Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Alternaria tenuissima
(nailhead spot of tomato)

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Datasheet

Alternaria tenuissima (nailhead spot of tomato)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 25 August 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Alternaria tenuissima
  • Preferred Common Name
  • nailhead spot of tomato
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Dothideomycetes
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Alternaria tenuissima (Kunze) Wiltshire

Preferred Common Name

  • nailhead spot of tomato

International Common Names

  • Spanish: cabeza de clavo del tomate
  • French: tete de clou de la tomate

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Fleckigkeit: Tomate

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Dothideomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Pleosporomycetidae
  •                         Order: Pleosporales
  •                             Family: Pleosporaceae
  •                                 Genus: Alternaria
  •                                     Species: Alternaria tenuissima

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EthiopiaPresent
NigeriaPresent
South AfricaPresent
SudanPresent

Asia

BangladeshPresent
ChinaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-AnhuiPresent
-BeijingPresent
-GansuPresent
-GuizhouPresent
-HeilongjiangPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-JilinPresent
-ShandongPresent
-XinjiangPresent2017
-ZhejiangPresent
IndiaPresent
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-AssamPresent
-BiharPresent
-DelhiPresent
-HaryanaPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-OdishaPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
IranPresent
MalaysiaPresent
NepalPresent
PakistanPresent
South KoreaPresent

Europe

AustriaPresent
CzechiaPresent
GermanyPresent
GreecePresent
-CretePresent
ItalyPresent
UkrainePresent

North America

MexicoPresent2011
United StatesPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-MinnesotaPresent
-North CarolinaPresent
-PennsylvaniaPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent2013
New ZealandPresent

South America

BrazilPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Espirito SantoPresent
ChilePresent2016

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / lesions: black or brown

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Mucor fragilis Pathogen
Mucor heterosporus Pathogen
Rhizopus arrhizus Pathogen

References

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Bagherabadi S, Zafari D, Soleimani MJ, 2015. First report of leaf spot of strawberry caused by Alternaria tenuissima in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, 6(3):258. http://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/first-report-of-leaf-spot-of-strawberry-caused-by-alternaria-tenuissima-in-iran-2157-7471-1000258.php?aid=54300

Durga Prashad, Sharma IM, Chandel RS, Pankaj Gupta, 2016. First report of hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) blight and anthracnose caused by Alternaria species and Piggotia coryli in India. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 46(1):89-92. http://www.ismpp.org.in/journal.php

Fatema Yeasmin, Shamim Shamsi, 2013. Phylloplane mycoflora of Gerbera spp. and their pathogenic potentiality. Journal of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences, 37(2):211-217. http://banglajol.info/bd/index.php/JBAS/article/view/17562/12320

Gao J, Zhi Y, Bai QR, 2011. First report of alternaria leaf spot on Eleutherococcus senticosus caused by Alternaria tenuissima in China. Plant Disease, 95(4):493. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

IPPC, 2005. Disease of Crops. IPPC Official Pest Report. Rome, Italy: FAO. https://www.ippc.int/IPP/En/default.jsp

Khan, M. F. R., Haque, M. E., Bloomquist, M., Bhuiyan, M. Z. R., Brueggeman, R., Zhong, S., Poudel, R. S., Gross, T., Hakk, P., Leng, Y., Liu, Y., 2020. First report of Alternaria leaf spot caused by Alternaria tenuissima on sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) in Minnesota, U.S.A. Plant Disease, 104(2), 580-580. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-03-19-0603-PDN

Kou LP, Gaskins VL, Luo YG, Jurick WM II, 2014. First report of Alternaria tenuissima causing postharvest decay on apple fruit from cold storage in the United States. Plant Disease, 98(5):690. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Lakshman Prasad, Dikshit, H. K., Aski, M. S., Devi, T. P., 2017. First report of leaf spot of lentil caused by Alternaria tenuissima in India. Indian Phytopathology, 70(3), 405. http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IPPJ/article/view/74246/31426 doi: 10.24838/ip.2017.v70.i3.74246

Lee JH, Kim DS, Cho HJ, Gang GH, Kwak YS, 2013. First report of leaf spot in Farfugium japonicum caused by Alternaria tenuissima in Korea. Plant Disease, 97(10):1382. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Li Y, Zhang D, Xu W, Wu Z, Guo M, Cao A, 2011. Alternaria tenuissima causing leaf spot and fruit rot on pepper(Capsicum annuum): first report in China. New Disease Reports, 24:Article 3. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=024003

Li, L., Pan, H., Deng, L., Wang, Z. P., Li, D. W., Zhang, Q., Chen, M. Y., Zhong, C. H., 2019. First report of Alternaria tenuissima causing brown spot disease of kiwifruit foliage in China. Plant Disease, 103(3), 582. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis doi: 10.1094/PDIS-07-18-1217-PDN

Liu, D., Li, P., Hu, J. L., Wang, W. Y., Gao, Z. M., 2018. First report of leaf spot caused by Alternaria tenuissima on Pittosporum tobira in Anqing, China. Plant Disease, 102(3), 676. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis doi: 10.1094/PDIS-09-17-1373-PDN

Moreira SI, Dutra Dda C, Rodrigues AC, Oliveira JRde, Dhingra OD, Pereira OL, 2013. Fungi and bacteria associated with post-harvest rot of ginger rhizomes in Espírito Santo, Brazil. Tropical Plant Pathology, 38(3):218-226. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1982-56762013000300006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Muthukumar A, Venkatesh A, 2012. First report of Alternaria blight on mondo grass. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 42(2):263-264

Nasehi A, Kadir JB, Zainal Abidin MA, Wong MY, Mahmodi F, 2012. First report of Alternaria tenuissima causing leaf spot on eggplant in Malaysia. Plant Disease, 96(8):1226. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Sharma M, Ghosh R, Mangla UN, Saxena KB, Pande S, 2012. Alternaria tenuissima causing alternaria blight on pigeonpea in India. Plant Disease, 96(6):907. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Zhang, C. Q., Zhang, J. X., Liu, Y. H., Dai, D. J., 2018. First report of black spot in Dendrobium officinale caused by A. alternata in Zhejiang Province, China. Plant Disease, 102(4), 824. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis doi: 10.1094/PDIS-07-17-1090-PDN

Zhang, L., Shu, M., Sun, X., Shi, X., Cui, R., 2019. First report of Alternaria tenuissima causing Nelumbo nucifera leaf spot in China. Plant Disease, 103(3), 585. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis doi: 10.1094/PDIS-03-18-0472-PDN

Zheng HH, Wu XH, 2013. First report of alternaria blight of potato caused by Alternaria tenuissima in China. Plant Disease, 97(9):1246. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Distribution References

Bagherabadi S, Zafari D, Soleimani M J, 2015. First report of leaf spot of strawberry caused by Alternaria tenuissima in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology. 6 (3), 258. http://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/first-report-of-leaf-spot-of-strawberry-caused-by-alternaria-tenuissima-in-iran-2157-7471-1000258.php?aid=54300

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chen X F, Li H, Teng L P, Dan H X, Xiong R C, 2018. First report of a fruit spot of Elaeagnus angustifolia caused by Alternaria tenuissima in Xinjiang, China. Plant Disease. 102 (11), 2377. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-18-0435-PDN

Domínguez-Serrano D, Yáñez-Morales M J, García-Velasco R, Alanís-Martínez I, Segura-León O, 2016. First report of Chrysanthemum morifolium leaf spot caused by Alternaria species in Mexico. Plant Disease. 100 (3), 647. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-15-0723-PDN

Durga Prashad, Sharma I M, Chandel R S, Pankaj Gupta, 2016. First report of hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) blight and anthracnose caused by Alternaria species and Piggotia coryli in India. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology. 46 (1), 89-92. http://www.ismpp.org.in/journal.php

Elfar K, Zoffoli J P, Latorre B A, 2018. Occurrence of Alternaria blotch associated with Alternaria alternata, A. arborescens, A. infectoria, and A. tenuissima on apples in Chile. Plant Disease. 102 (8), 1668. DOI:10.1094/pdis-01-18-0156-pdn

El-Nagerabi S A F, Elshafie A E, 2000. Composition of mycoflora and aflatoxins in lupine seeds from the Sudan. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 39 (2), 257-262.

Fatema Yeasmin, Shamim Shamsi, 2013. Phylloplane mycoflora of Gerbera spp. and their pathogenic potentiality. Journal of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences. 37 (2), 211-217. http://banglajol.info/bd/index.php/JBAS/article/view/17562/12320

Gao J, Zhi Y, Bai Q R, 2011. First report of alternaria leaf spot on Eleutherococcus senticosus caused by Alternaria tenuissima in China. Plant Disease. 95 (4), 493. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-10-0882

Göre M E, Bucak C, 2007. Geographical and seasonal influences on the distribution of fungal endophytes in Laurus nobilis. Forest Pathology. 37 (4), 281-288. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0329.2007.00509.x

IPPC, 2005. Disease of Crops. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. https://www.ippc.int/IPP/En/default.jsp

Khan M F R, Haque M E, Bloomquist M, Bhuiyan M Z R, Brueggeman R, Zhong S, Poudel R S, Gross T, Hakk P, Leng Y, Liu Y, 2020. First report of Alternaria leaf spot caused by Alternaria tenuissima on sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) in Minnesota, U.S.A. Plant Disease. 104 (2), 580-580. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-19-0603-PDN

Kou L P, Gaskins V L, Luo Y G, Jurick W M II, 2014. First report of Alternaria tenuissima causing postharvest decay on apple fruit from cold storage in the United States. Plant Disease. 98 (5), 690. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Lakshman Prasad, Dikshit H K, Aski M S, Devi T P, 2017. First report of leaf spot of lentil caused by Alternaria tenuissima in India. Indian Phytopathology. 70 (3), 405. http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IPPJ/article/view/74246/31426 DOI:10.24838/ip.2017.v70.i3.74246

Lee J H, Kim D S, Cho H J, Gang G H, Kwak Y S, 2013. First report of leaf spot in Farfugium japonicum caused by Alternaria tenuissima in Korea. Plant Disease. 97 (10), 1382. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-13-0253-PDN

Li DeLong, Guo Min, 2020. Alternaria tenuissima causing leaf necrosis on Polygonatum cyrtonema in Jinzhai, China. Plant Disease. 104 (3), 974-974. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-19-1615-PDN

Li HuanHuan, Tang Wei, Liu Kui, Zhang Lin, Tang XiaoFeng, Miao Min, Liu YongSheng, 2020. First report of Fusarium fujikuroi causing brown leaf spot on kiwifruit. Plant Disease. 104 (5), 1560-1560. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-19-2112-PDN

Li L, Pan H, Deng L, Wang Z P, Li D W, Zhang Q, Chen M Y, Zhong C H, 2019. First report of Alternaria tenuissima causing brown spot disease of kiwifruit foliage in China. Plant Disease. 103 (3), 582. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-18-1217-PDN

Li P, Liu D, Yu B X, 2020. First report of Alternaria tenuissima causing leaf spot on Iris ensata in Anqing, China. Plant Disease. 104 (5), 1549-1549. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-19-2387-PDN

Li Y, Zhang D, Xu W, Wu Z, Guo M, Cao A, 2011. Alternaria tenuissima causing leaf spot and fruit rot on pepper(Capsicum annuum): first report in China. New Disease Reports. Article 3. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=024003

Liu D, Li P, Hu J L, Wang W Y, Gao Z M, 2018. First report of leaf spot caused by Alternaria tenuissima on Pittosporum tobira in Anqing, China. Plant Disease. 102 (3), 676. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-17-1373-PDN

Ma Ji, Li HongXia, Wang XingYu, Guo Min, 2020. Alternaria tenuissima causing fruit scab disease on Actinidia chinensis in Anhui Province, China. Plant Disease. 104 (2), 569-569. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-19-1835-PDN

Moon H, Kwon O K, Kim Y A, Jeong A R, Park C J, 2020. First report of leaf spot on Echeveria spp. caused by Alternaria tenuissima in Korea. Plant Disease. 104 (1), 285-285. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-19-1243-PDN

Moreira S I, Dutra D da C, Rodrigues A C, Oliveira J R de, Dhingra O D, Pereira O L, 2013. Fungi and bacteria associated with post-harvest rot of ginger rhizomes in Espírito Santo, Brazil. Tropical Plant Pathology. 38 (3), 218-226. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1982-56762013000300006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Motlagh M R S, Rad F R, 2017. Pathogenicity of fungal agents related to the diseases of conifers of Cupressaceae in greenhouse conditions. Journal of Ornamental Plants. 7 (3), 177-187. http://jornamental.iaurasht.ac.ir/article_532997_16c929b64c820aea21ba34fa42b8b171.pdf

Muthukumar A, Venkatesh A, 2012. First report of Alternaria blight on mondo grass. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology. 42 (2), 263-264.

Nasehi A, Kadir J B, Zainal Abidin M A, Wong M Y, Mahmodi F, 2012. First report of Alternaria tenuissima causing leaf spot on eggplant in Malaysia. Plant Disease. 96 (8), 1226. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Rahimloo T, Ghosta Y, 2015. The occurrence of Alternaria species on cabbage in Iran. Žemdirbystė (Agriculture). 102 (3), 343-350. http://www.zemdirbyste-agriculture.lt/1023_str44/

Rashtra Vardhana, 2017. Plant's diseases of district Ghaziabad and adjacent areas. Plant Archives. 17 (1), 727-732. http://www.plantarchives.org/PDF%2017-1/727-732%20(3511).pdf

Sharma M, Ghosh R, Mangla U N, Saxena K B, Pande S, 2012. Alternaria tenuissima causing alternaria blight on pigeonpea in India. Plant Disease. 96 (6), 907. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-12-0060-PDN

Sun X M, Huang J G, 2017. First report of Alternaria tenuissima causing red leaf spot disease on Paeonia lactiflora in China. Plant Disease. 101 (7), 1322. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-17-0228-PDN

Swart W J, Kriel W M, 2002. Pathogens associated with necrosis of cactus pear cladodes in South Africa. Plant Disease. 86 (6), 693. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.6.693D

Ünal F, Tülek S, Bingöl M Ü, Öztürk Ö, Eğerci Y, Kurbetli İ, Canpolat S, Sarpkaya K, Ünlü A, Dolar F S, 2020. Identification and pathogenicity studies of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) fungi on turfgrass areas in Turkey. Bitki Koruma Bülteni. 60 (1), 63-69. DOI:10.16955/bitkorb.574000

Vakalounakis D J, Kavroulakis N, Lamprou K, 2016. Occurrence of leaf spot caused by Alternaria tenuissima on Aloe barbadensis in Greece. Plant Disease. 100 (5), 1015. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-15-0803-PDN

Varga Z, Krautzer B, Graiss W, 2006. Comparative seed pathological investigations on cultivated grass species. In: 4th International Plant Protection Symposium at Debrecen University and 11th Trans-Tisza Plant Protection Forum, 18-19 October, 2006, Debrecen, Hungary. [ed. by Kövics G J, Dávid I]. Debrecen, Hungary: Debreceni Egyetem, Agrártudományi Centrum, Mezögazdaságtudományi Kar. 233-239.

Vashisht I, Chauhan R S, 2016. First report of leaf spot on medicinal herb Picrorhiza kurroa (Royle ex. Benth) caused by Alternaria tenuissima in India. Plant Disease. 100 (3), 647-648. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-15-0809-PDN

Wang X M, Chen Y, Li H Y, Bai Q R, 2017. Weigela florida leaf spot caused by Alternaria tenuissima, a new disease in China. Plant Disease. 101 (7), 1318. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-17-0060-PDN

Wee JungIn, Park JongHan, Back ChangGi, You YoungHyun, Chang TaeHyun, 2016. First report of leaf spot caused by Alternaria tenuissima on black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) in Korea. Mycobiology. 44 (3), 187-190. http://mycobiology.or.kr/search.php?where=aview&id=10.5941/MYCO.2016.44.3.187&code=0184MB&vmode=AONLY

You M P, Lanoiselet V, Wang C P, Barbetti M J, 2014. First report of alternaria leaf spot caused by Alternaria tenuissima on blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) in Western Australia. Plant Disease. 98 (3), 423. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-13-0737-PDN

Yu G B, Wei J P, Guan Y F, Shao W J, Fu W L, Zhao Y F, Sheng Y Y, Yang D W, 2018. First report of leaf spot on Basella alba caused by Alternaria tenuissima in China. Plant Disease. 102 (12), 2647. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-18-0352-PDN

Zhang C Q, Zhang J X, Liu Y H, Dai D J, 2018. First report of black spot in Dendrobium officinale caused by A. alternata in Zhejiang Province, China. Plant Disease. 102 (4), 824. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-17-1090-PDN

Zhang L, Shu M, Sun X, Shi X, Cui R, 2019. First report of Alternaria tenuissima causing Nelumbo nucifera leaf spot in China. Plant Disease. 103 (3), 585. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-18-0472-PDN

Zhao J, Bao S W, Ma G P, Wu X H, 2016. Characterization of Alternaria species associated with watermelon leaf blight in Beijing municipality of China. Journal of Plant Pathology. 98 (1), 135-138. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3456

Zheng H H, Wu X H, 2013. First report of alternaria blight of potato caused by Alternaria tenuissima in China. Plant Disease. 97 (9), 1246. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-12-0763-PDN

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