Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Saccharum officinarum
(sugarcane)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Saccharum officinarum (sugarcane)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Saccharum officinarum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • sugarcane
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Beverage base
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Miscellaneous fuels
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Sugar
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
S. officinarum: 1, habit; 2, part of stem; 3, inflorescence.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleS. officinarum - line drawing
CaptionS. officinarum: 1, habit; 2, part of stem; 3, inflorescence. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
S. officinarum: 1, habit; 2, part of stem; 3, inflorescence.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
S. officinarum - line drawingS. officinarum: 1, habit; 2, part of stem; 3, inflorescence. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.PROSEA Foundation
Sugarcane (S. officinarum) harvesting.
TitleHarvesting
CaptionSugarcane (S. officinarum) harvesting.
CopyrightAgrEvo
Sugarcane (S. officinarum) harvesting.
HarvestingSugarcane (S. officinarum) harvesting.AgrEvo
Saccharum sp.
TitleSaccharum sp. - colour illustration
CaptionSaccharum sp.
Copyright©Wilhelm Valder
Saccharum sp.
Saccharum sp. - colour illustrationSaccharum sp.©Wilhelm Valder

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Saccharum officinarum L.

Preferred Common Name

  • sugarcane

International Common Names

  • English: ratoon sugarcane
  • Spanish: cana de azucar; caña de azúcar
  • French: canne à sucre
  • Arabic: qasseh es sukhar
  • Portuguese: canna d'assucar

Local Common Names

  • Cambodia: 'am-pëu
  • Germany: Ueberjaehriges Zuckerrohr; Zuckerrohr
  • India: ganna
  • Indonesia: tebu; tep; tiwu
  • Italy: canna da zucchero
  • Japan: sato-kibi
  • Laos: 'oyz
  • Netherlands: suikerriet
  • Papua New Guinea: ale; kowu; tuma
  • Philippines: tubo; tubuh
  • Sweden: sockerroer
  • Thailand: ka-thi; oi; oi-daeng
  • Vietnam: misa

EPPO code

  • SACOF (Saccharum officinarum)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Cyperales
  •                         Family: Poaceae
  •                             Genus: Saccharum
  •                                 Species: Saccharum officinarum

List of Pests

Top of page

Major host of:

Acanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur); Achlysiella williamsi; Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae (bacterial leaf blight); Aclerda takahashii; Acromyrmex octospinosus (leaf cutting ant); Acropyga marshalli; Adoretus compressus (rose beetle); Adoretus versutus (rose beetle); Aeneolamia contigua (spotted spittlebug of pastures); Aeneolamia flavilatera (yellow-sided froghopper); Aeneolamia varia (froghopper); Agrotis interjectionis; Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Agrotis repleta (cutworm); Agrypnus variabilis (sugarcane wireworm); Alectra fulminensis (sugarcane weed (parasitic)); Aleurolobus barodensis (sugarcane whitefly); Algedonia coclesalis; Alissonotum impressicolle (black sugarcane beetle); Alissonotum pauper (sugarcane beetle); Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); Amblypelta cocophaga (coconut bug); Amblytropidia trinitatis; Anaphothrips sudanensis; Anicla infecta; Antonina graminis (rhodes grass scale); Apogonia destructor; Araecerus fasciculatus (cocoa weevil); Aspidiella sacchari (brown sugarcane scale); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Atta (leaf-cutter ant); Atta cephalotes (leaf cutting ant); Atta insularis; Atta laevigata (caribbean pine leaf cutting ant); Atta sexdens (leaf cutting ant); Aulacaspis tegalensis (sugarcane scale); Automeris illustris; Bathytricha truncata (moth borer, large); Bidens pilosa (blackjack); Bipolaris sacchari (eye spot); bird pests; Blastobasis graminea (sugarcane borer moth); Blissus leucopterus (chinch bug); Boerhavia diffusa (red spiderling); Borreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed); Brevennia rehi (rice mealybug); Bucrates capitata (gray katydid grasshopper); Cactodera cacti (cactus cyst eelworm); Caecilius casarum; Caligo ilioneus (owl-eye butterfly); Callisto pulchella (santo Domingo cane butterfly); Callitettix versicolor (sugarcane spittlebug); Castniomera licus (banana stem borer); Cavelerius excavatus (sugarcane black, bug (Pakistan)); Cavelerius saccharivorus (oriental chinch bug); Cenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur); Ceratocystis paradoxa (black rot of pineapple); Ceratovacuna lanigera (sugarcane woolly aphid); Cercospora longipes (brown leaf spot of sugarcane); Chilo auricilius (gold-fringed rice borer); Chilo infuscatellus (yellow top borer of sugarcane); Chilo orichalcociliellus (coastal stalk borer); Chilo partellus (spotted stem borer); Chilo polychrysus (dark-headed striped borer); Chilo sacchariphagus (spotted borer); Chilo terrenellus; Chilo tumidicostalis (spotted sugarcane stem borer); Chloris barbata (purpletop chloris); Chlorophorus annularis (bamboo tiger longicorn); Chlorotettix minimus; Chondracris rosea (citrus locust); Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed); Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); Cintractia pulverulenta; Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis (Goss's bacterial wilt & leaf blight); Cleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower); Cleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower); Cochliobolus stenospilus (brown stripe of sugarcane); Cofana spectra (white leafhopper); Commelina benghalensis (wandering jew); Commelina diffusa (spreading dayflower); Compsus serrans; Conyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane); Coptotermes (termites); Coptotermes acinaciformis; Coptotermes havilandi; Coptotermes heimi; Corythuca gossypii (cotton lacebug); Cosmopterix dulcivora; Cosmopterix pallidifasciella; Criconemella (ring nematode); Cyclocephala amazona signata (hard-back beetle); Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass); Cyperus compressus (annual sedge); Cyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge); Cyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge); Cyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge); Dactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass); Datura stramonium (jimsonweed); Deightoniella pauana (veneer blotch on leaves of sugarcane); Delassor tristis (large sugarcane froghopper); Desmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass); Diaprepes abbreviatus (citrus weevil); Diaprepes famelicus (root borer, sugarcane); Diaprepes spengleri (weevil, golden leaf); Diatraea albicrinella; Diatraea busckella; Diatraea centrella (stalk borer of sugarcane and rice); Diatraea grandiosella (southwestern corn borer); Diatraea impersonatella; Diatraea indigenella; Diatraea lineolata (neotropical corn stalk borer); Diatraea rosa; Diatraea saccharalis (sugarcane stalk borer); Dichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass); Dicranoctetes saccharella; Digitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass); Digitaria longiflora (false couch grass); Digitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass); Discophora celinde; Dorysthenes buqueti (longhorn beetle); Draeculacephala mollipes (sharpshooter); Dreata petola; Drymaria cordata (tropical chickweed); Dyscinetus dubius (hard-back beetle); Dyscinetus picipes; Dysmicoccus boninsis (pink sugarcane mealybug); Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug); Earias insulana (Egyptian stem borer); Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass); Echinochloa pyramidalis; Elasmopalpus lignosellus (lesser corn stalk borer); Eldana saccharina (African sugarcane borer); Eleusine indica (goose grass); Eoreuma loftini; Euetheola bidentata (bidentate scarab); Euphorbia helioscopia (sun spurge); Euphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia); Euphorbia hirta (garden spurge); Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); Euproctis minor; Euproctis virguncula; Euproctis xanthorrhoea; Euxesta eluta; Exophthalmus vittatus (citrus weevil); Feltia subterranea (granulate cutworm); Fiji disease virus (fiji disease of sugar cane); Frankliniella williamsi (corn thrips); Fulmekiola serrata (sugarcane thrips); Gibberella fujikuroi (bakanae disease of rice); Gibberella sacchari (pineapple eye rot); Glomerella tucumanensis (red rot of sugarcane); Glyptoscelis aeneipennis; Haplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid); Haplothrips aculeatus (grass thrips); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Helicotylenchus erythrinae (spiral nematode); Heliotropium europaeum (common heliotrope); Heliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope); Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans (mottled stripe of sugarcane); Hercinothrips femoralis (banded greenhouse thrips); Heterodera sacchari (sugarcane cyst nematode); Heteronychus licas (black sugarcane beetle); Heterotermes cardini; Heterotermes convexinotatus; Heterotermes philippinensis (subterranean, termite, philippine); Heterotermes tenuis (subterranean, termite); Hieroglyphus banian (rice grasshopper); Holotrichia consanguinea; Holotrichia serrata (white grub); Holotrichia sinensis (chafer, black); Hoplolaimus seinhorsti (lance nematode); Hortensia similis (common green sugarcane leafhopper); Hymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne); Hypomeces squamosus (green weevil); Hysteroneura setariae (rusty plum aphid); Iguana iguana (iguana); Indian sugarcane yellow leaf phytoplasma; Ipomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory); Ischaemum rugosum (saramollagrass); Kiritshenkella sacchari; Kyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge); Lachnopus aurifer; Lachnosterna jamaicensis; Laelia suffusa; Lantana camara (lantana); Leersia hexandra (southern cut grass); Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease); Lepidiota discedens; Lepidiota stigma (sugarcane white grub); Leptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop); Leptodictya tabida (sugarcane lacewing bug); Leptostylopsis assimilis; Leucophlebia lineata; Leucopholis lepidophora (Areca white grub); Ligniera vasculorum (sugarcane dry top rot); Ligyrus cuniculus (rough black hard-back (PR)); Ligyrus ebenus (black sugarcane chafer); Locusta migratoria (migratory locust); Longidorus (longidorids); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Macrotermes barneyi; Macrotermes gilvus; Macrotermes spp.; Macruropyxis fulva; Mahanarva fimbriolata; Marasmia trapezalis (maize webworm); Marasmius sacchari (basal stem rot of sugarcane); Mastotermes darwiniensis; Megathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass); Melanaphis sacchari (yellow sugarcane aphid); Melanaspis glomerata (sugarcane scale); Melanotus communis (common wireworm); Melanotus tamsuyensis (sugarcane wireworm); Melilotus indica (Indian sweetclover); Melinis minutiflora (molasses grass); Meloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne exigua (coffee root-knot nematode); Merremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose); Merremia cissoides (roadside woodrose); Merremia umbellata (hogvine); Metamasius hemipterus (West Indian cane weevil); Microtermes (termites); Microtermes obesi; Mikania micrantha (bitter vine); Mimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant); Mimosa pudica (sensitive plant); Mocis frugalis; Mocis latipes (grass looper); Momordica charantia (bitter gourd); Monomorium carbonarium subsp. ebenium; Monomorium destructor (Singapore ant); Monomorium floricola; Moorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass); Murdannia nudiflora (doveweed); Mus musculus (house mouse); Mycalesis horsfieldi; Mycosphaerella holci (glume blight); Myochrous armatus (beetle, cane leaf or bud); Mythimna humidicola; Mythimna latiuscula; Mythimna loreyi (maize caterpillar); Mythimna microgonia; Mythimna salita; Mythimna separata (paddy armyworm); Mythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Nasutitermes corniger; Nasutitermes costalis; Nasutitermes nigriceps; Nasutitermes rippertii; Neoconocephalus maxillosus (longhorned grasshopper); Neoconocephalus triops (broad-tipped cone-head katydid); Neocurtilla hexadactyla (six-fingered mole-cricket); Neodecadarchis flavistriata (sugarcane bud moth); Nigrospora sacchari (scald); Nola sorghiella (sorghum webworm); Nomadacris septemfasciata (red locust); Nyctelius nyctelius (sugarcane skipper); Odontotermes assmuthi; Odontotermes formosanus (formosan subterranean termite); Odontotermes takensis; Oliarus maidis; Oligonychus pratensis (spider mite); Omiodes accepta (sugarcane leafroller); Omolicna cubana; Opogona sacchari (banana moth); Orphulella punctata; Oxalis latifolia (sorrel); Paederia foetida (skunkvine); Panicum repens (torpedo grass); Panoquina nero; Panoquina sylvicola; Paratrechina longicornis (crazy ant); Paratrichodorus porosus; Parnara guttatus (rice skipper); Parthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed); Passalora koepkei (yellow spot of sugarcane); Passalora vaginae (red leaf spot of sugarcane); Passiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower); Patanga succincta (bombay locust); Pennisetum purpureum (elephant grass); Perkinsiella saccharicida (sugarcane leafhopper); Perkinsiella vastatrix (sugarcane leafhopper); Peronosclerospora sacchari (sugarcane downy mildew); Peronosclerospora spontanea (spontaneum downy mildew); Phaenacantha saccharicida (sugarcane red bug); Phaeocytostroma sacchari (rind disease); Phalera combusta; Phlugis teres; Phragmataecia castaneae (giant borer); Phragmites australis (common reed); Phthia picta (black bug); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Phyllophaga antiguae; Phyllophaga helleri; Phyllophaga plaei; Phyllophaga smithi (white grub); Phyllophaga subnitida; Phyllophaga vandinei; Phytophthora erythroseptica var. erythroseptica (pink tuber rot); Planococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug); Poa annua (annual meadowgrass); Podischnus agenor; Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Polygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper); Polyocha depressella (sugarcane root borer); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pratylenchus zeae (root lesion nematode); Prosapia bicincta basalis; Protaetia fusca (mango flower beetle); Protalebrella brasiliensis; Psalis pennatula (hairy rice caterpillar); Pseudacanthotermes militaris (sugarcane termite); Pseudomonas syringae pv. lapsa (stalk rot); Puccinia erythropus; Puccinia kuehnii (orange rust); Puccinia melanocephala (sugarcane common rust); Pycnoderes quadrimaculatus (black bug); Pyrilla perpusilla (sugarcane planthopper); Pythium arrhenomanes (cereals root rot); Pythium graminicola (seedling blight of grasses); Radopholus similis (burrowing nematode); Raphanus raphanistrum (wild radish); Rattus exulans (Pacific rat); Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); Rattus rattus (black rat); Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite); Reticulitermes speratus (termite, Japanese); Rhabdoscelus obscurus (sugarcane weevil borer); Rhizoecus epicopus; Rhopalosiphum padi (grain aphid); Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (rice root aphid); Rhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil); Richardia brasiliensis (white-eye (Australia)); Rottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass); Rotylenchulus parvus (reniform nematode); Saccharicoccus sacchari (grey sugarcane mealybug); Saccharipulvinaria iceryi (red-striped sugarcane scale); Saccharosydne saccharivora (west Indian canefly); Saccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane); Scapteriscus (mole crickets); Scapteriscus didactylus (Puerto Rican mole cricket); Scapteriscus variegatus; Schistocerca americana (south American locust); Schistocerca cancellata; Schistocerca columbina; Schistocerca gregaria (desert locust); Schistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper); Scirpophaga excerptalis (white top borer); Sclerophthora macrospora (downy mildew); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Senna obtusifolia (sicklepod); Sepiomus sp.; Sesamia calamistis (African pink stem borer); Sesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer); Sesamia inferens (purple stem borer); Sesamia nonagrioides (Mediterranean corn stalk borer); Sesamia sp.; Setaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail); Setaria pumila (yellow foxtail); Setaria verticillata (bristly foxtail); Sida acuta (sida); Sigmodon (field rat); Sigmodon hispidus (hispid cotton rat); Sipha flava (yellow sugarcane aphid); Solanum nigrum (black nightshade); Sorghum halepense (Johnson grass); Sorosporium indicum; Spermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood); Sphacelotheca erianthi; Sphacelotheca macrospora; Sphacelotheca sacchari (smut of sugarcane); Spodoptera exempta (black armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Spodoptera mauritia (paddy swarming caterpillar); Sporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut); Sporisorium scitamineum (sugarcane smut); Stagonospora sacchari (sugarcane scorch); Steneotarsonemus bancrofti (sugarcane blister mite); Strategus aloeus (coconut cockle); Strategus barbigerus; Strategus simson; Striga angustifolia (witchweed); Striga asiatica (witch weed); Striga densiflora (witchweed); Striga hermonthica (witchweed); Sugarcane bacilliform virus; Sugarcane chlorotic streak virus (sugarcane chlorotic streak disease); Sugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca); sugarcane Ramu stunt disease (Ramu stunt disease); Sugarcane sereh disease (sereh); Sugarcane streak mosaic virus; sugarcane white leaf phytoplasma (white leaf of sugarcane); Sugarcane yellow leaf phytoplasma; Sugarcane yellow leaf virus; Systena basalis (s-lettered leaf beetle); Systena s-littera; Tagetes minuta (stinking Roger); Tetramoera schistaceana (sugar cane gray borer); Thosea sijthoffi; Trianthema portulacastrum (horse purslane); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Tridax procumbens (coat buttons); Trionymus radicicola (grass-root mealybug); Tylenchorhynchus annulatus (stunt nematode); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode); Typophorus nigritus (black sweet potato beetle); Urochloa plantaginea (marmeladegrass); Valanga nigricornis (valanga grasshopper); Xanthium strumarium (common cocklebur); Xanthomonas albilineans (leaf scald of sugarcane); Xanthomonas axonopodis (gummosis: grasses); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease); Xiphinema (dagger nematode); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xyleborus affinis (shot-hole borer of sugarcane); Xylotrupes gideon

Minor host of:

Acrida cinerea; Ageratum conyzoides (billy goat weed); Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel); Aphelenchoides arachidis (groundnut testa nematode); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Aphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid); Aponychus corpuzae (bamboo spider mite); Argemone mexicana (Mexican poppy); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Asphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed); Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale); Avena fatua (wild oat); Balclutha rubrostriata; Barley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf); Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode); Busseola fusca (African maize stalk borer); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Chenopodium album (fat hen); Chnootriba similis (maize ladybird); Cicadulina mbila (maize leafhopper); Citrus yellow mosaic virus (mosaic of citrus); Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (rice leaf folder); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Cochliobolus sativus (root and foot rot); Coptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite); Cryptoblabes gnidiella (citrus pyralid); Curvularia (black kernel); Dickeya chrysanthemi (bacterial wilt of chrysanthemum and other ornamentals); Dickeya zeae (bacterial stalk rot of maize); Dicladispa armigera (rice hispa); Digitaria insularis (sourgrass); Dinoderus minutus (bamboo borer); Echinochloa colona (junglerice); Emilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower); Exomala orientalis (oriental beetle); Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Fimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis); Fumaria officinalis (common fumitory); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Gloeocercospora sorghi (zonate leaf spot); Helicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Hemicriconemoides mangiferae; Hemicycliophora arenaria (sheath nematode); Heteronychus arator (African black beetle); Hirschmanniella oryzae (rice root nematode); Hoplolaimus indicus (lance nematode); Hoplolaimus pararobustus (lance nematode); Hyperomyzus lactucae (blackcurrant-sowthistle aphid); Hyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed); Imperata cylindrica (cogon grass); Insignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia); Ischaemum timorense (centipede grass); Khuskia oryzae (cob rot of maize); Kyllinga brevifolia (green kyllinga); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Lolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass); Ludwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Maize chlorotic mottle virus; Maize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize); Maize streak virus (streak disease of maize); Maize stripe virus (stripe disease of maize); Melanitis leda ismene (rice butterfly); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm); Nephotettix nigropictus (rice green leafhopper); Oedaleus senegalensis (Senegalese grasshopper); Oryctes monoceros (coconut beetle); Oryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle); Ostrinia furnacalis (Asian corn borer); Oxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel); Passiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower); Pectobacterium atrosepticum (potato blackleg disease); Pelopidas mathias (rice skipper); Penicillium aurantiogriseum (crown rot of asparagus); Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass); Peregrinus maidis (corn planthopper); Peronosclerospora philippinensis (Philippine downy mildew); Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Planococcus citri (citrus mealybug); Portulaca oleracea (purslane); Pratylenchus loosi (root lesion nematode); Pratylenchus thornei; Pulvinaria taenuivalvata; Pythium debaryanum (damping-off); Pythium myriotylum (brown rot of groundnut); Rattus rattus mindanensis (common Philippine field rat); Rattus tiomanicus (malayan (or Malaysian) wood rat); Recilia dorsalis (zigzag leafhopper); Rhopalosiphum maidis (green corn aphid); Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Rumex crispus (curled dock); Sclerospora graminicola (downy mildew of pearl millet); Scutellonema brachyurus; Selenaspidus articulatus (West Indian red scale); Sesamia grisescens (Pink sugarcane borer); Sitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid); Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple); Sonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle); Spodoptera mauritia acronyctoides (armyworm); Sporisorium cruentum (loose kernel smut); Stellaria media (common chickweed); Stenchaetothrips biformis (rice thrips); Sybra alternans; Tribulus terrestris (puncture vine); Tylenchorhynchus acutus (stylet-stunt nematode); Urophorus humeralis (pineapple sap beetle); Urtica urens (annual nettle); Xyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer); Xyleborus volvulus; Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)

Wild host of:

Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil); Oxidus gracilis (greenhouse, millipede); Trigoniulus lumbricinus (rusty, millipede (USA))

Associated with (not a host):

Agathis rubricinctus; Alabagrus stigma; Allograpta obliqua; Anagrus flaveolus; Anagyrus saccharicola; Apanteles diatraeae; Araneus theisi; Archytas marmoratus; Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly); Blaesoxipha caridei; Brachymeria incerta; Brachymeria robusta; Calosoma alternans (ground-beetle); Campsomeris dorsata; Chaetomium globosum (antagonist of Venturia); Chaetomium spiralotrichum; Chelonus insularis; Chrysoperla externa; Coleomegilla maculata (beetle, Spotted ladybird); Conoderus exsul (wireworm, Hawaiian, sugarcane); Cotesia flavipes; Cotesia marginiventris; Cycloneda sanguinea; Digonogastra grenadensis; Digonogastra puberuloides; Doru lineare; Enicospilus purgatus; Euborellia annulata; Euborellia annulipes (ring-legged earwig); Eucelatoria armigera; Euphorocera claripennis; Euphorocera edwardsii; Euplectrus platyhypenae; Hippodamia convergens (lady beetle, convergent); Hyperaspis trilineata; Hypocrea rufa (green mould of narcissus); Ignelater luminosus; Lespesia aletiae; Lixophaga diatraeae (Cuban fly); Marasmia patnalis (rice leafroller); Metagonistylum minense (amazon fly); Metaphycus flavus; Myobiopsis diadema; Neochrysocharis formosa; Neoscona oaxacensis; Palpozenillia palpalis; Parallorhogas pyralophagus; Paratheresia claripalpis; Podisus sagitta; Pseudaphycus mundus; Pseudodoros clavatus (blue-black syrphid fly); Pseudogonatopus saccharivorae; Rozanoviella zosterica; Salpingogaster nigra; Sarcodexia sternodontis; Scymnus; Solenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant); Spilochalcis dux; Stenocranophilus quadratus; Telenomus alecto; Tiphia parallela; Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani); Trichogramma exiguum; Tytthus parviceps; Winthemia quadripustulata (tachina, red-tailed); Zelus longipes

Host of (source - data mining):

Abacarus sacchari; Acremonium implicatum; Adoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle); Alissonotum piceum; Anomala; Anomala polita; Antitrogus mussoni; Antitrogus parvulus; Aphis nerii (sweet pepper aphid); Apogonia rauca; Atractomorpha crenulata; Atta bisphaerica; Bactra venosana (nutgrass moth borer); Bissetia steniella (sugarcane gurdas pur borer (Pakistan)); Blissus gibbus (chinch bug, Indian); Cavelerius sweeti; Chilo agamemnon (oriental corn borer); Chilo zacconius; Cicadetta puer; Cochliobolus cymbopogonis (leaf spot: grasses); Cochliobolus ravenelii (false smut); Cochliobolus spicifer (spring dead spot of grasses); Cochliotis melolonthoides (sugarcane white, grub); Curvularia trifolii (leaf blight: clover); Cyclocephala parallela; Dermolepida albohirtum (beetle, grey back cane); Diatraea considerata; Diatraea rufescens; Dimeriella sacchari (red leaf spot of sugarcane); Euetheola rugiceps (sugarcane beetle); Eulepida baumanni; Eumetopina flavipes; Geoica lucifuga; Heteronychus sublaevis; Hoplochelus marginalis; Hoplolaimus columbus; Inopus flavus; Inopus rubriceps (Australian soldier fly); Johnsongrass mosaic virus; Lagocheirus araneiformis; Lepidiota consobrina (consobrina, white grub); Lepidiota crinita (bundaberg white grub); Lepidiota frenchi; Lepidiota negatoria; Lepidiota noxia; Leptosphaeria sacchari (ring spot disease of sugarcane); Leptosphaeria taiwanensis (leaf blight: sugarcane); Ligyrus subtropicus; Macrotermes subhyalinus; Maladera nathani; Matsumuratettix hiroglyphicus; Metamasius hemipterus sericeus (silky cane weevil); Microtermes mycophagus; Migdolus fryanus; Mythimna (cutworm); Mythimna convecta (armyworm, common); Mythimna inconspicua; Neomaskellia bergii (whitefly, sugarcane); Neorthacris simulans; Odontotermes guptai; Odontotermes smeathmani; Odontotermes wallonensis; Oligonychus grypus (african sugarcane spidermite); Oligonychus zeae; Pantoea agglomerans (bacterial grapevine blight); Parasa bicolor; Paratrechina fulva; Peanut clump virus; Penicillium oxalicum (root rot: Sorghum spp.); Proarna bergi; Prosapia simulans; Pseudocochliobolus verruculosus (post-harvest rot); Raphimetopus ablutellus (green, borer); Rhynchophorus cruentatus (weevil, palmetto); Schizonycha affinis; Sesamia nonagrioides botanephaga; Sesamia penniseti; Setosphaeria rostrata (leaf spot of grasses); Sphenophorus levis; Stenchaetothrips minutus; Sugarcane streak monogeminivirus (sugarcane streak disease); Temnoschoita quadripustulata; Vicia sativa (common vetch)

Uses List

Top of page

Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Fuels

  • Miscellaneous fuels

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Sugar

Materials

  • Alcohol
  • Fibre
  • Wax

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore