Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Rotylenchulus reniformis
(reniform nematode)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Rotylenchulus reniformis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • reniform nematode
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Nematoda
  •       Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •         Genus: Rotylenchulus

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
R. reniformis vermiform female enclosed in the cuticles of juvenile stages (small arrows); e = excretory pore, v = vulva.
TitleVermiform female in juvenile stages
CaptionR. reniformis vermiform female enclosed in the cuticles of juvenile stages (small arrows); e = excretory pore, v = vulva.
CopyrightRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
R. reniformis vermiform female enclosed in the cuticles of juvenile stages (small arrows); e = excretory pore, v = vulva.
Vermiform female in juvenile stagesR. reniformis vermiform female enclosed in the cuticles of juvenile stages (small arrows); e = excretory pore, v = vulva.Renato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
Immature females on root.
TitleFemale
CaptionImmature females on root.
Copyright©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Immature females on root.
FemaleImmature females on root.©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Female on root.
TitleFemale
CaptionFemale on root.
Copyright©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Female on root.
FemaleFemale on root.©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Female covered in gelatinous matrix on root.
TitleFemale
CaptionFemale covered in gelatinous matrix on root.
Copyright©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Female covered in gelatinous matrix on root.
FemaleFemale covered in gelatinous matrix on root.©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Swollen female.
TitleFemale
CaptionSwollen female.
Copyright©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
Swollen female.
FemaleSwollen female.©J. Bridge/CABI BIOSCIENCE
TitleSwollen female with egg
Caption
CopyrightRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
Swollen female with eggRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
Leaf chlorosis induced by R. reniformis on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo).
TitleSymptoms on cantaloupe
CaptionLeaf chlorosis induced by R. reniformis on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo).
CopyrightRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
Leaf chlorosis induced by R. reniformis on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo).
Symptoms on cantaloupeLeaf chlorosis induced by R. reniformis on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo).Renato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
R. reniformis posterior body of swollen female showing the characteristic spike-like process at tail terminus.
TitlePosterior body of swollen female
CaptionR. reniformis posterior body of swollen female showing the characteristic spike-like process at tail terminus.
CopyrightRenato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture
R. reniformis posterior body of swollen female showing the characteristic spike-like process at tail terminus.
Posterior body of swollen femaleR. reniformis posterior body of swollen female showing the characteristic spike-like process at tail terminus.Renato Inserra/Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford & Oliveira, 1940

Preferred Common Name

  • reniform nematode

Other Scientific Names

  • Leiperotylenchus leiperi Das, 1960
  • Rotylenchulus leiperi (Das) Loof & Oostenbrunk, 1961
  • Rotylenchulus queirozi (Lordello & Cesnik) Sher, 1961
  • Rotylenchulus stakmani Husain & Khan, 1965
  • Spyrotylenchus queirozi Lordello & Cesnik, 1958

International Common Names

  • Spanish: nemátodo reniforme
  • French: nématode réniforme

Local Common Names

  • Japan: nise-hikuro-sentyu

EPPO code

  • ROTYRE (Rotylenchulus reniformis)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Nematoda
  •             Family: Hoplolaimidae
  •                 Genus: Rotylenchulus
  •                     Species: Rotylenchulus reniformis

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

BangladeshWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Brunei DarussalamWidespreadPeregrine and Yunton, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
ChinaWidespreadChengzhu et al., 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-GuangdongWidespreadYin, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-HainanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-JiangsuWidespreadChengzhu et al., 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Teng et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
-ShandongPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-SichuanWidespreadYang et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
IndiaWidespreadSiddiqu & Basir, 1959; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsWidespreadSalam and Khan, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Andhra PradeshPresentDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Arunachal PradeshPresentMukhopadhyay and Roy, 2006
-AssamPresentPhukan and Saikia, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-BiharPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-ChhattisgarhPresentSahu et al., 2011
-DelhiPresentDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-GujaratPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-HaryanaPresentDasgupta and Seshadri, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Himachal PradeshPresentSwarup et al., 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Indian PunjabPresentJain, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-KarnatakaPresentDasgupta and Seshadri, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-KeralaPresentDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Madhya PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-MaharashtraPresentDasgupta and Seshadri, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-MeghalayaPresentGitanjali Devi, 2007
-NagalandPresentMukhopadhyay and Roy, 2006
-OdishaPresentRay and Das, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-RajasthanPresentSwarup et al., 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Tamil NaduPresentDasgupta and Seshadri, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-TripuraPresentMukhopadhyay and Roy, 2006
-Uttar PradeshPresentDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-UttarakhandPresentRathour et al., 2006
-West BengalPresentDasgupta and Seshadri, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
IndonesiaWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-JavaWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Nusa TenggaraRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-SulawesiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-SumatraPresentBridge, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
IraqWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
IsraelWidespreadCohn and Schilt, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
JapanWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-HonshuPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-KyushuPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Ryukyu ArchipelagoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-ShikokuPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
LebanonWidespreadTaylor et al., 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
MalaysiaWidespreadWinoto Suatmadji & Sauer, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
OmanWidespreadWaller and Bridge, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
PakistanWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
PhilippinesWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Saudi ArabiaPresentEl-Sherbiny, 2011
SingaporeWidespreadYik, 1988; AVA, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Sri LankaWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
TaiwanWidespreadChing, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
ThailandWidespreadChunram, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
VietnamWidespreadChau et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014

Africa

AngolaWidespreadDick and Spaull, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
BurundiRestricted distributionBridge, 1988b; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
CameroonWidespreadBridge et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Cape VerdePresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Côte d'IvoireWidespreadFargette & Quénéhervé, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EgyptWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014; Ibrahim and Handoo, 2016
EthiopiaPresentBerg and Mekete, 2010
GambiaWidespreadLuc and Merny, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
GhanaWidespreadPeacock, 1956; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
KenyaWidespreadNjuguna and Bridge, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
LiberiaWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
MalawiWidespreadMartin, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
MozambiqueWidespreadOever and Mangane, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
NigeriaWidespreadCAVENESS, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
RéunionPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
SenegalPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
SomaliaWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
South AfricaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
SudanWidespreadYassin, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
TanzaniaWidespreadHillocks and Bridge, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
TogoWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
UgandaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
ZimbabweWidespreadMartin, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014

North America

BermudaPresentPerry et al., 1963; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
MexicoWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
USAPresentLinford and Oliveira, 1940; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-AlabamaRestricted distributionHeald and Robinson, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-ArkansasRestricted distributionHeald and Robinson, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-CaliforniaAbsent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-FloridaRestricted distributionVan Weerdt et al., 1959; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-GeorgiaPresentSteiner, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-HawaiiRestricted distributionLinford and Oliveira, 1940; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-LouisianaRestricted distributionBirchfield and Brister, 1962; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-MississippiPresentHeald and Robinson, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-MissouriPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-North CarolinaPresentDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-South CarolinaRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-TennesseePresentEPPO, 2014
-TexasRestricted distributionDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-VirginiaPresentEisenback et al., 2004

Central America and Caribbean

Antigua and BarbudaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
BarbadosPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
BelizeWidespreadBridge et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Costa RicaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
CubaWidespreadStoyanov, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
DominicaPresentHunt, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Dominican RepublicWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
GrenadaPresentHunt, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
GuadeloupeWidespreadScotto, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
HondurasWidespreadPinochet and Ventura, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
JamaicaWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
MartiniquePresentCadet et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
MontserratWidespreadBrathwaite, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
PanamaWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Puerto RicoRestricted distributionAyala and Ramirez, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Saint LuciaWidespreadEdmunds, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesWidespreadHunt, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Trinidad and TobagoWidespreadSingh and Farrell, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014

South America

BrazilWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-BahiaWidespreadSharma and Loof, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Espirito SantoWidespreadSharma, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Mato Grosso do SulPresentSereia et al., 2007
-Minas GeraisPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-ParanaWidespreadSantos and Silva, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-PernambucoWidespreadCavalcante et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Rio de JaneiroWidespreadGoes et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Rio Grande do NortePresentMoura et al., 2002
-Sao PauloWidespreadDasgupta et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
ColombiaWidespreadBarriga, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
GuyanaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
PeruWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
SurinameWidespreadMaas, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
VenezuelaWidespreadDao, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014

Europe

AustriaPresentFauna Europaea, 2014
GreeceRestricted distributionHirschmann et al., 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
MaltaRestricted distributionLamberti and Dandria, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
NetherlandsAbsent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
SpainRestricted distributionArtero et al., 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014

Oceania

American SamoaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; Brooks, 2002; EPPO, 2014
AustraliaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
-Australian Northern TerritoryPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
FijiWidespreadKirby, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
GuamWidespreadOrton, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
KiribatiPresentOrton, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
NiueWidespreadOrton, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Papua New GuineaPresentBridge, 1988a; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
SamoaWidespreadFliege and Sikora, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
Solomon IslandsWidespreadOrton, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
TongaWidespreadOrton, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Roots / external feeding
Roots / reduced root system
Stems / stunting or rosetting
Whole plant / distortion; rosetting
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Hirsutella rhossiliensis Pathogen
Monacrosporium cionopagum Predator
Monacrosporium ellipsosporum Predator
Paecilomyces lilacinus Parasite Uttar Pradesh

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Growing medium accompanying plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Roots adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

Top of page

Artero J; Bello A; Gomez-Barcina A, 1977. Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira, 1940 (Nematoda: Rotylenchulinp) in Spain. Nematologia Mediterranea, 5(2):247-251

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services, Plant Health Centre, Agri-food & Veterinary Authority, Singapore.

Ayala A; Ramirez CT, 1964. Host-range, distribution, and bibliography of the reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis, with special reference to Puerto Rico. Journal of Agricuture, University of Puerto Rico, 48:140-161.

Barriga OR, 1971. Survey of plant-parasitic nematodes associated with tobacco in Colombia. Nematropica, 1:1.

Basu SD; Roy SD, 1976. A preliminary note on nematode survey in Darjeeling. Two and a Bud, 23(2):58-59.

Basu SD; Roy SK, 1975. Rotylenchulus sp., a new ectoparasitic nematode in tea soil. Two and a Bud, 22(1):17

Berg Evan den; Mekete T, 2010. Notes on and new records of some Tylenchoidea (Nematoda) from Ethiopia. Nematologia Mediterranea, 38(2):211-214. http://www.edizioniets.com

Birchfield W, 1962. Host-parasite relations of Rotylenchulus reniformis on Gossypium hirsutum. Phytopathology, 52:862-865.

Birchfield W; Brister LR, 1962. New hosts and nonhosts of reniform nematode. Plant Disease Reporter, 46:683-685.

Blanco Brito JJ; Fernandez M; Ortega J, 1982. New hosts for Rotylenchulus reniformis. Ciencias de la Agricultura, No.13:121

Brathwaite CWD, 1973. A survey of plant parasitic nematodes associated with some economic crops in Montserrat and preliminary recommendations for their control. University of the West Indies, Department of Crop Science, Departmental Paper No. 8.

Bridge J, 1978. Plant nematodes associated with cloves and black pepper in Sumatra and Bangka, Indonesia (ODM Technical Report). Ascot, UK: Ministry of Overseas Development Plant Nematology Laboratory, 19 pp.

Bridge J, 1988. Plant nematode pests of banana in East Africa with particular reference to Tanzania. In: INIBAP 1988. Nematodes and the borer weevil in bananas: present status of research and outlook. Proceedings of a workshop held in Bujumbura, Burundi, 7-11 December, 1987, 35-39.

Bridge J, 1988. Plant-parasitic nematode problems in the Pacific Islands. Journal of Nematology, 20(2):173-183.

Bridge J, 1992. Nematodes. In: Hillocks RJ, ed. Cotton Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 331-353.

Bridge J; Hunt DJ; Hunt P, 1996. Plant-parasitic nematodes of crops in Belize. Nematropica, 26(2):111-119; 13 ref.

Bridge J; Price NS; Kofi P, 1995. Plant parasitic nematodes of plantain and other crops in Cameroon, West Africa. Fundamental and Applied Nematology, 18(3):251-260; 45 ref.

Brooks F, 2002. List of Plant Diseases in American Samoa 2002. Land Grant Technical Report No. 44. Pago Pago, American Samoa: American Samoa Community College Land Grant Program.

CABI/EPPO, 2001. Rotylenchulus reniformis. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 845, edition 1. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Cadet P; Berg E van den; Delatte A; Fiard JP, 1994. Comparison de quelques peuplements nematologiques des Petites Antilles. Biogeographica, 70:125-138.

Campos P; Sivapalan P; Gnanapragasam NC, 1990. Nematode parasites of Coffee, Cocoa and Tea. In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J, eds. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Sub Tropical and Tropical Agriculture. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 387-430.

Caswell EP; Sarah JL; Apt WJ, 1990. Nematode Parasites of Pineapple In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J, eds. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Sub tropical and Tropical Agriculture. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 519-537.

Cavalcante UMT; Warumby JF; Bezerra JEF; Moura RM de, 1984. Nematoides associados ao abacaxizeiro no estado de Pernambuco. Nematologia Brasileira, 8:37-45.

CAVENESS FE, 1967. Shadehouse host ranges of some Nigerian nematodes. Plant Disease Reporter, 51(1):33-37.

Chau NN; Thanh NV; Waele D De; Geraert E De; Waele D, 1997. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with banana in Vietnam. International Journal of Nematology, 7:122-126.

Chengzhu M; Xusheng X; Deynan Z; Muong L, 1986. The species and genus distribution and population dynamics of plant parasitic nematodes in cotton fields of Shanghai. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai, 2:41-48.

Ching TH, 1969. Morphometric variability of Rotylenchulus reniformis, the reniform nematode. Journal-of-the Alabama Academy of Science, 40(3):136-137.

Chunram C, 1972. A list of plant parasitic nematodes in Thailand. Plant Protection Service Technical Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Bangkok, Thailand, No. 1:44 pp.

Cohn E, 1973. Histology of the feeding site of Rotylenchulus reniformis. Nematologica, 19(4):455-458

Cohn E; Schilt HG, 1975. Pathogenicity of new nematodes. Scientific activities 1971-1974 of the Division of Nematology, Institute of Plant Protection, Bet Dagan, Israel. Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Organization. Bet Dagan, 129

Dao D F, 1972. Influence of different crops on the population of nematodes. Nematropica, 2(2):30-32

Dasgupta DR; Raski DJ; Sher SA, 1968. A revision of the genus Rotylenchulus Linford & Oliveira, 1940 (Nematoda: Tylenchidae). Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 35:169-192.

Dasgupta DR; Seshadri AR, 1971. Races of the reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira, 1940. Indian Journal of Nematology, 1:21-24.

Dick J; Spaull VW, 1982. Nematode pests of sugarcane. In: : Keetch DP, Heyns J, ed. Nematology in southern Africa. Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Pretoria, Republic of South Africa, 47-57

Edmunds JE, 1971. Association of Rotylenchulus reniformis with `Robusta' banana and Commelina sp. roots in the Windward Islands. Tropical Agriculture Trinidad, 48(1):55-61.

Eisenback JD; Hopkins N; Phipps PM, 2004. First report of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis on cotton in Virginia. Plant Disease, 88(6):683.

El-Sherbiny AA, 2011. Phytoparasitic nematodes associated with ornamental shrubs, trees and palms in Saudi Arabia, including new host records. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 29(2):147-164.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Fargette M; QuTnThervT P, 1988. Populations of nematodes in soils under banana, cv. Poyo, in Ivory Coast. 1. The nematofauna occurring in the banana producing areas. Revue de NTmatologie, 11:239-244.

Fauna Europaea, 2014. Fauna Europaea version 2. Web Service available online at http://www.faunaeur.org.

Fliege FH; Sikora RA, 1981. Occurrence and distribution of plant-parasitic nematodes in W. Samoa. Alafua Agricultural Bulletin, 6:33-41.

Gaur HS; Perry RN, 1991. The biology and control of the plant parasitic nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis. Agricultural Zoology Reviews, 4:177-212; 237 ref.

Gitanjali Devi, 2007. Community analysis of plant-parasitic nematodes in pineapple ecosystem in Meghalaya. Indian Journal of Nematology, 37(1):106-107.

Gnanapragasam NC, 1988. Report of the Nematology Division. Annual Report of Tea Research Institute of Sri Lanka, 1988, 54-67.

Gnanapragasam NC; Ariyaratnam V; Navaratne N, 1987. Rotylenchulus reniformis, a new nematode species causing damage to tea in Sri Lanka. Tea Bulletin, 7(2):34-38; 6 ref.

Gnanapragasam NC; Karunaratne AAC; Anpalagan VT, 1989. Susceptibility/resistance of weeds to pathogenic nematodes of tea. Tea Bulletin, 9(1):3-10

Goes A de; Maldonado JFM; Zem AC, 1982. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with banana in Rio de Janeiro State. Comunicado Tecnico, Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, No.122:3 pp.

Heald CM; Robinson AF, 1990. Survey of current distribution of Rotylenchulus reniformis in the United States. Supplement to the Journal of Nematology, 22(4S):695-699.

Hillocks RJ; Bridge J, 1992. The role of nematodes in Fusarium wilt of cotton in Tanzania. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology, 2(1-2):35-40; 25 ref.

Hirschmann H; Paschalaki-Kourtzi H; Triantaphyllou AC, 1966. A survey of plant-parasitic nematodes in Greece. Annals of Institute of Phytopathology, Benaki, 7(3):144-156.

Hunt DJ, 1977. Plant parasitic nematodes from the Windward Islands. PANS, 23(4):402-411

Ibrahim IKA; Handoo ZA, 2016. Occurrence of phytoparasitic nematodes on some crop plants in northern Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 34(2):163-169.

Jain RK, 1992. Nematode pests of vegetable crops. In: Bhatti DS, Walia RK, eds. Nematode Pests of Crops, CBS Publishers Distributors, 77-97.

Kirby MF, 1978. Reniform and root knot nematodes on passionfruit in Fiji. Nematropica, 8(1):21-25

Kirby MF; Kirby ME; Siddiqi MR; Loof PAA, 1980. Fiji nematode survey report: Plant parasitic nematode distributions and host associations. Bulletin No.68, Fiji: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries.

Lamberti F; Dandria D, 1979. Plant parasitic nematodes in the Maltese islands and the problems they cause. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 18:71-76.

Linford MB; Oliveira JM, 1940. Rotylenchulus reniformis, nov.gen.,n.sp., a nematode parasite of roots. Proceedings of the Helminthology Society of Washington, 7:35-42.

Luc M; Merny G, 1972. Preliminary report on the plant parasitic nematodes in the Republic of the Gambia. Senegal: O.R.S.T.O.M.

Maas PWT, 1970. Tentative list of plant parasitic nematodes in Surinam, with descriptions of two new species of Hemicycliophorinae. Bulletin, Landbouwproefstation Suriname, No. 87:9 pp.

Martin GC, 1955. Plant and soil nematodes of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal, 52:346-361.

Moura RMde; Pedrosa EMR; Guimarães LMP, 2002. Nematode problems of the melon crop in the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. (Nematoses de alta importância econômica da cultura do melão no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil.) Fitopatologia Brasileira, 27(2):225.

Mukhopadhyay AK; Roy K, 2006. Community analysis of major plant parasitic nematodes associated with vegetable crops in Eastern and Northeastern India. International Journal of Nematology, 16(2):194-199.

Njuguna LK; Bridge J, 1998. Plant parasitic nematodes of Irish potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) in Central Province and sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) in Central, Nyanza and Coast Provinces of Kenya. International Journal of Nematology, 8(1):21-26; 21 ref.

Oever HAMvd; Mangane SE, 1992. A survey of nematodes on various crops in Mozambique. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology, 2(1-2):74-79; 18 ref.

Orton Williams KJ, 1980. Plant-parasitic nematodes of the Pacific. Commonwealth Institute of Helminthology (St. Albans, England), Technical Report, 8:192.

Patel DB; Patel DJ; Shah HM, 1987. Susceptibility of different crop plants to Rotylenchulus reniformis. International Nematology Network Newsletter, 4:25-27.

Peacock FC, 1956. The reniform nematode in the Gold Coast. Nematologica, 1:307-310.

Peregrine WTH; Yunton B, 1980. A preliminary note on nematode pests in Brunei. Tropical Pest Management, 26(4):416-419

Perry VG; Hughes IW; Manuel EA, 1963. Some plant nematodes of Bermuda. Soil Crop Science Society Florida Proceedings, 22:135-138.

Perry VG; Hughes IW; Manuel EA, 1963. Some plant nematodes of Bermuda. Soil Crop Science Society Florida Proceedings, 22:135-138.

Phukan PN; Saikia DK, 1983. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with citrus in Assam. Journal of Research, Assam Agricultural University, 4(2):173-175.

Pinochet J; Ventura O, 1980. Nematodes associated with agricultural crops in Honduras. Turrialba, 30(1):43-47

Rathour KS; Jola Pandey; Sudershan Ganguly, 2006. Community structure of plant parasitic nematodes in Champawat District of Uttaranchal, India. Indian Journal of Nematology, 36(1):89-93.

Ray S; Das SN, 1980. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with field and vegetable crops in Orissa. O.U.A.T. Journal of Research, 10:71-76.

Robinson AF; Inserra RN; Caswell-Chen EP; Vovlas N; Troccoli A, 1997. Rotylenchulus species: identification, distribution, host ranges, and crop plant resistance. Nematropica, 27(2):127-180; 10 pp. of ref.

Sahu R; Chandra P; Poddar AN, 2011. Community analysis of plant parasitic nematodes prevalent in vegetable crops in district Durg of Chhattisgarh, India. Research Journal of Parasitology, 6(2):83-89. http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=jp.2011.83.89&org=10

Salam MA; Khan MW, 1988. Plant nematodes infecting cultivated plants in Andaman Islands. International Nematology Network Newsletter, 5(4):16-17.

Santos BB dos; Silva LATda, 1984. Occurrence of Rotylenchulus reniformis in coffee seedlings in Parana State. Revista de Agricultura, 59(1):27-28

Scotto la Massese C, 1969. The principal plant nematodes of crops in the French West Indies. In: Peachey JE, ed. Nematodes of Tropical Crops. Technical Communication No. 40. London, UK: CAB International, 164-183.

Sereia AFR; Asmus GL; Fabrício AC, 2007. Effect of agricultural systems on Rotylenchulus reniformis (Linford & Oliveira, 1940) soil population. (Influência de diferentes sistemas de produção sobre a população de Rotylenchulus reniformis (Linford & Oliveira, 1940) no solo.) Nematologia Brasileira, 31(1):42-45.

Sharma RD, 1976. Nematodes of the cacao region of the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil. II. Nematodes associated with field crops and forest trees. Revista Theobroma, 6(4):109-117

Sharma RD; Loof PAA, 1972. Nematodes associated with different plants at the Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau, Bahia. Revista Theobroma, 2(4):38-43

Siddiqi MR, 1972. Rotylenchulus reniformis. C.I.H. Descriptions of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes, Set 1, No. 5. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Siddiqi MR; Basir MA, 1959. Proceedings 48th Indian Science Congress, Part IV.

Singh ND; Farrell KM, 1972. Occurrence of Rotylenchulus reniformis in Trinidad, West Indies. Plant Disease Reporter, 56:551.

Starr JL, 1991. Rotylenchulus reniformis on greenhouse-grown foliage plants: host range and sources of inoculum. Journal of Nematology, 23(4S):634-638; 13 ref.

Steiner G, 1949. Plant nematodes the grower should know. Proceedings of the Soil Science Society of Florida 1942, 4-B:72-117.

Stoyanov D, 1967. Additions to host records of Meloidogyne sp., Helicotylenchus multicinctus and Rotylenchulus reniformis. Nematologica, 13:173.

Suhart IM, 1976. Penyakit kanker akar pada tanaman Paulownia kawakamii Ito di daerah Riau (Sumatra). (Root gall disease of Paulownia kawakamii in Riau, Sumatra). Laporan, Lembaga Penelitian Hutan, Indonesia No. 221.

Swarup G; Nath RP; Sethi CL, 1967. The plant parasitic nematode genus in India. Indian Phytopathology, 20:118-123.

Taylor DP; Schlosser WE; Saad AT, 1970. First report of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis, from Lebanon. Plant Disease Reporter, 54(5):435-436

Teng WenFeng; Tan JiaJin; Ye JianRen, 2013. Species survey of Hoplolaimidae parasites in rhizosphere soil of garden trees in Nanjing city. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University (Natural Sciences Edition), 37(3):82-86. http://njlydxxb.periodicals.net.cn/default.html

Thorne G, 1961. Principles of Nematology. London, UK: McGraw Hill.

Trinh PQ; Peña Ede la; Nguyen CN; Nguyen HX; Moens M, 2009. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with coffee in Vietnam. Russian Journal of Nematology, 17(1):73-82. HTTP://www.russjnematology.com

Van Weerdt LG; Birchfield W; Esser; RP, 1959. Observations on some subtropical plant-parasitic nematodes in Florida. Proceedings of the Soil and Crop Society of Florida, 19:443-451.

Waller JM; Bridge J, 1978. Plant diseases and nematodes in the Sultanate of Oman. PANS, 24(3):313-326, 394

Winoto Suatmadji R; Sauer MR, 1982. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with cultivated plants in Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology, 11(1):5-17.

Yang YZ; Deng XM; Liu GZ, 1992. Studies on species and genera of plant parasitic nematodes in cotton fields in Sichun. Journal of Southwest Agricultural University, 14:292-295.

Yassin AM, 1987. The status of research on plant nematology in cereals and food and fodder legumes in the Sudan. ICARDA Publication, No. 135:181-192; [In ^italic~Nematodes parasitic to cereals and legumes in temperate semi-arid regions (edited by Saxena, M.C.; Sikora, R.A.; Srivastava, J.P.). Proceedings of a workshop held at Larnaca, Cyprus, 1-5 March 1987.^roman~]; 12 ref.

Yik CP, 1988. Plant disease research and service, Primary Production Department. Singapore Journal of Primary Industries, 16(2, Supplement):30-37

Yin YQ, 1995. Surveys of parasitic nematodes on mango in Guangdong, China. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 25(1):42.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map