Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Puccinia asparagi
(asparagus rust)

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Datasheet

Puccinia asparagi (asparagus rust)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 October 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Puccinia asparagi
  • Preferred Common Name
  • asparagus rust
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Basidiomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pucciniomycotina
  •         Class: Pucciniomycetes

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Aecial lesions on stem.
TitleAecial lesions
CaptionAecial lesions on stem.
CopyrightM. Babadoost/Dept. of Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Aecial lesions on stem.
Aecial lesionsAecial lesions on stem.M. Babadoost/Dept. of Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Aecial lesions on stem.
TitleAecial lesions
CaptionAecial lesions on stem.
CopyrightM. Babadoost/Dept. of Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Aecial lesions on stem.
Aecial lesionsAecial lesions on stem.M. Babadoost/Dept. of Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Uredinial pustules on ferns.
TitleUredinial pustules
CaptionUredinial pustules on ferns.
CopyrightM. Babadoost/Dept. of Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Uredinial pustules on ferns.
Uredinial pustulesUredinial pustules on ferns.M. Babadoost/Dept. of Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Uredinial pustules (reddish-brown) and telial pustules on stem (black).
TitlePustules
CaptionUredinial pustules (reddish-brown) and telial pustules on stem (black).
CopyrightM. Babadoost/Dept. of Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Uredinial pustules (reddish-brown) and telial pustules on stem (black).
PustulesUredinial pustules (reddish-brown) and telial pustules on stem (black).M. Babadoost/Dept. of Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Telial pustules on stem (black).
TitleTelial pustules
CaptionTelial pustules on stem (black).
CopyrightM. Babadoost/Dept. of Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Telial pustules on stem (black).
Telial pustulesTelial pustules on stem (black).M. Babadoost/Dept. of Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Two-celled, thick-walled, brown teliospores.
TitleTeliospores
CaptionTwo-celled, thick-walled, brown teliospores.
CopyrightDept. of Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Two-celled, thick-walled, brown teliospores.
TeliosporesTwo-celled, thick-walled, brown teliospores.Dept. of Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Puccinia asparagi DC. 1805

Preferred Common Name

  • asparagus rust

Other Scientific Names

  • Aecidium asparagi Lasch, 1848
  • Dicaeoma asparagi (DC.) Kuntze, 1898
  • Persooniella asparagi (DC.) Syd., 1922
  • Puccinia discoidearum var. asparagi (DC.) Wallr., 1833
  • Uredo asparagi Lasch, 1848

International Common Names

  • English: rust: Asparagus spp.
  • Spanish: chahuixtle del esparrago; roya del esparrago
  • French: rouille de l'asperge

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Rost: Spargel
  • Greece: skoriasi tou sparagkiou
  • Italy: ruggine dell' asparago

EPPO code

  • PUCCAS (Puccinia asparagi)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Basidiomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pucciniomycotina
  •                 Class: Pucciniomycetes
  •                     Order: Pucciniales
  •                         Family: Pucciniaceae
  •                             Genus: Puccinia
  •                                 Species: Puccinia asparagi

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AzerbaijanPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
ChinaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-JiangsuPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-JilinPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Georgia (Republic of)PresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
IndiaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-Jammu and KashmirPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
IranPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
IsraelPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
JapanPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
KazakhstanPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
PhilippinesPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
TaiwanPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
TurkeyPresentIntroducedIren and Erdiller, 1973; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
TurkmenistanPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
UzbekistanPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014

Africa

AngolaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EthiopiaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
KenyaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
MoroccoPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
South AfricaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
TanzaniaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
UgandaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; Ogwal et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014
ZambiaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014

North America

CanadaPresentEPPO, 2014
-British ColumbiaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-ManitobaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-New BrunswickPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-Nova ScotiaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-OntarioPresentDirks and Nuttall, 1982; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-Prince Edward IslandPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-QuebecPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-SaskatchewanPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
MexicoPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
USAPresentEPPO, 2014
-ArizonaPresentGilbertson and McHenry, 1969; Yohem et al., 1985; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-CaliforniaPresentNorton, 1913; Anon., 1970; Kontaxis, 1977; Elmer et al., 1996; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-ColoradoPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-ConnecticutPresentNorton, 1913; Elmer et al., 1996
-DelawarePresentNorton, 1913; Elmer et al., 1996; Mulrooney, 2000
-FloridaPresentAlfieri et al., 1984; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-GeorgiaPresentHanlin, 1966; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-IdahoPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-IllinoisPresentKahn et al., 1952; Babadoost, 1990
-IndianaPresentSimpson, 1967; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-IowaPresentNorton, 1913; Elmer et al., 1996
-KansasPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-MarylandPresentNorton, 1913; Elmer et al., 1996
-MassachusettsPresentNorton, 1913; Elmer et al., 1996; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-MichiganPresentStephens, 1986
-MinnesotaPresentBlanchette et al., 1982; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-MississippiPresentParris, 1959; EPPO, 2014
-New JerseyPresentNorton, 1913; Elmer et al., 1996
-New MexicoPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-New YorkPresentNorton, 1913; Elmer et al., 1996
-North CarolinaPresentGrand, 1985; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-North DakotaPresentNorton, 1913; Brenckle, 1918; Elmer et al., 1996; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-OklahomaPresentPreston, 1945; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-OregonPresentShaw, 1973; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-Rhode IslandPresentBrenckle, 1918; Elmer et al., 1996
-South CarolinaPresentNorton, 1913; Elmer et al., 1996
-South DakotaPresentMankin, 1969; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-VermontPresentNorton, 1913; Elmer et al., 1996
-WashingtonPresentMenzies, 1954; Shaw, 1973; Johnson, 1986; Johnson and Lunden, 1992; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-WisconsinPresentGreene, 1964; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014

Central America and Caribbean

CubaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Dominican RepublicPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014

South America

PeruPresentApaza-Tapia, 1997; Oordt et al., 1999

Europe

AustriaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
BelgiumPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
BulgariaPresentIntroducedMargina and Zheljazkov, 1996; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
CyprusPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Czech RepublicPresentEPPO, 2014
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentUK CAB International, 1996
DenmarkPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
FinlandAbsent, unreliable recordUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
FrancePresentElmer et al., 1996; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
GermanyPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
GreecePresentIntroduced1998Vakalounakis and Pavlou, 1999
HungaryPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
ItalyPresentUK CAB International, 1996; Casulli, 2001; Falavigna and Casali, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-SardiniaPresentEPPO, 2014
LatviaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
LithuaniaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
NetherlandsPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
NorwayPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
PolandPresentKnaflewski and Weber, 1995; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
PortugalPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
RomaniaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Russian FederationPresentEPPO, 2014
-Southern RussiaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
SloveniaPresentCelar and Valic, 2002
SpainPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
SwedenPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
SwitzerlandPresentPignon et al., 1994; Corbaz, 1995; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
UKPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-England and WalesPresentEPPO, 2014
-ScotlandPresentEPPO, 2014
UkrainePresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014

Oceania

AustraliaAbsent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
-New South WalesAbsent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
-QueenslandPresentIntroduced2000Davis, 2001; Davis and Uragami, 2002; McKirdy et al., 2002
New ZealandAbsent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / fungal growth
Leaves / necrotic areas
Stems / mould growth on lesion
Whole plant / early senescence
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Leaves spores Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants spores Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches spores Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
True seeds (inc. grain) spores Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible

References

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Alfieri SA Jr; Linderman KR; Wehlburg C; Kimbrough JW, 1984. Index of Plant Diseases in Florida. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry. Bulletin No. II (revised). 389 pp.

Anon., 1931-1970. California fungi (Exsiccati set) Nos. 1-1325.

Apaza Tapia W, 1997. Chemical control of asparagus rust. Fitopatologi^acute~a, 32(1):43-51; 12 ref.

Babadoost M, 1990. Asparagus rust. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Crop Sciences, Extension Office in Fruit and Vegetable Pathology, Report on Plant Disease No. 934.

Bailey BA; Schuh W; Frederiksen RA; Bockholt AJ; Smith JD, 1987. Identification of slow-rusting resistance to Puccinia polysora in maize inbreds and single crosses. Plant Disease, 71(6):518-521

Benson BL, 2000. Ranking of asparagus yields and disease tolerances of cultivars included in the second international asparagus cultivar trial. Acta Horticulturae, No. 522:187-193; 3 ref.

Blanchette BL; Groth JV; Waters L Jr, 1982. Evaluation of asparagus for resistance to Puccinia asparagi. Plant Disease, 66(10):904-906

Brenckle JF, 1918. North Dakota fungi - II. Mycologia, 10:199-221.

Brunelli A, 1995. Asparagus: protection against rust. Informatore Agrario, 51(17):43-45.

Casulli F, 2001. The principal fungal diseases of asparagus. Informatore Agrario, 57(50):33-35.

Celar F; Valic N, 2002. Diseases of asparagus. Sodobno Kmetijstvo, 35(5):225-227.

Cheah LH; Davis RD, 2002. New diseases of asparagus - a threat to New Zealand's biosecurity. New Zealand Plant Protection Volume 55, 2002. Proceedings of a conference, Centra Hotel, Rotorua, New Zealand, 13-15 August 2002, 49-52; 4 ref.

Corbaz R, 1995. Chemical control of the rust, Puccinia asparagi D.C., in a green asparagus field. Revue Suisse de Viticulture, d'Arboriculture et d'Horticulture, 27(2):123-125; 4 ref.

Davis RD, 2001. Asparagus rust recorded in Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology, 30(2):183-184; 4 ref.

Davis RD; Uragami A, 2002. Management of three newly recorded asparagus diseases in Queensland will require adoption of new production strategies. Acta Horticulturae, 589:365-371.

Dirks VA; Nuttall VW, 1982. Factors affecting yield and vigour in asparagus cultivars in southwestern Ontario. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 62:759-763.

Ellison JH; Kinelski JJ, 1984. Release of Jersey Giant and Greenwich. Asparagus Research Newsletter, 2:23.

Ellison JH; Kinelski JJ, 1986. 'Greenwich', a male asparagus hybrid. HortScience, 21:1249.

Ellison JH; Vest G; Langlois RW, 1981. Jersey Centennial asparagus. HortScience, 16 :349.

Elmer WH; Johnson DA; Mink GI, 1996. Epidemiology and management of the diseases causal to asparagus decline. Plant Disease, 80(2):117-125; 67 ref.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Falavigna A; Casali PE, 2002. Practical aspects of a breeding program of asparagus based on in vitro anther culture. Acta Horticulturae, No.589:201-210; 22 ref.

Falavigna A; Casali PE; Palumbo D; Materazzo G; Cerbino D; Rosa L de, 1998. Innovazione varietale dell'asparago in Italia. Informatore Agrario, 54:51-55.

Fantino MG; Granier A; Solaini J; Carmine Ddi, 1990. Four years of trials (1985-1988) on asparagus rust (Puccinia asparagi D.C) in Lazio. Acta Horticulturae, No. 271:371-375

Farr DF; Bills GF; Chamuris GP; Rossman AY, 1989. Fungi on Plants and Plant Products in the United States. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: APS Press, 1252 pp.

Gilbertson RL; McHenry J, 1969. Check list and host index for Arizona rust fungi. University of Arizona Agriculture Experimental Station, Technical Bulletin, 186:1-40.

Grand LF, 1985. North Carolina Plant Disease Index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service Technical Bulletin, 240:1-157.

Greene HC, 1964. Notes on Wisconsin parasitic fungi. XXIV. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, 47:99-117.

Hanlin RT, 1966. Host index to the Basidiomycetes of Georgia. Georgia Agricultural Experiment Station Mimeo Ser. n.s. 260:1-30.

Iren S; Erdiller G, 1973. Asparagus rust (Puccinia asparagi DC.), a new record for the Turkish mycoflora. Bitki Koruma Bulteni, 13(4):173-180

Johnson DA, 1986. Two components of slow-rusting in asparagus infected with Puccinia asparagi. Phytopathology, 76(2):208-211

Johnson DA, 1989. Variation for rust resistance within asparagus cultivars. Plant Disease, 73(4):309-312

Johnson DA; Lunden JD, 1992. Effect of rust on yield of susceptible and resistant asparagus cultivars. Plant Disease, 76(1):84-86

Johnson DA; Peaden RN, 1993. Rust resistance in asparagus F hybrid populations. Plant Disease, 77(11):1144-1148

Johnson DA; Wilcoxson RD, 1979. Inheritance of slow rusting of barley infected with Puccinia hordei and selection of latent period and number of uredia. Phytopathology, 69(2):145-151

Kahn RP; Anderson HW; Hepler PR; Linn MB, 1952. An investigation of asparagus rust in Illinois, its causal agent and its control. Illinois Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 559.

Knaflewski M; Weber Z, 1995. Efficacy of selected systemic fungicides in the control of asparagus rust (Puccinia asparagi Dc.). Materiay Sesji Instytutu Ochrony Ros^acute~lin, 35(2):241-243; 4 ref.

Kontaxis DG, 1977. Epiphytotic of rust on asparagus in the Imperial Valley, California. Plant Disease Reporter, 61(6):503

Mankin CJ, 1969. Fungous diseases on non-grass plants in South Dakota. Agric. Exp. Sta., South Dakota State Univ., Tech Bull., 36:1-28.

Margina A; Zheljazkov V, 1996. Fungal pathogens from Uredinales on some medicinal and aromatic plants in Bulgaria and their control. Acta Horticulturae, No. 426:333-343; [8 pl.]; 16 ref.

McKirdy SJ; Murphy P; Mackie AE; Kumar S, 2002. Survey of asparagus in Western Australia for rust and stem blight. Australasian Plant Pathology, 31(1):97-98; 4 ref.

Menzies JD, 1954. Plant disease observation in the irrigated areas of central Washington during 1953. Plant Disease Reporter, 38:314-315.

Mullen R; Viss TC, 1996. Control of asparagus rust in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta region of California. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 415:297-300.

Mulrooney B, 2000. Vegetable Fungicide Update. Weekly Crop Update, University of Delaware Cooperative Extension 8(13).

Norton JB, 1913. Methods used in breeding asparagus for rust resistance. U.S. Department of Agriculture Burl Plant Indiana Bulletin 263, 60 pp.

Ogwal K; Adipala E; Owera SAP; Singh BP, 1999. Effectiveness of climate, cultivar, and fungicide in controlling rust in asparagus. Acta Horticulturae, No. 479:199-203; 5 ref.

Oordt Evan; Vaccari F; Carrillo JM; Velßsquez P; Apaza W, 1999. Preliminary results of the Second International Asparagus Cultivar Trial in Ica, Peru. Acta Horticulturae, No. 479:149-156; 1 ref.

Parris GK, 1959. A revised host index of Mississippi plant diseases. Miscellaneous Publication, Botany Department, University of Mississippi, 1, 146 pp.

Piazza R, 1994. Asparagi: finalmente un ibrido tutto italiano per la produzione nazionale e per un mercato europeo. Informatore Agrario, 50:99-100.

Pignon P; Corbaz R; Perko J, 1994. Green asparagus: results of 7 years of experimentation. Revue Suisse de Viticulture, d'Arboriculture et d'Horticulture, 26(2):91-96; [7 pl.]; 4 ref.

Preston DA, 1945. Host index of Oklahoma plant diseases. Oklahoma Agricultural College, Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin (suppl.), T-21:1-39.

Shaw CG, 1973. Host fungus index for the Pacific Northwest. I. Hosts. Bulletin, Washington Agricultural Experimental Station, No. 765.

Simpson WR, 1967. Rust on fence row asparagus. Plant Disease Reporter, 51:542-543.

Stephens CT, 1986. Asparagus rust control in Michigan. Fungicide and nemaricide tests:results - American Phytopathological Society, 41:46-47.

Stephenson BP; Gill GSC; Randall JL; Wilson JA, 2003. Biosecurity approaches to surveillance and response for new plant pest species. . New Zealand Plant Protection, 56:5-9.

Subrahmanyam P; McDonald D; Gibbons RW; Rao PVS, 1983. Components of resistance to Puccinia arachidis in peanuts. Phytopathology, 73(2):253-256

UK CAB International, 1996. Puccinia asparagi. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, February (Edition 4). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 216.

Vakalounakis DJ; Pavlou G, 1999. Puccinia asparagi on Asparagus officinalis in Greece. Bulletin OEPP, 29(1/2):205; 5 ref.

Viljanen-Rollinson SLH; Cromey MG, 2002. Pathways of entry and spread of rust pathogens: implications for New Zealand's biosecurity. New Zealand Plant Protection Volume 55, 2002. Proceedings of a conference, Centra Hotel, Rotorua, New Zealand, 13-15 August 2002, 42-48; 30 ref.

Waterston JM, 1965. Puccinia asparagi. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria, No. 54. Kew, UK: CAB International.

Wu LR; Yu WG; Feng XT; Xu HL, 1999. Primary evaluation of comparative trials among international asparagus varieties. Jiangsu Agricultural Sciences, 4:62-64.

Yohem KH; Cummins GB; Gilbertson RL, 1985. Revised list and host index of Arizona rust fungi. Mycotaxon, 22(2):451-468

Distribution Maps

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