Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis
(rice root aphid)

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Datasheet

Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (rice root aphid)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • rice root aphid
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Titlelarvae
Caption
Copyright©Monique Henry/CIMMYT
larvae©Monique Henry/CIMMYT
TitleAlate
Caption
Copyright©Monique Henry/CIMMYT
Alate©Monique Henry/CIMMYT

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (Sasaki, 1899)

Preferred Common Name

  • rice root aphid

Other Scientific Names

  • Aphis splendens Hall, 1926
  • Aresha setigera Blanchard, 1939
  • Aresha shelkovnikovi Mordvilko, 1921
  • Cerosipha californica Essig, 1944
  • Cerosipha subterranea (Mason) Zimmermann, 1948
  • Pseudocerosipha pruni Shinji, 1932
  • Rhopalosiphum avenae George, 1925
  • Rhopalosiphum californicum
  • Rhopalosiphum fucanoi Moritsu, 1947
  • Rhopalosiphum gnaphalii Tissot, 1932
  • Rhopalosiphum oryzae
  • Rhopalosiphum papaveris
  • Rhopalosiphum phragmitidis Börner
  • Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (Sasaki)
  • Rhopalosiphum shelkovnikovi
  • Rhopalosiphum splendens Palmer, 1939
  • Rhopalosiphum subterraneum Mason, 1937
  • Siphocoryne splendens Theobald, 1915
  • Toxoptera rufiabdominalis Sasaki, 1899
  • Yamataphis oryzae Matsumura, 1917
  • Yamataphis papaveris Takahashi, 1921
  • Yamataphis rufiabdominalis Takahashi, 1923

International Common Names

  • English: cereal root aphid; red rice root aphid
  • Spanish: pulgón de la raiz del trigo (Mexico); pulgón del cogollo de la avena (Mexico)
  • French: puceron rouge du riz

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: pulgão da raiz do trigo
  • Germany: Wurzellaus, Reis-
  • Japan: okabo-no-aka-aburamusi

EPPO code

  • RHOPRU (Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis)
  • RHOPSD (Rhopalosiphum splendens)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Aphidoidea
  •                                 Family: Aphididae
  •                                     Genus: Rhopalosiphum
  •                                         Species: Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

CameroonPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
Côte d'IvoirePresentDuviard and Mercadier (1973)
EgyptPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
GhanaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
KenyaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
MoroccoPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
NigeriaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
South AfricaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
TanzaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
ZambiaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)

Asia

BangladeshPresentAPPPC (1987)
ChinaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-FujianPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-YunnanPresentDing (1985)
-ZhejiangPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
Hong KongPresentUK, CAB International (1971); APPPC (1987)
IndiaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-BiharPresentMisra et al. (1985); Kumar (2014)
-Himachal PradeshPresentMisra and Parihar (1983)
-KeralaPresentPai et al. (1980)
-Madhya PradeshPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-MaharashtraPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-OdishaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-PunjabPresentSingh et al. (1994)
-RajasthanPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-Uttar PradeshPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-West BengalPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
IndonesiaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-JavaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
IranPresentHodjat (1984)
IraqPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
IsraelPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
JapanPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-HokkaidoPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-HonshuPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-KyushuPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-Ryukyu IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-ShikokuPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
JordanPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
MalaysiaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
NepalPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
North KoreaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
PakistanPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
PhilippinesPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
South KoreaPresentUK, CAB International (1971); APPPC (1987)
Sri LankaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
TaiwanPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
ThailandPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
TurkeyPresentUK, CAB International (1971)

Europe

ItalyPresentCiampolini et al. (1993)
PortugalPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-AzoresPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-MadeiraPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-Russia (Europe)PresentUK, CAB International (1971)
SpainPresentMeliá (1986)

North America

CanadaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-OntarioPresentPaliwal (1980)
CubaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
JamaicaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
MexicoPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
Puerto RicoPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-AlabamaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-ArkansasPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-CaliforniaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-ColoradoPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-FloridaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-GeorgiaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-HawaiiPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-IndianaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-KansasPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-MarylandPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-MississippiPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-MissouriPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-NebraskaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-New MexicoPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-North CarolinaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-OhioPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-OklahomaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-OregonPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-South CarolinaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-South DakotaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-TennesseePresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-TexasPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-UtahPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-VirginiaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-WyomingPresentUK, CAB International (1971)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-New South WalesPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-Northern TerritoryPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-QueenslandPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-South AustraliaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-TasmaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-VictoriaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
-Western AustraliaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
New ZealandPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
Papua New GuineaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)

South America

ArgentinaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
BrazilPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-Sao PauloPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
ChilePresentUK, CAB International (1971)
ColombiaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
PeruPresentUK, CAB International (1971)
SurinamePresentUK, CAB International (1971)
VenezuelaPresentUK, CAB International (1971)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Roots / external feeding
Stems / external feeding
Whole plant / discoloration
Whole plant / distortion; rosetting
Whole plant / wilt

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aphelinus Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphelinus rhopalosiphiphagus Parasite
Aphelinus wenshanus Parasite
Aphidius Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen Adults/Nymphs Florida

References

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APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Barwal RN; Thakur NSA; Rao NS, 2003. Seasonal activity and control of rice root aphid, Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (Sos) (Aphididae: Hemiptera) in upland paddy. Indian Journal of Hill Farming, 16(1/2):116-119.

Beant Singh; Kular JS; Hari Ram; Mahal MS, 2014. Relative abundance and damage of some insect pests of wheat under different tillage practices in rice-wheat cropping in India. Crop Protection, 61:16-22. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02612194

Becerra GFP, 1994. Life cycle of the aphid Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (Homoptera, Aphididae). Arroz, 43(391):34-37

Blackman RL; Eastop VF, 1984. Aphids on the World's Crops. An Identification and Information Guide. Chichester, UK: John Wiley.

Bodenheimer FS; Swirski E, 1957. Weizmann Sci. Pr. Israel. Jerusalem, 5 + ] 378 pp.

Chandel RS; Chandla VK; Verma KS; Pathania M, 2013. Insect pests of potato in India: biology and management. In: Insect pests of potato: global perspectives on biology and management [ed. by Giordanengo, P. \Vincent, C. \Alyokhin, A.]. Kidlington, UK: Elsevier, 227-270.

Chen C; Weng CH, 1969. Studies on species and occurrence of winged aphids on tobacco. Plant Protection Bulletin, Taiwan, 11(2):71-76

Chung BuKeun, 2010. Seasonal occurrences and timing for chemical control of Rhopalosipnum rufiabdominalis (Sasaki) (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Japanese apricot. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology, 49(3):261-264. http://ocean.kisti.re.kr/is/mv/showPDF_ocean.jsp?pYear=2010&koi=KISTI1.1003%2FJNL.JAKO201006755717912&sp=261&poid=entomo&kojic=OOGCBV&sVnc=v49n3&sFree=

Ciampolini M; Perna V di; Maiulini C, 1993. Damage by root aphids to vegetable crops in greenhouses in Lazio. Informatore Agrario, 49(24):59-63

CIE, 1971. Distribution Maps of Pests. Series A (Agricultural), No 289. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Dani RC; Majumdar N, 1978. Preliminary observations on the incidence of root aphids on different rice cultivars. Science and Culture, 44(2):88-89

Ding HS, 1985. A survey on the occurrence of root aphids and their damage to upland rice. Insect Knowledge (Kunchong Zhishi), 22(6):255

Doncaster JP, 1956. The rice root aphid. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 47:741-747.

Duviard D; Mercadier G, 1973. Seasonal invasions of aphids in cotton fields: origin and mechanics. Coton et Fibres Tropicales, 28(4):483-491

Etzel RW; Petitt FL, 1992. Association of Verticillium lecanii with population reduction of red rice root aphid (Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis) on aeroponically grown squash. Florida Entomologist, 75(4):605-606

Fujiie A; Omar AMS; Sawas AB; Abbas A; Hadi MA; Sawas EA; Barakat A; Naser M; Takahashi S, 2008. Survey of aphid infestation and viral infection of potatoes in Syria. Journal of the International Society for Southeast Asian Agricultural Sciences, 14(1):46-59.

Gray SM; Chapin JW; Smith DM; Nanditta Banerjee; Thomas JS, 1998. Barley yellow dwarf luteoviruses and their predominant aphid vectors in winter wheat grown in South Carolina. Plant Disease, 82(12):1328-1333; 35 ref.

Grist DH; Lever RJAW, 1969. Pests of Rice. London, UK: Longman.

Hadi BAR; Flanders KL; Bowen KI; Murphy JF; Halbert SE, 2011. Species composition of aphid vectors (Hemiptera: Aphididae) of Barley yellow dwarf virus and Cereal yellow dwarf virus in Alabama and western Florida. Journal of Economic Entomology, 104(4):1167-1173. http://esa.publisher.ingentaconnect.com/content/esa/jee/2011/00000104/00000004/art00008

Hesler LS; Riedell WE; Langham MAC; Osborne SL, 2006. Insect infestations, incidence of viral plant diseases, and yield of winter wheat in relation to planting date in the northern Great Plains. Journal of Economic Entomology, 98(6):2020-2027.

Hodjat SH, 1984. Key to the species of Rhopalosiphum Koch and notes on Schizaphis Borner (Hom.:Aphidoidea) species in Iran. Journal of the Entomological Society of Iran, 7(1/2):en 13-14; Pe 57-79

Hsieh CY, 1970. The aphids attacking rice plants in Taiwan (II). Studies on the biology of the red rice root aphid, Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (Sasaki) (Aphidae, Homoptera). Plant Protection Bulletin, Taiwan, 12(2):68-78

Jedlinksi H, 1981. Rice root aphid, Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis, a vector of barley yellow dwarf virus in Illinois, and the disease complex. Plant Disease, 65(12):975-978.

Kanher FM; Rustamani MA; Awan RH; Tunio SA; Ansari SA; Rind MM, 2004. Relative resistance of different wheat cultivars to aphid populations. Indus Journal of Plant Sciences, 3(2):183-188.

Kumar KM, 2014. A checklist of species of the genus Rhopalosiphum from Bihar. Indian Journal of Entomology, 76(4):350-352. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:ije&type=home

Lee HeungSu; Chung BuKeun, 2011. Occurrences of major pests in Japanese apricot, Prunus mume Siebold & Zucc. in Gyeongnam Province. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology, 50(1):21-27. http://ocean.kisti.re.kr/is/mv/showPDF_ocean.jsp?method=download&pYear=2011&koi=KISTI1.1003%2FJNL.JAKO201115037884335&sp=21&poid=entomo&kojic=OOGCBV&sVnc=v50n1&sFree=

Lehrer AT; Schenck S; Yan SL; Komor E, 2007. Movement of aphid-transmitted Sugarcane yellow leaf virus (ScYLV) within and between sugarcane plants. Plant Pathology, 56(4):711-717. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa

Majumdar N; Dani RC, 1983. Rice root aphids and their control. Pranikee, 4:316-319

Melia A, 1986. Contribution to the knowledge of the aphids (Homoptera, Aphidoidea) on agricultural and forest plants in Spain. Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 12(2):335-342

Misra SS; Nagia DK; Ram G, 1985. Efficacy of systemic insecticides against root aphid, Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis Sasaki on potato crop. Pesticides, 19(10):63-65

Misra SS; Parihar SBS, 1983. Aphids on some host plants during winter around Simla. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 11(1/2):148-149

Miyahara Y; Kawahara S; Ueno N, 1968. In-furrow treatments of aldrin and disyston for control of the rice root aphid, Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis Sasaki, in relation to the applied sites in soil. Proceedings, Association Plant Protection, Kyushu, 14:31-34.

Pai CGA; Prabhoo NR; Agarwala BK; Raychaudhuri DN, 1980. Notes on a collection of root-infesting aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) from Kerala, South India. Entomon, 5(3):201-202

Paliwal YC, 1980. Transmission of barley yellow dwarf isolates by the cereal root aphid Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 2(2):90-92

Rajesh Verma; Shrivastava SK; Parsai SK, 1995. Assessment of losses and effect of cultural practices on the incidence of root aphid, Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (Sos.) in wheat. Journal of Insect Science, 8(2):185-187.

Rajesh Verma; Swati Tomar; Atul Malviya, 2012. Factors influencing the activity of root aphid, Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis Sasaki in irrigated wheat. Journal of Insect Science (Ludhiana), 25(2):160-163.

Rakauskas R; Havelka J; Bernotiene R, 2015. Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominale: first records from winter host plants in Europe. Bulletin of Insectology, 68(1):73-81. http://www.bulletinofinsectology.org/

Schenck S; Lehrer AT, 2000. Factors affecting the transmission and spread of Sugarcane yellow leaf virus. Plant Disease, 84(10):1085-1088.

Setokuchi O, 1993. Ecology of aphids on sugarcane. IV. Species composition and seasonal abundance of root aphids. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology, 37(3):159-162.

Shukla US; Sinha OK, 2009. Sugarcane disease: host-parasite relationship and their integrated management. In: Integrated Pest and Disease Management [ed. by Upadhyay, R. K. \Mukerji, K. G. \Chamola, B. P. \Dubey, O. P.]. New Delhi, India: APH Publishing Corporation, 381-410.

Singh CAK, 1977. Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis Sasaki, an additional vector of maize mosaic virus in India. Science and Culture, 43(1):37

Singh J; Malhi SS; Sekhon SS; Chandi JS, 1994. Record of rice root aphid, Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (Sasaki): on the roots of wheat in Punjab (India). Journal of Entomological Research, 18(2):175

Stoetzel MB; Miller GL; O'Brien PJ; Graves JB, 1996. Aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) colonizing cotton in the United States. Florida Entomologist, 79(2):193-205; 27 ref.

Tanaka T, 1961. The rice root aphids, their ecology and control. Spec. Bull. Coll. Agric. Utsunomiya, 10:1-83.

Torikura H, 1991. Revisional notes on Japanese Rhopalosiphum, with keys to species based on the morphs on the primary host. Japanese Journal of Entomology, 59(2):257-273

Torikura H, 1991. Seasonal occurrence of some morphs of Rhopalosiphum spp. (Homoptera: Aphididae) on the primary host in Hokkaido. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 42:114-116.

Wei JN; Bai BB; Yin TS; Wang Y; Yang Y; Zhao LH; Kuang RP; Xiang RJ, 2005. Development and use of parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae & Aphelinidae) for biological control of aphids in China. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 15(6):533-551.

Yang ChiKun; Chen YuJun, 1995. Two new species of Aphelinus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) parasitizing rice root aphids. Entomotaxonomia, 17(4):296-302.

Yano K; Miyake T; Eastop VF, 1983. The biology and economic importance of rice aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae): a review. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 73(4):539-566

Zilahi-Balogh GMG; Foottit RG; Ferguson G; Shipp JL, 2005. New records for Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominale (Sasaki) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on greenhouse tomatoes and peppers. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 136:85-87.

Distribution References

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. In: Technical Document No. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Ciampolini M, Perna V di, Maiulini C, 1993. Damage by root aphids to vegetable crops in greenhouses in Lazio. (Danni da afidi radicicoli a colture ortive in serra nel Lazio.). Informatore Agrario. 49 (24), 59-63.

Ding H S, 1985. A survey on the occurrence of root aphids and their damage to upland rice. Insect Knowledge (Kunchong Zhishi). 22 (6), 255.

Duviard D, Mercadier G, 1973. Seasonal invasions of aphids in cotton fields: origin and mechanics. (Les invasions saisonnieres de pucerons en culture cotonniere: origine et mecanismes.). Coton et Fibres Tropicales. 28 (4), 483-491.

Hodjat S H, 1984. Key to the species of Rhopalosiphum Koch and notes on Schizaphis Börner (Hom.:Aphidoidea) species in Iran. Journal of the Entomological Society of Iran. 7 (1/2), en 13-14; Pe 57-79.

Kumar K M, 2014. A checklist of species of the genus Rhopalosiphum from Bihar. Indian Journal of Entomology. 76 (4), 350-352. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:ije&type=home

Meliá A, 1986. Contribution to the knowledge of the aphids (Homoptera, Aphidoidea) on agricultural and forest plants in Spain. (Contribución al conocimiento de los pulgones (Homoptera, Aphidoidea) sobre plantas agrícolas y forestales en España.). Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas. 12 (2), 335-342.

Misra S S, Nagia D K, Ram G, 1985. Efficacy of systemic insecticides against root aphid, Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis Sasaki on potato crop. Pesticides. 19 (10), 63-65.

Misra S S, Parihar S B S, 1983. Aphids on some host plants during winter around Simla. Indian Journal of Plant Protection. 11 (1/2), 148-149.

Pai C G A, Prabhoo N R, Agarwala B K, Raychaudhuri D N, 1980. Notes on a collection of root-infesting aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) from Kerala, South India. Entomon. 5 (3), 201-202.

Paliwal Y C, 1980. Transmission of barley yellow dwarf isolates by the cereal root aphid Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. 2 (2), 90-92.

Singh J, Malhi S S, Sekhon S S, Chandi J S, 1994. Record of rice root aphid, Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (Sasaki): on the roots of wheat in Punjab (India). Journal of Entomological Research. 18 (2), 175.

UK, CAB International, 1971. Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 289.

Distribution Maps

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