Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Nemorimyza maculosa
(chrysanthemum leaf miner)

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Datasheet

Nemorimyza maculosa (chrysanthemum leaf miner)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Nemorimyza maculosa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • chrysanthemum leaf miner
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Nemorimyza maculosa (Malloch, 1913)

Preferred Common Name

  • chrysanthemum leaf miner

Other Scientific Names

  • Agromyza guaranitica Brethés, 1920
  • Agromyza maculosa Malloch, 1913
  • Amauromyza (Annimyzella) maculosa Spencer, 1981
  • Amauromyza maculosa (Malloch)
  • Dizygomyza (Amauromyza) maculosa Hendel, 1931
  • Dizygomyza maculosa Blanchard, 1938
  • Phytobia (Amauromyza) maculosa Frick, 1952
  • Phytobia maculosa

International Common Names

  • English: burdock leaf miner

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Amerikanischer Blattminier; Minierer, Amerikanischer Blatt-
  • USA/Hawaii: blotch leaf miner

EPPO code

  • AMAZMA (Nemorimyza maculosa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Diptera
  •                         Family: Agromyzidae
  •                             Genus: Nemorimyza
  •                                 Species: Nemorimyza maculosa

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 05 May 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Europe

NetherlandsAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
PortugalPresentCerný et al. (2018); EPPO (2020)
-MadeiraPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
SloveniaAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
SpainPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-Canary IslandsPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
United KingdomAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); CABI (Undated)

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresent, Few occurrencesCABI (Undated a)
BahamasPresent, LocalizedSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BarbadosPresent, LocalizedSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BermudaPresentMALLOCH (1913); Spencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
CanadaPresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
-OntarioPresentSpencer (1981); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
Cayman IslandsPresent, LocalizedSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
Costa RicaPresent, WidespreadSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
CubaPresent, LocalizedSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
Dominican RepublicPresent1988Martinez et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
GuadeloupePresentSpencer et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
JamaicaPresentMALLOCH (1913); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MartiniquePresentSpencer et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
MexicoPresentValenzuela-Escoboza et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
Saint Kitts and NevisPresentEtienne and Martinez (2003); EPPO (2020)
Trinidad and TobagoPresent, Few occurrencesSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
United StatesPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresentSpencer (1981); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-ConnecticutPresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresentSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-GeorgiaPresentMALLOCH (1913); EPPO (2020)
-HawaiiPresentSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
-IndianaPresentMALLOCH (1913); CABI (Undated)
-KentuckyPresentMALLOCH (1913); EPPO (2020)
-MassachusettsPresentEPPO (2020)
-New YorkPresentMALLOCH (1913); Spencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
-North CarolinaPresentEPPO (2020)
-OhioPresentEPPO (2020)
-OklahomaPresentEPPO (2020)
-WashingtonPresentCABI (Undated a)
-WisconsinPresent, Few occurrencesSpencer (1972); EPPO (2020)

South America

ArgentinaPresent, LocalizedSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BoliviaPresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BrazilAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Spencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
-PernambucoPresent, Few occurrencesCABI (Undated a)
-Rio de JaneiroPresentCABI (Undated a)
-Sao PauloPresentCABI (Undated a)
ChilePresent, LocalizedSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Easter IslandPresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
ColombiaPresentSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
French GuianaPresentEPPO (2020)
GuyanaPresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
PeruPresent, LocalizedSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
UruguayPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
VenezuelaPresent, LocalizedSpencer (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Post-harvest, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / frass visible
Leaves / internal feeding
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / frass visible
Whole plant / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Chrysocharis Parasite Larvae
Chrysocharis vonones Parasite Larvae Hawaii Lactuca sativa
Closterocerus Parasite Larvae
Diaulinopsis callichroma Parasite Larvae
Neochrysocharis formosa Parasite Larvae
Opius sp. Parasite Larvae
Opius sp. nr. oscinidus Parasite Larvae Hawaii Lactuca sativa

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Clothing, footwear and possessionsCut flowers. Yes
Containers and packaging - woodDebris from cut flowers. Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants pupae
Leaves eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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CABI, EPPO, 1999. Nemorimyza maculosa. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, June. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 593

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp

Davis CJ, Krauss NLH, 1962. Recent Introductions for Biological Control in Hawaii - Vll. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 18(1):125-129

EPPO, 1990. Specific quarantine requirements. EPPO Technical Documents, No. 1008. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Etienne J, Martinez M, 2003. The Agromyzidae of the Island of Saint-Christopher (Saint-Kitts) in the Antilles (Diptera). (Les Agromyzidae de l'île de Saint-Christopher (Saint-Kitts) aux Antilles (Diptera).) Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, 108(1):89-95

European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization, 1984. EPPO data sheets on quarantine organisms. (Fiches informatives OEPP sur les organismes de quarantaine.) EPPO Bulletin, 14(1). 78 pp

Frick KE, 1952. A generic revision of the family AGROMYZIDAE (DIPTERA) with a catalogue of New World species. University of California Publications in Entomology, 8(8):339-452

Hardy DE, 1958. Notes and exhibitions. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 16:323

Harris HM, Tate HD, 1933. A leafminer attacking the cultivated onion. Journal of Economic Entomology, 26:515-516

Hendel F, 1920. Die PalSarktischen Agromyziden (Prodomus einer Monographie). Archiv fnr Naturgeschichte, 1918 84A(7):109-174

Hendel F, 1931. In: Lindner, ed. Agromyzidae. Die Fleigen palSarktischen. Reg. 59:1-570

Leibee GL, 1982. Development of Liriomyza trifolii on celery. In: Proceedings of IFAS (Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida) Industry Conference on Biology and Control of Liriomyza leafminers, Lake Bu_na Vista, Florida, USA, 35-41

Malloch JR, 1913. A Revision of the species in Agromyza FallTn, and Cerodontha Rondani. (DIPTERA). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 6(3):269-240

Martinez M, Etienne J, Abud-Antun A, Reyes M, 1993. Les Agromyzidae de la RTpublique Dominicaine (Diptera). Bulletin de la SociTtT Entomologique de France, 98(2):165-179

McGregor EA, 1914. The serpentine leafminer on cotton. Journal of Economic Entomology, 7:227-454

Musgrave CA, Poe SL, Weems HV Jr, 1975. The vegetable leafminer, Liriomyza sativae Blanchard (Diptera: Agromyzidae), in Florida. Entomology Circular, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, No. 162:4 pp

Nowakowski JT, 1962. Introduction to a Systematic Revision of the Family Agromyzidae (Diptera) with some remarks on Host Plant Selection by these flies. Annales. Zoologici., 20:1-183

Oatman ER, Michelbacher AE, 1958. The melon leaf miner, Liriomyza pictella (Thompson) (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 51:557-566

Ota AK, Nishida T, 1966. A Biological Study of Phytobia (Amauromyza) maculosa (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 59(5):902-911

Parrella MP, Keil CB, Morse JG, 1984. Insecticide resistance in Liriomyza trifolii. California Agriculture, 38(1/2):22-23

Sanabria de ArTvalo I, 1994. Insectos minadores (Diptera: Agromyzidae) de la Sabana de Bogotß (Cundinamarca, Colombia). Revista Columbiana de Entomologia. Sociedad Columbiana de Entomologia. Bogota

Sasakawa M, 1983. Agromyzidae. In: Hardy DE, Delfinado MD, eds. Insects of Hawaii, Vol.13. Honolulu, Hawaii: The University Press of Hawaii

Smith FF, Boswell AL, Wave HE, 1962. New chrysanthemum leaf miner species. Florists' Review, 130:29-30

Smith IM, McNamara DG, Scott PR, Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref

Spencer KA, 1972. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. The Hague, The, Dr. W. Junk B.V. Netherlands, xi + 418 pp

Spencer KA, 1981. A revisionary study of the leaf-mining flies (Agromyzidae) of California. A revisionary study of the leaf-mining flies (Agromyzidae) of California. Division of Agricultural Sciences, California University Berkeley, California USA, iv + 489 pp

Spencer KA, 1990. Host specialization in the world Agromyzidae (Diptera). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 444 pp

Spencer KA, Martinez M, Etienne J, 1992. The Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Guadeloupe. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France, 28(3):251-302

Stegmaier CE Jr, 1967. Some new host plant records and parasites of Phytobia (Amauromyza) maculosa in Florida (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Florida Entomologist, 50(2):99-101

Valenzuela-Escoboza, F. A., Castañeda-Vildozola, A., Palacios-Torres, R. E., López-Martínez, G., Silva-Sombra, K. D. da, Valdez-Carrasco, J., López-Valenzuela, B. E., 2017. First record of the genus Nemorimyza Frey, 1946 (Diptera: Agromyzidae) for Mexico. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 93(4), 187-190. http://www.bioone.org/loi/panp doi: 10.3956/2017-93.4.187

Webb RE, Smith FF, 1970. Survival of eggs of Liriomyza munda in chrysanthemums during cold storage. Journal of Economic Entomology, 63:1359-1361

Weigel CA, 1923. Insect enemies of chrysanthemums. US Department of Agriculture Farmers' Bulletin No. 1306

Weigel CA, Sasser ER, 1923. Insects injurious to ornamental greenhouse plants. US Department of Agriculture Farmers' Bulletin No. 1362

Wene GF, 1955. Effect of some organic insecticides on the population levels of the serpentine leaf miner and its parasites. Journal of Economic Entomology, 48:596-7

Zlobin ZZ, 1996. The genus Amauromyza Hendel (Diptera, Agromyzidae): a clarification of species of the subgenus Annimyzella Spencer. International Journal of Dipterological Research. Latvian Museum of Nature. RIGA

Distribution References

CABI, EPPO, 1999. Nemorimyza maculosa. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 593.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cerný M, Andrade R, Gonçalves A R, Tschirnhaus M von, 2018. New records of Agromyzidae (Diptera) from Portugal, with an updated checklist. Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales. 67 (1), 7-57.

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Etienne J, Martinez M, 2003. The Agromyzidae of the Island of Saint-Christopher (Saint-Kitts) in the Antilles (Diptera). (Les Agromyzidae de l'île de Saint-Christopher (Saint-Kitts) aux Antilles (Diptera).). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France. 108 (1), 89-95.

MALLOCH J R, 1913. A Revision of the Species in Agromyza, Fallen, and Cerodontha, Rondani (Diptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 6 (3), 269-335 pp. DOI:10.1093/aesa/6.3.269

Martinez M, Etienne J, Abud-Antun A, Reyes M, 1993. (Les Agromyzidae de la RTpublique Dominicaine (Diptera)). In: Bulletin de la SociTtT Entomologique de France, 98 (2) 165-179.

Spencer K A, 1972. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. In: Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. [Linsley, E. G.; Chemsak, J. A. : Cerambycidae of North America. Part VI, no. 1. Taxonomy and classification of the subfamily Lepturinae.], The Hague, The, Dr. W. Junk B.V. Netherlands: xi + 418 pp.

Spencer K A, 1981. A revisionary study of the leaf-mining flies (Agromyzidae) of California. Berkeley, California, USA: Division of Agricultural Sciences, California University. iv + 489 pp.

Spencer K A, Martinez M, Etienne J, 1992. The Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Guadeloupe. (Les Agromyzidae (Diptera) de Guadeloupe.). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France. 28 (3), 251-302.

Valenzuela-Escoboza F A, Castañeda-Vildozola A, Palacios-Torres R E, López-Martínez G, Silva-Sombra K D da, Valdez-Carrasco J, López-Valenzuela B E, 2017. First record of the genus Nemorimyza Frey, 1946 (Diptera: Agromyzidae) for Mexico. Pan-Pacific Entomologist. 93 (4), 187-190. http://www.bioone.org/loi/panp DOI:10.3956/2017-93.4.187

Distribution Maps

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