Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Rhagoletis cerasi
(European cherry fruit fly)

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Datasheet

Rhagoletis cerasi (European cherry fruit fly)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Rhagoletis cerasi
  • Preferred Common Name
  • European cherry fruit fly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleEggs
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TitleLarva
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TitleAdult
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Rhagoletis cerasi Linnaeus

Preferred Common Name

  • European cherry fruit fly

Other Scientific Names

  • Musca cerasi Linnaeus
  • Rhagoletis cerasi fasciata Rohdendorf
  • Rhagoletis cerasi nigripes Rohdendorf
  • Rhagoletis cerasi obsoleta Hering
  • Rhagoletis obsoleta Hering
  • Spilographa cerasi
  • Tephritis cerasi
  • Trypeta signata Meigen
  • Urophora cerasorum Dufour
  • Urophora liturata Robineau-Desvoidy
  • Zonosema cerasi (L.)

International Common Names

  • English: European cherry fly; fruit fly, cherry

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: kirsebærflue
  • Finland: kirsikkakärpänen
  • France: mouche des cerises
  • Germany: Fruchtfliege, Kirschen-; Kirschen-Fruchfliege; Kirschen-Made; Made, Kirschen-
  • Italy: mosca delle ciliege
  • Netherlands: Kersenvlieg
  • Norway: kirsebærflue
  • Spain: mosca de la cereza
  • Sweden: körsbärsfluga
  • Turkey: kiraz sinegi

EPPO code

  • RHAGCE (Rhagoletis cerasi)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Diptera
  •                         Family: Tephritidae
  •                             Genus: Rhagoletis
  •                                 Species: Rhagoletis cerasi

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

Georgia (Republic of)PresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014
IranPresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014
KazakhstanPresentFoote, 1984; EPPO, 2014
KyrgyzstanPresentFoote, 1984; EPPO, 2014
TajikistanPresentFoote, 1984; EPPO, 2014
TurkeyPresentBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
TurkmenistanPresentFoote, 1984; EPPO, 2014
UzbekistanPresentFoote, 1984

North America

CanadaPresent, few occurrencesNAPPO, 2016
-OntarioPresent, few occurrencesNAPPO, 2016

Europe

AustriaPresentBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
BelgiumPresentEPPO, 2014
BulgariaPresentBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
CroatiaWidespreadBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
Czech RepublicPresentFalta et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentEPPO, 2014
DenmarkPresentRavn et al., 1997
EstoniaPresentEPPO, 2014
FrancePresentBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
GermanyPresentBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
GreecePresentBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
-CretePresentEPPO, 2014
HungaryPresentBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
ItalyPresentBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
-SardiniaPresentEPPO, 2014
-SicilyPresentEPPO, 2014
LatviaPresentDirlbek, 1982; EPPO, 2014
LithuaniaPresentDirlbek, 1982; EPPO, 2014
MoldovaPresentKiskin et al., 1981
NetherlandsPresentBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
NorwayPresentJaastad, 1994; EPPO, 2014
PolandPresentBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
PortugalPresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014
RomaniaPresentBeratlief et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014
Russian FederationPresentEPPO, 2014
-Eastern SiberiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-Russia (Europe)PresentEPPO, 2014
-SiberiaPresentFoote, 1984
-Western SiberiaPresentEPPO, 2014
SerbiaPresentEPPO, 2014
SlovakiaPresentEPPO, 2014
SpainPresentBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
SwedenPresentEPPO, 2014
SwitzerlandPresentBoller and Bush, 1974; EPPO, 2014
UkrainePresentMatvievskii, 1983; EPPO, 2014
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)PresentStamenkovic et al., 1996

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / internal feeding
Fruit / obvious exit hole

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aneuropria foersteri Parasite
Cremnodes atricapillus Parasite Austria; Switzerland Lonicera xylosteum
Halticoptera laevigata Parasite Switzerland Lonicera xylosteum
Opius magnus Parasite Larvae Italy Prunus mahaleb
Opius rhagoleticola Parasite Larvae
Phygadeuon elegans Parasite Switzerland Lonicera xylosteum
Phygadeuon scaposus Parasite Pupae
Phygadeuon wiesmanni Parasite Pupae

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Clothing, footwear and possessionsFruit in case or handbag. Yes
Containers and packaging - woodOf fruit cargo. Yes
Land vehiclesAeroplanes and boats, with fruit cargo. Yes
MailFruit in post. Yes
Soil, sand and gravelRisk of puparia in soil. Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Fruits (inc. pods) eggs; larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Growing medium accompanying plants pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Leaves
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Aluja M; Boller EF, 1992a. Host marking pheromone of Rhagoletis cerasi: foraging behaviour in response to synthetic pheromonal isomers. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 18(8):1299-1311

Aluja M; Boller EF, 1992b. Host marking pheromone of Rhagoletis cerasi: field deployment of synthetic pheromone as a novel cherry fruit fly management strategy. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 65(2):141-147

Bandzo K; Popovska M; Bandzo S, 2012. Influence of the time of first fruit color change and the duration of fruit ripening of cherry varieties on the infestation by R. cerasi. Agroznanje - Agro-knowledge Journal, 13(1):39-46.

Beratlief C; Ionescu C; Mustatea D, 1981. Observations on the effectiveness of the visual traps in the monitoring of treatments against the cherry fly (Rhagoletis cerasi L.). Bulletin de l'Academie des Sciences Agricoles et Forestieres, No. 10:93-102

Berlocher SH; Bush GL, 1982. An electrophoretic analysis of Rhagoletis (Diptera: Tephritidae) phylogeny. Systematic Zoology, 31:136-155.

Blümel S; Russ K, 1989. Control; manipulation of races. In: Robinson AS, Hooper G, eds. Fruit Flies; Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. World Crop Pests, 3(B):387-389. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.

Boller EF, 1989. Genetics; cytoplasmic incompatibility in Rhagoletis cerasi. In: Robinson AS, Hooper G, eds. Fruit Flies; Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. World Crop Pests, 3(B):69-74. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.

Boller EF; Bush GL, 1974. Evidence for genetic variation in populations of the European cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi (Diptera:Tephritidae) based on physiological parameters and hybridization experiments. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 17(2):279-293

Boller EF; Prokopy RJ, 1976. Bionomics and management of Rhagoletis. In: Smith RF, Mittler TE, Smith CN, ed. Annual review of entomology. Volume 21. Annual Reviews Inc. Palo Alto, California, USA, 223-246.

Boller EF; Russ K; Vallo V; Bush GL, 1976. Incompatible races of European cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi (Diptera: Tephritidae), their origin and potential use in biological control. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 20(3):237-247

Brand G; Höhn H; Kuske S; Samietz J, 2013. Management of European cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cerasi) with exclusion netting: first results. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin [Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group "Integrated Protection of Fruit Crops". 8th International Conference on Integrated Fruit Production, Kusadasi, Turkey, 7-12 October 2012.], 91:401-404. http://www.iobc-wprs.org/pub/bulletins/bulletin_2013_91_table_of_contents_abstracts.pdf

Böckmann E; Köppler K; Hummel E; Vogt H, 2014. Bait spray for control of European cherry fruit fly: an appraisal based on semi-field and field studies. Pest Management Science, 70(3):502-509. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.3621/full

Caruso S; Ladurner E; Benuzzi M; Tamagnini E; Granchietti A; Sacchetti P, 2012. Evaluation of different strategies for the control of the European cherry fruit fly in Emilia-Romagna (Northern Italy). IOBC/WPRS Bulletin [Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group "Integrated Protection of Fruit Crops", Subgroups "Pome-Fruit Arthropods" and "Stone Fruits" on "Sustainable protection of fruit crops in the Mediterranean area", Vico del Gargano, Italy, 12-17 September, 2010.], 74:177-182. http://www.iobc-wprs.org/pub/bulletins/bulletin_2012_74_table_of_contents_abstracts.pdf

Casagrande E; Molinari F; Cravedi P; Bertonazzi C, 1995. Evaluation of new attractants and traps for monitoring of the cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi L. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 18(2):31-34

Christenson LD; Foote RH, 1960. Biology of fruit flies. Annual Review of Entomology, 5:171-192.

CIE, 1989. Rhagoletis cerasi (Linnaeus) [Diptera: Tephritidae] cherry fruit fly. CAB International Institute of Entomology, Distribution Maps of Pests, series A (Agricultural), (65), revised, 1-3. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Daniel C; Baker B, 2013. Dispersal of Rhagoletis cerasi in commercial cherry orchards: efficacy of soil covering nets for cherry fruit fly control. Insects, 4(1):168-176. http://www.mdpi.com/2075-4450/4/1/168

Daniel C; Grunder J, 2012. Integrated management of European cherry fruit fly Rhagoletis cerasi (L.): situation in Switzerland and Europe. Insects, 3(4):956-988. http://www.mdpi.com/2075-4450/3/4/956

Daniel C; Wyss E, 2009. Susceptibility of different life stages of the European cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi, to entomopathogenic fungi. Journal of Applied Entomology, 133(6):473-483. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/jen

Daniel C; Wyss E, 2010. Field applications of Beauveria bassiana to control the European cherry fruit fly Rhagoletis cerasi. Journal of Applied Entomology, 134(9/10):675-681. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/jen

Dirlbek J, 1982. Fruit-flies (Diptera, Tephritidae) from Latvia and Lithuania. (Part I: Subfamily Trypetinp). Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Purkynianp Brunensis, Biologia, 23(7):33-35

Economopoulos AP, 1989. Control; use of traps based on color and/or shape. In: Robinson AS, Hooper G, eds. Fruit Flies; Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. World Crop Pests 3(B): 315-327. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Falta V; Kneifl V; Knourková J, 2005. The use of a 'visual+temperature' method in timing of cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cerasi L.) control. Bulletin OILB/SROP [Use of pheromones and other semiochemicals in integrated control. Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS 6th International Conference on Integrated Fruit Production, Baselga di Piné, Italy, 26-30 September 2004.], 28(7):217-220.

FAO/IAEA, 2003. Trapping Guidelines for area-wide fruit fly programmes. Vienna, Austria: International Atomic Energy Agency, 47 pp.

Fischer-Colbrie P; Busch-Petersen E, 1989. Pest status; temperate Europe and west Asia, In: Robinson AS, Hooper G, eds. Fruit Flies; Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. World Crop Pests, 3(A):91-99. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.

Foote RH, 1984. Tephritidae (Trypetidae). In: Soos A, Papp L, eds. Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera, 9. Budapest, Hungary: Akadémiai Kiadó, 66-149.

Grassi A; Profaizer D; Maines R; Visintainer G, 2010. An experience of cherry fruit fly Rhagoletis cerasi control with nets in Trentino, Italy. In: Ecofruit. 14th International Conference on Organic Fruit-Growing. Proceedings for the conference, Hohenheim, Germany, 22-24 February 2010 [ed. by Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau e. V.]. Weinsberg, Germany: Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau e.V. (FÖKO), 259-263.

Haisch A; Chwala D, 1979. Host influence on the diapause of Rhagoletis cerasi Linnpus 1758. Bulletin SROP, 2:153-155

Hendel F, 1927. Part 49. Trypetidae. In: Lindner E , ed. Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region, 5(1):1-221. Stuttgart, Germany.

Hoffmeister T, 1992. Factors determining the structure and diversity of parasitoid complexes in tephritid fruit flies. Oecologia, 89(2):288-297

Höhn H; Walder R; Mühlenz I; Samietz J; Linder C, 2012. Control of the cherry fruit fly: alternatives to dimethoate. (Alternatives au diméthoate pour lutter contre la mouche de la cerise.) Revue Suisse de Viticulture, Arboriculture et Horticulture, 44(3):152-158.

Jaastad G, 1994. First registration of the cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi (L.) in western Norway; distribution, size and origin of the population. Norwegian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8(3/4):203-214.

Kandybina MN, 1977. The larvae of fruit-flies (Diptera, Tephritidae). Keys to the fauna of the USSR No.114. Lichinki plodovykh mykh-pestrokrylok (Diptera, Tephritidae). Opredeliteli po faune SSSR 114. Leningrad, USSR: Nauka, 212 pp.

Kiskin PKh; Lazar' IS, 1981. Perfocartograms for the prognosis of pests of agricultural crops. In: Sem'yanov VP, ed. Noveishie dostizheniya sel'skokhozyaistvennoi entomologii (po materialam USh s"ezda VEO, Vil'nyus, 9-13 oktyabrya 1979 g.) Vilnius, Vsesoyunzoe Entomologicheskoe Obshchestvo USSR, 89-93

Matvievskii AS, 1983. The use of pesticides in orchards in the Ukraine. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 6:25

NAPPO, 2016. Phytosanitary Alert System: Rhagoletis cerasi, European Cherry Fruit Fly, Detected in Ontario. NAPPO. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=665

Neuenschwander P; Bigler F; Delucchi V; Michelakis S, 1983. Natural enemies of preimaginal stages of Dacus oleae Gmel. (Dipt., Tephritidae) in western Crete. I. Bionomics and phenologies. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria 'Filippo Silvestri', 40:3-32.

Phillips VT, 1946. The biology and identification of trypetid larvae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society, 12:1-161.

Ravn HP; Rasmussen AN; Jensen J, 1997. Kirsebaerfluen - en "dognflue" eller den storste trussel mod produktion af sodkirsebaer? Gron Viden, Havebrug, No. 102.

Richter VA, 1970. Part 62. Tephritidae (Trypetidae), In: Bienko GyaBei, ed. Keys to the Insects of the European part of the USSR. Opredeliteli po Faune SSSR, 103(5):132-172.

Riegler M; Stauffer C, 2002. Wolbachia infections and superinfections in cytoplasmically incompatible populations of the European cherry fruit fly Rhagoletis cerasi (Diptera, Tephritidae). Molecular Ecology, 11(11):2425-2434.

Russ R, 1976. Untersuchungen uber die praktische Anwendung der `SIT' (sterile insect technique) als Bekampfungsmethode gegen die Kirschfruchtfliege (Rhagoletis cerasi L.) in Osterreich. Pflanzenarzt, 29:56-58.

Samietz J; Graf B; Höhn H; Schaub L; Höpli HU, 2007. Phenology modelling of major insect pests in fruit orchards from biological basics to decision support: the forecasting tool SOPRA. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 37(2):255-260. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/epp

Séguy E, 1934. Faune de France. 28 DiptFres (BrachycFres) (Muscidae Acalypterae et Scatophagidae). Paris, France.

Stamenkovic S; Milenkovic S; Stamenkovic T, 1996a. Population dynamics of Rhagoletis cerasi L. (Diptera, Tephritidae) in western Serbia. Proceedings of the international cherry symposium, Budapest, Hungary, 14-18 June 1993. Acta Horticulturae. 410:561-565.

Stamenkovic S; Peric P; Milosevic D, 2012. Rhagoletis cerasi Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae): biological characteristics, harmfulness and control. Pesticidi i Fitomedicina, 27(4):269-281. http://scindeks-clanci.ceon.rs/data/pdf/1820-3949/2012/1820-39491204269S.pdf

Thiem; von H, 1934. BetrSge zur Epidemiologie und BekSmpfung der Kirschfruchtfliege (Rhagoletis cerasi L.). Arbeiten über Physiologische und Angewandte Entomologie aus Berlin-Dahlem, 1:7-79.

Tommasini MG; Caruso S, 2012. Field trials on adulticide bait (spintor-fly®) to control the cherry fruit fly in Emilia-Romagna (North Italy) in 2010 and 2011. In: Ecofruit. 15th International Conference on Organic Fruit-Growing. Proceedings for the conference, Hohenheim, Germany, 20-22 February 2012. Weinsberg, Germany: Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau e.V. (FÖKO), 160-166.

Ughini V; Malvicini GL; Pisaroni F; Plessi C; Caruso S, 2010. Trials on the use of nets in the Vignola Cherry District against cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cerasi L.). Acta Horticulturae [Organic Fruit Conference, Vignola, Italy.], No.873:337-342. http://www.actahort.org/books/873/873_40.htm

Wharton RH, 1989. Control; classical biological control of fruit-infesting Tephritidae, In: Robinson AS, Hooper G, eds. Fruit Flies; their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. World Crop Pests 3(B). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 303-313.

White IM; Elson-Harris MM, 1994. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance. Their Identification and Bionomics. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Distribution Maps

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