Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Globisporangium splendens
(blast of oil palm)



Globisporangium splendens (blast of oil palm)


  • Last modified
  • 03 January 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Globisporangium splendens
  • Preferred Common Name
  • blast of oil palm
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Chromista
  •     Phylum: Oomycota
  •       Class: Oomycetes
  •         Order: Pythiales
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Globisporangium splendens (Hans Braun) Uzuhashi, Tojo & Kakish.

Preferred Common Name

  • blast of oil palm

Other Scientific Names

  • Pythium splendens Braun

International Common Names

  • English: damping-off; root rot
  • French: pourriture des racines de l'anthurium

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Wurzelfäule: Anthurie

EPPO code

  • PYTHSL (Pythium splendens)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Chromista
  •         Phylum: Oomycota
  •             Class: Oomycetes
  •                 Order: Pythiales
  •                     Family: Pythiaceae
  •                         Genus: Globisporangium
  •                             Species: Globisporangium splendens

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


ChinaPresentChen et al., 2008
-HainanPresentChen et al., 2008
IndiaPresentCMI, 1979
IranPresentCMI, 1979
JapanPresentCMI, 1979
-Bonin IslandPresentSugawara et al., 2015Hahajima
-HonshuPresentUematsu et al., 1991
MalaysiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentCMI, 1979
-SabahPresentCMI, 1979
-SarawakPresentCMI, 1979
OmanPresentAl-Sa'di et al., 2008
SingaporePresentCMI, 1979
TaiwanPresentHsieh, 1980; Hsieh and Fung, 1980; Hsieh, 1981; Chang, 1993; Hu et al., 2005
TaiwanPresentHsieh, 1980; Hsieh and Fung, 1980; Hsieh, 1981; Chang, 1993; Hu et al., 2005
VietnamPresentCMI, 1979


CongoPresentCMI, 1979
Côte d'IvoirePresentCMI, 1979
MadagascarPresentCMI, 1979
NigeriaPresentCMI, 1979
South AfricaPresentCMI, 1979
TanzaniaPresentCMI, 1979

North America

USAPresentHancock, 1972
-CaliforniaPresentCMI, 1979
-ColoradoPresentCMI, 1979
-DelawarePresentCMI, 1979
-FloridaPresentCMI, 1979
-HawaiiPresentCMI, 1979
-IndianaPresentCMI, 1979
-IowaPresentCMI, 1979
-MarylandPresentCMI, 1979
-MissouriPresentCMI, 1979
-MontanaPresentCMI, 1979
-NebraskaPresentCMI, 1979
-New JerseyPresentCMI, 1979
-New YorkPresentCMI, 1979
-North CarolinaPresentCMI, 1979
-OhioPresentDorrance et al., 2004
-PennsylvaniaPresentCMI, 1979
-VirginiaPresentCMI, 1979
-WashingtonPresentCMI, 1979
-WisconsinPresentCMI, 1979

Central America and Caribbean

JamaicaPresentCMI, 1979
MartiniquePresentHountondji et al., 1985
PanamaPresentDavidson et al., 2000
Puerto RicoPresentCMI, 1979
Trinidad and TobagoPresentCMI, 1979

South America

BrazilPresentCardoso and Albuquerque, 1979
ColombiaPresentCMI, 1979


BelgiumPresentCMI, 1979
FrancePresentGrouet, 1977
GermanyPresentKrober and Plate, 1975; CMI, 1979
IrelandPresentCMI, 1979
ItalyPresentCMI, 1979
LithuaniaPresentStankeviciene and Lugauskas, 2003
NetherlandsPresentCMI, 1979
PortugalPresentCMI, 1979
UKPresentCMI, 1979


AustraliaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-New South WalesPresentCMI, 1979
-QueenslandPresentCMI, 1979
-TasmaniaPresentCMI, 1979
-Western AustraliaPresentCMI, 1979
FijiPresentCMI, 1979
New CaledoniaPresentCMI, 1979
New ZealandPresentCMI, 1979
Papua New GuineaPresentCMI, 1979
SamoaPresentKerz-Moehlendick et al., 1983
Solomon IslandsPresentJackson and Gollifer, 1975; CMI, 1979

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Pre-emergence, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / wilting
Roots / necrotic streaks or lesions
Roots / soft rot of cortex
Stems / discoloration of bark
Stems / mould growth on lesion
Stems / stunting or rosetting
Whole plant / damping off

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Pythium oligandrum Mycoparasite

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Growing medium accompanying plants spores Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Roots hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Fruits (inc. pods)
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)


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Al-Sa'di AM; Deadman ML; Al-Said FA; Khan I; Al-Azri M; Drenth A; Aitken EAB, 2008. First report of Pythium splendens associated with severe wilt of muskmelon (Cucumis melo) in Oman. Plant Disease, 92(2):313. HTTP://

Cardoso JE; Albuquerque FC, 1979. Root rot and damping-off of black pepper seedlings in the nursery caused by Pythium splendens Braun. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 4(1):17-23

Chang TT, 1993. Investigation and pathogenicity tests of Pythium species from rhizosphere of Cinnamomum osmophloeum. Plant Pathology Bulletin, 2(2):66-70

Chase AR, 1987. Compendium of ornamental foliage plant diseases. St. Paul, MN, USA; American Phytopath. Soc., 92pp.

Chase AR; Munnecke DE, 1978. Pythium root rot and stunting of Peperomia obtusifolia var. variegata. Plant Disease Reporter, 62(4):314-315

Chen XiuXian; Zeng HuiCai; Ho HonHing; Peng Yan, 2008. Identification of Pythium splendens, a new record in Hainan and its pathogenicity test to oil palm. Journal of Yunnan Agricultural University, 23(3):321-324.

CMI, 1979. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 433, Edition 2. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Davidson JM; Rehner SA; Santana M; Lasso E; Ureña de Chapet O; Herre EA, 2000. First report of Phytophthora heveae and Pythium spp. on tropical tree seedlings in Panama. Plant Disease, 84(6):706.

Dorrance AE; Berry SA; Bowen P; Lipps PE, 2004. Characterization of Pythium spp. from three Ohio fields for pathogenicity on corn and soybean and metalaxyl sensitivity. Plant Health Progress, February:1-7.

Grouet D, 1977. Presence in France of Pythium splendens Braun on Scindapsus aureus. Annales de Phytopathologie, 9(4):511-514

Guo LY; Ko WH, 1991. Hormonal regulation of sexual reproduction and mating type change in heterothallic Pythium splendens. Mycological Research, 95(4):452-456

Guo LY; Ko WH, 1993. Distribution of mating types and the nature of survival of Pythium splendens in soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 25(7):839-842

Guo LY; Ko WH, 1993a. Two widely accessible media for growth and reproduction of Phytophthora and Pythium species. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 59:2323-2325.

Guo LY; Ko WH, 1994. Survey of root rot of Anthurium. Plant Pathology Bulletin, 3(1):18-23

Hancock JG, 1972. Root rot of cotton caused by Pythium splendens. Plant Disease Reporter, 56(11):973-975.

Hountondji A; Prior P; Beramis M; Messiaen CM, 1985. First observations on tannia decline in Martinique. Agronomie Tropicale Riz et Riziculture et Cultures Vivrières Tropicales, 40(2):167-172.

Hsieh H-J, 1980. Survey of diseases of woody plants in Taiwan (3). Quarterly Journal of Chinese Forestry, 13(3):129-139

Hsieh H-J, 1981. Survey of diseases of woody plants in Taiwan (4). Quarterly Journal of Chinese Forestry St. Denis. Reunion, 14(3):77-85

Hsieh H-J; Fung T-W, 1980. The preliminary study on damping-off and root rot of Paulownia seedlings in Taiwan. Quarterly Journal of Chinese Forestry, 13(2):69-76

Hu BauYuan; Hsieh HuannJu; Yao JuiChen; Fu ChuenHsu, 2005. Study on the tolerance of some soil fungi to glyphosate. Journal of the Experimental Forest of National Taiwan University, 19(1):17-23.

Iihama H; Takeuchi J; Sasai Y; Oba Y; Ono T; Kagiwada S; Horie H, 2014. First report of passiflora root-rot of passion fruit caused by two species of Globisporangium (Pythium) in Japan. Annual Report of the Kanto-Tosan Plant Protection Society, No.61:70-73.

Jackson GVH; Gollifer DE, 1975. Storage rots of taro (Colocasia esculenta) in the British Solomon Islands. Annals of Applied Biology, 80(2):217-230

Kerz-Moehlendick FH; Fliege FH; Schlosser E, 1983. Morphology and pathogenicity of four Pythium species isolated with root and corm rot of taro, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott in Wetern Samoa. Alafua Agricultural Bulletin, 8(3):53-62

Ko WH; Chang MS; Su HJ, 1978. Isolates of Phytophthora cinnamomi from Taiwan as evidence for an Asian origin of the species. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 71(3):496-499

Krober H; Plate H-P, 1975. Pythium species as well as Rhizoctonia solani as pathogens of Gerbera. Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes, 27(10):150-152

Linde C; Wingfield MJ; Kemp GHJ, 1994. Root and root collar disease of Eucalyptus grandis caused by Pythium splendens. Plant Disease, 78(10):1006-1009

Middleton JT, 1943. The taxonomy, host range and geographic distribution of the genus Pythium. Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club, 20:1-171.

Plaats-Niterink AJ Van der, 1981. Monograph of the genus Pythium. Studies in Mycology, No.21:242 pp.

Stankeviciene A; Lugauskas A, 2003. Micromycetes of the Pythium genus associated with pot-plants. Botanica Lithuanica [15th Symposium of Baltic Mycologists and Lichenologists: Fungi and Lichens in Changing Environment, 26-30 September 2002, Bir?tonas, Lithuania.], 9(2):185-189.

Sugawara Y; Shibata A; Morita K; Hoshi H; Kagiwada S; Ishikawa S; Horie H, 2015. The first record of cucumber root rot by Globisporangium [Pythium] splendens in Japan. Annual Report of the Kanto-Tosan Plant Protection Society, No.62:21-23.

Uematsu S; Namekata T; Hayashi K; Zenbayashi R; Sekiyama K, 1991. Occurrence of Pythium blackleg of Geranium caused by Pythium aphanidermatum and P. splendens in Saitama Prefecture. Proceedings of the Kanto-Tosan Plant Protection Society, No. 38:111-112

Waterhouse GM; Waterston JM, 1966. Pythium splendens. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria, No. 120. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Wohanka W, 1988. Spreading of three phytopathogenic fungi in rockwool culture of poinsettia stock plants. Acta Horticulturae, No. 226, vol II:707-709

Yamamoto BT; Aragaki M, 1983. Etiology and control of seedling blight of Brassaia actinophylla caused by Pythium splendens in Hawaii. Plant Disease, 67(4):396-399

Distribution Maps

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