Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Rattus
(rats)

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Datasheet

Rattus (rats)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Vector of Animal Disease
  • Natural Enemy
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Rattus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • rats
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Chordata
  •       Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •         Class: Mammalia
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Rattus tanezumi (Asian house rat); live adult.
TitleAdult
CaptionRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat); live adult.
Copyright©Yannick Chaval/Inra-CBGP/CERoPath
Rattus tanezumi (Asian house rat); live adult.
AdultRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat); live adult.©Yannick Chaval/Inra-CBGP/CERoPath
Rattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, wild specimen on a banana flower.
TitleAdult
CaptionRattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, wild specimen on a banana flower.
Copyright©Gerald McCormack/CINHT
Rattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, wild specimen on a banana flower.
AdultRattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, wild specimen on a banana flower.©Gerald McCormack/CINHT
Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); adult, close view of facial area. Belle-Île-en-mer, Morbihan, France.
TitleAdult
CaptionRattus norvegicus (brown rat); adult, close view of facial area. Belle-Île-en-mer, Morbihan, France.
Copyright©Jean-Jacques Boujot-2013/via flickr - CC BY-SA 2.0
Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); adult, close view of facial area. Belle-Île-en-mer, Morbihan, France.
AdultRattus norvegicus (brown rat); adult, close view of facial area. Belle-Île-en-mer, Morbihan, France.©Jean-Jacques Boujot-2013/via flickr - CC BY-SA 2.0
Rattus rattus (black rat); adult, perched on a rope, showing agility.
TitleAdult
CaptionRattus rattus (black rat); adult, perched on a rope, showing agility.
Copyright©Crown Copyright 2011/GBNNSS, with thanks to Wildwood Trust
Rattus rattus (black rat); adult, perched on a rope, showing agility.
AdultRattus rattus (black rat); adult, perched on a rope, showing agility.©Crown Copyright 2011/GBNNSS, with thanks to Wildwood Trust
Rattus tanezumi (Asian house rat); adult. Dead specimen. (Note scale in cm)
TitleAdult
CaptionRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat); adult. Dead specimen. (Note scale in cm)
Copyright©Yannick Chaval/Inra-CBGP/CERoPath
Rattus tanezumi (Asian house rat); adult. Dead specimen. (Note scale in cm)
AdultRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat); adult. Dead specimen. (Note scale in cm)©Yannick Chaval/Inra-CBGP/CERoPath
Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); adult amongst fallen leaves. Alexandra Park, Hastings, East Sussex, UK. March, 2009.
TitleAdult
CaptionRattus norvegicus (brown rat); adult amongst fallen leaves. Alexandra Park, Hastings, East Sussex, UK. March, 2009.
Copyright©Dean Thorpe/via flickr/www.aspexdesign.co.uk - CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); adult amongst fallen leaves. Alexandra Park, Hastings, East Sussex, UK. March, 2009.
AdultRattus norvegicus (brown rat); adult amongst fallen leaves. Alexandra Park, Hastings, East Sussex, UK. March, 2009.©Dean Thorpe/via flickr/www.aspexdesign.co.uk - CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
Rattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, wild specimen. Note the charteristic marking on the hind legs.
TitleAdult
CaptionRattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, wild specimen. Note the charteristic marking on the hind legs.
Copyright©Gerald McCormack/CINHT
Rattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, wild specimen. Note the charteristic marking on the hind legs.
AdultRattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, wild specimen. Note the charteristic marking on the hind legs.©Gerald McCormack/CINHT
Rattus rattus (black rat); adults, amongst foodstuffs.
TitleAdults
CaptionRattus rattus (black rat); adults, amongst foodstuffs.
Copyright©Crown Copyright 2011/GBNNSS, with thanks to Wildwood Trust
Rattus rattus (black rat); adults, amongst foodstuffs.
AdultsRattus rattus (black rat); adults, amongst foodstuffs.©Crown Copyright 2011/GBNNSS, with thanks to Wildwood Trust
Adult black rat (Rattus rattus). Mission Canyon, Santa Barbara, California, USA. July, 2004.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult black rat (Rattus rattus). Mission Canyon, Santa Barbara, California, USA. July, 2004.
Copyright©Larry Jon Friesen-2004 - All Rights Reserved.
Adult black rat (Rattus rattus). Mission Canyon, Santa Barbara, California, USA. July, 2004.
AdultAdult black rat (Rattus rattus). Mission Canyon, Santa Barbara, California, USA. July, 2004.©Larry Jon Friesen-2004 - All Rights Reserved.
Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); adult, feeding on seed dropped from a bird feeder. Pennington Flash, nr Leigh, Lancashire, UK. February, 2009.
TitleAdult
CaptionRattus norvegicus (brown rat); adult, feeding on seed dropped from a bird feeder. Pennington Flash, nr Leigh, Lancashire, UK. February, 2009.
Copyright©John Hitchmough/via flickr - CC BY-NC 2.0
Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); adult, feeding on seed dropped from a bird feeder. Pennington Flash, nr Leigh, Lancashire, UK. February, 2009.
AdultRattus norvegicus (brown rat); adult, feeding on seed dropped from a bird feeder. Pennington Flash, nr Leigh, Lancashire, UK. February, 2009.©John Hitchmough/via flickr - CC BY-NC 2.0
Rattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, captive specimen.
TitleAdult
CaptionRattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, captive specimen.
Copyright©Gerald McCormack/CINHT
Rattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, captive specimen.
AdultRattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, captive specimen.©Gerald McCormack/CINHT
Rattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, captive specimen.
TitleAdult
CaptionRattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, captive specimen.
Copyright©Gerald McCormack/CINHT
Rattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, captive specimen.
AdultRattus exulans (Pacific rat); adult, captive specimen.©Gerald McCormack/CINHT
Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); female, showing teats and genital area.
TitleFemale
CaptionRattus norvegicus (brown rat); female, showing teats and genital area.
Copyright©Crown Copyright 2011/GBNNSS
Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); female, showing teats and genital area.
FemaleRattus norvegicus (brown rat); female, showing teats and genital area.©Crown Copyright 2011/GBNNSS
Rattus species comparison; (a) Rattus rattus (black rat). (b) Rattus norvegicus (brown rat). Museum mounted taxidermy specimens.
TitleSpecies comparison
CaptionRattus species comparison; (a) Rattus rattus (black rat). (b) Rattus norvegicus (brown rat). Museum mounted taxidermy specimens.
Copyright©Crown Copyright 2009/GBNNSS
Rattus species comparison; (a) Rattus rattus (black rat). (b) Rattus norvegicus (brown rat). Museum mounted taxidermy specimens.
Species comparisonRattus species comparison; (a) Rattus rattus (black rat). (b) Rattus norvegicus (brown rat). Museum mounted taxidermy specimens.©Crown Copyright 2009/GBNNSS
Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); male, showing genital area.
TitleMale
CaptionRattus norvegicus (brown rat); male, showing genital area.
Copyright©Crown Copyright 2011/GBNNSS
Rattus norvegicus (brown rat); male, showing genital area.
MaleRattus norvegicus (brown rat); male, showing genital area.©Crown Copyright 2011/GBNNSS

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Rattus

Preferred Common Name

  • rats

International Common Names

  • Spanish: rata
  • French: rats

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Ratten-Arten
  • Italy: ratti
  • Turkey: sicanlar

EPPO code

  • RATTSP (Rattus sp.)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Chordata
  •             Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •                 Class: Mammalia
  •                     Order: Rodentia
  •                         Family: Muridae
  •                             Subfamily: Murinae
  •                                 Genus: Rattus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Oceania

AustraliaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-QueenslandPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992

Distribution Maps

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