Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ralstonia solanacearum race 1
(bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Ralstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ralstonia solanacearum race 1
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Betaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Burkholderiales
  •         Family: Ralstoniaceae
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ralstonia solanacearum race 1 (Smith 1896) Yabuuchi et al. 1996

Preferred Common Name

  • bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops

Other Scientific Names

  • Burkholderia solanacearum race 1 (Smith 1896) Yabuuchi et al. 1992
  • Pseudomonas solanacearum race 1 (Smith 1896) Smith 1914

International Common Names

  • English: granville wilt of tobacco; southern bacterial wilt of tomato
  • Spanish: marchitez bacteriana del tabaco; marchitez del tomate
  • French: bactériose vasculaire des solanacées; flétrissement bactérien de la tomate; flétrissement bactérien du tabac
  • Portuguese: murcha-bacteriana; murchadeira

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Bakterienwelke

EPPO code

  • PSDMSO (Ralstonia solanacearum race 1)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Betaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Burkholderiales
  •                 Family: Ralstoniaceae
  •                     Genus: Ralstonia
  •                         Species: Ralstonia solanacearum race 1

Distribution

Top of page
R. solanacearum is comprises sub-populations variously reported as groups, races, biovars, biotypes, sub-races and strains. The commonly applied terms biovar and biotype refer to differences in biochemical and phage reactions (Hayward, 1962). Races, distinguished on the basis of differences in plant host range (Buddenhagen et al., 1962), are usually referred to in this text. The distribution is given for confirmed Ralstonia solanacearum race 1 or presumed race 1 based on host range. This race has a wider host range than race 3 and a higher temperature optimum (35-37°C).

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AngolaPresent
BurundiPresent
CameroonPresent, Widespread
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
EgyptPresent
EthiopiaPresent
GambiaPresent
KenyaPresent
LibyaPresent
MadagascarPresent
MaliPresent
MauritiusPresent
MoroccoPresent
NigeriaPresent
RwandaPresent
SenegalPresent
Sierra LeonePresent
SomaliaPresent
South AfricaPresent, Localized
TanzaniaPresent
UgandaPresent
ZambiaPresent
ZimbabwePresent, Localized

Asia

BangladeshPresent, Widespread
ChinaPresent, Localized
-AnhuiPresent
-FujianPresent
-GuangdongPresent, Widespread
-GuangxiPresent
-HebeiPresent
-HenanPresent
-HubeiPresent
-HunanPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-ShandongPresent
-SichuanPresent
-YunnanPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
GeorgiaPresent, Localized
Hong KongPresent, Few occurrences
IndiaPresent, Widespread
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresent
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-AssamPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-KeralaPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
-NagalandPresent
-OdishaPresent
-PunjabPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-West BengalPresent
IndonesiaPresent
-Irian JayaPresent
-JavaPresent
-SulawesiPresent
-SumatraPresent
IranPresent
JapanPresent
-HonshuPresent
LebanonPresent
MalaysiaPresent, Widespread
-SabahPresent
-SarawakPresent
MyanmarPresent
North KoreaPresent
PhilippinesPresent
SingaporePresent
South KoreaPresent
Sri LankaPresent
TaiwanPresent, Widespread
ThailandPresent
TurkeyPresent
VietnamPresent

Europe

BulgariaAbsent, Formerly present
ItalyAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)
NetherlandsPresent, Transient under eradication
PolandAbsent, Formerly present
RomaniaAbsent, Formerly present
RussiaPresent, Localized
-Eastern SiberiaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)
-Russian Far EastPresent, Localized
-Southern RussiaPresent, Localized
SwitzerlandAbsent, Eradicated
UkrainePresent

North America

BelizePresent, Widespread
Costa RicaPresent
CubaPresent
Dominican RepublicPresent
GuadeloupePresent
GuatemalaPresent
MartiniquePresent, Widespread
MexicoPresent, Localized
PanamaPresent
Puerto RicoPresent
United StatesPresent, Widespread
-AlabamaPresent
-FloridaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-HawaiiPresent
-North CarolinaPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, Localized
-New South WalesPresent
-Northern TerritoryPresent
-QueenslandPresent
-South AustraliaPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
FijiPresent
Papua New GuineaPresent

South America

BrazilPresent
-AmazonasPresent
-GoiasPresent
-PernambucoPresent
-Sao PauloPresent
ColombiaPresent
French GuianaPresent
GuyanaPresent
PeruPresent
UruguayPresent, Widespread

Hosts/Species Affected

Top of page
Lists of host records have been recorded (Kelman, 1953; Bradbury, 1986; Persley, 1986; Hayward, 1994) but the original reports, gathered over many years, vary greatly in reliability. Few reference strains of race 1 from reported host plants have been deposited in publicly accessible culture collections to support the authenticity of records. There are many solanaceous and non-solanaceous plant species that are hosts to R. solanacearum. They can only be ascribed to known and possibly novel races when strains from them are isolated and examined.

References

Top of page

Almeida, I. M. G., Rodrigues Neto, J., Malavolta Júnior, V. A., Rodrigues, L. M. R., 2007. Ralstonia solanacearum race 1/biovar III causing wilt of begonia in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Australasian Plant Disease Notes, 2(1), 99. http://www.publish.csiro.au/view/journals/dsp_journal_fulltext.cfm?nid=208&f=DN07041

Bradbury JF, 1986. Guide to Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Buddenhagen IW; Sequeira L; Kelman A, 1962. Designation of races of Pseudomonas solanacearum. Phytopathology, 52:726.

CABI; EPPO, 1999. Ralstonia solanacearum race 1. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, April (Edition 1). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 783.

Chandrashekara KN; Prasannakumar MK; Deepa M; Vani A, 2011. Coleus, a new host for Ralstonia solanacearum race 1 biovar 3 in India. Journal of Plant Pathology, 93(1):233-235. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/298/164

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

EPPO, 2016. EPPO Global database (available online). Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Hayward AC, 1964. Characteristics of Pseudomonas solanacearum. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 27:265-277.

Hayward AC, 1994. The hosts of Pseudomonas solanacearum. In: Hayward AC, Hartman GL, eds. Bacterial wilt: The Disease and its Causative Agent, Pseudomonas solanacearum. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 9-24.

Ivey, M. L. L., Gardener, B. B. M., Opina, N., Miller, S. A., 2007. Diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum infecting eggplant in the Philippines. Phytopathology, 97(11), 1467-1475. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-97-11-1467

Kelman A, 1953. The bacterial wilt caused by Pseudomonas solanacearum. A literary review and bibliography. Technical Bulletin of North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 99.

Lemessa F; Zeller W, 2006. Biological control of potato bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum in Ethiopia: determination of biovars of Ralstonia solanacearum. Mitteilungen aus der Biologischen Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft [Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Bacterial Plant Diseases, Seeheim, Darmstadt, Germany, 23-26 October, 2005.], No.408:119-120.

Malko, A., Frantsuzov, P., Nikitin, M., Statsyuk, N., Dzhavakhiya, V., Golikov, A., 2019. Potato Pathogens in Russia’s Regions: an Instrumental Survey with the use of Real-Time PCR/RT-PCR in Matrix Format. Pathogens, 8(18), 18. doi: 10.3390/pathogens8010018

Persley GJ, 1986. Ecology of Pseudomonas solanacearum, the causal agent of bacterial wilt. In: Persley GJ, ed. Proceedings of an International Workshop held at PCARRD, Los Banos, Philippines 8-10 October 1985. ACIAR Proceedings, 13, 71-76.

Ran, L. X., Liu, C. Y., Wu, G. J., Loon, L. C. van, Bakker, P. A. H. M., 2005. Suppression of bacterial wilt in Eucalyptus urophylla by fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. in China. Biological Control, 32(1), 111-120. doi: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2004.08.007

Romero GC; Estévez de Jensen C; Palmateer AJ, 2013. First report of tomato wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum biovar 1 in Puerto Rico. Plant Health Progress, No.April:PHP-2013-0418-01-BR. http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/php/elements/sum.aspx?id=10624&photo=5938

She XiaoMan, Yu Lin, Lan GuoBing, Tang YaFei, He ZiFu, 2017. Identification and genetic characterization of Ralstonia solanacearum species complex isolates from Cucurbita maxima in China. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8(October), 1794. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01794

Thera AT; Jacobsen BJ; Neher OT, 2010. Bacterial wilt of solanaceae caused by Ralstonia solanacearum race 1 biovar 3 in Mali. Plant Disease, 94(3):372. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Truong Thi Hong Hai, Esch, E., Wang JawFen, 2008. Resistance to Taiwanese race 1 strains of Ralstonia solanacearum in wild tomato germplasm. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 122(4), 471-479. doi: 10.1007/s10658-008-9314-1

Distribution References

Almeida I M G, Rodrigues Neto J, Malavolta Júnior V A, Rodrigues L M R, 2007. Ralstonia solanacearum race 1/biovar III causing wilt of begonia in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 2 (1), 99. http://www.publish.csiro.au/view/journals/dsp_journal_fulltext.cfm?nid=208&f=DN07041

Anith K N, Momol M T, Kloepper J W, Marois J J, Olson S M, Jones J B, 2004. Efficacy of Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria, Acibenzolar-S-Methyl, and Soil Amendment for Integrated Management of Bacterial Wilt on Tomato. Plant Disease. 88 (6), 669-673. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2004.88.6.669

Antony R S, Gopalasamy G, Senthilkumar M, 2015. First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum race I biovar I in eggplant (Solanum melongena) in TamilNadu, Southern India. Plant Disease. 99 (9), 1271-1272. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-14-0908-PDN

CABI, EPPO, 1999. Ralstonia solanacearum race 1. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 783. DOI:10.1079/DMPD/20066500783

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chandrashekara K N, Prasannakumar M K, Deepa M, Vani A, 2011. Coleus, a new host for Ralstonia solanacearum race 1 biovar 3 in India. Journal of Plant Pathology. 93 (1), 233-235. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/298/164

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Ivey M L L, Gardener B B M, Opina N, Miller S A, 2007. Diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum infecting eggplant in the Philippines. Phytopathology. 97 (11), 1467-1475. DOI:10.1094/PHYTO-97-11-1467

Malko A, Frantsuzov P, Nikitin M, Statsyuk N, Dzhavakhiya V, Golikov A, 2019. Potato Pathogens in Russia’s Regions: an Instrumental Survey with the use of Real-Time PCR/RT-PCR in Matrix Format. Pathogens. 8 (18), 18. DOI:10.3390/pathogens8010018

NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013. Pest status of harmful organisms in the Netherlands., Wageningen, Netherlands:

Ran L X, Liu C Y, Wu G J, Loon L C van, Bakker P A H M, 2005. Suppression of bacterial wilt in Eucalyptus urophylla by fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. in China. Biological Control. 32 (1), 111-120. DOI:10.1016/j.biocontrol.2004.08.007

Romero G C, Estévez de Jensen C, Palmateer A J, 2013. First report of tomato wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum biovar 1 in Puerto Rico. Plant Health Progress. PHP-2013-0418-01-BR. http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/php/elements/sum.aspx?id=10624&photo=5938

She XiaoMan, Yu Lin, Lan GuoBing, Tang YaFei, He ZiFu, 2017. Identification and genetic characterization of Ralstonia solanacearum species complex isolates from Cucurbita maxima in China. Frontiers in Plant Science. 8 (October), 1794. DOI:10.3389/fpls.2017.01794

Thera A T, Jacobsen B J, Neher O T, 2010. Bacterial wilt of solanaceae caused by Ralstonia solanacearum race 1 biovar 3 in Mali. Plant Disease. 94 (3), 372. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-94-3-0372B

Truong Thi Hong Hai, Esch E, Wang JawFen, 2008. Resistance to Taiwanese race 1 strains of Ralstonia solanacearum in wild tomato germplasm. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 122 (4), 471-479. DOI:10.1007/s10658-008-9314-1

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map
Select a dataset
Map Legends
  • CABI Summary Records
Map Filters
Extent
Invasive
Origin
Third party data sources: