Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Rosellinia necatrix
(dematophora root rot)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 03 August 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Rosellinia necatrix
  • Preferred Common Name
  • dematophora root rot
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Sordariomycetes

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
A, perithecia x 3.5; B, conidial state x 0.5; C, synnemata x 100; D, conidiogenous branch; E, conidia; F, ascus; G, ascospores x 400; H, germinating ascospore x 250; I, ascus tip showing apical apparatus x 630. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 352. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
TitleR. necatrix
CaptionA, perithecia x 3.5; B, conidial state x 0.5; C, synnemata x 100; D, conidiogenous branch; E, conidia; F, ascus; G, ascospores x 400; H, germinating ascospore x 250; I, ascus tip showing apical apparatus x 630. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 352. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
CopyrightCAB International
A, perithecia x 3.5; B, conidial state x 0.5; C, synnemata x 100; D, conidiogenous branch; E, conidia; F, ascus; G, ascospores x 400; H, germinating ascospore x 250; I, ascus tip showing apical apparatus x 630. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 352. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
R. necatrixA, perithecia x 3.5; B, conidial state x 0.5; C, synnemata x 100; D, conidiogenous branch; E, conidia; F, ascus; G, ascospores x 400; H, germinating ascospore x 250; I, ascus tip showing apical apparatus x 630. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 352. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.CAB International

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Rosellinia necatrix Prill.

Preferred Common Name

  • dematophora root rot

Other Scientific Names

  • Dematophora necatrix R. Hartig

International Common Names

  • English: white root rot of trees
  • Spanish: llaga blanca; podredumbre de las raíces de los frutales
  • French: pourridié blanc; pourridié laineux

Local Common Names

  • Germany: wurzelkrankheit
  • Italy: marciume radicale

EPPO code

  • ROSLNE (Rosellinia necatrix)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Sordariomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Sordariomycetidae
  •                         Order: Xylariales
  •                             Family: Xylariaceae
  •                                 Genus: Rosellinia
  •                                     Species: Rosellinia necatrix

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

ChinaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
Georgia (Republic of)PresentUK CAB International, 1987
IndiaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
-Himachal PradeshPresentUK CAB International, 1987
IranWidespreadUK CAB International, 1987; Baradaran et al., 2012
IraqPresentUK CAB International, 1987
IsraelPresentUK CAB International, 1987
JapanWidespreadUK CAB International, 1987
Korea, Republic ofPresentUK CAB International, 1987; Choi et al., 2017
LebanonPresentUK CAB International, 1987
PhilippinesPresentUK CAB International, 1987
TaiwanPresentUK CAB International, 1987; Lin and Duan, 1988; Duan et al., 1990
TurkeyPresentUK CAB International, 1987

Africa

Central African RepublicPresentUK CAB International, 1987
Congo Democratic RepublicPresentUK CAB International, 1987
EthiopiaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
KenyaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
MoroccoPresentUK CAB International, 1987
MozambiquePresentUK CAB International, 1987
NigeriaPresentArene, 1990
RéunionPresent
South AfricaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
Spain
-Canary IslandsPresentBethencourt et al., 2001

North America

MexicoPresentUK CAB International, 1987
USAPresentUK CAB International, 1987
-AlabamaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
-CaliforniaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
-IndianaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
-MichiganPresentUK CAB International, 1987
-New YorkPresentUK CAB International, 1987
-OhioPresentUK CAB International, 1987

Central America and Caribbean

Dominican RepublicPresentUK CAB International, 1987

South America

ArgentinaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
BrazilPresentUK CAB International, 1987
-Rio Grande do SulPresentUK CAB International, 1987
-Sao PauloPresentUK CAB International, 1987
ColombiaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
UruguayPresentUK CAB International, 1987

Europe

AustriaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
BulgariaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
CyprusPresentUK CAB International, 1987
FrancePresentUK CAB International, 1987
-CorsicaPresentLaville and Vogel, 1987
GermanyPresentUK CAB International, 1987
GreecePresentUK CAB International, 1987
HungaryPresentMolnár et al., 2003
ItalyPresentUK CAB International, 1987
PortugalPresentUK CAB International, 1987
RomaniaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
Russian FederationPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Southern RussiaPresentUK CAB International, 1987
SpainPresentUK CAB International, 1987
SwitzerlandPresentUK CAB International, 1987
UKPresentUK CAB International, 1987
UkrainePresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Krymskaya OblastPresentUK CAB International, 1987
Yugoslavia (former)PresentUK CAB International, 1987

Oceania

New ZealandPresentUK CAB International, 1987

Growth Stages

Top of page Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / wilting
Roots / hairy root
Roots / rot of wood
Roots / soft rot of cortex
Stems / dieback
Stems / discoloration of bark
Stems / gummosis or resinosis
Vegetative organs / dry rot
Vegetative organs / soft rot
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback
Whole plant / unusual odour

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Trichoderma harzianum Antagonist

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bark hyphae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches fruiting bodies; hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Wood hyphae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)

References

Top of page

Abe T, Kono M, 1953. Studies on the white root rot of tea-bush. I. Scientific Reports of the Saikyo University, Kyoto (Agriculture), 5:93-105

Abe T, Kono M, 1954. Studies on the white root rot of tea-bush. II. On the relation between pathogenicity and different conditions of inoculation, as well as on fungal growth in deficient oxygen. Scientific Reports of the Saikyo University, Kyoto (Agriculture), 6:153-163

Abe T, Kono M, 1955. Studies on the white root rot of tea-bush. III. On the effect of composants of culture media to the fungal growth and the phytotoxicity of the filtrate of liquid media used by the fungus. Scientific Reports of the Saikyo University, Kyoto (Agriculture), 7:49-56

Abe T, Kono M, 1957. Studies on the white root rot of tea-bush. IV. On the toxicity of cultural filtrate of the fungus. Scientific Reports of the Saikyo University, Kyoto (Agriculture), 8:74-80

Agarwala RK, Sharma VC, 1966. White root rot disease of apple in Himachal Pradesh. Indian Phytopathology, 19(1):82-86

Anselmi N, Giorcelli A, 1990. Factors influencing the incidence of Rosellinia necatrix Prill. in poplars. European Journal of Forest Pathology, 20:175-183

Anselmi N, Giorcelli A, 1990. I marciumi radicali del pioppo da Rosellinia necatrix Prill. Informatore Fitopatologico, 1:45-52

Arene OB, 1990. Advances in integrated control systems of economic diseases of cassava in Nigeria. Integrated pest management for tropical root and tuber crops: proceedings of the workshop on the global status of and prospects for integrated pest management of root and tuber crops in the tropics held in Ibadan, Nigeria on 25-30 Oct. 1987 (edited by Hahn, S. K.; Caveness, F. E.) Ibadan, Nigeria; International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), 169-175

Baradaran GR, Aminaee MM, Assari MJ, 2012. Identification of fungal diseases of Rosa damascena in Kerman province of Iran. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 45(9):1087-1095. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/gapp20

Behdad E, 1975. Morphology, distribution, importance and hosts of Rosellinia necatrix (Hart.) Berl., the cause of white root rot in Iran. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology, 11(1/2):30-71; 13-17

Behdad E, 1975. Verbreitung von Rosellinia necatrix (Hartig) Berlese als Wurzelfaüleerreger im Iran und Möglichkeiten der Schadensverhütung, Thesis. Stuttgart, Germany: University of Stuttgart-Hohenheim

Behdad E, 1976. Influence of soil amendments, water management and tree species on the growth of Rosellinia necatrix (Hart.) Berl., the cause of white root rot. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology, 12(1/2):27-41; 24-25

Berlese AN, 1892. Rapporti tra Dematophora e Rosellinia. Rivista di Patologia Vegetale, 1:5-17, 33-34

Bethencourt Díaz LM, Prendes Ayala C, Lorenzo Bethencourt CD, 2001. Preliminary study of fungi on aerial parts of proteas grown in Tenerife (Canary Islands). Acta Horticulturae [Proceedings of the Fifth International Protea Research Symposium, Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain, 2-7 April, 2000.], 545:275-279

Bhardwaj LN, Nag N, Sharma SK, 2000. Effect of green amendments and VAM fungi on the management of white root rot of apple. Plant Disease Research, 15:53-59

Cellerino GP, Anselmi N, Giorcelli A, 1989. Distribution of Rosellinia necatrix Prill. in Italy and conditions which favour its attack on poplars. Annali della Facolta di Scienze Agrarie della Universita degli Studi di Torino, 15:165-176

Duan CH, Tsai WH, Tu CC, 1990. Dissemination of white root rot disease of loquat and its control. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 39(1):47-54

Eghbaltalab M, Debaud J-C, Bruchet G, 1976. In vitro study of the pectinolytic and cellulolytic activities of Fomes annosus (Fr.) Cke and Rosellinia quercina Hart. Bulletin Mensuel de la Societe Linneenne de Lyon, 45(2):85-90

Eguchi N, Kondo K, Yamagishi N, 2009. Bait twig method for soil detection of Rosellinia necatrix, causal agent of white root rot of Japanese pear and apple, at an early stage of tree infection. Journal of General Plant Pathology, 75(5):325-330. http://www.springerlink.com/content/h773719414211416/?p=3b462825e063477ca55f768aae41a73b&pi=0

Fassi B, 1953. Ricerche sul marciume radicale del pioppo in Piemonte. Studi e ricerche sulla pioppicoltura. Rome, Italy: Ente Nazionale per la Cellulosa e per la Carta, 43-93

Francis SM, 1985. Rosellinia necatrix fact or fiction? Sydowia, 38:75-86

Freeman S, Sztejnberg A, Shabi E, Katan J, 1990. Long-term effect of soil solarization for the control of Rosellinia necatrix in apple. Crop Protection, 9(4):312-316

Guillaumin JJ, 1982. Les pourridiés des arbres fruitiers. Proceedings of 2nd Conference on Fruit Research, Bordeaux 1982. Bordeaux, France: INRA and CTIFL, 227-242

Guillaumin JJ, 1989. Rosellinia necatrix Prill. In: Smith IM, Dunez J, Leliott RA, Phillips DH, Archer SA, eds. European Handbook of Plant Diseases. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 333-335

Guillaumin JJ, Mercier S, Dubos B, 1982. Root rots due to Armillariella and Rosellinia in France on grapevine, fruit trees and flower crops. I. aetiology and symptoms. Agronomie, 2(1):71-80

Gupta VK, 1977. Possible use of carbendazim in the control of Dematophora root rot of apple. Indian Phytopathology, 30(4):527-531

Gupta VK, Gupta SK, 1992. Management of white root rot of apple with fungicide drenching. Indian Phytopathology, 45(2):239-240

Gupta VK, Verma KD, 1978. Comparative susceptibility of apple root-stocks to Dematophora necatrix. Indian Phytopathology, 31(3):377-378

Hansen HN, Thomas HE, Thomas HE, 1937. The connexion between Dematophora necatrix and Rosellinia necatrix. Hilgardia, 10(14):561-64

Heaton JB, Dullahide SR, 1990. Efficacy of phosphonic acid in other host pathogen systems. Australasian Plant Pathology, 19(4):133-134

Ieki H, 1969. Antagonistic actions of Trichoderma spp. to Rosellinia necatrix (Hart. ) Berl. and Helicobasidion mompa Tanaka. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 35:71-75

Kanadani G, Date H, Nasu H, 1998. Effect of fluazinam soil-drench on white root rot of grapevine. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 64(2):139-141; 5 ref

Kanematsu S, Hayashi T, Kudo A, 1997. Isolation of Rosellinia necatrix mutants with impaired cytochalasin E production and its pathogenicity. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 63(6):425-431; 21 ref

Kimura Y, Nakajima H, Hamasaki T, 1987. Isolation and biological activity of the fungal metabolite cytochalasin E. Proceedings of the Plant Growth Regulator Society of America. Fourteenth Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, Aug. 2-6, 1987 Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Plant Growth Regulator Society of America, 51

Kimura Y, Nakajima H, Hamasaki T, 1989. Structure of rosellichalasin, a new metabolite produced by Rosellinia necatrix. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 53(6):1699-1701

Kshirsagar A, Reid AJ, McColl SM, Saunders VA, Whalley AJS, Evans EH, 2001. The effect of fungal metabolites on leaves as detected by chlorophyll fluorescence. New Phytologist, 151(2):451-457; 30 ref

L=pez-Herrera CJ, PTrez-JimTnez RM, Basallote-Ureba MJ, Zea-Bonilla T, Melero-Vara JM, 1999. Loss of viability of Dematophora necatrix in solarized soils. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 105(6):571-576; 18 ref

L=pez-Herrera CJ, PTrez-JimTnez RM, Zea-Bonilla T, Basallote-Ureba MJ, Melero-Vara JM, 1998. Soil solarization in established avocado trees for control of Dematophora necatrix. Plant Disease, 82(10):1088-1092; 24 ref

Laville E, Vogel R, 1987. Les attaques de pourridié dans les vergers d'agrumes de Corse. Arboriculture fruitiFre, 31(369):34-36

Lee SangBum, Ko KiSung, Aldwinckle HS, 2000. Resistance of selected Malus germplasm to Rosellinia necatrix. Journal of American Pomological Society, 54(4):219-228; 13 ref

Lin YS, Duan CH, 1988. White rot of loquat and its pathogen. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 37(3):305-312

Madar Z, Sztejnberg A, 1979. Biology and epidemiology of the white root disease in fruit trees. Alon Hanotea, 33(10):691-694

Makambila C, 1976. Contribution à l'étude du Rosellinia necatrix (Hartig) Berl. et du Rosellinia quercina Hartig, Thesis. Clermont-Ferrand, France: University of Clermont-Ferrand

Makambila C, 1978. Morphogenesis of Rosellinia spp. Phyton, Argentina, 36(1):25-30

Mantell SH, Wheeler BEJ, 1973. Rosellinia and white root rot of Narcissus in the Scilly Isles. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 60(1):23-35

Matuo T, Sakurai Y, 1959. On the fungicidal effect of chloropicrin and other few drugs upon Rosellinia necatrix and Corticium centrifugum in the soil. Journal of Sericultural Science of Japan, 28(6):395

Maublanc A, 1926. Maladies des plantes cultivées. In: Maladies Parasitaires. Paris, France:Baillere JB

Molnár P, Véghelyi K, Balogh I, 2003. Grapevine and apple replant disease in Hungary. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 9(1):29-33

Osanai Y, Nakazawa N, Fukushima C, 1983. Effect of basamid on the violet and white root rot diseases of apple tree. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, No. 34:128-129

Prillieux E, 1902. Les périthFces du Rosellinia necatrix. Comptes-Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris. Séance du 12 août 1902:275-278

Proffer TJ, Jones AL, Perry RL, 1988. Testing of cherry rootstocks for resistance to infection by species of Armillaria. Plant Disease, 72(6):488-490

Raj Kumar, Pandey JC, Verma BL, 1998. Chemical control of replant disease of apple. Recent Horticulture, 4:64-68; 11 ref

Ram RD, 1982. Evaluation of wild germplasm of temperate fruit against root rot of apple caused by Dematophora necatrix Hartig. Progressive Horticulture, 14(4):249-251

Sakurai Y, 1952. Pathologico-anatomical observations on the white root rot of mulberry trees caused by Rosellinia necatrix (Hart.) Berl. Research Reports of the Faculty of Textile and Sericulture, No. II. Ueda, Japan: Shinsu University, 19-26

Sawai K, Okuno T, Ito T, 1982. The toxicity of cytochalasin E on plants. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 48(4):529-531

Sivanesan A, Holliday P, 1972. Rosellinia necatrix. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria, No 352. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Sousa AJT de, Guillaumin JJ, Sharples GP, Whalley AJS, 1995. Rosellinia necatrix and white root rot of fruit trees and other plants in Portugal and nearby regions. Mycologist, 9(1):31-33

Sztejnberg A, Freeman S, Chet I, Katan J, 1987. Control of Rosellinia necatrix in soil and in apple orchard by solarization and Trichoderma harzianum. Plant Disease, 71(4):365-369

Sztejnberg A, Madar Z, 1980. Host range of Dematophora necatrix, the cause of white root rot disease in fruit trees. Plant Disease, 64(7):662-664

Teixeira de Sousa AJ, 1985. Lutte contre Rosellinia necatrix (Hartig) Berlese, agent du "pourridié laineux": Sensibilité de quelues espFces végétales et lutte chimique. European Journal of Forest Pathology, 15(5/6):323-332

Teixeira de Sousa AJ, Whalley AJS, 1991. Induction of mature stromata in Rosellinia necatrix and its taxonomic implications. Sydowia, 43:281-290

Tourvieille de Labrouhe D, 1981. Contribution à l'étude de Rosellinia necatrix (Hart.) Berl., agent du "pourridié laineux sur pommier", Thesis. Rennes, France: Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Rennes

Tourvieille de Labrouhe D, 1982. Penetration of Rosellinia necatrix (Hart.) Berl. into apple roots under inoculation. Agronomie, 2(6):553-560

Tourvieille de Labrouhe D, 1986. Etude sur les toxines produites par Rosellinia necatrix (Hart.) Berl. Agronomie, 6(2):195-201

UK CAB International, 1987. Rosellinia necatrix. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, April (Edition 4). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 306

Veghelyi K, 1985. Fungal diseases of the root system of fruit-tree grafts. Kertgazdasag, 3:21-27

Veghelyi K, 1991. The role of Rosellinia necatrix (Hart.) Berl. in early decline of fruit trees. Novenyvedelem, 27(3):103-113

Viala P, 1891. Monographie du Pourridié des Vignes et des Arbres Fruitiers. Paris, France: Masson

Watanabe T, 1991. Evaluation of Sordaria spp. as biocontrol agents against soilborne plant diseases caused by Pythium aphanidermatum and Dematophora necatrix. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 58(1):65-71

Yasuda M, Katoh K, 1987. Properties of fluorescent pigment-producing Pseudomonas strains isolated from soil and roots of fruit trees. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 33(4):577-583

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map