Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pseudomonas syringae
(bacterial blast)

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Datasheet

Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pseudomonas syringae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bacterial blast
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Gammaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Pseudomonadales
  •         Family: Pseudomonadaceae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pseudomonas syringae van Hall 1902

Preferred Common Name

  • bacterial blast

Other Scientific Names

  • Pseudomonas syringae pv. panici

International Common Names

  • English: bacterial canker

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Gammaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Pseudomonadales
  •                 Family: Pseudomonadaceae
  •                     Genus: Pseudomonas
  •                         Species: Pseudomonas syringae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 09 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

BurundiPresent
KenyaPresent
South AfricaPresent

Asia

ChinaPresent
-GansuPresent
IndiaPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
IranPresent
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent
-HokkaidoPresent
-HonshuPresent
-ShikokuPresent
NepalPresent
PakistanPresent
South KoreaPresent
TurkeyPresent

Europe

AustriaPresent
BelgiumPresent
BulgariaPresent
CzechiaPresent
CzechoslovakiaPresent
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
HungaryPresent
IcelandPresent
ItalyPresent
-SicilyPresent
PolandPresent
PortugalPresent
Serbia and MontenegroPresent
SpainPresent
SwedenPresent
UkrainePresent
United KingdomPresent
-EnglandPresent

North America

BarbadosPresent
CanadaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-AlbertaPresent
MexicoPresent
United StatesPresent
-CaliforniaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-MinnesotaPresent
-MontanaPresent
-OregonPresent
-PennsylvaniaPresent
-TennesseePresent
-West VirginiaPresent
-WisconsinPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-South AustraliaPresent2001
-TasmaniaPresent
-VictoriaPresent
New ZealandPresent

South America

BrazilPresent
ChilePresent
VenezuelaPresent

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Inflorescence / blight; necrosis
Seeds / lesions on seeds
Stems / canker on woody stem
Stems / dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Lactobacillus plantarum Pathogen
Pseudomonas syringae lachrymans Pathogen

References

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Gavrilovic V; Zivkovic S; Trkulja N; Ivanovic M, 2008. Characteristics of bacterial strains from Pseudomonas genera isolated from diseased plum trees. (Karakteristike sojeva bakterija roda Pseudomonas izolovanih iz obolelih grana sljive.) Pesticidi i Fitomedicina, 23(1):25-31.

Gitaitis R; Mullis S; Lewis K; Langston D; Watson AK; Sanders H; Torrance R; Jones JB; Nischwitz C, 2012. First report of a new disease of onion in Georgia caused by a nonfluorescent Pseudomonas species. Plant Disease, 96(2):285-286. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Greathead DJ; Greathead AH, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information, 13(4):61N-68N.

IPPC, 2005. Disease of Crops. IPPC Official Pest Report. Rome, Italy: FAO. https://www.ippc.int/IPP/En/default.jsp

Leben C; Schroth MN; Hildebrand DC, 1970. Colonization and movement of Pseudomonas syringae on healthy Bean seedlings. Phytopathology, 60(4):677-680.

Schotman CYL, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. RLAC-PROVEG, No. 21:80 pp.

Weaver DJ; Wehunt EJ, 1975. Effect of soil pH on susceptibility of peach to Pseudomonas syringae. Phytopathology, 65(9):984-989.

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Dutta B, Gitaitis R, Lewis K J, Booth C, Langston D, Webster T M, Riner C M, Edenfield J D, 2013. New report of Lolium multiflorum and Rumex crispus as weed hosts of epiphytic populations of Pseudomonas sp., causal agent of yellow bud in onions in Georgia, USA. New Disease Reports. 18. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2013.027.018

Gitaitis R, Mullis S, Lewis K, Langston D, Watson A K, Sanders H, Torrance R, Jones J B, Nischwitz C, 2012. First report of a new disease of onion in Georgia caused by a nonfluorescent Pseudomonas species. Plant Disease. 96 (2), 285-286. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-11-0400

González A J, Ávila M, 2001. Disease of floral buds of kiwifruit in Spain caused by Pseudomonas syringae. Plant Disease. 85 (12), 1287. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.12.1287B

Greathead D J, Greathead A H, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information. 13 (4), 61N-68N.

Hall B H, Cother E J, Noble D, McMahon R, Wicks T J, 2003. First report of Pseudomonas syringae on olives (Olea europaea) in South Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology. 32 (1), 119-120. DOI:10.1071/AP02053

Hall B H, McMahon R L, Noble D, Cother E J, McLintock D, 2002. First report of Pseudomonas syringae on grapevines (Vitis vinifera) in South Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology. 31 (4), 421-422. DOI:10.1071/AP02048

IPPC, 2005. Disease of Crops. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. https://www.ippc.int/IPP/En/default.jsp

Kazempour M N, Kamran E, Ali B, 2006. Erwinia amylovora causing fire blight of pear in the Guilan Province of Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology. 88 (1), 113-116. http://www.agr.unipi.it/sipav/jpp/index.html

Koike S T, Azad H R, Cooksey D C, 2002. First report of bacterial leaf spot of spinach caused by a Pseudomonas syringae pathovar in California. Plant Disease. 86 (8), 921. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.8.921A

Koike S T, Bolda M P, Bull C T, 2014. Pseudomonas blight caused by Pseudomonas syringae on raspberry in California. Plant Disease. 98 (8), 1151-1152. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-14-0041-PDN

Koike S T, Bull C T, 2006. First report of bacterial leaf spot of Italian dandelion (Cichorium intybus) caused by a Pseudomonas syringae pathovar in California. Plant Disease. 90 (2), 245. DOI:10.1094/PD-90-0245A

Koike S T, Cintas N A, Bull C T, 2000. Bacterial blight, a new disease of broccoli caused by Pseudomonas syringae in California. Plant Disease. 84 (3), 370. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.3.370B

Mertelik J, Kloudova K, Pankova I, Krejzar V, Kudela V, 2013. Occurrence of horse chestnut bleeding canker caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi in the Czech Republic. Forest Pathology. 43 (2), 165-167. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0329 DOI:10.1111/efp.12021

Mmbaga M T, Sheng H, 2000. First report of leaf blight caused by Pseudomonas syringae on Cornus mas. Plant Disease. 84 (2), 200. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.2.200A

Ngugi H K, King S B, Abayo G O, Reddy Y V R, 2002. Prevalence, incidence, and severity of sorghum diseases in Western Kenya. Plant Disease. 86 (1), 65-70. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.1.65

Phillips A Z, Wheeler T, Woodward J, Bart R S, 2018. Pseudomonas syringae pathogen causes foliar disease of upland cotton in Texas. Plant Disease. 102 (6), 1171. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-17-1700-PDN

Roberts S J, Parkinson N, 2014. A bacterial leaf spot of aquilegia caused by Pseudomonas syringae. New Disease Reports. 4. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2014.029.004

Schotman C Y L, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. In: RLAC-PROVEG, 80 pp.

Scortichini M, Loreti S, 2007. Occurrence of an endophytic, potentially pathogenic strain of Pseudomonas syringae in symptomless wild trees of Corylus avellana L. Journal of Plant Pathology. 89 (3), 431-434. http://www.agr.unipi.it/sipav/jpp/index.html

Vicente J G, Alves J P, Russell K, Roberts S J, 2004. Identification and discrimination of Pseudomonas syringae isolates from wild cherry in England. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 110 (4), 337-351. DOI:10.1023/B:EJPP.0000021060.15901.33

Wang Y, Jin L, Yao Y E, Zeng C Y, Zhang L, 2017. First report of a bacterial leaf spot on Angelica dahurica caused by Pseudomonas syringae in Gansu, China. Plant Disease. 101 (7), 1314. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-17-0078-PDN

Zhao S F, Luo Y N, Zhao H Y, Du J, Fang X Y, 2009. First report of bacterial leaf spot on snow lotus caused by Pseudomonas syringae in China. Plant Disease. 93 (2), 204. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-2-0204A

Distribution Maps

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