
  • Portuguese: salgueiro-branco

Local Common Names

  • France: saudre
  • Germany: Falber; Silber Weide; Silber- Weide
  • Italy: salice bianco; salice bianco o da pertiche
  • Netherlands: wilg, schiet-
  • Slovakia: vrba bilá
  • Slovenia: bela vrba
  • Sweden: vitpil

EPPO code

  • SAXAL (Salix alba)
  • SAXAV (Salix alba subsp. vitellina)

Subspecies

  • Salix alba subsp. alba
  • Salix alba subsp. caerulea
  • Salix alba subsp. micans
  • Salix alba subsp. vitellina

Trade name

  • cricket bat willow

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Salicales
  •                         Family: Salicaceae
  •                             Genus: Salix
  •                                 Species: Salix alba

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Soil improvement

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Honey/honey flora

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Fibre
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Containers

  • Boxes
  • Pallets

Pulp

  • Short-fibre pulp

Wood-based materials

  • Plywood

Woodware

  • Matches
  • Sports equipment