Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Sagittaria sagittifolia



Sagittaria sagittifolia


  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Threatened Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Sagittaria sagittifolia
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Sagittaria sagittifolia L.

International Common Names

  • English: arrowhead
  • Spanish: cola de golondrina; flecha de agua comun; saeta de agua comun
  • French: fleche d'eau; sagittaire à feuilles en flèche
  • Portuguese: seta-comum

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Pfeilkraut, Echtes; Pfeilkraut, Spitzes
  • Italy: erba saetta; occhio d'asino; sagittaria comune
  • Netherlands: pijlkruid, gewoon
  • Sweden: pilblad, vanlig

EPPO code

  • SAGSA (Sagittaria sagittifolia)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Alismatales
  •                         Family: Alismataceae
  •                             Genus: Sagittaria
  •                                 Species: Sagittaria sagittifolia

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 21 Dec 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes




-Inner MongoliaPresent
IndiaPresent, Localized
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-West BengalPresent
IndonesiaPresent, Localized
JapanPresent, Localized
MalaysiaPresent, Localized
NepalPresent, Localized
North KoreaPresent, Localized
PakistanPresent, Localized
South KoreaPresent, Localized
ThailandPresent, Localized
VietnamPresent, Localized


GreecePresent, Localized
NetherlandsPresent, Localized
NorwayPresent, Localized
PolandPresent, Localized
United KingdomPresent
-Northern IrelandPresent

North America

MexicoPresent, Localized
United StatesPresent


-New South WalesPresent


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EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Distribution References

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Adhishwar A K, Choudhary S K, 2013. Diversity of macrophytic species of gogabil lake wetland in Katihar, Bihar, India. Ecology, Environment and Conservation. 19 (4), 1165-1172.

Al-Hadiary M J S, Al-Zurfi S K L, 2013. Distribution of some aquatic plant in Kufa River - Iraq. Journal of University of Babylon. 22 (5), 1598-1611.

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Haghani A F, Yaghoubi B, Majidi-Shilsar F, Davatghar N, Aarvik L, 2014. The biology of Gynnidomorpha permixtana (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) on Sagittaria trifolia L. (Alismataceae) in paddy fields in Iran. Nota Lepidopterologica. 37 (2), 113-121.

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Hu J Z, Pei D L, Liang F, Shi G X, 2009. Growth responses of Sagittaria sagittifolia L. plants to water contamination with cadmium. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology. 56 (5), 686-694. DOI:10.1134/S102144370905015X

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Lang Hong, Wu MingGen, Li Jian, Wu SongQuan, 2015. Molecular mechanism of herbicide resistant to sulfonylurea of Sagittaria sagittifolia in Yanbian. Journal of Jilin Agricultural University. 37 (3), 296-300.

Liang KaiMing, Zhang Jia'en, Yang Tao, Luo MingZhu, Fu Ling, 2014. Effect of rice/arrowhead (Sagittaria sagittifolia) intercropping on diseases, pests and yield of rice. Zhongguo Shengtai Nongye Xuebao / Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture. 22 (7), 757-765.

Liu JiaKai, Yan GuoXin, Wu YaNan, Wang Yu, Zhang ZhenMing, Zhang MingXiang, 2018. Wetlands with greater degree of urbanization improve PM2.5 removal efficiency. Chemosphere. 601-611. DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.05.131

Lukács B A, Dévai G, Tóthmérész B, 2009. Aquatic macrophytes as bioindicators of water chemistry in nutrient rich backwaters along the Upper-Tisza river (in Hungary). Phytocoenologia. 39 (3), 287-293. DOI:10.1127/0340-269X/2009/0039-0287

Luo Y, Su D, Lu S, Bu H, He J, Xie J, 2016. Relationship between plant species diversity of riparian zone in Hui river wetlands and soil factors. (輝河濕地河岸帶植物物種多樣性與土壤因子的關系). Wetland Science. 14 (3), 396-402. DOI:10.13248/j.cnki.wetlandsci.2016.03.014

MacCaughey V, 1917. The phytogeography of Manoa Valley, Hawaiian Islands. American Journal of Botany. 4 (10), 561-603. DOI:10.2307/2435099

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Wani A A, Wani I A, Hussain P R, Adil Gani, Wani T A, Masoodi F A, 2015. Physicochemical properties of native and ?-irradiated wild arrowhead (Sagittaria sagittifolia L.) tuber starch. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. 360-368. DOI:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2015.03.012

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Links to Websites

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GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway source for updated system data added to species habitat list.

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