Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Quercus robur
(common oak)

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Datasheet

Quercus robur (common oak)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Quercus robur
  • Preferred Common Name
  • common oak
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
A single open-grown Q. robur tree, growing in the floodplain of the River Warta near the nature reserve in Krajkowo, Rogalin, Wielkopolska Region, Poland. The tree is waterlogged every spring.
TitleMature tree
CaptionA single open-grown Q. robur tree, growing in the floodplain of the River Warta near the nature reserve in Krajkowo, Rogalin, Wielkopolska Region, Poland. The tree is waterlogged every spring.
CopyrightPiotr Robakowski
A single open-grown Q. robur tree, growing in the floodplain of the River Warta near the nature reserve in Krajkowo, Rogalin, Wielkopolska Region, Poland. The tree is waterlogged every spring.
Mature treeA single open-grown Q. robur tree, growing in the floodplain of the River Warta near the nature reserve in Krajkowo, Rogalin, Wielkopolska Region, Poland. The tree is waterlogged every spring.Piotr Robakowski
Fragment of Central European oak/hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) forest (Galio silvatica-Carpinetum) in spring. Wielkopolska Region, Poland.
TitleOak/hornbean forest
CaptionFragment of Central European oak/hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) forest (Galio silvatica-Carpinetum) in spring. Wielkopolska Region, Poland.
CopyrightWojciech Stachnowicz
Fragment of Central European oak/hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) forest (Galio silvatica-Carpinetum) in spring. Wielkopolska Region, Poland.
Oak/hornbean forestFragment of Central European oak/hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) forest (Galio silvatica-Carpinetum) in spring. Wielkopolska Region, Poland.Wojciech Stachnowicz
Fragment of natural oak/hornbean (Carpinus betulus) forest (Galio silvatica-Carpinetum) in the 'Grabina' nature reserve. Wielkopolski National Park, Poland.
TitleOak/hornbean forest in spring
CaptionFragment of natural oak/hornbean (Carpinus betulus) forest (Galio silvatica-Carpinetum) in the 'Grabina' nature reserve. Wielkopolski National Park, Poland.
CopyrightWojciech Stachnowicz
Fragment of natural oak/hornbean (Carpinus betulus) forest (Galio silvatica-Carpinetum) in the 'Grabina' nature reserve. Wielkopolski National Park, Poland.
Oak/hornbean forest in springFragment of natural oak/hornbean (Carpinus betulus) forest (Galio silvatica-Carpinetum) in the 'Grabina' nature reserve. Wielkopolski National Park, Poland.Wojciech Stachnowicz
A group of ancient Q. robur trees, legally protected as the 'monuments of nature'. Approx. age 500-600 years. Rogalin, Wielkopolska Region, Poland.
TitleAncient common oaks
CaptionA group of ancient Q. robur trees, legally protected as the 'monuments of nature'. Approx. age 500-600 years. Rogalin, Wielkopolska Region, Poland.
CopyrightPiotr Robakowski
A group of ancient Q. robur trees, legally protected as the 'monuments of nature'. Approx. age 500-600 years. Rogalin, Wielkopolska Region, Poland.
Ancient common oaksA group of ancient Q. robur trees, legally protected as the 'monuments of nature'. Approx. age 500-600 years. Rogalin, Wielkopolska Region, Poland. Piotr Robakowski
A group of Q. robur trees in Rogalin park, Wielkopolska Region, Poland.
TitleEnglish oaks
CaptionA group of Q. robur trees in Rogalin park, Wielkopolska Region, Poland.
CopyrightPiotr Robakowski
A group of Q. robur trees in Rogalin park, Wielkopolska Region, Poland.
English oaksA group of Q. robur trees in Rogalin park, Wielkopolska Region, Poland.Piotr Robakowski
One of the Q. robur 'monuments of nature' in the Bialowieza National Park, Poland.
TitleAncient oak tree
CaptionOne of the Q. robur 'monuments of nature' in the Bialowieza National Park, Poland.
CopyrightWojciech Stachnowicz
One of the Q. robur 'monuments of nature' in the Bialowieza National Park, Poland.
Ancient oak treeOne of the Q. robur 'monuments of nature' in the Bialowieza National Park, Poland.Wojciech Stachnowicz
Famous old Q. robur trees in Rogalin park (Wielkopolska Region, Poland) named after legendary Slavic tribal leaders: Lech, Czech and Rus. Approx. age 500-600 years.
TitleFamous ancient oak trees
CaptionFamous old Q. robur trees in Rogalin park (Wielkopolska Region, Poland) named after legendary Slavic tribal leaders: Lech, Czech and Rus. Approx. age 500-600 years.
CopyrightWojciech Stachnowicz
Famous old Q. robur trees in Rogalin park (Wielkopolska Region, Poland) named after legendary Slavic tribal leaders: Lech, Czech and Rus. Approx. age 500-600 years.
Famous ancient oak treesFamous old Q. robur trees in Rogalin park (Wielkopolska Region, Poland) named after legendary Slavic tribal leaders: Lech, Czech and Rus. Approx. age 500-600 years.Wojciech Stachnowicz
Effect of a rare insect, the great capricorn beetle (Cerambyx cerdo), on an old oak tree in the River Warta valley, Rogalin, Poland.
TitleCapricorn beetle damage
CaptionEffect of a rare insect, the great capricorn beetle (Cerambyx cerdo), on an old oak tree in the River Warta valley, Rogalin, Poland.
CopyrightWojciech Stachnowicz
Effect of a rare insect, the great capricorn beetle (Cerambyx cerdo), on an old oak tree in the River Warta valley, Rogalin, Poland.
Capricorn beetle damageEffect of a rare insect, the great capricorn beetle (Cerambyx cerdo), on an old oak tree in the River Warta valley, Rogalin, Poland.Wojciech Stachnowicz
Even dead Q. robur trees are still valuable as an interesting element in the landscape, as well as providing essential habitats for birds and insects. River Warta valley, Rogalin, Poland.
TitleDead oak trees
CaptionEven dead Q. robur trees are still valuable as an interesting element in the landscape, as well as providing essential habitats for birds and insects. River Warta valley, Rogalin, Poland.
CopyrightWojciech Stachnowicz
Even dead Q. robur trees are still valuable as an interesting element in the landscape, as well as providing essential habitats for birds and insects. River Warta valley, Rogalin, Poland.
Dead oak treesEven dead Q. robur trees are still valuable as an interesting element in the landscape, as well as providing essential habitats for birds and insects. River Warta valley, Rogalin, Poland.Wojciech Stachnowicz

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Quercus robur L.

Preferred Common Name

  • common oak

Other Scientific Names

  • Quercus brutia Ten.
  • Quercus estremadurensis O. Schwarz
  • Quercus pedunculata Ehrh.
  • Quercus pedunculiflora K. Koch
  • Quercus rosacea

International Common Names

  • English: English oak; European oak; pedunculate oak
  • Spanish: quejigo; roble comun; roble fresnal
  • French: châgne; chêne à grappes; chêne blanc; chêne femelle; chêne male; chêne noir; chêne pédonculé; gravelin; rouvre
  • Russian: chereshchatiï; dub letniï

Local Common Names

  • Germany: früheiche; Sommer- Eiche; sommereiche; Stiel- Eiche; Stieleiche
  • Italy: farnia; quercia gentile; quercia rovere
  • Netherlands: steeleik; zommereik
  • Poland: dab szypulkowy
  • Sweden: europeisk ek; skogsek; sommarek

EPPO code

  • QUEPD (Quercus pedunculiflora)
  • QUERO (Quercus robur)

Subspecies

  • Quercus robur subsp. brutia
  • Quercus robur subsp. pedunculiflora

Trade name

  • black oak

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fagales
  •                         Family: Fagaceae
  •                             Genus: Quercus
  •                                 Species: Quercus robur

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple); Agrilus sulcicollis; Apiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose); Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Botryosphaeria stevensii (Botryosphaeria disease, grapevine); Brenneria goodwinii; Cossus cossus (carpenter moth); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Melolontha melolontha (white grub cockchafer); Ophiostoma piceae (vascular mycosis of oak); Phytophthora plurivora; Scolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle); Thaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth); Tortrix viridana (green oak leaf-roller); Xylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)

Minor host of:

Apiognomonia veneta (sycamore anthracnose); Aporia crataegi (black-veined white); Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Botryosphaeria parva; Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Corythucha arcuata (oak lace bug); Cydia splendana (chestnut tortrix moth); Eulecanium tiliae (nut scale); Euproctis chrysorrhoea (brown-tail moth); Halyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug); Heterobasidion annosum; Hylobius abietis (large pine weevil); Malacosoma neustria (common lackey); Neofusicoccum australe; Neofusicoccum luteum; Operophtera brumata (winter moth); Orgyia antiqua (European tussock moth); Phylacteophaga froggatti (leafblister sawfly); Phytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees); Phytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Saturnia pavonia (small emperor moth); Tischeria ekebladella; Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt)

Wild host of:

Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Xyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer); Xyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)

Host of (source - data mining):

Alebra albostriella; Aleimma loeflingiana; Altica quercetorum; Andricus kollari (marble gall wasp); Andricus lignicola; Andricus quercuscalicis (oak knopper gall); Antheraea pernyi; Antheraea yamamai (silk moth, Japanese); Archips crataeganus; Archips rosana (European leaf roller); Archips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller); Asterodiaspis quercicola (golden oak scale); Cerambyx cerdo (capricorn beetle, great); Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); Collybia fusipes; Colpoma quercinum; Curculio elephas (chestnut weevil); Curculio glandium (acorn weevil); Cydia fagiglandana (beech seed moth); Cynips divisa; Diadegma anurum; Diaporthe leipheimia; Diurnea fagella; Ennomos quercinaria; Erannis defoliaria (mottled umber moth); Erysiphe alphitoides (powdery mildew of oak); Gypsonoma dealbana; Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Leiopus nebulosus; Melolontha hippocastani (cockchafer); Neuroterus quercusbaccarum; Pezicula cinnamomea; Phalera bucephala (buff tip moth); Phyllobius calcaratus (glaucous leaf weevil); Phyllobius maculicornis (apple leaf weevil); Phyllobius pyri (common leaf weevil); Phyllonorycter hamadryadella (solitary oak leafminer); Phylloxera quercus; Pityohyphantes phrygianus; Plagionotus arcuatus; Ptycholoma lecheanum; Saperda scalaris; Sclerotinia pseudotuberosa (rot: acorn); Strophosomus capitatus; Trogoxylon impressum; Tuberculatus annulatus; Xiphydria longicollis

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Soil improvement
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Charcoal
  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Honey/honey flora

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Dye/tanning
  • Essential oils
  • Fibre
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Poisonous to mammals
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Boats

Charcoal

Containers

  • Cases
  • Cooperage
  • Pallets
  • Tanks
  • Vats

Furniture

Other cellulose derivatives

Railway sleepers

Roundwood

  • Building poles
  • Piles
  • Pit props
  • Posts
  • Roundwood structures
  • Stakes

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Bridges
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Engineering structures
  • Exterior fittings
  • Fences
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction
  • Gates
  • Hydraulic works
  • Shingles
  • Wall panelling

Textiles

Vehicle bodies

Veneers

Wood extractives (including oil)

Wood flour

Wood gas (and other hydrocarbons

Wood hydrolysates

Wood residues

Wood wool

Wood-based materials

  • Composite boards
  • Laminated wood
  • Particleboard
  • Plywood
  • Wood cement

Woodware

  • Cutlery
  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Musical instruments
  • Sports equipment
  • Tool handles
  • Toys
  • Wood carvings

Links to Websites

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WebsiteURLComment
Forest Research (UK) Information on Acute Oak Declinehttp://www.forestry.gov.uk/fr/INFD-7UL9NQ
Forest Research (UK) Information on oak processionary moth - Thaumetopoea processioneahttp://www.forestry.gov.uk/fr/INFD-6URJCF