Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

Saccharum officinarum
(sugarcane)

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Datasheet

Saccharum officinarum (sugarcane)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Saccharum officinarum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • sugarcane
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Beverage base
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Miscellaneous fuels
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Sugar
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
S. officinarum: 1, habit; 2, part of stem; 3, inflorescence.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleS. officinarum - line drawing
CaptionS. officinarum: 1, habit; 2, part of stem; 3, inflorescence. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
S. officinarum: 1, habit; 2, part of stem; 3, inflorescence.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
S. officinarum - line drawingS. officinarum: 1, habit; 2, part of stem; 3, inflorescence. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.PROSEA Foundation
Sugarcane (S. officinarum) harvesting.
TitleHarvesting
CaptionSugarcane (S. officinarum) harvesting.
Copyright©AgrEvo
Sugarcane (S. officinarum) harvesting.
HarvestingSugarcane (S. officinarum) harvesting.©AgrEvo
Saccharum sp.
TitleSaccharum sp. - colour illustration
CaptionSaccharum sp.
Copyright©Wilhelm Valder
Saccharum sp.
Saccharum sp. - colour illustrationSaccharum sp.©Wilhelm Valder

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Saccharum officinarum L.

Preferred Common Name

  • sugarcane

International Common Names

  • English: ratoon sugarcane
  • Spanish: cana de azucar; caña de azúcar
  • French: canne à sucre
  • Arabic: qasseh es sukhar
  • Portuguese: canna d'assucar

Local Common Names

  • Cambodia: 'am-pëu
  • Germany: Ueberjaehriges Zuckerrohr; Zuckerrohr
  • India: ganna
  • Indonesia: tebu; tep; tiwu
  • Italy: canna da zucchero
  • Japan: sato-kibi
  • Laos: 'oyz
  • Netherlands: suikerriet
  • Papua New Guinea: ale; kowu; tuma
  • Philippines: tubo; tubuh
  • Sweden: sockerroer
  • Thailand: ka-thi; oi; oi-daeng
  • Vietnam: misa

EPPO code

  • SACOF (Saccharum officinarum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Cyperales
  •                         Family: Poaceae
  •                             Genus: Saccharum
  •                                 Species: Saccharum officinarum

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur); Aceria sacchari; Achlysiella williamsi; Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae (bacterial leaf blight); Aclerda takahashii; Acromyrmex octospinosus (leaf cutting ant); Acropyga marshalli; Adoretus compressus (rose beetle); Adoretus versutus (rose beetle); Aeneolamia contigua (spotted spittlebug of pastures); Aeneolamia flavilatera (yellow-sided froghopper); Aeneolamia varia (froghopper); Agrotis interjectionis; Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Agrotis repleta (cutworm); Agrypnus variabilis (sugarcane wireworm); Alectra fulminensis (sugarcane weed (parasitic)); Aleurolobus barodensis (sugarcane whitefly); Algedonia coclesalis; Alissonotum impressicolle (black sugarcane beetle); Alissonotum pauper (sugarcane beetle); Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); Amblypelta cocophaga (coconut bug); Amblytropidia trinitatis; Anaphothrips sudanensis; Anicla infecta; Antonina graminis (rhodes grass scale); Apogonia destructor; Araecerus fasciculatus (cocoa weevil); Aspidiella sacchari (brown sugarcane scale); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Atta (leaf-cutter ant); Atta cephalotes (leaf cutting ant); Atta insularis; Atta laevigata (caribbean pine leaf cutting ant); Atta sexdens (leaf cutting ant); Aulacaspis tegalensis (sugarcane scale); Automeris illustris; Bathytricha truncata (moth borer, large); Bidens pilosa (blackjack); Bipolaris sacchari (eye spot); bird pests; Blastobasis graminea (sugarcane borer moth); Blissus leucopterus (chinch bug); Boerhavia diffusa (red spiderling); Borreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed); Brevennia rehi (rice mealybug); Bucrates capitata (gray katydid grasshopper); Cactodera cacti (cactus cyst eelworm); Caecilius casarum; Caligo ilioneus (owl-eye butterfly); Callisto pulchella (santo Domingo cane butterfly); Callitettix versicolor (sugarcane spittlebug); Castniomera licus (banana stem borer); Cavelerius excavatus (sugarcane black, bug (Pakistan)); Cavelerius saccharivorus (oriental chinch bug); Cenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur); Ceratocystis paradoxa (black rot of pineapple); Ceratovacuna lanigera (sugarcane woolly aphid); Cercospora longipes (brown leaf spot of sugarcane); Chilo auricilius (gold-fringed rice borer); Chilo infuscatellus (yellow top borer of sugarcane); Chilo orichalcociliellus (coastal stalk borer); Chilo partellus (spotted stem borer); Chilo polychrysus (dark-headed striped borer); Chilo sacchariphagus (spotted borer); Chilo terrenellus; Chilo tumidicostalis (spotted sugarcane stem borer); Chloris barbata (purpletop chloris); Chlorophorus annularis (bamboo tiger longicorn); Chlorotettix minimus; Chondracris rosea (citrus locust); Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed); Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); Cintractia pulverulenta; Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis (Goss's bacterial wilt & leaf blight); Cleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower); Cleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower); Cochliobolus stenospilus (brown stripe of sugarcane); Cofana spectra (white leafhopper); Commelina benghalensis (wandering jew); Commelina diffusa (spreading dayflower); Compsus serrans; Conyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane); Coptotermes (termites); Coptotermes acinaciformis; Coptotermes havilandi; Coptotermes heimi; Corythuca gossypii (cotton lacebug); Cosmopterix dulcivora; Cosmopterix pallidifasciella; Criconemella (ring nematode); Cyclocephala amazona signata (hard-back beetle); Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass); Cyperus compressus (annual sedge); Cyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge); Cyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge); Cyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge); Dactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass); Datura stramonium (jimsonweed); Deightoniella pauana (veneer blotch on leaves of sugarcane); Delassor tristis (large sugarcane froghopper); Desmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass); Diaprepes abbreviatus (citrus weevil); Diaprepes famelicus (root borer, sugarcane); Diaprepes spengleri (weevil, golden leaf); Diatraea albicrinella; Diatraea busckella; Diatraea centrella (stalk borer of sugarcane and rice); Diatraea grandiosella (southwestern corn borer); Diatraea impersonatella; Diatraea indigenella; Diatraea lineolata (neotropical corn stalk borer); Diatraea rosa; Diatraea saccharalis (sugarcane stalk borer); Dichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass); Dicranoctetes saccharella; Digitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass); Digitaria longiflora (false couch grass); Digitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass); Discophora celinde; Dorysthenes buqueti (longhorn beetle); Draeculacephala mollipes (sharpshooter); Dreata petola; Drymaria cordata (tropical chickweed); Dyscinetus dubius (hard-back beetle); Dyscinetus picipes; Dysmicoccus boninsis (pink sugarcane mealybug); Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug); Earias insulana (Egyptian stem borer); Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass); Echinochloa pyramidalis; Elasmopalpus lignosellus (lesser corn stalk borer); Eldana saccharina (African sugarcane borer); Eleusine indica (goose grass); Eoreuma loftini; Euetheola bidentata (bidentate scarab); Euphorbia helioscopia (sun spurge); Euphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia); Euphorbia hirta (garden spurge); Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); Euproctis minor; Euproctis virguncula; Euproctis xanthorrhoea; Euxesta eluta; Exophthalmus vittatus (citrus weevil); Feltia subterranea (granulate cutworm); Fiji disease virus (fiji disease of sugar cane); Frankliniella williamsi (corn thrips); Fulmekiola serrata (sugarcane thrips); Gibberella fujikuroi (bakanae disease of rice); Gibberella sacchari (pineapple eye rot); Glomerella tucumanensis (red rot of sugarcane); Glyptoscelis aeneipennis; Haplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid); Haplothrips aculeatus (grass thrips); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Helicotylenchus erythrinae (spiral nematode); Heliotropium europaeum (common heliotrope); Heliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope); Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans (mottled stripe of sugarcane); Hercinothrips femoralis (banded greenhouse thrips); Heterodera sacchari (sugarcane cyst nematode); Heteronychus licas (black sugarcane beetle); Heterotermes cardini; Heterotermes convexinotatus; Heterotermes philippinensis (subterranean, termite, philippine); Heterotermes tenuis (subterranean, termite); Hieroglyphus banian (rice grasshopper); Holotrichia consanguinea; Holotrichia serrata (white grub); Holotrichia sinensis (chafer, black); Hoplolaimus seinhorsti (lance nematode); Hortensia similis (common green sugarcane leafhopper); Hymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne); Hypomeces squamosus (green weevil); Hysteroneura setariae (rusty plum aphid); Iguana iguana (iguana); Indian sugarcane yellow leaf phytoplasma; Ipomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory); Ischaemum rugosum (saramollagrass); Kiritshenkella sacchari; Kyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge); Lachnopus aurifer; Lachnosterna jamaicensis; Laelia suffusa; Lantana camara (lantana); Leersia hexandra (southern cut grass); Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease); Lepidiota discedens; Lepidiota stigma (sugarcane white grub); Leptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop); Leptodictya tabida (sugarcane lacewing bug); Leptostylopsis assimilis; Leucophlebia lineata; Leucopholis lepidophora (Areca white grub); Ligniera vasculorum (sugarcane dry top rot); Ligyrus cuniculus (rough black hard-back (PR)); Ligyrus ebenus (black sugarcane chafer); Locusta migratoria (migratory locust); Longidorus (longidorids); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Macrotermes barneyi; Macrotermes gilvus; Macrotermes spp.; Macruropyxis fulva; Mahanarva fimbriolata; Marasmia trapezalis (maize webworm); Marasmius sacchari (basal stem rot of sugarcane); Mastotermes darwiniensis; Megathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass); Melanaphis sacchari (yellow sugarcane aphid); Melanaspis glomerata (sugarcane scale); Melanotus communis (common wireworm); Melanotus tamsuyensis (sugarcane wireworm); Melilotus indica (Indian sweetclover); Melinis minutiflora (molasses grass); Meloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne exigua (coffee root-knot nematode); Merremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose); Merremia cissoides (roadside woodrose); Merremia umbellata (hogvine); Metamasius hemipterus (West Indian cane weevil); Microtermes (termites); Microtermes obesi; Mikania micrantha (bitter vine); Mimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant); Mimosa pudica (sensitive plant); Mocis frugalis; Mocis latipes (grass looper); Momordica charantia (bitter gourd); Monomorium carbonarium subsp. ebenium; Monomorium destructor (Singapore ant); Monomorium floricola; Moorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass); Murdannia nudiflora (doveweed); Mus musculus (house mouse); Mycalesis horsfieldi; Mycosphaerella holci (glume blight); Myochrous armatus (beetle, cane leaf or bud); Mythimna humidicola; Mythimna latiuscula; Mythimna loreyi (maize caterpillar); Mythimna microgonia; Mythimna salita; Mythimna separata (paddy armyworm); Mythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Nasutitermes corniger; Nasutitermes costalis; Nasutitermes nigriceps; Nasutitermes rippertii; Neoconocephalus maxillosus (longhorned grasshopper); Neoconocephalus triops (broad-tipped cone-head katydid); Neocurtilla hexadactyla (six-fingered mole-cricket); Neodecadarchis flavistriata (sugarcane bud moth); Nigrospora sacchari (scald); Nola sorghiella (sorghum webworm); Nomadacris septemfasciata (red locust); Nyctelius nyctelius (sugarcane skipper); Odontotermes assmuthi; Odontotermes formosanus (formosan subterranean termite); Odontotermes takensis; Oliarus maidis; Oligonychus pratensis (spider mite); Omiodes accepta (sugarcane leafroller); Omolicna cubana; Opogona sacchari (banana moth); Orphulella punctata; Oxalis latifolia (sorrel); Paederia foetida (skunkvine); Panicum repens (torpedo grass); Panoquina nero; Panoquina sylvicola; Paratrechina longicornis (crazy ant); Paratrichodorus porosus; Parnara guttatus (rice skipper); Parthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed); Paspalum fasciculatum (bull grass); Passalora koepkei (yellow spot of sugarcane); Passalora vaginae (red leaf spot of sugarcane); Passiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower); Patanga succincta (bombay locust); Pennisetum purpureum (elephant grass); Perkinsiella saccharicida (sugarcane leafhopper); Perkinsiella vastatrix (sugarcane leafhopper); Peronosclerospora sacchari (sugarcane downy mildew); Peronosclerospora spontanea (spontaneum downy mildew); Phaenacantha saccharicida (sugarcane red bug); Phaeocytostroma sacchari (rind disease); Phalera combusta; Phlugis teres; Phragmataecia castaneae (giant borer); Phragmites australis (common reed); Phthia picta (black bug); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Phyllophaga antiguae; Phyllophaga helleri; Phyllophaga plaei; Phyllophaga smithi (white grub); Phyllophaga subnitida; Phyllophaga vandinei; Phytophthora erythroseptica var. erythroseptica (pink tuber rot); Planococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug); Poa annua (annual meadowgrass); Podischnus agenor; Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Polygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper); Polyocha depressella (sugarcane root borer); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pratylenchus zeae (root lesion nematode); Prosapia bicincta basalis; Protaetia fusca (mango flower beetle); Protalebrella brasiliensis; Psalis pennatula (hairy rice caterpillar); Pseudacanthotermes militaris (sugarcane termite); Pseudomonas syringae pv. lapsa (stalk rot); Puccinia erythropus; Puccinia kuehnii (orange rust); Puccinia melanocephala (sugarcane common rust); Pycnoderes quadrimaculatus (black bug); Pyrilla perpusilla (sugarcane planthopper); Pythium arrhenomanes (cereals root rot); Pythium graminicola (seedling blight of grasses); Radopholus similis (burrowing nematode); Raphanus raphanistrum (wild radish); Rattus exulans (Pacific rat); Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); Rattus rattus (black rat); Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite); Reticulitermes speratus (termite, Japanese); Rhabdoscelus obscurus (sugarcane weevil borer); Rhizoecus epicopus; Rhopalosiphum padi (grain aphid); Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (rice root aphid); Rhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil); Richardia brasiliensis (white-eye (Australia)); Rottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass); Rotylenchulus parvus (reniform nematode); Saccharicoccus sacchari (grey sugarcane mealybug); Saccharipulvinaria iceryi (red-striped sugarcane scale); Saccharosydne saccharivora (west Indian canefly); Saccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane); Scapteriscus (mole crickets); Scapteriscus didactylus (Puerto Rican mole cricket); Scapteriscus variegatus; Schistocerca americana (south American locust); Schistocerca cancellata; Schistocerca columbina; Schistocerca gregaria (desert locust); Schistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper); Scirpophaga excerptalis (white top borer); Sclerophthora macrospora (downy mildew); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Senna obtusifolia (sicklepod); Sepiomus sp.; Sesamia calamistis (African pink stem borer); Sesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer); Sesamia inferens (purple stem borer); Sesamia nonagrioides (Mediterranean corn stalk borer); Sesamia sp.; Setaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail); Setaria pumila (yellow foxtail); Setaria verticillata (bristly foxtail); Sida acuta (sida); Sigmodon (field rat); Sigmodon hispidus (hispid cotton rat); Sipha flava (yellow sugarcane aphid); Solanum nigrum (black nightshade); Sorghum halepense (Johnson grass); Sorosporium indicum; Spermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood); Sphacelotheca erianthi; Sphacelotheca macrospora; Sphacelotheca sacchari (smut of sugarcane); Spodoptera exempta (black armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Spodoptera mauritia (paddy swarming caterpillar); Sporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut); Sporisorium scitamineum (sugarcane smut); Stagonospora sacchari (sugarcane scorch); Steneotarsonemus bancrofti (sugarcane blister mite); Strategus aloeus (coconut cockle); Strategus barbigerus; Strategus simson; Striga angustifolia (witchweed); Striga asiatica (witch weed); Striga densiflora (witchweed); Striga hermonthica (witchweed); Sugarcane bacilliform virus; Sugarcane chlorotic streak virus (sugarcane chlorotic streak disease); Sugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca); sugarcane Ramu stunt disease (Ramu stunt disease); Sugarcane sereh disease (sereh); Sugarcane streak mosaic virus; sugarcane white leaf phytoplasma (white leaf of sugarcane); Sugarcane yellow leaf phytoplasma; Sugarcane yellow leaf virus; Systena basalis (s-lettered leaf beetle); Systena s-littera; Tagetes minuta (stinking Roger); Tetramoera schistaceana (sugar cane gray borer); Thosea sijthoffi; Trianthema portulacastrum (horse purslane); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Tridax procumbens (coat buttons); Trionymus radicicola (grass-root mealybug); Tylenchorhynchus annulatus (stunt nematode); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode); Typophorus nigritus (black sweet potato beetle); Urochloa plantaginea (marmeladegrass); Valanga nigricornis (valanga grasshopper); Xanthium strumarium (common cocklebur); Xanthomonas albilineans (leaf scald of sugarcane); Xanthomonas axonopodis (gummosis: grasses); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease); Xanthomonas vasicola pv. vasculorum (bacterial leaf streak of corn); Xiphinema (dagger nematode); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xyleborus affinis (shot-hole borer of sugarcane); Xylotrupes gideon; Youngia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)

Minor host of:

Acrida cinerea; Ageratum conyzoides (billy goat weed); Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel); Aphelenchoides arachidis (groundnut testa nematode); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Aphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid); Aponychus corpuzae (bamboo spider mite); Argemone mexicana (Mexican poppy); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Asphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed); Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale); Avena fatua (wild oat); Balclutha rubrostriata; Barley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf); Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode); Busseola fusca (African maize stalk borer); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Chenopodium album (fat hen); Chnootriba similis (maize ladybird); Cicadulina mbila (maize leafhopper); Citrus yellow mosaic virus (mosaic of citrus); Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (rice leaf folder); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Cochliobolus sativus (root and foot rot); Coix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears); Coptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite); Cryptoblabes gnidiella (citrus pyralid); Curvularia (black kernel); Dickeya chrysanthemi (bacterial wilt of chrysanthemum and other ornamentals); Dickeya zeae (bacterial stalk rot of maize); Dicladispa armigera (rice hispa); Digitaria insularis (sourgrass); Dinoderus minutus (bamboo borer); Echinochloa colona (junglerice); Emilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower); Eragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass); Exomala orientalis (oriental beetle); Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Fimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis); Fumaria officinalis (common fumitory); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Globisporangium debaryanum (damping-off); Gloeocercospora sorghi (zonate leaf spot); Helicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Hemicriconemoides mangiferae; Hemicycliophora arenaria (sheath nematode); Heteronychus arator (African black beetle); Hirschmanniella oryzae (rice root nematode); Hoplolaimus indicus (lance nematode); Hoplolaimus pararobustus (lance nematode); Hyperomyzus lactucae (blackcurrant-sowthistle aphid); Hyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed); Imperata cylindrica (cogon grass); Insignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia); Ischaemum timorense (centipede grass); Khuskia oryzae (cob rot of maize); Kyllinga brevifolia (green kyllinga); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Lolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass); Ludwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Maize chlorotic mottle virus; Maize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize); Maize streak virus (streak disease of maize); Maize stripe virus (stripe disease of maize); Melanitis leda ismene (rice butterfly); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm); Nephotettix nigropictus (rice green leafhopper); Oedaleus senegalensis (Senegalese grasshopper); Oryctes monoceros (coconut beetle); Oryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle); Ostrinia furnacalis (Asian corn borer); Oxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel); Passiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower); Pectobacterium atrosepticum (potato blackleg disease); Pelopidas mathias (rice skipper); Penicillium aurantiogriseum (crown rot of asparagus); Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass); Peregrinus maidis (corn planthopper); Peronosclerospora philippinensis (Philippine downy mildew of maize); Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Planococcus citri (citrus mealybug); Portulaca oleracea (purslane); Pratylenchus loosi (root lesion nematode); Pratylenchus thornei; Pulvinaria taenuivalvata; Pythium myriotylum (brown rot of groundnut); Rattus rattus mindanensis (common Philippine field rat); Rattus tiomanicus (malayan (or Malaysian) wood rat); Recilia dorsalis (zigzag leafhopper); Rhopalosiphum maidis (green corn aphid); Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Rumex crispus (curled dock); Sclerospora graminicola (downy mildew of pearl millet); Scutellonema brachyurus; Selenaspidus articulatus (West Indian red scale); Sesamia grisescens (Pink sugarcane borer); Sitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid); Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); Sonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle); Spodoptera mauritia acronyctoides (armyworm); Sporisorium cruentum (loose kernel smut); Stellaria media (common chickweed); Stenchaetothrips biformis (rice thrips); Sybra alternans; Tribulus terrestris (puncture vine); Tylenchorhynchus acutus (stylet-stunt nematode); Urophorus humeralis (pineapple sap beetle); Urtica urens (annual nettle); Xyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer); Xyleborus volvulus; Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)

Wild host of:

Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil); Oxidus gracilis (greenhouse, millipede); Trigoniulus lumbricinus (rusty, millipede (USA))

Associated with (not a host):

Agathis rubricinctus; Alabagrus stigma; Allograpta obliqua; Anagrus flaveolus; Anagyrus saccharicola; Apanteles diatraeae; Araneus theisi; Archytas marmoratus; Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly); Blaesoxipha caridei; Brachymeria incerta; Brachymeria robusta; Calosoma alternans (ground-beetle); Campsomeris dorsata; Chaetomium globosum (antagonist of Venturia); Chaetomium spiralotrichum; Chelonus insularis; Chrysoperla externa; Coleomegilla maculata (beetle, Spotted ladybird); Conoderus exsul (wireworm, Hawaiian, sugarcane); Cotesia flavipes; Cotesia marginiventris; Cycloneda sanguinea; Digonogastra grenadensis; Digonogastra puberuloides; Doru lineare; Enicospilus purgatus; Euborellia annulata; Euborellia annulipes (ring-legged earwig); Eucelatoria armigera; Euphorocera claripennis; Euphorocera edwardsii; Euplectrus platyhypenae; Hippodamia convergens (lady beetle, convergent); Hyperaspis trilineata; Hypocrea rufa (green mould of narcissus); Ignelater luminosus; Lespesia aletiae; Lixophaga diatraeae (Cuban fly); Marasmia patnalis (rice leafroller); Metagonistylum minense (amazon fly); Metaphycus flavus; Myobiopsis diadema; Neochrysocharis formosa; Neoscona oaxacensis; Palpozenillia palpalis; Parallorhogas pyralophagus; Paratheresia claripalpis; Podisus sagitta; Pseudaphycus mundus; Pseudodoros clavatus (blue-black syrphid fly); Pseudogonatopus saccharivorae; Rozanoviella zosterica; Salpingogaster nigra; Sarcodexia sternodontis; Scymnus; Solenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant); Spilochalcis dux; Stenocranophilus quadratus; Telenomus alecto; Tiphia parallela; Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani); Trichogramma exiguum; Tytthus parviceps; Winthemia quadripustulata (tachina, red-tailed); Zelus longipes

Host of (source - data mining):

Abacarus sacchari; Acremonium implicatum; Adoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle); Alissonotum piceum; Anomala; Anomala polita; Antitrogus mussoni; Antitrogus parvulus; Aphis nerii (sweet pepper aphid); Apogonia rauca; Atractomorpha crenulata; Atta bisphaerica; Bactra venosana (nutgrass moth borer); Bissetia steniella (sugarcane gurdas pur borer (Pakistan)); Blissus gibbus (chinch bug, Indian); Cavelerius sweeti; Chilo agamemnon (oriental corn borer); Chilo zacconius; Cicadetta puer; Cochliobolus cymbopogonis (leaf spot: grasses); Cochliobolus ravenelii (false smut); Cochliobolus spicifer (spring dead spot of grasses); Cochliotis melolonthoides (sugarcane white, grub); Curvularia trifolii (leaf blight: clover); Cyclocephala parallela; Dermolepida albohirtum (beetle, grey back cane); Diatraea considerata; Diatraea rufescens; Dimeriella sacchari (red leaf spot of sugarcane); Euetheola rugiceps (sugarcane beetle); Eulepida baumanni; Eumetopina flavipes; Geoica lucifuga; Heteronychus sublaevis; Hoplochelus marginalis; Hoplolaimus columbus; Inopus flavus; Inopus rubriceps (Australian soldier fly); Johnsongrass mosaic virus; Lagocheirus araneiformis; Lepidiota consobrina (consobrina, white grub); Lepidiota crinita (bundaberg white grub); Lepidiota frenchi; Lepidiota negatoria; Lepidiota noxia; Leptosphaeria sacchari (ring spot disease of sugarcane); Leptosphaeria taiwanensis (leaf blight: sugarcane); Ligyrus subtropicus; Macrotermes subhyalinus; Maladera nathani; Matsumuratettix hiroglyphicus; Metamasius hemipterus sericeus (silky cane weevil); Microtermes mycophagus; Migdolus fryanus; Mythimna (cutworm); Mythimna convecta (armyworm, common); Mythimna inconspicua; Neomaskellia bergii (whitefly, sugarcane); Neorthacris simulans; Odontotermes guptai; Odontotermes smeathmani; Odontotermes wallonensis; Oligonychus grypus (african sugarcane spidermite); Oligonychus zeae; Pantoea agglomerans (bacterial grapevine blight); Parasa bicolor; Paratrechina fulva; Peanut clump virus; Penicillium oxalicum (root rot: Sorghum spp.); Proarna bergi; Prosapia simulans; Pseudocochliobolus verruculosus (post-harvest rot); Raphimetopus ablutellus (green, borer); Rhynchophorus cruentatus (weevil, palmetto); Schizonycha affinis; Sesamia nonagrioides botanephaga; Sesamia penniseti; Setosphaeria rostrata (leaf spot of grasses); Sphenophorus levis; Stenchaetothrips minutus; Sugarcane streak monogeminivirus (sugarcane streak disease); Temnoschoita quadripustulata; Vicia sativa (common vetch)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Fuels

  • Miscellaneous fuels

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Sugar

Materials

  • Alcohol
  • Fibre
  • Wax

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore