Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Sarocladium oryzae
(rice sheath rot)

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Datasheet

Sarocladium oryzae (rice sheath rot)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 03 August 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Sarocladium oryzae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • rice sheath rot
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Sordariomycetes

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Grains are undeveloped or partially filled. Lesions are visible on upper leaf sheath.
TitleDamage to rice crop
CaptionGrains are undeveloped or partially filled. Lesions are visible on upper leaf sheath.
CopyrightChin Khoon Min
Grains are undeveloped or partially filled. Lesions are visible on upper leaf sheath.
Damage to rice cropGrains are undeveloped or partially filled. Lesions are visible on upper leaf sheath.Chin Khoon Min
Right: lesions visible on leaf sheath enclosing panicle; discoloured grains are only partially filled.
TitleInfected rice
CaptionRight: lesions visible on leaf sheath enclosing panicle; discoloured grains are only partially filled.
CopyrightChin Khoon Min/Mark Holderness
Right: lesions visible on leaf sheath enclosing panicle; discoloured grains are only partially filled.
Infected riceRight: lesions visible on leaf sheath enclosing panicle; discoloured grains are only partially filled.Chin Khoon Min/Mark Holderness
Sheath rot caused by S. oryzae. Comparison of bleached lesions of sheath blotch (top) with brown lesions and grey centres of sheath rot (bottom).
TitleSymptoms on leaf sheaths
CaptionSheath rot caused by S. oryzae. Comparison of bleached lesions of sheath blotch (top) with brown lesions and grey centres of sheath rot (bottom).
CopyrightChin Khoon Min
Sheath rot caused by S. oryzae. Comparison of bleached lesions of sheath blotch (top) with brown lesions and grey centres of sheath rot (bottom).
Symptoms on leaf sheathsSheath rot caused by S. oryzae. Comparison of bleached lesions of sheath blotch (top) with brown lesions and grey centres of sheath rot (bottom).Chin Khoon Min
Sheath rot caused by S. oryzae.  Lesions on panicle axes.
TitleSymptoms on panicle axes
CaptionSheath rot caused by S. oryzae. Lesions on panicle axes.
CopyrightChin Khoon Min
Sheath rot caused by S. oryzae.  Lesions on panicle axes.
Symptoms on panicle axesSheath rot caused by S. oryzae. Lesions on panicle axes.Chin Khoon Min

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Sarocladium oryzae (Sawada) W. Gams & D. Hawksw.

Preferred Common Name

  • rice sheath rot

Other Scientific Names

  • Acrocylindrium oryzae Sawada
  • Sarocladium attenuatum W. Gams & D. Hawksw.

International Common Names

  • English: sheath rot

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Blattscheidenfäule: Reis

EPPO code

  • SARMAT (Sarocladium attenuatum)
  • SARMOR (Sarocladium oryzae)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Sordariomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae
  •                         Order: Hypocreales
  •                             Genus: Sarocladium
  •                                 Species: Sarocladium oryzae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

BangladeshWidespreadCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
Brunei DarussalamPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
ChinaRestricted distributionCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-GuangxiPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-HunanPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-JiangsuPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-JiangxiPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-SichuanPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-ZhejiangPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
IndiaPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-Andhra PradeshPresentReddy and Subbayya, 1988; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-AssamPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-BiharWidespreadGhufran et al., 1980; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-ChhattisgarhPresentYadav and Thrimurty, 2006
-HaryanaPresentAhuya et al., 1980; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-Indian PunjabPresentRainda & Singh, 1980; Kang and Rattan, 1983; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-KarnatakaPresentSanne, 1979; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-KeralaPresentNair & Rajai, 1975; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-Madhya PradeshPresentUpadhyay & Diwakar, 1984; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-ManipurPresentSingh and Roy, 1987; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-OdishaPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-RajasthanPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-Tamil NaduPresentSubramanian and Ramakrishnan, 1975; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-Uttar PradeshPresentSingh et al., 1988; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-West BengalPresentMajumdar and Chatopadhyay, 1974; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
IndonesiaPresentSupriaman and Palmer, 1980; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
IranPresentNaeimi et al., 2003
JapanWidespreadCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
MalaysiaPresentChin, 1974; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
NepalPresentSthapit, 1990; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
PakistanPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
PhilippinesPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
Saudi ArabiaPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
Sri LankaPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
TaiwanWidespreadCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
TajikistanPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
ThailandPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
UzbekistanPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
VietnamPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014

Africa

BurundiPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
CameroonPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
Côte d'IvoirePresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
GambiaPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
KenyaPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
MadagascarPresentBuddenhagen, 1985; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
NigerPresentReckhaus and Adamou, 1986; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
NigeriaPresentNgala, 1983; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
SenegalPresentMbodj, 1989; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
TanzaniaPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014

North America

MexicoPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
USAWidespreadCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-LouisianaPresentShahjahan et al., 1977; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014

Central America and Caribbean

CubaPresentCabrera et al., 2005

South America

ArgentinaPresentMazzanti di Castanon et al., 1993; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
BrazilPresentMathur, 1981; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
ColombiaPresentPinzón Ruíz, 2003
VenezuelaPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-New South WalesPresentCABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-Western AustraliaPresentLanoiselet et al., 2012

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Inflorescence / discoloration panicle
Inflorescence / lesions on glumes
Inflorescence / twisting and distortion
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / fungal growth
Seeds / discolorations
Seeds / rot

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Pseudomonas fluorescens Antagonist

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
True seeds (inc. grain) hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
Wood

References

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Ahuya SC; Charo JN; Srivastava MP; Panwar DVS, 1980. Outbreak of glume discoloration in Haryana, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 5(6):9.

Akanda SI; Shahjahan AKM; Miah SA, 1984. Nitrogen fertilization and sheath rot (SR) development in rice. International Rice Research Newsletter, 9(6):12-13

Alagarsamy G; Bhaskaran R, 1986. Effect of time of application of nitrogen and potassium in combination with nutrients and fungicide spray on sheath rot incidence and grain yield of rice. Philippine Agriculturist, 69(1):99-105

Alagarsamy G; Bhaskaran, R. , 1987. Sheath rot of rice. In: Kannaiyan S, ed. Advances in Rice Pathology. Coimbatore, India: Tamil Nadu Agricultural Univiversity, 185-209.

Amin KS, 1976. Sources of resistance to Acrocylindrium sheath-rot of rice. Plant Disease Reporter, 60(1):72-73

Amin KS; Sharma BD; Das CR, 1974. Occurrence in India of sheath-rot of rice caused by Acrocylindrium. Plant Disease Reporter, 58:358-360.

Balakrishnan B; Nair MC, 1981. Weed hosts of Acrocylindrium oryzae Saw., a sheath rot pathogen of rice. International Rice Research Newsletter, 6(6):13

Boa ER; Brady BL, 1987. Sarocladium oryzae associated with blight of Bambusa species in Bangladesh. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 89(2):161-166.

Brady BLK, 1980. Sarocladium oryzae. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria, No. 673. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Bridge PD; Hawksworth DL; Kavishe DF; Farnell PA, 1989. A revision of the species concept in Sarocladium, the causal agent of sheath-rot in rice and bamboo blight, based on biochemical and morphometric analyses. Plant Pathology, 38(2):239-245

Buddenhagen IW, 1985. Rice disease evaluation in Madagascar. International Rice Commission Newsletter, 34(1):74-78.

CABI; EPPO, 1997. Sarocladium oryzae. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, December (Edition 2). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 619.

Cabrera RI; García Â; Otero-Colina G; Almaguel L; Ginarte A, 2005. Hirsutella nodulosa and other fungus species associated to the rice tarsonemid mite Steneotarsonemus spinki (Acari: Tarsonemidae) in Cuba. (Hirsutella nodulosa y otros hongos asociados al ácaro tarsonémido del arroz Steneotarsonemus spinki (Acari: Tarsonemidae) en Cuba.) Folia Entomológica Mexicana, 44(2):115-121.

Chakravarty DK; Biswas SI, 1978. Estimate of yield loss in rice affected by sheath rot. Plant Disease Reporter, 62:226-227.

Chen CC; Chien CC, 1964. Some observation on the outbreak of rice sheath rot disease. Journal of Taiwan Agricultural Research, 13:39-45.

Chen MJ, 1957. Studies in sheath rot of rice plant. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Taiwan, 7:84-102

Chin KM, 1974. Sheath rot disease of rice. MARDI Research Bulletin, 2(1):9-12

Chuke KC, 1983. Pathological and physiological studies of sheath rot of rice caused by Sarocladium oryzae (Sawada) W. Gams & Hawksw. Unpublished MSc thesis. University of the Philippines at Los Ba±os, Philippines.

CMI, 1990. Distribution Maps of Plant Disease No. 619. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Das SR; Nivedita Nayak, 1997. Efficacy of fungicides in controlling sheath rot of rice in Orissa. Crop Research (Hisar), 14(3):497-500; 7 ref.

Deka AK; Phookan AK, 1992. Some common weed hosts of Sarocladium oryzae in Assam, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 17(6):25

Dhal A; Mohanty AK; Lenka S, 1998. Occurrence of sheath rot of rice in semi deep water situation in Orissa. Environment and Ecology, 16(1):233-234; 2 ref.

Dodan DS; Ram Singh; Sunder S, 1996. Efficacy of fungitoxicants against sheath rot of rice. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 26(3):283-284; 9 ref.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Estrada BA; Torres CQ; Bonman JM, 1984. Effect of sheath rot on some yield components. International Rice Research Newsletter, 9(2):14

Gangopadhyay S, 1983. Current concepts on fungal diseases of rice. Current concepts on fungal diseases of rice. Today and Tomorrow's Printers & Publishers New Delhi India, xvi + 349 pp.

Ghufran SM; Asghar SMA; Singh AP, 1980. Sheath rot spreads in Bihar, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 5(1):11

Gill MA; Bonman JM, 1998. Predisposition and synergistic effect of rice ragged stunt virus to Sarocladium oryzae causing sheath rot of rice. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology, 10(2):90-93; 9 ref.

Gill MA; Bonman JM, 1998. Predisposition and synergistic effect of rice tungro viruses to Sarocladium oryzae, causing sheath rot of rice. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology, 10(2):122-126; 13 ref.

Hsieh SPY; Liang WL; Chang SY, 1977. Etiological studies on the sterility of rice plants. I. Association of sheath rot fungus, Acrocylindrium oryzae Sawada, with sterile rice plants. Plant Protection Bulletin, Taiwan, 19(1):30-36

International Seed Testing Association, 1985. .

Jayasekhar M; Prasad NN, 1988. Effect of N & K on rice sheath rot (ShR) and crop yield. International Rice Research Newsletter, 13(4):38.

Jones MP; Jeutong F; Tchatchoua J, 1993. A survey of rice diseases in Cameroon. Plant Disease, 77(2):133-136

Kang MS; Rattan GS, 1983. Sheath rot in the Punjab, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 8(3):7-8

Lakshmanan P, 1992. Effects of fungicides, insecticides, and their interaction on sheath rot (ShR) severity. International Rice Research Newsletter, 17(2):22-23.

Lakshmanan P; Kumar SM; Velusamy R, 1992. Sheath rot (ShR) severity due to rice bug infection. International Rice Research Newsletter, 17(3):23

Lakshmanan P; Kumar SM; Velusamy R; Indira K, 1991. Loss of rice grain yield and seedling vigor due to sheath rot (ShR) and mealy bug interaction. International Rice Research Newsletter, 16(6):29.

Lakshmanan P; Velusamy R, 1991. Resistance to sheath rot (ShR) of breeding lines derived from Oryza officinalis. International Rice Research Newsletter, 16(6):8-9

Lanoiselet V; You MP; Li YP; Wang CP; Shivas RG; Barbetti MJ, 2012. First report of Sarocladium oryzae causing sheath rot on rice (Oryza sativa) in Western Australia. Plant Disease, 96(9):1382. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Lewin HD; Vidhyasekaran P, 1987. Controlling sheath rot (ShR) in rice. International Rice Research Newsletter, 12(1):17

Li LS, 1990. Recent progress in the study of agricultural mites. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 23(1):22-30.

Maiti D; Variar M; Shukla VD, 1991. Off-season perpetuation of Sarocladium oryzae under monocropped rainfed ecosystem. Indian Phytopathology, 44(4):454-457

Majumdar A; Chatopadhyay SB, 1974. Seedborne fungi in rice seeds and their control under laboratory and field condition in West Bengal. Oryza, 11(1):61-70.

Mathur SC, 1981. Observations on diseases of dryland rice in Brazil, March 1981. International Rice Research Newsletter, 6(6):11-12

Mazzanti de Castanon MA; Gutierrez de Arriola SA, 1993. Sheath rot of rice (Sarocladium oryzae) in Argentina. Fitopatologia, 28(2):70-76

Mbodj Y, 1989. Research on the pathology of rice in Senegal. International Rice Commission Newsletter, 38:52-56

Merca SD; Mew TW, 1988. IRRI Seed Health Unit's Operation on Rice. p241-251. In PLANTI Proceedings No. 3 Movement of Pests and Control Strategies, ASEAN, Plant Quarantine Centre and Training Institute, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Mew; TW; Bridge; J; Hibino; H; Bonman; JM; Merca; SD, 1988. Rice pathogens of quarantine importance. In Rice Seed Health Proceeding of the International Workshop on Rice Seed Health. 16-20 March, 1987. International Rice Research Institute, Los Ba±os, Laguna, Philippines.

Miah MAT; Ahmed HU; Sharma NR; Ali A; Miah SA, 1990. Antifungal activity of some plant extracts. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 19(1):5-10; 9 ref.

Milagrosa S, 1987. Transmission of Sarocladium oryzae (Sawada) W. Gams & Hawksv through rice seeds. Unpublished PhD thesis. University of the Philippines at Los Ba±os, 84p.

Mohan R; Subramanian CL, 1981. Sheath rot of rice - a seed borne disease. MACCO Agricultural Digest, 5(9):7

Murty VST, 1986. Studies on chemical control of sheath rot of rice. Pesticides, 20(9):20-21

Naeimi S; Okhovvat SM; Hedjaroude GA; Khosravi V, 2003. Sheath rot of rice in Iran. Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences [Proceedings of the 55th International Symposium on Crop Protection, Part 2, Gent, Belgium, 6 May 2003.], 68(4b):681-684. http://fltbwww.rug.ac.be/

Nair MC; Rajan KM, 1975. Sheath rot of rice. Agricultural Research Journal Kerala, 13(1):105-107.

Narain A, 1992. Recent advances of few minor diseases of rice posing threats. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 22(1):1-26

Narasimhan V; Rajappan K; Ushamalini C; Kareem AA, 1998. Efficacy of new EC formulations of neem oil and pungam oil for the management of sheath rot disease of rice. Phytoparasitica, 26(4):301-306; 17 ref.

Ngala GN, 1983. Sarocladium attenuatum as one of the causes of rice grain spotting in Nigeria. Plant Pathology, 32(3):289-293

Ou SH, 1963. FAO. Plant Protection Bulletin Reporter, 28:37. FAO Rept. Expanded Tech Asst. Program. 1673 28p.

Ou SH, 1985. Rice diseases. Wallingford, UK; CAB International, 380 pp.

Pinzón Ruíz C, 2003. Stratego® DC 250 - a new means of control for Pyricularia oryzae, Rhizoctonia solani, and other important rice-disease pathogens in Colombia. Pflanzenschutz-Nachrichten Bayer, 56(2):399-416.

Purkayastha RP; Ghosal A; Biswas S, 1983. Momilactone synthesis associated with differential resistance of tall and semidwarf rice cvs. to sheath rot disease. Indian Phytopathology, 36(2):322-327

Raina GL; Singh G, 1980. Sheath rot outbreak in Punjab. International Rice Research Newsletter, 5(1):16.

Rajan KM, 1981. Mechanical separation of paddy seeds as applied to plant pathology. International Rice Research Newsletter, 6(2):10-11

Raju N; Saroja R; Suriaclandraselvan M, 1988. Compatible insecticides and fungicides to control leaffolder (LF) and sheath rot (ShR) in rice. International Rice Research Newsletter, 13(1):26.

Reckhaus PM; Adamou I, 1986. Rice diseases and their economic importance in the Niger. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 34(2):77-82

Reddy CS; Ghosh A, 1985. Sheath rot incidence and yield losses in rice due to the joint infection of rice tungro virus and sheath rot fungus. Indian Phytopathology, 38(1):165-167

Reddy KS; Subbayya J, 1988. Effect of time of sowing on sheath rot disease incidence in rice. Indian Agriculturist, 32(4):267-270

Reddy MM; Reddy CS; Singh BG, 2000. Effect of sheath rot disease on qualitative characters of rice grain. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 30(1):68-72; 15 ref.

Sachan IP; Agarwal VK, 1995. Seed discolouration of rice: location of inoculum and influence on nutritional value. Indian Phytopathology, 48(1):14-20; 17 ref.

Sakthivel N; Gnanamanickam SS, 1986. Bacterization of rice with Pseudomonas fluorescens reduces sheath rot (ShR) infection. International Rice Research Newsletter, 11(3):17-18

Sakthivel N; Gnanamanickam SS, 1986. Toxicity of Pseudomonas fluorescens towards rice sheath-rot pathogen Acrocylindrium oryzae Saw. Current Science, India, 55(2):106-107

Sakthivel N; Gnanamanickam SS, 1987. Evaluation of Pseudomonas fluorescens for suppression of sheath rot disease and for enhancement of grain yields in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 53(9):2056-2059

Sakthivel N; Sivamani E; Unnamalai N; Gnanamanickam SS, 1986. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria in enhancing plant growth and suppressing plant pathogens. Current Science, India, 55(1):22-25; [2 fig., 1 tab.]; 14 ref.

Sanne Gowda S, 1979. Rice disease during kharif in Karnataka, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 4(4):12.

Sekhar MJ; Prasad NN, 1989. Effect of different levels of potassium at each of the two nitrogen levels on the incidence of sheath rot, growth and yield of rice. Madras Agricultural Journal, 76(1):1-4

Shahjahan AKM; Harahap Z; Rush MC, 1977. Sheath rot of rice caused by Acrocylindrium oryzae in Louisiana. Plant Disease Reporter, 61(4):307-310

Shanmugasundaram P; Mohanasundaram K; Rangaswamy M; Ganesan K; Manuel WW; Sundaram T; Ganapathy S; Vivekanandan P; Pillai MA; Velusamy M, 1997. ASD20 (AS89044): a short duration high yielding rice variety for Tamil Nadu. Madras Agricultural Journal, 84(5):274-276; 4 ref.

Singh BN; Sahu SP; Prasad Y; Singh RS, 1986. Seedling age in relation to sheath rot (ShR) occurrence in rice. International Rice Research Newsletter, 11(4):26

Singh K; Mathur SB, 1992. Further evidence of transmission of Sarocladium oryzae through rice seeds and its quarantine significance. Indian Phytopathology, 45:454-456.

Singh RN; Vishwakarma RN; Khan AT, 1988. Diseases of dry summer rice in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 13(1):24

Singh SA; Roy LG, 1987. Some observations on the outbreak of a few diseases of rice in Manipur. Plant Protection Bulletin India, 39:(4) 20-21.

Singha KD; Bhattacharyya HC; Pathak AK, 1996. Nature of perpetuation of sheath rot (Sarocladium oryzae) in rice seeds and its control. Journal of the Agricultural Science Society of North East India, 9(1):76-78; 6 ref.

Sinha BBP; Sinha RKP, 1996. Effect of environment on incidence of sheath-rot caused by Sarocladium oryzae in rice. Journal of Applied Biology, 6(1/2):97-99; 6 ref.

Sthapit BR, 1990. Performance of cold-tolerant varieties in western hills of Nepal. International Rice Research Newsletter, 15(3):18.

Subramanian CL; Ramakrishnan G, 1975. Varietal reaction to the sheath rot of rice (Acrocylindrium oryzae Saw.). Current Science, 44(11):405-406

Supriaman J; Palmer LT, 1980. Seed-borne fungi of rice in Indonesia. Contributions Central Research Institute for Agriculture, Bogor, No. 57:12 pp.

Suriachandraselvan M; Ranganathan TB, 1989. Effect of planting season on the incidence of rice diseases. Madras Agricultural Journal, 76(5):297-300

Surin A; Arunyanari P; Dhitikiattipong R; Rojanakusdin W; Disthaporn S; Soontrajarn K, 1988. Rice yield loss to sheath rot (ShR). International Rice Research Newsletter, 13(6):34.

Tschen SMJ; Chen LiLing; Hsieh SheanTzong; Wu TianShung, 1997. Isolation and phytotoxic effects of helvolic acid from plant pathogenic fungus Sarocladium oryzae. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica, 38(4):251-256; 12 ref.

Upadhyay RK; Diwakar MC, 1984. Sheath rot (ShR) in Chhatisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 9(5):6

Velazhahan R; Ramabadran R; Sudhakar R, 1989. Influence of Acrocylindrium oryzae Sawada on rice seed germination and seedling vigour. International Rice Research Newsletter, 14(2):23

Venkataraman S; Ghosh A; Mahajan RK, 1987. Synergistic effect of rice tungro virus and Sarocladium oryzae on sheath rot disease of rice. International Journal of Tropical Plant Diseases, 5(2):141-145

Vidhyasekaran P; Ranganathan K; Rajamanickam D; Radhakrishnan J, 1984. Quality of grain for sheath rot affected plants. International Rice Research Newsletter, 9(1):19.

Viswanathan R; Narayanasamy P, 1990. Potential antagonist of rice sheath rot (ShR) pathogen. International Rice Research Newsletter, 15(2):26-27

Yadav VK; Thrimurty VS, 2006. Status and source of resistance of sheath rot of rice. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 14(2):424-427. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:apps&type=home

Zeigler RS; Alvarez; E, 1986. Bacterial sheath brown rot (BSBR) in Latin America. International Rice Research Newsletter, 11(5):15-16.

Distribution Maps

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