Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Puccinia hemerocallidis
(daylily rust)

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Datasheet

Puccinia hemerocallidis (daylily rust)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Puccinia hemerocallidis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • daylily rust
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Basidiomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pucciniomycotina
  •         Class: Pucciniomycetes

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
The abaxial surface of rusted daylily leaves. Uredinia appear as yellow-orange, powdery pustules and telia as blackish, crustose masses.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionThe abaxial surface of rusted daylily leaves. Uredinia appear as yellow-orange, powdery pustules and telia as blackish, crustose masses.
CopyrightYoshitaka Ono
The abaxial surface of rusted daylily leaves. Uredinia appear as yellow-orange, powdery pustules and telia as blackish, crustose masses.
SymptomsThe abaxial surface of rusted daylily leaves. Uredinia appear as yellow-orange, powdery pustules and telia as blackish, crustose masses.Yoshitaka Ono
Rusted wild daylilies (Hemerocallis fulva var. longituba). Infected leaves appear yellowish due to chlorosis and abundant production of uredinia.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionRusted wild daylilies (Hemerocallis fulva var. longituba). Infected leaves appear yellowish due to chlorosis and abundant production of uredinia.
CopyrightYoshitaka Ono
Rusted wild daylilies (Hemerocallis fulva var. longituba). Infected leaves appear yellowish due to chlorosis and abundant production of uredinia.
SymptomsRusted wild daylilies (Hemerocallis fulva var. longituba). Infected leaves appear yellowish due to chlorosis and abundant production of uredinia.Yoshitaka Ono
A rusted alternate host plant (Patrinia scabiosaefolia). Infected part of stems, petioles and leaves become chlorotic lesions, on which spermogonia and aecia are produced.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionA rusted alternate host plant (Patrinia scabiosaefolia). Infected part of stems, petioles and leaves become chlorotic lesions, on which spermogonia and aecia are produced.
CopyrightYoshitaka Ono
A rusted alternate host plant (Patrinia scabiosaefolia). Infected part of stems, petioles and leaves become chlorotic lesions, on which spermogonia and aecia are produced.
SymptomsA rusted alternate host plant (Patrinia scabiosaefolia). Infected part of stems, petioles and leaves become chlorotic lesions, on which spermogonia and aecia are produced.Yoshitaka Ono
The wall is colourless and spiny. The spore colour is due to carotenoid pigments in the cytoplasm.
TitleUrediniospores
CaptionThe wall is colourless and spiny. The spore colour is due to carotenoid pigments in the cytoplasm.
CopyrightYoshitaka Ono
The wall is colourless and spiny. The spore colour is due to carotenoid pigments in the cytoplasm.
UrediniosporesThe wall is colourless and spiny. The spore colour is due to carotenoid pigments in the cytoplasm.Yoshitaka Ono
Teliospores are produced in small chambers that are formed by the fungal mycelium (paraphyses).
TitleTelia
CaptionTeliospores are produced in small chambers that are formed by the fungal mycelium (paraphyses).
CopyrightYoshitaka Ono
Teliospores are produced in small chambers that are formed by the fungal mycelium (paraphyses).
TeliaTeliospores are produced in small chambers that are formed by the fungal mycelium (paraphyses). Yoshitaka Ono
The wall is smooth and apically thickened.
TitleTwo-celled teliospores
CaptionThe wall is smooth and apically thickened.
CopyrightYoshitaka Ono
The wall is smooth and apically thickened.
Two-celled teliosporesThe wall is smooth and apically thickened.Yoshitaka Ono
Abundant spermatia are oozing out from an ostiole.
TitleSpermogonium
CaptionAbundant spermatia are oozing out from an ostiole.
CopyrightYoshitaka Ono
Abundant spermatia are oozing out from an ostiole.
SpermogoniumAbundant spermatia are oozing out from an ostiole.Yoshitaka Ono
Aeciospores are produced in chains in the sorus, which is surrounded by the fungal mycelium structure (peridium).
TitleAecium
CaptionAeciospores are produced in chains in the sorus, which is surrounded by the fungal mycelium structure (peridium).
CopyrightYoshitaka Ono
Aeciospores are produced in chains in the sorus, which is surrounded by the fungal mycelium structure (peridium).
AeciumAeciospores are produced in chains in the sorus, which is surrounded by the fungal mycelium structure (peridium).Yoshitaka Ono
The wall is thin, verrucose and colourless. The spore colour is due to carotenoid pigments in the cytoplasm.
TitleAeciospores
CaptionThe wall is thin, verrucose and colourless. The spore colour is due to carotenoid pigments in the cytoplasm.
CopyrightYoshitaka Ono
The wall is thin, verrucose and colourless. The spore colour is due to carotenoid pigments in the cytoplasm.
AeciosporesThe wall is thin, verrucose and colourless. The spore colour is due to carotenoid pigments in the cytoplasm.Yoshitaka Ono

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Puccinia hemerocallidis Thüm.

Preferred Common Name

  • daylily rust

International Common Names

  • English: rust of daylily

Local Common Names

  • Japan: wasuregusa-sabibyo

EPPO code

  • PUCCHM (Puccinia hemerocallidis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Basidiomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pucciniomycotina
  •                 Class: Pucciniomycetes
  •                     Order: Pucciniales
  •                         Family: Pucciniaceae
  •                             Genus: Puccinia
  •                                 Species: Puccinia hemerocallidis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

South AfricaPresent, Localized

Asia

ChinaPresent
-AnhuiPresent
-FujianPresent
-GuangxiPresent
-GuizhouPresent
-HainanPresent
-HebeiPresent
-HeilongjiangPresent
-HenanPresent
-HubeiPresent
-HunanPresent
-Inner MongoliaPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-ShaanxiPresent
-ShandongPresent
-SichuanPresent
-YunnanPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
JapanPresent
-HokkaidoPresent
-HonshuPresent
-KyushuPresent
-Ryukyu IslandsPresent
-ShikokuPresent
South KoreaPresent
TaiwanPresent
ThailandPresent

Europe

NetherlandsAbsent, Confirmed absent by survey
PortugalPresent
-MadeiraPresent, Localized
RussiaPresent, Localized
-Eastern SiberiaPresent
-Russian Far EastPresent
-Western SiberiaPresent

North America

CanadaPresent, Localized
-OntarioPresent
-QuebecPresent
Costa RicaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)
PanamaPresent
United StatesPresent, Localized
-AlabamaPresent, Localized
-ArkansasPresent, Localized
-CaliforniaPresent, Localized
-ColoradoAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)
-ConnecticutPresent, Localized
-DelawarePresent
-FloridaPresent, Localized
-GeorgiaPresent, Localized
-HawaiiPresent
-IllinoisPresent, Localized
-IndianaPresent, Localized
-IowaPresent, Localized
-KansasPresent, Few occurrences
-KentuckyPresent, Localized
-LouisianaPresent, Localized
-MainePresent
-MarylandPresent, Localized
-MassachusettsPresent
-MichiganPresent
-MinnesotaPresent, Localized
-MississippiPresent, Localized
-MissouriPresent, Localized
-MontanaPresent
-NebraskaPresent, Localized
-NevadaPresent
-New HampshirePresent
-New JerseyPresent, Localized
-New MexicoPresent
-New YorkPresent
-North CarolinaPresent, Localized
-OhioPresent, Localized
-OregonPresent
-PennsylvaniaPresent
-South CarolinaPresent, Localized
-TennesseePresent, Localized
-TexasPresent, Localized
-VermontPresent
-VirginiaPresent
-WisconsinPresent, Localized

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, Few occurrences
-QueenslandPresent, Few occurrences
New ZealandPresent

South America

BrazilPresent, Widespread
-BahiaPresent
-Distrito FederalPresent
-Minas GeraisPresent
-Rio de JaneiroPresent
-Santa CatarinaPresent
-Sao PauloPresent, Widespread
ColombiaPresent
VenezuelaPresent

Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / fungal growth
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Whole plant / discoloration

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Leaves Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye

References

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APHIS, 2003. The National Plant Board of the United States. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture, USA. World Wide Web page at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/npb/daylily.html.

Azbukina ZM, 1984. Key to rust fungi of the Soviet Far East. Moscow, USSR: Izdatelstvo Nauka, 288 pp.

CABI/EPPO, 2014. Puccinia hemerocallidis. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No.April. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 989 (Edition 2).

Dietel P, 1898. Einige Uredineen aus Ostasien. Hedwigia, 37:212-218.

Dietel P, 1899. Uredinae japonicae I. Bot, Jahrb., 27:564-576.

DPI, 2003. The Department of Primary Industry, Queensland, Australia. World Wide Web page at http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/health/8060.html.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Hernßndez JR; Palm ME; Castlebury LA, 2002. Puccinia hemerocallidis, cause of daylily rust, a newly introduced disease in the Americas. Plant Disease, 86(11):1194-1198; 14 ref.

Hiratsuka N, 1938. Miscellaneous notes on the East Asiatic Uredinales with special reference to the Japanese species (V). Journal of Japanese Botany, 15:433-439.

Hiratsuka N; Hasebe S, 1978. A taxonomic revision of the species of Puccinia parasitic on the Liliales (Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Dioscoreaceae and Iridaceae) in the Japanese archipelago. Contributions to the rust-flora of Eastern Asia XII. Reports of the Tottori Mycological Institute, No. 16:1-36

Hiratsuka N; Sato S, 1951. Inoculation experiments with heteroecious species of the Japanese rust fungi, IV. Botany Magazine (Tokyo), 64:219-222.

Hiratsuka N; Sato S; Katsuya K; Kakishima M; Hiratsuka Y; Kaneko S; Ono Y; Sato T; Harada Y; Hiratsuka T; Nakayama K, 1992. The rust flora of Japan. Takezono, Ibaraki, Japan: Tsukuba Shuppankai.

Horst RK(Editor), 1990. Westcott's plant disease handbook. New York, NY, USA; Van Nostrand Reinhold, Ed. 5:xvi + 953 pp.

Hsiang, T., Cook, S., Zhao, Y., 2004. Studies on Biology and Control of Daylily Rust in Canada. The Daylily Journal, 59(1), 47-57. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.408.1389

Kim CJ, 1963. A provisional list of Uredinales of Korea. Korean Journal of Microbiology, 1:51-64.

Menezes SP; Pereira TS; Santos A; Novaes QSde; Tavares GM; Junghans DT; Oliveira ACde, 2008. Occurrence of Puccinia hemerocallidis on hemerocallis in Bahia State, Brazil. (Ocorrência de Puccinia hemerocallidis em hemerocallis no estado da Bahia, Brasil.) Magistra, 20(4):403-405. http://www.magistra.ufrb.edu.br/publica/20.4%20PDF/13%20Magistra%202008%20-%20Ocorrencia%20de%20Puccinia.pdf

Mostert, L., Bester, W., Coertze, S., Wood, A. R., 2008. First report of daylily rust caused by Puccinia hemerocallidis in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Plant Disease, 92(7), 1133. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-92-7-1133A

Pardo-Cardona VM, 2006. Uredinales of cultivated flowers in Colombia. (Uredinales de plantas cultivadas de interés floral en Colombia.) Revista - Facultad Nacional de Agronomía Medellín, 59(1):3335-3353. http://www.agro.unalmed.edu.co/publicaciones/revista/docs/Art.%2016%20Uredinales.pdf

Pardo-Cardona VM; Caruso D; Rojas T, 2008. First report of daylily rust Puccinia hemerocallidis Thüm., for Venezuela. (Primer registro para Venezuela de Puccinia hemerocallidis Thüm., la roya del lirio de la mañana.) Agronomía Tropical (Maracay), 58(2):193-196. http://www.ceniap.gov.ve/pbd/RevistasCientificas/Agronomia%20Tropical/volumen_ano.htm

Silva E; Carvalho R; Nunes N; Ramos AP; Talhinhas P, 2016. First report of Puccinia hemerocallidis causing daylily rust in Europe. Plant Disease, 100(11):2163-2164. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Thnmen F von, 1880. BeitrSge zur Pilzflora Sibiriens. III. Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou, 55:72-104.

Tranzschel W, 1914. Kulturversuche mit uredineen in den Jahren 1911-1913. Vorlauf, Mitt, Mycol., C1. 4:70-71.

Williams-Woodward JL; Hennen JF; Parda KW; Fowler JM, 2001. First report of daylily rust in the United States. Plant Disease, 85(10):1121; 1 ref.

Zhuang ZJ; Wei S; Wang YC, 1998. Flora fungorum sinicorum, Vol. 10. Uredinales (1). Beijing, China: Science Press.

Distribution References

Azbukina Z M, 1984. Key to rust fungi of the Soviet Far East. In: Key to rust fungi of the Soviet Far East. Moscow, USSR: Izdatel'stvo Nauka. 288 pp.

CABI, EPPO, 2014. Puccinia hemerocallidis. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CABI. Map 989 (Edition 2). DOI:10.1079/DMPD/20143156822

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Hiratsuka N, Sato S, Katsuya K, Kakishima M, Hiratsuka Y, Kaneko S, Ono Y, Sato T, Harada Y, Hiratsuka T, Nakayama K, 1992. The rust flora of Japan., Takezono, Ibaraki, Japan: Tsukuba Shuppankai.

Killgore E M, Heu R A, 2002. Daylily Rust Puccinia hemerocallidis Thuem., USA: Hawaii Department of Agriculture. https://hdoa.hawaii.gov/pi/files/2013/01/npa02-02_daylily.pdf

Kim C J, 1963. A provisional list of Uredinales of Korea. Korean Journal of Microbiology. 51-64.

Menezes S P, Pereira T S, Santos A, Novaes Q S de, Tavares G M, Junghans D T, Oliveira A C de, 2008. Occurrence of Puccinia hemerocallidis on hemerocallis in Bahia State, Brazil. (Ocorrência de Puccinia hemerocallidis em hemerocallis no estado da Bahia, Brasil.). Magistra. 20 (4), 403-405. http://www.magistra.ufrb.edu.br/publica/20.4%20PDF/13%20Magistra%202008%20-%20Ocorrencia%20de%20Puccinia.pdf

Mostert L, Bester W, Coertze S, Wood A R, 2008. First report of daylily rust caused by Puccinia hemerocallidis in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Plant Disease. 92 (7), 1133. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-7-1133A

NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013. Pest status of harmful organisms in the Netherlands., Wageningen, Netherlands:

Pardo-Cardona V M, 2006. Uredinales of cultivated flowers in Colombia. (Uredinales de plantas cultivadas de interés floral en Colombia.). Revista - Facultad Nacional de Agronomía Medellín. 59 (1), 3335-3353. http://www.agro.unalmed.edu.co/publicaciones/revista/docs/Art.%2016%20Uredinales.pdf

Pardo-Cardona V M, Caruso D, Rojas T, 2008. First report of daylily rust Puccinia hemerocallidis Thüm., for Venezuela. (Primer registro para Venezuela de Puccinia hemerocallidis Thüm., la roya del lirio de la mañana.). Agronomía Tropical (Maracay). 58 (2), 193-196.

Silva E, Carvalho R, Nunes N, Ramos A P, Talhinhas P, 2016. First report of Puccinia hemerocallidis causing daylily rust in Europe. Plant Disease. 100 (11), 2163-2164. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Thümen F von, 1880. [English title not available]. (Beiträge zur Pilzflora Sibiriens. III). Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou. 72-104.

Williams-Woodward J L, Hennen J F, Parda K W, Fowler J M, 2001. First report of daylily rust in the United States. Plant Disease. 85 (10), 1121. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.10.1121C

Zhuang ZJ, Wei S, Wang YC, 1998. Flora fungorum sinicorum. In: Uredinales, 10 (1) Beijing, China: Science Press.

Distribution Maps

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