Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Rotylenchulus reniformis
(reniform nematode)

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Datasheet

Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 23 September 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Rotylenchulus reniformis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • reniform nematode
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Nematoda
  •       Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •         Genus: Rotylenchulus

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
R. reniformis vermiform female enclosed in the cuticles of juvenile stages (small arrows); e = excretory pore, v = vulva.
TitleVermiform female in juvenile stages
CaptionR. reniformis vermiform female enclosed in the cuticles of juvenile stages (small arrows); e = excretory pore, v = vulva.
CopyrightRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
R. reniformis vermiform female enclosed in the cuticles of juvenile stages (small arrows); e = excretory pore, v = vulva.
Vermiform female in juvenile stagesR. reniformis vermiform female enclosed in the cuticles of juvenile stages (small arrows); e = excretory pore, v = vulva.Renato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
Immature females on root.
TitleFemale
CaptionImmature females on root.
Copyright©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Immature females on root.
FemaleImmature females on root.©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Female on root.
TitleFemale
CaptionFemale on root.
Copyright©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Female on root.
FemaleFemale on root.©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Female covered in gelatinous matrix on root.
TitleFemale
CaptionFemale covered in gelatinous matrix on root.
Copyright©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Female covered in gelatinous matrix on root.
FemaleFemale covered in gelatinous matrix on root.©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Swollen female.
TitleFemale
CaptionSwollen female.
Copyright©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Swollen female.
FemaleSwollen female.©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
TitleSwollen female with egg
Caption
CopyrightRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
Swollen female with eggRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
Leaf chlorosis induced by R. reniformis on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo).
TitleSymptoms on cantaloupe
CaptionLeaf chlorosis induced by R. reniformis on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo).
CopyrightRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
Leaf chlorosis induced by R. reniformis on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo).
Symptoms on cantaloupeLeaf chlorosis induced by R. reniformis on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo).Renato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
R. reniformis posterior body of swollen female showing the characteristic spike-like process at tail terminus.
TitlePosterior body of swollen female
CaptionR. reniformis posterior body of swollen female showing the characteristic spike-like process at tail terminus.
CopyrightRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
R. reniformis posterior body of swollen female showing the characteristic spike-like process at tail terminus.
Posterior body of swollen femaleR. reniformis posterior body of swollen female showing the characteristic spike-like process at tail terminus.Renato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford & Oliveira, 1940

Preferred Common Name

  • reniform nematode

Other Scientific Names

  • Leiperotylenchus leiperi Das, 1960
  • Rotylenchulus leiperi (Das) Loof & Oostenbrunk, 1961
  • Rotylenchulus queirozi (Lordello & Cesnik) Sher, 1961
  • Rotylenchulus stakmani Husain & Khan, 1965
  • Spyrotylenchus queirozi Lordello & Cesnik, 1958

International Common Names

  • Spanish: nemátodo reniforme
  • French: nématode réniforme

Local Common Names

  • Japan: nise-hikuro-sentyu

EPPO code

  • ROTYRE (Rotylenchulus reniformis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Nematoda
  •             Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •                 Genus: Rotylenchulus
  •                     Species: Rotylenchulus reniformis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AngolaPresent, Widespread
BurundiPresent, Localized
Cabo VerdePresent
CameroonPresent, Widespread
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent, Widespread
EgyptPresent, Widespread
EthiopiaPresent
GambiaPresent, Widespread
GhanaPresent, Widespread
KenyaPresent, Widespread
LiberiaPresent, Widespread
MalawiPresent, Widespread
MozambiquePresent, Widespread
NigeriaPresent, Widespread
RéunionPresent
SenegalPresent
SomaliaPresent, Widespread
South AfricaPresent, Widespread
SudanPresent, Widespread
TanzaniaPresent, Widespread
TogoPresent, Widespread
UgandaPresent
ZimbabwePresent, Widespread

Asia

BangladeshPresent, Widespread
BruneiPresent, Widespread
ChinaPresent, Widespread
-GuangdongPresent, Widespread
-HainanPresent
-HenanPresent
-JiangsuPresent, Widespread
-ShaanxiPresent
-ShandongPresent
-SichuanPresent, Widespread
IndiaPresent, Widespread
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresent, Widespread
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-Arunachal PradeshPresent
-AssamPresent
-BiharPresent
-ChhattisgarhPresent
-DelhiPresent
-GujaratPresent
-HaryanaPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-KeralaPresent
-Madhya PradeshPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
-MeghalayaPresent
-NagalandPresent
-OdishaPresent
-PunjabPresent
-RajasthanPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-TripuraPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-UttarakhandPresent
-West BengalPresent
IndonesiaPresent, Widespread
-JavaPresent, Widespread
-Lesser Sunda IslandsPresent, Localized
-SulawesiPresent
-SumatraPresent
IraqPresent, Widespread
IsraelPresent, Widespread
JapanPresent, Widespread
-HonshuPresent
-KyushuPresent
-Ryukyu IslandsPresent
-ShikokuPresent
LebanonPresent, Widespread
MalaysiaPresent, Widespread
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent
OmanPresent, Widespread
PakistanPresent, Widespread
PhilippinesPresent, Widespread
Saudi ArabiaPresent
SingaporePresent, Widespread
Sri LankaPresent, Widespread
TaiwanPresent, Widespread
ThailandPresent, Widespread
VietnamPresent, Widespread

Europe

AustriaPresent
GreecePresent, Localized
MaltaPresent, Localized
NetherlandsAbsent, Intercepted only
SpainPresent, Localized

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresent
BarbadosPresent
BelizePresent, Widespread
BermudaPresent
Costa RicaPresent
CubaPresent, Widespread
DominicaPresent
Dominican RepublicPresent, Widespread
GrenadaPresent
GuadeloupePresent, Widespread
HondurasPresent, Widespread
JamaicaPresent, Widespread
MartiniquePresent
MexicoPresent, Widespread
MontserratPresent, Widespread
PanamaPresent, Widespread
Puerto RicoPresent, Localized
Saint LuciaPresent, Widespread
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresent, Widespread
Trinidad and TobagoPresent, Widespread
United StatesPresent
-AlabamaPresent, Localized
-ArkansasPresent, Localized
-CaliforniaAbsent, Intercepted only
-FloridaPresent, Localized
-GeorgiaPresent
-HawaiiPresent, Localized
-LouisianaPresent, Localized
-MississippiPresent
-MissouriPresent
-North CarolinaPresent
-South CarolinaPresent, Localized
-TennesseePresent
-TexasPresent, Localized
-VirginiaPresent

Oceania

American SamoaPresent
AustraliaPresent, Widespread
-Northern TerritoryPresent
FijiPresent, Widespread
GuamPresent, Widespread
KiribatiPresent
NiuePresent, Widespread
Papua New GuineaPresent
SamoaPresent, Widespread
Solomon IslandsPresent, Widespread
TongaPresent, Widespread

South America

BrazilPresent, Widespread
-BahiaPresent, Widespread
-Espirito SantoPresent, Widespread
-Mato Grosso do SulPresent
-Minas GeraisPresent
-ParanaPresent, Widespread
-PernambucoPresent, Widespread
-Rio de JaneiroPresent, Widespread
-Rio Grande do NortePresent
-Sao PauloPresent, Widespread
ColombiaPresent, Widespread
GuyanaPresent
ParaguayPresent
PeruPresent, Widespread
SurinamePresent, Widespread
VenezuelaPresent, Widespread

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Roots / external feeding
Roots / reduced root system
Stems / stunting or rosetting
Whole plant / distortion; rosetting
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Hirsutella rhossiliensis Pathogen
Monacrosporium cionopagum Predator
Monacrosporium ellipsosporum Predator
Paecilomyces lilacinus Parasite Uttar Pradesh

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Containers and packaging - woodIn soil. Yes
Land vehiclesIn soil. Yes
Soil, sand and gravel Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Growing medium accompanying plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Roots adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Artero J, Bello A, Gomez-Barcina A, 1977. Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira, 1940 (Nematoda: Rotylenchulinp) in Spain. Nematologia Mediterranea, 5(2):247-251

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services, Plant Health Centre, Agri-food & Veterinary Authority, Singapore

Ayala A, Ramirez CT, 1964. Host-range, distribution, and bibliography of the reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis, with special reference to Puerto Rico. Journal of Agricuture, University of Puerto Rico, 48:140-161

Barriga OR, 1971. Survey of plant-parasitic nematodes associated with tobacco in Colombia. Nematropica, 1:1

Basu SD, Roy SD, 1976. A preliminary note on nematode survey in Darjeeling. Two and a Bud, 23(2):58-59

Basu SD, Roy SK, 1975. Rotylenchulus sp., a new ectoparasitic nematode in tea soil. Two and a Bud, 22(1):17

Berg Evan den, Mekete T, 2010. Notes on and new records of some Tylenchoidea (Nematoda) from Ethiopia. Nematologia Mediterranea, 38(2):211-214. http://www.edizioniets.com

Birchfield W, 1962. Host-parasite relations of Rotylenchulus reniformis on Gossypium hirsutum. Phytopathology, 52:862-865

Birchfield W, Brister LR, 1962. New hosts and nonhosts of reniform nematode. Plant Disease Reporter, 46:683-685

Blanco Brito JJ, Fernandez M, Ortega J, 1982. New hosts for Rotylenchulus reniformis. Ciencias de la Agricultura, No.13:121

Brathwaite CWD, 1973. A survey of plant parasitic nematodes associated with some economic crops in Montserrat and preliminary recommendations for their control. University of the West Indies, Department of Crop Science, Departmental Paper No. 8

Bridge J, 1978. Plant nematodes associated with cloves and black pepper in Sumatra and Bangka, Indonesia (ODM Technical Report). Ascot, UK: Ministry of Overseas Development Plant Nematology Laboratory, 19 pp

Bridge J, 1988. Plant nematode pests of banana in East Africa with particular reference to Tanzania. In: INIBAP 1988. Nematodes and the borer weevil in bananas: present status of research and outlook. Proceedings of a workshop held in Bujumbura, Burundi, 7-11 December, 1987, 35-39

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Bridge J, Price NS, Kofi P, 1995. Plant parasitic nematodes of plantain and other crops in Cameroon, West Africa. Fundamental and Applied Nematology, 18(3):251-260; 45 ref

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CABI/EPPO, 2001. Rotylenchulus reniformis. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 845, edition 1. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

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Campos P, Sivapalan P, Gnanapragasam NC, 1990. Nematode parasites of Coffee, Cocoa and Tea. In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J, eds. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Sub Tropical and Tropical Agriculture. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 387-430

Caswell EP, Sarah JL, Apt WJ, 1990. Nematode Parasites of Pineapple In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J, eds. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Sub tropical and Tropical Agriculture. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 519-537

Cavalcante UMT, Warumby JF, Bezerra JEF, Moura RM de, 1984. Nematoides associados ao abacaxizeiro no estado de Pernambuco. Nematologia Brasileira, 8:37-45

CAVENESS FE, 1967. Shadehouse host ranges of some Nigerian nematodes. Plant Disease Reporter, 51(1):33-37

Chau NN, Thanh NV, Waele D De, Geraert E De, Waele D, 1997. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with banana in Vietnam. International Journal of Nematology, 7:122-126

Chengzhu M, Xusheng X, Deynan Z, Muong L, 1986. The species and genus distribution and population dynamics of plant parasitic nematodes in cotton fields of Shanghai. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai, 2:41-48

Ching TH, 1969. Morphometric variability of Rotylenchulus reniformis, the reniform nematode. Journal-of-the Alabama Academy of Science, 40(3):136-137

Chunram C, 1972. A list of plant parasitic nematodes in Thailand. Plant Protection Service Technical Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Bangkok, Thailand, No. 1:44 pp

Cohn E, 1973. Histology of the feeding site of Rotylenchulus reniformis. Nematologica, 19(4):455-458

Cohn E, Schilt HG, 1975. Pathogenicity of new nematodes. Scientific activities 1971-1974 of the Division of Nematology, Institute of Plant Protection, Bet Dagan, Israel. Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Organization. Bet Dagan, 129

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Dasgupta DR, Raski DJ, Sher SA, 1968. A revision of the genus Rotylenchulus Linford & Oliveira, 1940 (Nematoda: Tylenchidae). Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 35:169-192

Dasgupta DR, Seshadri AR, 1971. Races of the reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira, 1940. Indian Journal of Nematology, 1:21-24

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Edmunds JE, 1971. Association of Rotylenchulus reniformis with `Robusta' banana and Commelina sp. roots in the Windward Islands. Tropical Agriculture Trinidad, 48(1):55-61

Eisenback JD, Hopkins N, Phipps PM, 2004. First report of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis on cotton in Virginia. Plant Disease, 88(6):683

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Fargette M, QuTnThervT P, 1988. Populations of nematodes in soils under banana, cv. Poyo, in Ivory Coast. 1. The nematofauna occurring in the banana producing areas. Revue de NTmatologie, 11:239-244

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Fliege FH, Sikora RA, 1981. Occurrence and distribution of plant-parasitic nematodes in W. Samoa. Alafua Agricultural Bulletin, 6:33-41

Gaur HS, Perry RN, 1991. The biology and control of the plant parasitic nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis. Agricultural Zoology Reviews, 4:177-212; 237 ref

Gitanjali Devi, 2007. Community analysis of plant-parasitic nematodes in pineapple ecosystem in Meghalaya. Indian Journal of Nematology, 37(1):106-107

Gnanapragasam NC, 1988. Report of the Nematology Division. Annual Report of Tea Research Institute of Sri Lanka, 1988, 54-67

Gnanapragasam NC, Ariyaratnam V, Navaratne N, 1987. Rotylenchulus reniformis, a new nematode species causing damage to tea in Sri Lanka. Tea Bulletin, 7(2):34-38; 6 ref

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Waller JM, Bridge J, 1978. Plant diseases and nematodes in the Sultanate of Oman. PANS, 24(3):313-326, 394

Winoto Suatmadji R, Sauer MR, 1982. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with cultivated plants in Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology, 11(1):5-17

Yang YZ, Deng XM, Liu GZ, 1992. Studies on species and genera of plant parasitic nematodes in cotton fields in Sichun. Journal of Southwest Agricultural University, 14:292-295

Yassin AM, 1987. The status of research on plant nematology in cereals and food and fodder legumes in the Sudan. ICARDA Publication, No. 135:181-192; [In ^italic~Nematodes parasitic to cereals and legumes in temperate semi-arid regions (edited by Saxena, M.C.; Sikora, R.A.; Srivastava, J.P.). Proceedings of a workshop held at Larnaca, Cyprus, 1-5 March 1987.^roman~]; 12 ref

Yik CP, 1988. Plant disease research and service, Primary Production Department. Singapore Journal of Primary Industries, 16(2, Supplement):30-37

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Distribution References

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