Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cacopsylla pyri
(pear sucker)

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Datasheet

Cacopsylla pyri (pear sucker)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cacopsylla pyri
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pear sucker
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
C. pyri. 1. Forewing. 2. Head, dorsal view.  3. Paramere, inner face. 4. Distal portion of aedeagus. 5. Female genitalia, lateral view.
TitleLine drawing of body parts
CaptionC. pyri. 1. Forewing. 2. Head, dorsal view. 3. Paramere, inner face. 4. Distal portion of aedeagus. 5. Female genitalia, lateral view.
CopyrightD. Burckhardt
C. pyri. 1. Forewing. 2. Head, dorsal view.  3. Paramere, inner face. 4. Distal portion of aedeagus. 5. Female genitalia, lateral view.
Line drawing of body partsC. pyri. 1. Forewing. 2. Head, dorsal view. 3. Paramere, inner face. 4. Distal portion of aedeagus. 5. Female genitalia, lateral view.D. Burckhardt

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cacopsylla pyri (Linnaeus, 1758)

Preferred Common Name

  • pear sucker

Other Scientific Names

  • Apiopsylla Amyot, 1847
  • Cacopsylla (Hepatopsylla) pyri (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Cacopsylla pyrarboris (Sulc, 1910)
  • Chermes pyri Linnaeus, 1758
  • Psylla pyrarboris Sulc, 1910
  • Psylla pyri (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Psylla simulans Haupt, 1935 nec Förster, 1848

International Common Names

  • English: pear psylla; pear psyllid; psyllid, pear
  • Spanish: psila de la pera; psilido del peral

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: paerebladloppe, brunplettet
  • Finland: päärynäkemppi
  • France: psylle du poirier
  • Germany: Birnblattsauger
  • Netherlands: gevlekte perebladvlo
  • Norway: päresuger, liten
  • Sweden: päronbladloppa, mindre

EPPO code

  • PSYLPI (Cacopsylla pyri)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Psylloidea
  •                                 Family: Psyllidae
  •                                     Genus: Cacopsylla
  •                                         Species: Cacopsylla pyri

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

ArmeniaPresentGegechkori and Loginova, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2005
AzerbaijanPresentGegechkori and Loginova, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2005
ChinaPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
-GansuPresentZhang, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2005
Georgia (Republic of)PresentGegechkori and Loginova, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2005
IranPresentBurckhardt and Lauterer, 1993; Mirkarimi, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2005
KazakhstanPresentGegechkori and Loginova, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2005
SyriaPresentSaour et al., 2010
TurkeyPresentBurckhardt & Ínuþar, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014

Africa

TunisiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2005

Europe

AlbaniaPresentIsufi and Myrta, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2005
AustriaPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
BelgiumPresentPaternotte, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2005
Bosnia-HercegovinaPresentDelic et al., 2008
BulgariaPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
CroatiaPresentCiglar and Baric, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2005
Czech RepublicPresentBarankova & Kocourek, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentHodkinson, 1984
DenmarkPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EstoniaPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
FinlandPresentHodkinson, 1984; Ossiannilsson, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2005
FrancePresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
GermanyPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
GreecePresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
HungaryPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
ItalyPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
MoldovaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2005
NetherlandsPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
NorwayPresentHodkinson, 1984; Ossiannilsson, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2005
PolandPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
PortugalPresentMatias et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
RomaniaPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
Russian FederationPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
-Russian Far EastPresentGegechkori and Loginova, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2005
-Southern RussiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2005
SlovakiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2005
SloveniaPresentMilevoj and Kroselj, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2005
SpainPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
SwedenPresentHodkinson, 1984; Ossiannilsson, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2005
SwitzerlandPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
UKPresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
UkrainePresentHodkinson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Post-harvest, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / honeydew or sooty mould
Inflorescence / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / necrotic areas

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Adalia bipunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Allothrombium fuliginosum Parasite France pears
Anthocoris confusus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Anthocoris nemoralis Predator Adults/Nymphs France; Netherlands pears
Anthocoris nemorum Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Aphidencyrtus mamitus Parasite
Atractotomus mali Predator Adults/Nymphs
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Campyloneura virgula Parasite France pears
Chilocorus renipustulatus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Chrysoperla carnea Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Coccinella septempunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs France; Netherlands pears
Coccinula quatuordecimpustulata Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Coniopteryx borealis Predator France pears
Demetrias atricapillus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Dendrocerus psyllarum Parasite
Deraeocoris lutescens Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Deraeocoris ruber Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Episyrphus balteatus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Forficula auricularia Predator Adults/Nymphs
Formica neoclara Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hemerobius humulinus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Heterotoma meriopterum Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Himacerus apterus Predator France pears
Lasius pallitarsis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Leptothorax muscorum Predator Adults/Nymphs
Mallada flavifrons Predator Adults/Nymphs
Mallada picteti Predator Adults/Nymphs France
Mallada prasina Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Meliscaeva auricollis Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Mimocoris rugicollis France pears
Myrmica incompleta Predator Adults/Nymphs
Nabis ferus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Nabis punctatus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Oenopia conglobata Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Oenopia lyncea Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Orius horvathi Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Orius laevigatus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Orius majusculus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Orius minutus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Orius niger Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Orius vicinus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Orthotylus marginalis Predator Adults/Nymphs France
Pachyneuron aphidis Parasite
Pachyneuron muscarum Parasite
Phytocoris longipennis Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Phytocoris ulmi Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Pilophorus clavatus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Pilophorus gallicus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Pilophorus perplexus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Prionomitus mitratus Parasite Nymphs France pears
Propylea quatuordecimpunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Psallus ambiguus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Rhyzobius chrysomeloides Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Scymnus interruptus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Scymnus rubromaculatus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Scymnus subvillosus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Stethorus punctillum Predator Adults/Nymphs
Sympherobius pygmaeus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Syrphus vitripennis Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Tapinoma sessile Predator Adults/Nymphs
Temnostethus pusillus Predator Adults/Nymphs France pears
Trechnites psyllae Parasite Nymphs France pears
Wesmaelius subnebulosus Predator France pears

References

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Atger P, 1982. The pear psylla. Le psylle du poirier. Paris, France: Centre Technique Interprofessionnel des Fruits et Legumes, 68 pp.

Avinent L; Llßcer G; Almacellas J; Torß R, 1997. Pear decline in Spain. Plant Pathology, 46(5):694-698; 15 ref.

Baldassari N; Baronio P; Nemec V; Rejzek M; Wimmer Z, 1997. Control of Cacopsylla (Psylla) pyri (L.) (Stenorhyncha, Psyllidae) by juvenile hormone analogues. Journal of Applied Entomology, 121(6):343-351; 35 ref.

Berankova J; Kocourek F, 1994. The monitoring of the phenology and population dynamics of the pear psylla (Psylla pyri L.). Ochrana Rostlin, 30(4):283-292

Bouron H, 1987. Pear psyllids. Phytoma, 387:35

Burckhardt D; +nutar A, 1993. A review of Turkish jumping plant lice (Homoptera, Psylloidea). Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 100(3):547-574

Burckhardt D; Hodkinson ID, 1986. A revision of the west Palparctic pear psyllids (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 76(1):119-132

Burckhardt D; Lauterer P, 1993. The jumping plant-lice of Iran (Homoptera, Psylloidea). Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 100(4):829-898

CABI/EPPO, 2005. Cacopsylla pyri. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. 671. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Ciglar I; Baric B, 1993. Repelentno djelovanje kunilenta (technico riblje ulje) na odlaganje jaja kruskine buhe Psylla pyri L. (Homoptera: Psyllidae). Fragmenta Phytomedica et Herbologica, 21(1):23-29.

Delic D; Martini M; Ermacora P; Carraro L; Myrta A, 2008. Identification of fruit tree phytoplasmas and their vectors in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Acta Horticulturae [Proceedings of the Twentieth International Symposium on Virus and Virus-like Diseases of Temperate Fruit Crops, Fruit Tree Diseases, Antalya, Turkey, 22-26 May 2006.], No.781:429-433. http://www.actahort.org

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Gegechkori AM; Loginova MM, 1990. Psillidy (Homoptera, Psylloidea) SSSR. Tbilisi, Georgia: Akademiya Nauk Gruzinskoi SSR.

Geoffrion R, 1984. Pear psyllids - history, economic importance. Bulletin SROP, 7(5):13-15

Girantet T; Goebel O; Roubaud G; Vergnet C, 1997. La lutte contre les formes hivarnantes des ravageurs: intérOt d'une huile blanche en arboriculture fruitiFre. In: QuatriFme Conférence Internationale sur les Ravageurs en Agriculture, 6-8 janvier 1997, le Corum, Montpellier, France. Paris, France: ANPP, 2:275-282.

Hodkinson ID, 1984. The taxonomy, distribution and host-plant range of the pear feeding psyllids (Homoptera: Psylloidea). Bulletin SROP, 7(5):32-44

Isufi E; Myrta A, 1996. The defence of fruit trees in Albania: problems and prospects. Informatore Fitopatologico, 46(1):33-36; 5 ref.

Larguier M, 1991. Fenoxycarb in control of the pear psyllid: Psylla pyri L. (Homoptera: Psyllidae). Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 56(3b):1203-1210

Lemoine J, 1984. Is Psylla pyri a vector of pear decline in France? Bulletin SROP, 7(5):245-251.

Lyoussoufi A; Rieux R; Armand E; Faivre d'Arcier F; Sauphanor B, 1994. Entomophagous fauna of pear psyllids (Homoptera: Psyllidae) in Europe. Bibliographic review: III. Parasitoids and hyperparasitoids. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 17(2):99-103

Lyoussoufi A; Rieux R; Armand E; Faivre d'Arcier F; Sauphanor B, 1994. The entomophagous fauna of pear psyllids (Homoptera: Psyllidae) in Europe. Bibliographic review: I. Arachnids, paraneopteran and polyneopteran insects. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 17(2):86-92

Lyoussoufi A; Rieux R; Armand E; Faivre d'Arcier F; Sauphanor B, 1994. The entomophagous fauna of pear psyllids (Homoptera: Psyllidae) in Europe. Bibliographic review: II. Oligoneopteran insect predators. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 17(2):93-98

Matias C; Azevedo J; Ferreira C; Silva E; Carvalho J, 1994. Secondary effect of thiram on Cacopsylla pyri (L.) in pear orchards. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 17(2):48-52

Milevoj L; Kroselj M, 1995. Effects of some insecticides on pear psylla (Cacopsylla pyri L.) in laboratory conditions. Mededelingen - Faculteit Landbouwkundige en Toegepaste Biologische Wetenschappen, Universiteit Gent, 60(3b):1023-1026; 6 ref.

Mirkarimi A, 1995. An investigation on the oviposition behavior and ontogeny of Prionomitus mitratus Dalm. (Hym. Encyrtidae), parasitoid of Psylla pyri L (Hom. Psyllidae) in the laboratory. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 26(2):82-92; 10 ref.

Nin S; Ferri A; Sacchetti P; Giordani E, 2012. Pear resistance to psilla (Cacopsylla pyri L.). A review. Advances in Horticultural Science, 26(2):59-74. http://www.unifi.it/unifi/dofi/advances/advances.html

Ossiannilsson F, 1992. The Psylloidea (Homoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Leiden, Netherlands; E.J. Brill, 347 pp.

Pasqualini E; Antropoli A; Pari P; Faccioli G, 1992. Biological control in integrated pest management systems for apple and pear orchards. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 27(1-4):507-512; 9 ref.

Pasqualini E; Natale D; Civolani S; Vergnani S, 1997. Attivita di alcuni prodotti non convenzionali per il contenimento della psilla. Informatore Agrario, 53(21):65-68.

Paternotte E, 1997. Expected insect pests on pears during 1998. Fruitteelt-nieuws, 10(24):27-28.

Pavicevic B, 1980. Occurrence of species of the genus Psylla (Homoptera, Psyllidae) on pear trees in Serbia. Zastita Bilja, 31(4):335-340

Puterka GJ; Glenn DM; Sekutowski DG; Unruh TR; Jones SK, 2000. Progress toward liquid formulations of particle films for insect and disease control in pear. Environmental Entomology, 29(2):329-339.

Refatti E, 1983. Virus and mycoplasma diseases of pome fruits: situation in Italy and problems of quarantine. Informatore Fitopatologico, 33(2):38-42

Saour G; Ismail H; Hashem A, 2010. Impact of kaolin particle film, spirodiclofen acaricide, harpin protein, and an organic biostimulant on pear psylla Cacopsylla pyri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). International Journal of Pest Management, 56(1):75-79. http://journalsonline.tandf.co.uk/link.asp?id=100665

Schaub L; Bloesch B; Bencheikh M; Pigeaud A, Polesny F (ed. ), Muller W, Olszak RW, 1996. Spatial distribution of teflubenzuron resistance by pear psylla in western Switzerland. In: International Conference on Integrated Fruit Production, Cedzyna, Poland, 28 August-2 September 1995. Bulletin OILB SROP, 19(4):311-314.

Schaub L; Bloesch B; Pittet O; Rippstein F, 1997. La resistance des psylles du poirier a l'amitraze menace. Revue Suisse de Viticulture, d'Arboriculture et d'Horticulture, 29(3):143-144.

Szeoke K, 1995. Control of pear psyllid (Psylla pyri L.) by using Dimilin 25 WP and Hyspray. Novenyvedelem, 31(5):233-234

Varela LG; Elkins RB, 2008. Conversion from use of organophosphate insecticides to codling moth mating disruption in California pear orchards. Acta Horticulturae [Proceedings of the Xth International Pear Symposium, Peniche, Portugal, 22-26 May 2007.], No.800(Vol 2):955-960. http://www.actahort.org

Vermeulen J; Parra E, 1982. Efectividad de insecticidas en el control del psilido del peral (Psylla pyri). Plaguicidas y hormonas, 1981-82:5-6.

Zhang SL, 1997. The important pear pests and diseases in Linxia, Gansu Province and it control. China Fruits, 3:41-42.

Distribution Maps

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