Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Nucleopolyhedrosis virus

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Datasheet

Nucleopolyhedrosis virus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Nucleopolyhedrosis virus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "ssDNA viruses"
  •     Group: "DNA viruses"
  •       Order: Caudovirales
  •         Family: Baculoviridae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
A purified suspension of NPV particles (polyhedra) viewed under a light microscope.  Each polyhedron contains many (typically 20-200) individual virus particles encapsulated in the protective protein crystal matrix.
TitleNPV suspension
CaptionA purified suspension of NPV particles (polyhedra) viewed under a light microscope. Each polyhedron contains many (typically 20-200) individual virus particles encapsulated in the protective protein crystal matrix.
CopyrightDavid Grzywacz
A purified suspension of NPV particles (polyhedra) viewed under a light microscope.  Each polyhedron contains many (typically 20-200) individual virus particles encapsulated in the protective protein crystal matrix.
NPV suspensionA purified suspension of NPV particles (polyhedra) viewed under a light microscope. Each polyhedron contains many (typically 20-200) individual virus particles encapsulated in the protective protein crystal matrix.David Grzywacz
NPV-infected larva of Spodoptera exempta (African armyworm).  The hanging attitude with the head down is typical of late instars killed by NPV.
TitleNPV-infected larva of Spodoptera exempta
CaptionNPV-infected larva of Spodoptera exempta (African armyworm). The hanging attitude with the head down is typical of late instars killed by NPV.
Copyright©David Grzywacz
NPV-infected larva of Spodoptera exempta (African armyworm).  The hanging attitude with the head down is typical of late instars killed by NPV.
NPV-infected larva of Spodoptera exemptaNPV-infected larva of Spodoptera exempta (African armyworm). The hanging attitude with the head down is typical of late instars killed by NPV.©David Grzywacz
MacoNPV-infected larva of Mamestra configurata.|MacoNPV-infected larva.
TitleMacoNPV-infected larva|Natural enemy
CaptionMacoNPV-infected larva of Mamestra configurata.|MacoNPV-infected larva.
CopyrightRalph Underwood/Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
MacoNPV-infected larva of Mamestra configurata.|MacoNPV-infected larva.
MacoNPV-infected larva|Natural enemyMacoNPV-infected larva of Mamestra configurata.|MacoNPV-infected larva.Ralph Underwood/Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Murphy et al., 1995

Other Scientific Names

  • nuclear polyhedrosis virus (NPV) Franki et al., 1991

English acronym

  • NPV

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "ssDNA viruses"
  •         Group: "DNA viruses"
  •             Order: Caudovirales
  •                 Family: Baculoviridae
  •                     Genus: Nucleopolyhedrovirus
  •                         Species: Nucleopolyhedrosis virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

BotswanaPresentKunjeku et al. (1998)
EgyptPresent, WidespreadKunjeku et al. (1998)
KenyaPresentKunjeku et al. (1998)
MoroccoPresentIntroducedGreathead and Greathead (1992)Established
South AfricaPresentWhitlock (1974)
TanzaniaPresent, WidespreadKunjeku et al. (1998)
UgandaPresentKunjeku et al. (1998)
ZambiaPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)
ZimbabwePresent, WidespreadKunjeku et al. (1998)

Asia

BangladeshPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)
ChinaPresent, WidespreadEntwistle (1998)
-AnhuiPresentEntwistle (1998)
-GansuPresent, WidespreadEntwistle (1998)
-GuangdongPresent, WidespreadEntwistle (1998)
-GuangxiPresent, WidespreadEntwistle (1998)
-HebeiPresent, WidespreadEntwistle (1998)
-HenanPresent, WidespreadEntwistle (1998)
-HubeiPresent, WidespreadEntwistle (1998)
-HunanPresent, WidespreadEntwistle (1998)
-ShandongPresentCABI (Undated a)
-ZhejiangPresentEntwistle (1998)
IndiaPresent, WidespreadEaswaramoorthy (1998)
-Andhra PradeshPresent, WidespreadEaswaramoorthy (1998)
-KarnatakaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-KeralaPresent, WidespreadEaswaramoorthy (1998)
-PunjabPresentCABI (Undated a)
-Tamil NaduPresent, WidespreadEaswaramoorthy (1998)
IndonesiaPresentRuchijat and Sukmaraganda (1992)
JapanPresentKunumi (1998)
MalaysiaPresentJones et al. (1998)
PakistanPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)
PhilippinesPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)
South KoreaPresentJones et al. (1998)
Sri LankaPresentEaswaramoorthy (1998)
TaiwanPresentTuan ShuJen et al. (1994)
ThailandPresent, WidespreadJones et al. (1998)

Europe

BulgariaPresentLipa (1998)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentGreathead (Undated)
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresentCABI (Undated a)
FinlandPresentHuber (1998)
FrancePresent, WidespreadHuber (1998)
GermanyPresent, WidespreadHuber (1998)
ItalyPresentGreathead (Undated)
-SardiniaPresentCABI (Undated a)
NetherlandsPresent, WidespreadHuber (1998)
PolandPresentLipa (1998)
RussiaPresent, WidespreadLipa (1998)
Serbia and MontenegroPresentCABI (Undated a)
SpainPresent, WidespreadHuber (1998)
United KingdomPresent, WidespreadHuber (1998)

North America

CanadaPresentCunningham (1998)
-AlbertaPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)
-British ColumbiaPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)
-ManitobaPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresentCABI (Undated a)
-OntarioPresentCABI (Undated a)
-QuebecPresentCABI (Undated a)
-SaskatchewanPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)
GuatemalaPresent, WidespreadEntwistle (1998)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentEntwistle (1998)
United StatesPresent, WidespreadCunningham (1998)
-ArkansasPresentCABI (Undated a)
-CaliforniaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-ConnecticutPresentCABI (Undated a)
-FloridaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-HawaiiPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)
-LouisianaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-MarylandPresentCABI (Undated a)
-VirginiaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-West VirginiaPresentCABI (Undated a)

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, WidespreadTeakle (1998)
-New South WalesPresentCABI (Undated a)
-QueenslandPresentCABI (Undated a)
New ZealandPresent, WidespreadTeakle (1998)
Papua New GuineaPresent, WidespreadTeakle (1998)

South America

ArgentinaPresentMoscardi (1999)
BrazilPresent, WidespreadMoscardi (1999)
-ParanaPresent, WidespreadMoscardi (1999)
-Rio Grande do SulPresent, WidespreadMoscardi (1999)
ParaguayPresent, WidespreadMoscardi (1999)
PeruPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)Original citation: Oliveira, 1998
UruguayPresentCABI (Undated a)
VenezuelaPresentCABI (Undated a)

Natural enemy of

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SpeciesStages attackedCountries where known to occurReferences
Achaea janataLarvae
Adisura atkinsoniLarvae
Adoxophyes oranaLarvae
Aglais urticaeLarvae
Agrotis ipsilon
Agrotis segetumLarvae
Alabama argillacea
Amsacta albistriga
Amsacta lactineaLarvae
Amsacta mooreiLarvae
Amyelois transitella
Anagrapha falciferaLarvae
Anomis sabuliferaLarvae
Antheraea pernyiLarvae
Anticarsia gemmatalis
Apocheima cinerariumLarvae
Aporia crataegiLarvae
Ascotis selenaria
Atteva fabriciellaLarvae
Autographa californicaLarvae
Autographa gammaLarvae
Autographa nigrisignaLarvae
Bactrocera oleae
Biston suppressariaLarvae
Bombyx mandarina
Bombyx moriLarvae
Cactoblastis cactorum
Cadra cautellaLarvae
Calliteara pudibundaLarvae
Cephalcia abietis
Ceratitis capitata
Chilo suppressalis
Choristoneura freemaniLarvae
Choristoneura fumiferana
Chrysodeixis agnataLarvae
Chrysodeixis includensLarvae
Cnaphalocrocis medinalis
Corcyra cephalonica
Cossus cossusLarvae
Cydia pomonellaLarvae
Darna trima
Dendrolimus pini
Dendrolimus tabulaeformisLarvae
Diabrotica undecimpunctata
Diatraea saccharalis
Dione junoLarvae
Diprion pini
Diprion similis
Ectropis bhurmitraLarvae
Ectropis obliquaLarvae
Epiphyas postvittanaLarvae
Erannis ankerariaLarvae
Eriogyna pyretorumLarvae
Estigmene acraea
Eumeta variegata
Euproctis chrysorrhoea
Euproctis lunataLarvae
Euproctis pseudoconspersaLarvae
Euproctis scintillansLarvae
Euprosterna elaeasa
Euxoa scandensLarvae
Galleria mellonella
Glabromicroplitis croceipes
Goniophthalmus halli
Hadula trifoliiLarvae
Helicoverpa armigera
Helicoverpa assultaLarvae
Helicoverpa punctigera
Helicoverpa zeaLarvae
Heliothis peltigeraLarvae
Heliothis subflexaLarvae
Heliothis virescens
Hellula undalisLarvae
Herpetogramma licarsisalisLarvae
Hyalophora cecropiaLarvae
Hyblaea pueraLarvae
Hypena scabraLarvae
Ivela auripesLarvae
Kalotermes flavicollis
Kotochalia junodi
Lambdina fiscellariaLarvae
Lambdina fiscellaria lugubrosa
Lemyra imparilis
Leucinodes orbonalis
Leucoma salicisLarvae
Locusta migratoriaAdults/Nymphs
Lymantria disparLarvae
Lymantria mathuraLarvae
Lymantria monachaLarvae
Mahasena corbetti
Malacosoma americanumLarvae
Malacosoma californicum pluviale
Malacosoma disstriaLarvae
Malacosoma neustriaLarvae
Mamestra brassicae
Mamestra configurataLarvae
Manduca sextaLarvae
Marasmia exiguaLarvae
Microdiprion pallipes
Mocis frugalisLarvae
Mythimna separataLarvae
Mythimna unipunctaLarvae
Neodiprion lecontei
Neodiprion sertiferLarvae
Operophtera brumataLarvae
Orgyia antiquaLarvae
Orgyia leucostigmaLarvae
Orgyia posticaLarvae
Orgyia pseudotsugataLarvae
Ostrinia nubilalis
Panolis flammeaLarvae
Parasa consociaLarvae
Parasa viridissimaLarvae
Parocneria orientaLarvae/Pupae
Pelopidas mathiasLarvae
Pieris brassicae
Platynota idaeusalisLarvae
Plodia interpunctellaLarvae
Plutella xylostella
Pristiphora abietina
Schistocerca gregariaAdults/Nymphs
Sesamia inferensLarvae
Sphenarches anisodactylusLarvae
Sphrageidus similisLarvae
Spilarctia obliquaLarvae
Spodoptera albulaLarvae
Spodoptera eridaniaLarvaeZeddam et al., 1998
Spodoptera exemptaLarvae
Spodoptera exiguaLarvae
Spodoptera frugiperdaLarvae
Spodoptera littoralis
Spodoptera lituraLarvae
Spodoptera mauritiaLarvae
Spodoptera mauritia acronyctoidesLarvae
Spodoptera ornithogalliLarvae
Teia ericaeLarvae
Thaumetopoea pityocampaAdults/Eggs/Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae
Thysanoplusia orichalceaLarvae
Tipula oleracea
Tipula paludosa
Tortrix viridanaLarvae
Trabala vishnouLarvae
Trichogramma chilonis
Trichoplusia niLarvae
Xestia c-nigrumLarvae
Yponomeuta evonymellaLarvae

References

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Adams JR; McClintock JT, 1991. Nuclear polyhedrosis viruses of insects. In: Adams JR, Bonami JR, eds. Atlas of Invertebrate Viruses. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press.

Burges HD, ed. , 1998, Formulation of Microbial Biopesticides. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Burges HD, ed. , 1998. Formulation of Microbial biopesticides. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Copping LG, 1998. The biopesticide manual: world compendium. The biopesticide manual: world compendium., xxxvii + 333 pp.

Cunningham J, 1995. Baculoviruses as microbial insecticides. In: Reuveni I, ed. Novel approaches to Integrated Pest Management. Boca Raton, USA: Lewis Publishers.

Cunningham JT, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: North America. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 313-331.

Easwaramoorthy ES, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Indian subcontinent. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 232-243.

Entwistle PF, 1998 A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Peoples Republic of China. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 258-268.

Entwistle PF, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Central America and the Caribbean America. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 332-338.

Evans HF; Shapiro M, 1997. Viruses. In: Lacey L, ed. Manual of Techniques in Insect Pathology. San Diego, USA: Academic Press.

Francki RIB; Fauquet CM; Knudson DL; Brown F(Editors), 1991. Classification and nomenclature of viruses. Fifth report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Archives of Virology, Supplementum 2:450 pp.

Francki RIB; Fauquet CM; Knudson DL; Brown F; eds, 1991. Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses. Fifth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Archives of Virology, Supplement 2. Vienna, Austria: Springer-Verlag.

Greathead DJ; Greathead AH, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information, 13(4):61N-68N.

Huber J, 1986. In: Granados RR, Federici BA, eds. Biology of the Baculoviruses, Vol. 2, Practical Application for Insect Control. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.

Huber J, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Western Europe. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 201-215.

Hunter-Fujita FR; Entwistle PF; Evans HF; Crook NE; eds, 1998. Insect viruses and pest management. Chichester, UK: Wiley.

Jones KA; Ketunuti U; Grzywacz D, 1994. Production and use of nuclear polyhedrosis virus to control Helicoverpa armigera and Spodoptera exigua in Thailand. 6th International Colloquium on Invertebrate Pathology and Microbial Control, Montpellier, France, August-September 1994.

Jones KA; Zelazny B; Ketunuti U; Cherry A; Grzywacz D, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: South East Asia and Western Pacific In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 244-257.

Ketunuti U; Prathomrut S, 1989. Cotton bollworm larvae control by Heliothis armigera nuclear polyhedrosis virus. In: Abstracts of the First Asia-Pacific Conference of Entomology, 8-13, November 1989, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Bangkok, Thailand: APCE Secretariat, 16.

Kunjeku E; Jones KA; Moawad G, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests:Africa, the near East and Middle East. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 280-302.

Kunumi Y, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Japan. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 269-279.

Lipa JJ, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 216-231.

Moscardi F, 1999. Assessment of the application of baculoviruses for control of Lepidoptera. Annual Review of Entomology, 44:257-289.

Oliveira MRV de, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: South America. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 339-355.

Puri SN; Murthy KS; Sharma OP, 1997. Resource Inventory for IPM -I, National Centre for Integrated Pest Management. New Delhi, India: ICAR.

Ruchijat E; Sukmaraganda T, 1992. National integrated pest management in Indonesia: its successes and challenges. In: Ooi PAC, Lim GS, Ho TH, Manalo PL, Waage JK, eds. Integrated Pest Management in the Asia-Pacific region. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 329-347

Shapiro M, 1986. In vivo production of baculoviruses. In: Granados RR, Federici BA, eds. Biology of the Baculoviruses, Vol 2. Practical Application for Insect Control. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Shapiro M, 1986. In: Granados RR, Federici BA, eds. Biology of the Baculoviruses, Vol. 2, Practical Application for Insect Control. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Shieh TR, 1989. Industrial production of viral pesticides. Advances in Virus Research, 36:315-343

Teakle RE, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Australasia. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 303-312.

Tuan SJ; Kao SS; Cheng DJ, 1994. Histopathology and Pathogenicity of Spodoptera exigua nuclear polyhedrosis virus isolated in Taiwan. Chinese Journal of Entomology, 14:33-45.

UK British Crop Protection Council, 1997. Microbial insecticides: novelty or necessity? Proceedings of a Symposium held at the University of Warwick, Coventry, UK, 16-18 April 1997. Microbial insecticides: novelty or necessity? Proceedings of a Symposium held at the University of Warwick, Coventry, UK, 16-18 April 1997., x + 302 pp.; [^italic~BCPC Symposium Proceedings^roman~ No. 68].

Whitlock VH, 1974. Symptomatology of two viruses infecting Heliothis armigera. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 23(1):70-75

Distribution References

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cunningham JT, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: North America. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 313-331.

Easwaramoorthy ES, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Indian subcontinent. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 232-243.

Entwistle P F, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Peoples Republic of China. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management. [ed. by Hunter Fujita F R, Entwistle P F, Evans H F, Crook N]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 258-268.

Greathead D J, Greathead A H, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information. 13 (4), 61N-68N.

Greathead DJ, Undated. BIOCAT Database (unpublished)., Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Huber J, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Western Europe. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 201-215.

Jones KA, Zelazny B, Ketunuti U, Cherry A, Grzywacz D, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: South East Asia and Western Pacific. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 244-257.

Kunjeku E, Jones KA, Moawad G, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests:Africa, the near East and Middle East. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 280-302.

Kunumi Y, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Japan. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 269-279.

Lipa JJ, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 216-231.

Moscardi F, 1999. Assessment of the application of baculoviruses for control of Lepidoptera. Annual Review of Entomology. 257-289. DOI:10.1146/annurev.ento.44.1.257

Ruchijat E, Sukmaraganda T, 1992. National integrated pest management in Indonesia: its successes and challenges. In: Integrated pest management in the Asia-Pacific region. [Integrated pest management in the Asia-Pacific region.], [ed. by Ooi P A C, Lim G S, Ho T H, Manalo P L, Waage J K]. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. 329-347.

Teakle RE, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Australasia. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 303-312.

Tuan ShuJen, Kao SueySheng, Cheng DorJih, 1994. Histopathology and pathogenicity of Spodoptera exigua nuclear polyhedrosis virus isolated in Taiwan. Chinese Journal of Entomology. 14 (1), 33-45.

Whitlock V H, 1974. Symptomatology of two viruses infecting Heliothis armigera. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 23 (1), 70-75. DOI:10.1016/0022-2011(74)90075-5

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