Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Rhagoletis indifferens
(western cherry fruit fly)

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Datasheet

Rhagoletis indifferens (western cherry fruit fly)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Rhagoletis indifferens
  • Preferred Common Name
  • western cherry fruit fly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleLine drawing of adult R. indifferens
Caption
Copyright©CABI BioScience
Line drawing of adult R. indifferens©CABI BioScience

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Rhagoletis indifferens Curran

Preferred Common Name

  • western cherry fruit fly

Other Scientific Names

  • Rhagoletis cingulata indifferens Curran

EPPO code

  • RHAGIN (Rhagoletis indifferens)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Diptera
  •                         Family: Tephritidae
  •                             Genus: Rhagoletis
  •                                 Species: Rhagoletis indifferens

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Europe

BelgiumAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
NetherlandsAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
SloveniaAbsentEPPO (2020)
SwitzerlandAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)1983Merz (1994); EPPO (2020)

North America

CanadaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-British ColumbiaPresent, LocalizedBush (1966); EPPO (2020)
United StatesPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresent, LocalizedBush (1966); Foote et al. (1993); EPPO (2020)
-ColoradoPresent, LocalizedFoote et al. (1993); EPPO (2020)
-IdahoPresent, LocalizedBush (1966); Foote et al. (1993); EPPO (2020)
-MontanaPresent, LocalizedBush (1966); Foote et al. (1993); Yee et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
-New MexicoPresentFoote et al. (1993); EPPO (2020)
-OregonPresentAliNiazee (1981); Foote et al. (1993); EPPO (2020)
-UtahPresent, LocalizedFoote et al. (1993); EPPO (2020)
-WashingtonPresentBurditt (1988); Foote et al. (1993); EPPO (2020)
-WyomingPresentHarris (1989); EPPO (2020)

Oceania

New ZealandAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / discoloration
Fruit / extensive mould
Fruit / gummosis
Fruit / internal feeding
Fruit / lesions: black or brown
Fruit / lesions: scab or pitting
Fruit / obvious exit hole
Fruit / odour
Fruit / ooze

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae Parasite Pupae

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Clothing, footwear and possessionsFruit in case or handbag. Yes
Containers and packaging - woodOf fruit cargo. Yes
Land vehiclesLorries, aeroplanes and perhaps ships, with fruit cargo. Yes
MailFruit in post. Yes
Soil, sand and gravelRisk of puparia in soil. Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Fruits (inc. pods) eggs; larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Growing medium accompanying plants pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Leaves
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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AliNiazee MT, 1981. Improved control of the western cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis indifferens (Dipt.: Tephritidae), based on area-wide monitoring. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 78:27-33

Banham FL, 1973. An evaluation of traps for the western cherry fruit fly (Diptera:Tephritidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 70:13-16

Belanger A; Bostanian NJ; Rivard I, 1985. Apple maggot (Diptera: Trypetidae) control with insecticides and their residues in and on apples. Journal of Economic Entomology, 78(2):463-466.

Boller EF; Prokopy RJ, 1976. Bionomics and management of Rhagoletis. In: Smith RF, Mittler TE, Smith CN, ed. Annual review of entomology. Volume 21. Annual Reviews Inc. Palo Alto, California, USA, 223-246.

Burditt AK Jr, 1988. Western cherry fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae): efficacy of homemade and commercial traps. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, No. 85:53-57

Burditt AK Jr; Hungate FP, 1988. Gamma irradiation as a quarantine treatment for cherries infested by western cherry fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 81(3):859-862

Burditt AK Jr; White LD, 1987. Parasitization of western cherry fruit fly by Pachycrepoideus vindemip. Florida Entomologist, 70(3):405-406

Bush GL, 1966. The taxonomy, cytology and evolution of the genus Rhagoletis in North America (Diptera: Tephritidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 134:431-526.

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp.

Christenson LD; Foote RH, 1960. Biology of fruit flies. Annual Review of Entomology, 5:171-192.

Dowell RV; Penrose RL, 2012. Distribution and phenology of Rhagoletis fausta (Osten Sacken 1877) and Rhagoletis indifferens Curren 1932 (Diptera: Tephritidae) in California. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 88(2):130-150.

Economopoulos AP, 1989. Control; use of traps based on color and/or shape. In: Robinson AS, Hooper G, eds. Fruit Flies; Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. World Crop Pests 3(B): 315-327. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.

EPPO, 1983. Data sheets on quarantine organisms. Set 6. EPPO Bulletin, 13(1). unnumbered.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Fletcher BS, 1989. Ecology; movements of tephritid fruit flies. In: Robinson AS, Hooper G, eds. Fruit Flies; Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. World Crop Pests, 3(B). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 209-219.

Foote RH; Blanc FL; Norrbom AL, 1993. Handbook of the Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of America North of Mexico. Ithaca, USA: Comstock.

Harris EJ, 1989. Pest status; Hawaiian Islands and North America, In: Robinson AS, Hooper G, eds. Fruit Flies; their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. World Crop Pests. Amsterdam, Holland: Elsevier, 3(A):73-81.

Jones VP; Alston DG; Brunner JF; Davis DW; Shelton MD, 1991. Phenology of the western cherry fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Utah and Washington. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 84(5):488-492

Mani E; Merz B; Brunetti R; Schaub L; Jermini M; Schwaller F, 1994. On the occurrence of the two North American fruit flies Rhagoletis completa Cresson and Rhagoletis indifferens Curran in Switzerland (Diptera: Tephritidae). Zum Auftreten der beiden amerikanischen Fruchtfliegenarten Rhagoletis completa Cresson and Rhagoletis indifferens Curran in der Schweiz (Diptera: Tephritidae). Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 67(1-2):177-182

Merz B, 1994. Insecta Helvetica, Fauna, 10: Diptera Tephritidae. Neuchatel, Switzerland; Centre Suisse de Cartographie de la Faune (CSCF), 198 pp.

USDA, 1994. Treatment manual. Frederick, USA: USDA/APHIS.

White IM; Elson-Harris MM, 1994. Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Reprint with addendum.

Yee WL; Lawrence TW; Hood GR; Feder JL, 2015. New records of Rhagoletis Loew, 1862 (Diptera: Tephritidae) and their host plants in western Montana, U.S.A. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 91(1):39-57. http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.3956/2014-91.1.039

Distribution References

AliNiazee M T, 1981. Improved control of the western cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis indifferens (Dipt.: Tephritidae), based on area-wide monitoring. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia. 27-33.

Burditt A K Jr, 1988. Western cherry fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae): efficacy of homemade and commercial traps. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia. 53-57.

Bush GL, 1966. The taxonomy, cytology and evolution of the genus Rhagoletis in North America (Diptera: Tephritidae). In: Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 134 431-526.

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Foote R H, Blanc F L, Norrbom A L, 1993. Handbook of the fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of America north of Mexico. Ithaca, USA: Comstock Publishing Associates. xii + 571 pp.

Harris EJ, 1989. Pest status; Hawaiian Islands and North America. In: Fruit Flies; their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. World Crop Pests, 3 (A) [ed. by Robinson AS, Hooper G]. Amsterdam, Holland, Elsevier. 73-81.

Merz B, 1994. Insecta Helvetica, Fauna, 10: Diptera Tephritidae. Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Centre Suisse de Cartographie de la Faune (CSCF). 198 pp.

NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013. Pest status of harmful organisms in the Netherlands., Wageningen, Netherlands:

Yee W L, Lawrence T W, Hood G R, Feder J L, 2015. New records of Rhagoletis Loew, 1862 (Diptera: Tephritidae) and their host plants in western Montana, U.S.A. Pan-Pacific Entomologist. 91 (1), 39-57. http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.3956/2014-91.1.039 DOI:10.3956/2014-91.1.039

Distribution Maps

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