Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Sambucus canadensis
(American elder)



Sambucus canadensis (American elder)


  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Sambucus canadensis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • American elder
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Sambucus canadensis L.

Preferred Common Name

  • American elder

Other Scientific Names

  • Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis (L.) Bolli

International Common Names

  • French: Sureau d'Amerique

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kanadischer Holunder; Nordamerikanischer Holunder
  • Italy: Sambuco del Canada
  • Netherlands: Amerikaanse Vlier

EPPO code

  • SAMCN (Sambucus canadensis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Dipsacales
  •                         Family: Caprifoliaceae
  •                             Genus: Sambucus
  •                                 Species: Sambucus canadensis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasivePlantedReferenceNotes

North America

CanadaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-ManitobaPresent Natural
-New BrunswickPresent Natural
-Nova ScotiaPresent Natural
-OntarioPresent Natural
-QuebecPresent Natural
MexicoPresent Natural
USAPresent Natural
-MichiganUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
-New YorkUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts

Central America and Caribbean

BelizePresent Natural
Costa RicaPresent Natural
El SalvadorPresent Natural
GuatemalaPresent Natural
HondurasPresent Natural
NicaraguaPresent Natural
PanamaPresent Natural

Uses List

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  • Agroforestry


  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Fruits
  • Spices and culinary herbs


  • Poisonous to mammals

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

Distribution Maps

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