Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Rotylenchulus reniformis
(reniform nematode)

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Datasheet

Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 25 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Rotylenchulus reniformis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • reniform nematode
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Nematoda
  •       Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •         Genus: Rotylenchulus

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
R. reniformis vermiform female enclosed in the cuticles of juvenile stages (small arrows); e = excretory pore, v = vulva.
TitleVermiform female in juvenile stages
CaptionR. reniformis vermiform female enclosed in the cuticles of juvenile stages (small arrows); e = excretory pore, v = vulva.
CopyrightRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
R. reniformis vermiform female enclosed in the cuticles of juvenile stages (small arrows); e = excretory pore, v = vulva.
Vermiform female in juvenile stagesR. reniformis vermiform female enclosed in the cuticles of juvenile stages (small arrows); e = excretory pore, v = vulva.Renato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
Immature females on root.
TitleFemale
CaptionImmature females on root.
Copyright©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Immature females on root.
FemaleImmature females on root.©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Female on root.
TitleFemale
CaptionFemale on root.
Copyright©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Female on root.
FemaleFemale on root.©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Female covered in gelatinous matrix on root.
TitleFemale
CaptionFemale covered in gelatinous matrix on root.
Copyright©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Female covered in gelatinous matrix on root.
FemaleFemale covered in gelatinous matrix on root.©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Swollen female.
TitleFemale
CaptionSwollen female.
Copyright©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Swollen female.
FemaleSwollen female.©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
TitleSwollen female with egg
Caption
CopyrightRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
Swollen female with eggRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
Leaf chlorosis induced by R. reniformis on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo).
TitleSymptoms on cantaloupe
CaptionLeaf chlorosis induced by R. reniformis on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo).
CopyrightRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
Leaf chlorosis induced by R. reniformis on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo).
Symptoms on cantaloupeLeaf chlorosis induced by R. reniformis on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo).Renato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
R. reniformis posterior body of swollen female showing the characteristic spike-like process at tail terminus.
TitlePosterior body of swollen female
CaptionR. reniformis posterior body of swollen female showing the characteristic spike-like process at tail terminus.
CopyrightRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
R. reniformis posterior body of swollen female showing the characteristic spike-like process at tail terminus.
Posterior body of swollen femaleR. reniformis posterior body of swollen female showing the characteristic spike-like process at tail terminus.Renato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford & Oliveira, 1940

Preferred Common Name

  • reniform nematode

Other Scientific Names

  • Leiperotylenchus leiperi Das, 1960
  • Rotylenchulus leiperi (Das) Loof & Oostenbrunk, 1961
  • Rotylenchulus queirozi (Lordello & Cesnik) Sher, 1961
  • Rotylenchulus stakmani Husain & Khan, 1965
  • Spyrotylenchus queirozi Lordello & Cesnik, 1958

International Common Names

  • Spanish: nemátodo reniforme
  • French: nématode réniforme

Local Common Names

  • Japan: nise-hikuro-sentyu

EPPO code

  • ROTYRE (Rotylenchulus reniformis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Nematoda
  •             Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •                 Genus: Rotylenchulus
  •                     Species: Rotylenchulus reniformis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AngolaPresent, WidespreadDick and Spaull (1982); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
BurundiPresent, LocalizedBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
Cabo VerdePresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
CameroonPresent, WidespreadBridge et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
Côte d'IvoirePresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EgyptPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2001); Ibrahim and Handoo (2016); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EthiopiaPresentBerg and Mekete (2010)
GambiaPresent, WidespreadLuc and Merny (1972); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
GhanaPresent, WidespreadPEACOCK (1956); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
KenyaPresent, WidespreadNjuguna and Bridge (1998); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
LiberiaPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
MalawiPresent, WidespreadMARTIN (1955); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
MozambiquePresent, WidespreadOever and Mangane (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
NigeriaPresent, WidespreadCaveness (1967); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
RéunionPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
SenegalPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
SomaliaPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
South AfricaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
SudanPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
TanzaniaPresent, WidespreadHillocks and Bridge (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
TogoPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
UgandaPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
ZimbabwePresent, WidespreadMARTIN (1955); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)

Asia

BangladeshPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
BruneiPresent, WidespreadPeregrine and Yunton (1980); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
ChinaPresent, WidespreadChengzhu et al. (1986); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-GuangdongPresent, WidespreadYin (1995); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-HainanPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-HenanPresentEPPO (2020)
-JiangsuPresent, WidespreadChengzhu et al. (1986); CABI and EPPO (2001); Teng WenFeng et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
-ShaanxiPresentShuling et al. (2012)
-ShandongPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-SichuanPresent, WidespreadYang et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
IndiaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresent, WidespreadSalam and Khan (1988); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-Andhra PradeshPresentDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-Arunachal PradeshPresentMukhopadhyay and Roy (2006)
-AssamPresentPhukan and Saikia (1983); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-BiharPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-ChhattisgarhPresentSahu et al. (2011)
-DelhiPresentDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-GujaratPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-HaryanaPresentDASGUPTA and SESHADRI (1971); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-Himachal PradeshPresentSWARUP et al. (1967); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-KarnatakaPresentDASGUPTA and SESHADRI (1971); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-KeralaPresentDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-Madhya PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-MaharashtraPresentDASGUPTA and SESHADRI (1971); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-MeghalayaPresentGitanjali Devi (2007)
-NagalandPresentMukhopadhyay and Roy (2006)
-OdishaPresentRay and Das (1980); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-PunjabPresentJain (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-RajasthanPresentSWARUP et al. (1967); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-Tamil NaduPresentDASGUPTA and SESHADRI (1971); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-TripuraPresentMukhopadhyay and Roy (2006)
-Uttar PradeshPresentDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-UttarakhandPresentRathour et al. (2006)
-West BengalPresentDASGUPTA and SESHADRI (1971); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
IndonesiaPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-JavaPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-Lesser Sunda IslandsPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2014)
-SulawesiPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-SumatraPresentBridge (1978); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
IraqPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
IsraelPresent, WidespreadCohn and Schilt (1975); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
JapanPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-HonshuPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-KyushuPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-Ryukyu IslandsPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-ShikokuPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
LebanonPresent, WidespreadTaylor et al. (1970); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
MalaysiaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
OmanPresent, WidespreadWaller and Bridge (1978); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
PakistanPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
PhilippinesPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
Saudi ArabiaPresentEl-Sherbiny (2011)
SingaporePresent, WidespreadYik (1988); AVA (2001); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
Sri LankaPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresent, WidespreadChing (1969); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
ThailandPresent, WidespreadChunram (1972); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
VietnamPresent, WidespreadChau et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)

Europe

AustriaPresentFauna Europaea (2014)
GreecePresent, LocalizedHIRSCHMANN et al. (1966); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
MaltaPresent, LocalizedLamberti and Dandria (1979); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
NetherlandsAbsent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
SpainPresent, LocalizedArtero et al. (1977); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
BarbadosPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
BelizePresent, WidespreadBridge et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
BermudaPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Costa RicaPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
CubaPresent, WidespreadSTOYANOV (1967); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
DominicaPresentHunt (1977); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
Dominican RepublicPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
GrenadaPresentHunt (1977); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
GuadeloupePresent, WidespreadSCOTTO LA MASSÈSE (1969); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
HondurasPresent, WidespreadPinochet and Ventura (1980); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
JamaicaPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
MartiniquePresentCadet et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
MexicoPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
MontserratPresent, WidespreadBrathwaite (1973); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
PanamaPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
Puerto RicoPresent, LocalizedAYALA and RAMÍREZ (1964); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
Saint LuciaPresent, WidespreadEdmunds (1971); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresent, WidespreadHunt (1977); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
Trinidad and TobagoPresent, WidespreadSingh and Farrell (1972); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
United StatesPresentLinford and Oliveira (1940); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-AlabamaPresent, LocalizedHeald and Robinson (1990); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-ArkansasPresent, LocalizedHeald and Robinson (1990); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaAbsent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresent, LocalizedVAN WEERDT et al. (1959); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-GeorgiaPresentSteiner (1949); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-HawaiiPresent, LocalizedLinford and Oliveira (1940); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-LouisianaPresent, LocalizedBIRCHFIELD and BRISTER (1962); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-MississippiPresentHeald and Robinson (1990); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-MissouriPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-North CarolinaPresentDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-South CarolinaPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-TennesseePresentEPPO (2020)
-TexasPresent, LocalizedDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-VirginiaPresentEisenback et al. (2004)

Oceania

American SamoaPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); Brooks (2002); EPPO (2020)
AustraliaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-Northern TerritoryPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
FijiPresent, WidespreadKirby (1978); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
GuamPresent, WidespreadOrton Williams (1980); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
KiribatiPresentOrton Williams (1980); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
NiuePresent, WidespreadOrton Williams (1980); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
Papua New GuineaPresentBridge (1988a); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
SamoaPresent, WidespreadFliege and Sikora (1981); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
Solomon IslandsPresent, WidespreadOrton Williams (1980); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
TongaPresent, WidespreadOrton Williams (1980); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)

South America

BrazilPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-BahiaPresent, WidespreadSharma and Loof (1972); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-Espirito SantoPresent, WidespreadSharma (1976); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-Mato Grosso do SulPresentSereia et al. (2007)
-Minas GeraisPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-ParanaPresent, WidespreadSantos and Silva (1984); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-PernambucoPresent, WidespreadCavalcante et al. (1984); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-Rio de JaneiroPresent, WidespreadGoes et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-Rio Grande do NortePresentMoura et al. (2002)
-Sao PauloPresent, WidespreadDASGUPTA et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
ColombiaPresent, WidespreadBARRIGA O. and R. (1971); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
GuyanaPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
ParaguayPresentEPPO (2020)
PeruPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
SurinamePresent, WidespreadMaas (1970); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
VenezuelaPresent, WidespreadDao D. (1972); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Roots / external feeding
Roots / reduced root system
Stems / stunting or rosetting
Whole plant / distortion; rosetting
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Hirsutella rhossiliensis Pathogen
Monacrosporium cionopagum Predator
Monacrosporium ellipsosporum Predator
Paecilomyces lilacinus Parasite Uttar Pradesh

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Containers and packaging - woodIn soil. Yes
Land vehiclesIn soil. Yes
Soil, sand and gravel Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Growing medium accompanying plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Roots adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Artero J, Bello A, Gomez-Barcina A, 1977. Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira, 1940 (Nematoda: Rotylenchulinp) in Spain. Nematologia Mediterranea, 5(2):247-251

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services, Plant Health Centre, Agri-food & Veterinary Authority, Singapore

Ayala A, Ramirez CT, 1964. Host-range, distribution, and bibliography of the reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis, with special reference to Puerto Rico. Journal of Agricuture, University of Puerto Rico, 48:140-161

Barriga OR, 1971. Survey of plant-parasitic nematodes associated with tobacco in Colombia. Nematropica, 1:1

Basu SD, Roy SD, 1976. A preliminary note on nematode survey in Darjeeling. Two and a Bud, 23(2):58-59

Basu SD, Roy SK, 1975. Rotylenchulus sp., a new ectoparasitic nematode in tea soil. Two and a Bud, 22(1):17

Berg Evan den, Mekete T, 2010. Notes on and new records of some Tylenchoidea (Nematoda) from Ethiopia. Nematologia Mediterranea, 38(2):211-214. http://www.edizioniets.com

Birchfield W, 1962. Host-parasite relations of Rotylenchulus reniformis on Gossypium hirsutum. Phytopathology, 52:862-865

Birchfield W, Brister LR, 1962. New hosts and nonhosts of reniform nematode. Plant Disease Reporter, 46:683-685

Blanco Brito JJ, Fernandez M, Ortega J, 1982. New hosts for Rotylenchulus reniformis. Ciencias de la Agricultura, No.13:121

Brathwaite CWD, 1973. A survey of plant parasitic nematodes associated with some economic crops in Montserrat and preliminary recommendations for their control. University of the West Indies, Department of Crop Science, Departmental Paper No. 8

Bridge J, 1978. Plant nematodes associated with cloves and black pepper in Sumatra and Bangka, Indonesia (ODM Technical Report). Ascot, UK: Ministry of Overseas Development Plant Nematology Laboratory, 19 pp

Bridge J, 1988. Plant nematode pests of banana in East Africa with particular reference to Tanzania. In: INIBAP 1988. Nematodes and the borer weevil in bananas: present status of research and outlook. Proceedings of a workshop held in Bujumbura, Burundi, 7-11 December, 1987, 35-39

Bridge J, 1988. Plant-parasitic nematode problems in the Pacific Islands. Journal of Nematology, 20(2):173-183

Bridge J, 1992. Nematodes. In: Hillocks RJ, ed. Cotton Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 331-353

Bridge J, Hunt DJ, Hunt P, 1996. Plant-parasitic nematodes of crops in Belize. Nematropica, 26(2):111-119; 13 ref

Bridge J, Price NS, Kofi P, 1995. Plant parasitic nematodes of plantain and other crops in Cameroon, West Africa. Fundamental and Applied Nematology, 18(3):251-260; 45 ref

Brooks F, 2002. List of Plant Diseases in American Samoa 2002. Land Grant Technical Report No. 44. Pago Pago, American Samoa: American Samoa Community College Land Grant Program

CABI/EPPO, 2001. Rotylenchulus reniformis. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 845, edition 1. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Cadet P, Berg E van den, Delatte A, Fiard JP, 1994. Comparison de quelques peuplements nematologiques des Petites Antilles. Biogeographica, 70:125-138

Campos P, Sivapalan P, Gnanapragasam NC, 1990. Nematode parasites of Coffee, Cocoa and Tea. In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J, eds. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Sub Tropical and Tropical Agriculture. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 387-430

Caswell EP, Sarah JL, Apt WJ, 1990. Nematode Parasites of Pineapple In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J, eds. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Sub tropical and Tropical Agriculture. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 519-537

Cavalcante UMT, Warumby JF, Bezerra JEF, Moura RM de, 1984. Nematoides associados ao abacaxizeiro no estado de Pernambuco. Nematologia Brasileira, 8:37-45

CAVENESS FE, 1967. Shadehouse host ranges of some Nigerian nematodes. Plant Disease Reporter, 51(1):33-37

Chau NN, Thanh NV, Waele D De, Geraert E De, Waele D, 1997. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with banana in Vietnam. International Journal of Nematology, 7:122-126

Chengzhu M, Xusheng X, Deynan Z, Muong L, 1986. The species and genus distribution and population dynamics of plant parasitic nematodes in cotton fields of Shanghai. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai, 2:41-48

Ching TH, 1969. Morphometric variability of Rotylenchulus reniformis, the reniform nematode. Journal-of-the Alabama Academy of Science, 40(3):136-137

Chunram C, 1972. A list of plant parasitic nematodes in Thailand. Plant Protection Service Technical Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Bangkok, Thailand, No. 1:44 pp

Cohn E, 1973. Histology of the feeding site of Rotylenchulus reniformis. Nematologica, 19(4):455-458

Cohn E, Schilt HG, 1975. Pathogenicity of new nematodes. Scientific activities 1971-1974 of the Division of Nematology, Institute of Plant Protection, Bet Dagan, Israel. Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Organization. Bet Dagan, 129

Dao D F, 1972. Influence of different crops on the population of nematodes. Nematropica, 2(2):30-32

Dasgupta DR, Raski DJ, Sher SA, 1968. A revision of the genus Rotylenchulus Linford & Oliveira, 1940 (Nematoda: Tylenchidae). Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 35:169-192

Dasgupta DR, Seshadri AR, 1971. Races of the reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira, 1940. Indian Journal of Nematology, 1:21-24

Dick J, Spaull VW, 1982. Nematode pests of sugarcane. In: : Keetch DP, Heyns J, ed. Nematology in southern Africa. Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Pretoria, Republic of South Africa, 47-57

Edmunds JE, 1971. Association of Rotylenchulus reniformis with `Robusta' banana and Commelina sp. roots in the Windward Islands. Tropical Agriculture Trinidad, 48(1):55-61

Eisenback JD, Hopkins N, Phipps PM, 2004. First report of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis on cotton in Virginia. Plant Disease, 88(6):683

El-Sherbiny AA, 2011. Phytoparasitic nematodes associated with ornamental shrubs, trees and palms in Saudi Arabia, including new host records. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 29(2):147-164

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Fargette M, QuTnThervT P, 1988. Populations of nematodes in soils under banana, cv. Poyo, in Ivory Coast. 1. The nematofauna occurring in the banana producing areas. Revue de NTmatologie, 11:239-244

Fauna Europaea, 2014. Fauna Europaea version 2. Web Service available online at http://www.faunaeur.org

Fliege FH, Sikora RA, 1981. Occurrence and distribution of plant-parasitic nematodes in W. Samoa. Alafua Agricultural Bulletin, 6:33-41

Gaur HS, Perry RN, 1991. The biology and control of the plant parasitic nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis. Agricultural Zoology Reviews, 4:177-212; 237 ref

Gitanjali Devi, 2007. Community analysis of plant-parasitic nematodes in pineapple ecosystem in Meghalaya. Indian Journal of Nematology, 37(1):106-107

Gnanapragasam NC, 1988. Report of the Nematology Division. Annual Report of Tea Research Institute of Sri Lanka, 1988, 54-67

Gnanapragasam NC, Ariyaratnam V, Navaratne N, 1987. Rotylenchulus reniformis, a new nematode species causing damage to tea in Sri Lanka. Tea Bulletin, 7(2):34-38; 6 ref

Gnanapragasam NC, Karunaratne AAC, Anpalagan VT, 1989. Susceptibility/resistance of weeds to pathogenic nematodes of tea. Tea Bulletin, 9(1):3-10

Goes A de, Maldonado JFM, Zem AC, 1982. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with banana in Rio de Janeiro State. Comunicado Tecnico, Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, No.122:3 pp

Heald CM, Robinson AF, 1990. Survey of current distribution of Rotylenchulus reniformis in the United States. Supplement to the Journal of Nematology, 22(4S):695-699

Hillocks RJ, Bridge J, 1992. The role of nematodes in Fusarium wilt of cotton in Tanzania. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology, 2(1-2):35-40; 25 ref

Hirschmann H, Paschalaki-Kourtzi H, Triantaphyllou AC, 1966. A survey of plant-parasitic nematodes in Greece. Annals of Institute of Phytopathology, Benaki, 7(3):144-156

Hunt DJ, 1977. Plant parasitic nematodes from the Windward Islands. PANS, 23(4):402-411

Ibrahim IKA, Handoo ZA, 2016. Occurrence of phytoparasitic nematodes on some crop plants in northern Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 34(2):163-169

Jain RK, 1992. Nematode pests of vegetable crops. In: Bhatti DS, Walia RK, eds. Nematode Pests of Crops, CBS Publishers Distributors, 77-97

Kirby MF, 1978. Reniform and root knot nematodes on passionfruit in Fiji. Nematropica, 8(1):21-25

Kirby MF, Kirby ME, Siddiqi MR, Loof PAA, 1980. Fiji nematode survey report: Plant parasitic nematode distributions and host associations. Bulletin No.68, Fiji: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries

Lamberti F, Dandria D, 1979. Plant parasitic nematodes in the Maltese islands and the problems they cause. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 18:71-76

Linford MB, Oliveira JM, 1940. Rotylenchulus reniformis, nov.gen.,n.sp., a nematode parasite of roots. Proceedings of the Helminthology Society of Washington, 7:35-42

Luc M, Merny G, 1972. Preliminary report on the plant parasitic nematodes in the Republic of the Gambia. Senegal: O.R.S.T.O.M

Maas PWT, 1970. Tentative list of plant parasitic nematodes in Surinam, with descriptions of two new species of Hemicycliophorinae. Bulletin, Landbouwproefstation Suriname, No. 87:9 pp

Martin GC, 1955. Plant and soil nematodes of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal, 52:346-361

Moura RMde, Pedrosa EMR, Guimarães LMP, 2002. Nematode problems of the melon crop in the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. (Nematoses de alta importância econômica da cultura do melão no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil.) Fitopatologia Brasileira, 27(2):225

Mukhopadhyay AK, Roy K, 2006. Community analysis of major plant parasitic nematodes associated with vegetable crops in Eastern and Northeastern India. International Journal of Nematology, 16(2):194-199

Njuguna LK, Bridge J, 1998. Plant parasitic nematodes of Irish potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) in Central Province and sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) in Central, Nyanza and Coast Provinces of Kenya. International Journal of Nematology, 8(1):21-26; 21 ref

Oever HAMvd, Mangane SE, 1992. A survey of nematodes on various crops in Mozambique. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology, 2(1-2):74-79; 18 ref

Orton Williams KJ, 1980. Plant-parasitic nematodes of the Pacific. Commonwealth Institute of Helminthology (St. Albans, England), Technical Report, 8:192

Patel DB, Patel DJ, Shah HM, 1987. Susceptibility of different crop plants to Rotylenchulus reniformis. International Nematology Network Newsletter, 4:25-27

Peacock FC, 1956. The reniform nematode in the Gold Coast. Nematologica, 1:307-310

Peregrine WTH, Yunton B, 1980. A preliminary note on nematode pests in Brunei. Tropical Pest Management, 26(4):416-419

Perry VG, Hughes IW, Manuel EA, 1963. Some plant nematodes of Bermuda. Soil Crop Science Society Florida Proceedings, 22:135-138

Perry VG, Hughes IW, Manuel EA, 1963. Some plant nematodes of Bermuda. Soil Crop Science Society Florida Proceedings, 22:135-138

Phukan PN, Saikia DK, 1983. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with citrus in Assam. Journal of Research, Assam Agricultural University, 4(2):173-175

Pinochet J, Ventura O, 1980. Nematodes associated with agricultural crops in Honduras. Turrialba, 30(1):43-47

Rathour KS, Jola Pandey, Sudershan Ganguly, 2006. Community structure of plant parasitic nematodes in Champawat District of Uttaranchal, India. Indian Journal of Nematology, 36(1):89-93

Ray S, Das SN, 1980. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with field and vegetable crops in Orissa. O.U.A.T. Journal of Research, 10:71-76

Robinson AF, Inserra RN, Caswell-Chen EP, Vovlas N, Troccoli A, 1997. Rotylenchulus species: identification, distribution, host ranges, and crop plant resistance. Nematropica, 27(2):127-180; 10 pp. of ref

Sahu R, Chandra P, Poddar AN, 2011. Community analysis of plant parasitic nematodes prevalent in vegetable crops in district Durg of Chhattisgarh, India. Research Journal of Parasitology, 6(2):83-89. http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=jp.2011.83.89&org=10

Salam MA, Khan MW, 1988. Plant nematodes infecting cultivated plants in Andaman Islands. International Nematology Network Newsletter, 5(4):16-17

Santos BB dos, Silva LATda, 1984. Occurrence of Rotylenchulus reniformis in coffee seedlings in Parana State. Revista de Agricultura, 59(1):27-28

Scotto la Massese C, 1969. The principal plant nematodes of crops in the French West Indies. In: Peachey JE, ed. Nematodes of Tropical Crops. Technical Communication No. 40. London, UK: CAB International, 164-183

Sereia AFR, Asmus GL, Fabrício AC, 2007. Effect of agricultural systems on Rotylenchulus reniformis (Linford & Oliveira, 1940) soil population. (Influência de diferentes sistemas de produção sobre a população de Rotylenchulus reniformis (Linford & Oliveira, 1940) no solo.) Nematologia Brasileira, 31(1):42-45

Sharma RD, 1976. Nematodes of the cacao region of the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil. II. Nematodes associated with field crops and forest trees. Revista Theobroma, 6(4):109-117

Sharma RD, Loof PAA, 1972. Nematodes associated with different plants at the Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau, Bahia. Revista Theobroma, 2(4):38-43

Shuling, Z., Shitong, L., Yan, H., et al., 2012. Identification of plant parasitic nematodes on peanut in Fujian Province. Plant Protection, 5, 30.

Siddiqi MR, 1972. Rotylenchulus reniformis. C.I.H. Descriptions of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes, Set 1, No. 5. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Siddiqi MR, Basir MA, 1959. Proceedings 48th Indian Science Congress, Part IV

Singh ND, Farrell KM, 1972. Occurrence of Rotylenchulus reniformis in Trinidad, West Indies. Plant Disease Reporter, 56:551

Starr JL, 1991. Rotylenchulus reniformis on greenhouse-grown foliage plants: host range and sources of inoculum. Journal of Nematology, 23(4S):634-638; 13 ref

Steiner G, 1949. Plant nematodes the grower should know. Proceedings of the Soil Science Society of Florida 1942, 4-B:72-117

Stoyanov D, 1967. Additions to host records of Meloidogyne sp., Helicotylenchus multicinctus and Rotylenchulus reniformis. Nematologica, 13:173

Suhart IM, 1976. Penyakit kanker akar pada tanaman Paulownia kawakamii Ito di daerah Riau (Sumatra). (Root gall disease of Paulownia kawakamii in Riau, Sumatra). Laporan, Lembaga Penelitian Hutan, Indonesia No. 221

Swarup G, Nath RP, Sethi CL, 1967. The plant parasitic nematode genus in India. Indian Phytopathology, 20:118-123

Taylor DP, Schlosser WE, Saad AT, 1970. First report of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis, from Lebanon. Plant Disease Reporter, 54(5):435-436

Teng WenFeng, Tan JiaJin, Ye JianRen, 2013. Species survey of Hoplolaimidae parasites in rhizosphere soil of garden trees in Nanjing city. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University (Natural Sciences Edition), 37(3):82-86. http://njlydxxb.periodicals.net.cn/default.html

Thorne G, 1961. Principles of Nematology. London, UK: McGraw Hill

Trinh PQ, Peña Ede la, Nguyen CN, Nguyen HX, Moens M, 2009. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with coffee in Vietnam. Russian Journal of Nematology, 17(1):73-82. HTTP://www.russjnematology.com

Van Weerdt LG, Birchfield W, Esser, RP, 1959. Observations on some subtropical plant-parasitic nematodes in Florida. Proceedings of the Soil and Crop Society of Florida, 19:443-451

Waller JM, Bridge J, 1978. Plant diseases and nematodes in the Sultanate of Oman. PANS, 24(3):313-326, 394

Winoto Suatmadji R, Sauer MR, 1982. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with cultivated plants in Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology, 11(1):5-17

Yang YZ, Deng XM, Liu GZ, 1992. Studies on species and genera of plant parasitic nematodes in cotton fields in Sichun. Journal of Southwest Agricultural University, 14:292-295

Yassin AM, 1987. The status of research on plant nematology in cereals and food and fodder legumes in the Sudan. ICARDA Publication, No. 135:181-192; [In ^italic~Nematodes parasitic to cereals and legumes in temperate semi-arid regions (edited by Saxena, M.C.; Sikora, R.A.; Srivastava, J.P.). Proceedings of a workshop held at Larnaca, Cyprus, 1-5 March 1987.^roman~]; 12 ref

Yik CP, 1988. Plant disease research and service, Primary Production Department. Singapore Journal of Primary Industries, 16(2, Supplement):30-37

Yin YQ, 1995. Surveys of parasitic nematodes on mango in Guangdong, China. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 25(1):42

Distribution References

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Caveness F E, 1967. Shadehouse host ranges of some Nigerian nematodes. Plant Disease Reporter. 51 (1), 33-37.

Chau N N, Thanh N V, Waele D de, Geraert E, 1997. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with banana in Vietnam. International Journal of Nematology. 7 (2), 122-126.

Chengzhu M, Xusheng X, Deynan Z, Muong L, 1986. The species and genus distribution and population dynamics of plant parasitic nematodes in cotton fields of Shanghai. In: Acta Agriculturae Shanghai, 2 41-48.

Ching T H, 1969. Morphometric variability of Rotylenchulus reniformis, the reniform nematode. In: Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science, 40 (3) 136-137.

Chunram C, 1972. A list of plant parasitic nematodes in Thailand. In: Plant Protection Service Technical Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Bangkok, Thailand, 44 pp.

Cohn E, Schilt H G, 1975. Pathogenicity of new nematodes. In: Scientific activities 1971-1974 of the Division of Nematology, Institute of Plant Protection, Bet Dagan, Israel. Bet Dagan, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Organization. 129.

Dao D F, 1972. Influence of different crops on the population of nematodes. (Influencia de diferentes cultivos en las poblaciones de nematodos.). Nematropica. 2 (2), 30-32.

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DASGUPTA D R, SESHADRI A R, 1971. Races of the reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira, 1940. Indian Journal of Nematology. 1 (1), 21-24.

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Edmunds JE, 1971. Association of Rotylenchulus reniformis with `Robusta' banana and Commelina sp. roots in the Windward Islands. In: Tropical Agriculture Trinidad, 48 (1) 55-61.

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El-Sherbiny A A, 2011. Phytoparasitic nematodes associated with ornamental shrubs, trees and palms in Saudi Arabia, including new host records. Pakistan Journal of Nematology. 29 (2), 147-164.

EPPO, 2014. EPPO Global database (available online). Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Fauna Europaea, 2014. Fauna Europaea version 2., http://www.faunaeur.org

Fliege F H, Sikora R A, 1981. Occurrence and distribution of plant-parasitic nematodes in W. Samoa. Alafua Agricultural Bulletin (Western Samoa). 6 (3), 33-41.

Gitanjali Devi, 2007. Community analysis of plant-parasitic nematodes in pineapple ecosystem in Meghalaya. Indian Journal of Nematology. 37 (1), 106-107.

Goes A de, Maldonado J F M, Zem A C, 1982. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with banana in Rio de Janeiro State. (Nematoides fitoparasitos associados a bananeira no Estado do Rio de Janeiro.). In: Comunicado Tecnico, Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 3 pp.

Heald CM, Robinson AF, 1990. Survey of current distribution of Rotylenchulus reniformis in the United States. In: Supplement to the Journal of Nematology, 22 (4S) 695-699.

Hillocks R J, Bridge J, 1992. The role of nematodes in Fusarium wilt of cotton in Tanzania. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology. 2 (1-2), 35-40.

HIRSCHMANN H, PASCHALAKI-KOURTZI N, TRIANTAPHYLLOU A C, 1966. A survey of plant-parasitic nematodes in Greece. Annales de l'Institut Phytopathologique Benaki. 7 (3), 144-156.

Hunt D J, 1977. Plant parasitic nematodes from the Windward Islands. PANS. 23 (4), 402-411.

Ibrahim I K A, Handoo Z A, 2016. Occurrence of phytoparasitic nematodes on some crop plants in northern Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Nematology. 34 (2), 163-169.

Jain R K, 1992. Nematode pests of vegetable crops. In: Nematode pests of crops. [ed. by Bhatti D S, Walia R K]. Delhi, India: CBS Publishers & Distributors. 77-79.

Kirby M F, 1978. Reniform and root knot nematodes on passionfruit in Fiji. Nematropica. 8 (1), 21-25.

Lamberti F, Dandria D, 1979. Plant parasitic nematodes in the Maltese islands and the problems they cause. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 71-76.

Linford M B, Oliveira J M, 1940. Rotylenechulus reniformis, nov. gen., n. sp., a nematode parasite of roots. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington. 7 (1), 35-42.

Luc M, Merny G, 1972. Preliminary report on the plant parasitic nematodes in the Republic of the Gambia., Senegal: O.R.S.T.O.M.

Maas P W T, 1970. Tentative list of plant parasitic nematodes in Surinam, with descriptions of two new species of Hemicycliophorinae. In: Bulletin, Landbouwproefstation Suriname, 9 pp.

MARTIN G C, 1955. Plant and soil nematodes of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Preliminary investigations. Nematodes catalogued under hosts or associated plants. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. 52 (4), 346-361.

Moura R M de, Pedrosa E M R, Guimarães L M P, 2002. Nematode problems of the melon crop in the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. (Nematoses de alta importância econômica da cultura do melão no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil.). Fitopatologia Brasileira. 27 (2), 225. DOI:10.1590/S0100-41582002000200020

Mukhopadhyay A K, Roy K, 2006. Community analysis of major plant parasitic nematodes associated with vegetable crops in Eastern and Northeastern India. International Journal of Nematology. 16 (2), 194-199.

Njuguna L K, Bridge J, 1998. Plant parasitic nematodes of Irish potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) in Central Province and sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) in Central, Nyanza and Coasdot under˜t Provinces of Kenya. International Journal of Nematology. 8 (1), 21-26.

Oever H A M v d, Mangane S E, 1992. A survey of nematodes on various crops in Mozambique. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology. 2 (1-2), 74-79.

Orton Williams K J, 1980. Plant parasitic nematodes of the Pacific. In: Plant parasitic nematodes of the Pacific. St. Albans, Herts. UK: Commonwealth Institute of Helminthology (on behalf of SPEC/UNDP/FAO/CAB). 192 pp.

PEACOCK F C, 1956. The reniform nematode in the Gold Coast. Nematologica. 1 (4), 307-310.

Peregrine W T H, Yunton B, 1980. A preliminary note on nematode pests in Brunei. Tropical Pest Management. 26 (4), 416-419.

Phukan P N, Saikia D K, 1983. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with citrus in Assam. Journal of Research, Assam Agricultural University. 4 (2), 173-175.

Pinochet J, Ventura O, 1980. Nematodes associated with agricultural crops in Honduras. Turrialba. 30 (1), 43-47.

Rathour K S, Jola Pandey, Sudershan Ganguly, 2006. Community structure of plant parasitic nematodes in Champawat District of Uttaranchal, India. Indian Journal of Nematology. 36 (1), 89-93.

Ray S, Das SN, 1980. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with field and vegetable crops in Orissa. In: O.U.A.T Journal of Research, 10 71-76.

Sahu R, Chandra P, Poddar A N, 2011. Community analysis of plant parasitic nematodes prevalent in vegetable crops in district Durg of Chhattisgarh, India. Research Journal of Parasitology. 6 (2), 83-89. http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=jp.2011.83.89&org=10 DOI:10.3923/jp.2011.83.89

Salam M A, Khan M W, 1988. Plant nematodes infecting cultivated plants in Andaman Islands. International Nematology Network Newsletter. 5 (4), 16-17.

Santos B B dos, Silva L A T da, 1984. Occurrence of Rotylenchulus reniformis in coffee seedlings in Parana State. (Ocorrência de Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford & Oliveira, 1940 em mudas de cafeeiro no estado do Paraná.). Revista de Agricultura. 59 (1), 27-28.

SCOTTO LA MASSÈSE C, 1969. The principal plant nematodes of crops in the French West Indies. In: Nematodes of tropical crops, [ed. by Peachey J E]. 164-183.

Sereia A F R, Asmus G L, Fabrício A C, 2007. Effect of agricultural systems on Rotylenchulus reniformis (Linford & Oliveira, 1940) soil population. (Influência de diferentes sistemas de produção sobre a população de Rotylenchulus reniformis (Linford & Oliveira, 1940) no solo.). Nematologia Brasileira. 31 (1), 42-45.

Sharma R D, 1976. Nematodes of the cacao region of the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil. II. Nematodes associated with field crops and forest trees. Revista Theobroma. 6 (4), 109-117.

Sharma R D, Loof P A A, 1972. Nematodes associated with different plants at the Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau, Bahia. Revista Theobroma. 2 (4), 38-43.

Shuling Z, Shitong L, Yan H, et al, 2012. Identification of plant parasitic nematodes on peanut in Fujian Province. Plant Protection. 30.

Singh N D, Farrell K M, 1972. Occurrence of Rotylenchulus reniformis in Trinidad, West Indies. Plant Disease Reporter. 56 (6), 551.

Steiner G, 1949. Plant nematodes the grower should know. Proceedings. Soil Science Society of Florida. 72-117.

STOYANOV D, 1967. Additions to host records of Meloidogyne sp., Helicotylenchus multicinctus and Rotylenchulus reniformis. Nematologica. 13 (1), 173.

SWARUP G, NATH R P, SETHI C L, 1967. The plant parasitic nematode genus Rotylenchulus in India. Indian Phytopathology. 20 (2), 118-123.

Taylor D P, Schlosser W E, Saad A T, 1970. First report of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis, from Lebanon. Plant Disease Reporter. 54 (5), 435-436.

Teng WenFeng, Tan JiaJin, Ye JianRen, 2013. Species survey of Hoplolaimidae parasites in rhizosphere soil of garden trees in Nanjing city. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University (Natural Sciences Edition). 37 (3), 82-86. http://njlydxxb.periodicals.net.cn/default.html

VAN WEERDT L G, BIRCHFIELD W, ESSER R P, 1959. Observations on some subtropical plant parasitic nematodes in Florida. Proceedings. Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida. 443-51.

Waller J M, Bridge J, 1978. Plant diseases and nematodes in the Sultanate of Oman. PANS. 24 (3), 313-326, 394.

Yang Y Z, Deng X M, Liu G Z, 1992. Studies on species and genera of plant parasitic nematodes in cotton fields in Sichuan. Journal of Southwest Agricultural University. 14 (4), 292-295.

Yik C P, 1988. Singapore Journal of Primary Industries. 16 (2, Supplement) 30-37.

Yin Y Q, 1995. Surveys of parasitic nematodes on mango in Guangdong, China. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica. 25 (1), 42.

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