Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Burkholderia glumae
(bacterial grain rot)

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Datasheet

Burkholderia glumae (bacterial grain rot)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Burkholderia glumae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bacterial grain rot
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Betaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Burkholderiales
  •         Family: Burkholderiaceae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Burkholderia glumae (Kurita & Tabei 1967) Urakami et al. 1994

Preferred Common Name

  • bacterial grain rot

Other Scientific Names

  • Pseudomonas glumae Kurita & Tabei 1967

International Common Names

  • English: bacterial panicle blight of rice; bacterial seedling rot; grain discoloration of rice; grain rot; grain sterility of rice; rice grain rot; rice seedling blight; rice seedling rot; sheath rot

EPPO code

  • PSDMGM (Burkholderia glumae)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Betaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Burkholderiales
  •                 Family: Burkholderiaceae
  •                     Genus: Burkholderia
  •                         Species: Burkholderia glumae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

CambodiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
ChinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
-HainanPresentLuo et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2013
JapanPresentUyematsu et al., 1976; Goto et al., 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2013
Korea, Republic ofPresentLee and Yokoyama, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2013
NepalPresentIPPC, 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2013
PhilippinesPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
Sri LankaPresentMorita and Dhanapala, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2013
TaiwanPresentChien et al., 1983; Chien and Chang, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VietnamPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013

Africa

Burkina FasoPresentOuedraogo et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2013
South AfricaPresentZhou, 2014
TanzaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013

North America

USARestricted distributionNandakumar et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013
-ArkansasPresentSayler et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2013
-LouisianaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
-MississippiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
-TexasPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013

Central America and Caribbean

Costa RicaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
Dominican RepublicPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
NicaraguaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
PanamaPresentNandakumar et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2013

South America

ColombiaPresentZiegler & Alvarez, 1990b; Ziegler and Alvarez, 1990a; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EcuadorPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; Riera-Ruiz et al., 2014
VenezuelaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2013

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Inflorescence / discoloration panicle
Inflorescence / lesions on glumes
Inflorescence / rot
Inflorescence / twisting and distortion
Leaves / rot
Leaves / wilting
Seeds / discolorations
Seeds / empty grains
Seeds / lesions on seeds
Seeds / rot
Seeds / shrivelled

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
True seeds (inc. grain) Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
Wood

References

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Ashizawa T; Tsushima S; Nemoto H; Hayashi N; Naito H, 1997. Effect of cleaning brown rice infected by Pseudomonas glumae. Proceedings of the Kanto-Tosan Plant Protection Society, No. 44:23-24; 4 ref.

Azegami K; Nishiyama K; Tabei H, 1988. Infection courts of rice seedlings with Pseudomonas plantarii and Pseudomonas glump. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 54(3):337-341

CABI/EPPO, 2013. Burkholderia glumae. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No.April. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 732 (Edition 2).

Chien CC; Chang YC, 1987. The susceptibility of rice plants at different growth stages and of 21 commercial rice varieties to Pseudomonas glump. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 36(3):302-310

Chien CC; Chang YC; Liao YM; Ou SH, 1983. Bacterial grain rot of rice a new disease in Taiwan. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 32(4):360-366

Endo Y, 1985. Infection time of bacterial grain rot of rice and chemical control of seedling rot resulted from infected seeds (in Japanese). Kongetsu no Noyaku, 29(2):77-81.

Furuya N; Okamoto T; Kori Y; Matsuyama N; Wakimoto S, 1991. Control of bacterial seedling rot of rice by avirulent strains of Pseudomonas glumae.. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 57(3):371-376; 13 ref.

Goto K; Ohata K, 1956. New bacterial diseases of rice (bacterial brown stripe and bacterial grain rot) [abstract in Japanese]. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 21:46.

Goto K; Ohata K, 1958. Bacterial grain rot of rice. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 23:155.

Goto T, 1980. Effect of temperatures on panicle infection in bacterial grain rot of rice [abstract in Japanese]. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 46:398.

Goto T, 1982. Integrated control of bacterial grain rot of rice (in Japanese). Kongetsu no Noyaku, 26(8):42-46.

Goto T, 1983. Advances in the studies on epidemiology of bacterial grain rot of rice [in Japanese]. Shokubutsu Boeki, 37:395-399.

Goto T, 1983. Effect of thiram seed protectant on bacterial seedling rot of rice by Pseudomonas glumae. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 34:107-108.

Goto T; Nishiyama K; Ohata K, 1987. Bacteria causing grain rot of rice. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 53(2):141-149

Goto T; Nishiyama N; Ohata K, 1983. The causal agents of bacterial grain rot and similar diseases of grain [abstract in Japanese]. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 49:79.

Hikichi Y, 1993. Antibacterial activity of oxolinic acid on Pseudomonas glumae. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 59(4):369-374

Hikichi Y, 1993. Mode of action of oxolinic acid against bacterial seedling rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas glumae. I. Relationship between population dynamics of P. glumae on seedling of rice and disease severity of bacterial seedling rot of rice. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 59(4):441-446

Hikichi Y, 1993. Relationship between population dynamics of Pseudomonas glumae on rice plants and disease severity of bacterial grain rot of rice. Journal of Pesticide Science, 18(4):319-324

Hikichi Y; Okuno T; Furusawa I, 1993. Immunofluorescent antibody technique for detecting Pseudomonas glumae on rice plants. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 59(4):477-480

IPPC, 2005. Disease of Crops. IPPC Official Pest Report. Rome, Italy: FAO. https://www.ippc.int/IPP/En/default.jsp

Isogawa Y, 1986. Relationship between factors governing infection of bacterial grain rot of rice and disease severity and yields (in Japanese). Kongetsu no Nogyo, 30:97-101.

Isogawa Y; Kato S; Li SH, 1989. Studies on environmental factors and control methods of bacterial grain rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas glumae Kurita et Tabei II. Chemical control methods. Research Bulletin of the Aichi-Ken Agricultural Research Centre, No. 21:85-90

Isogawa Y; Kato S; Uebayashi Y; Kato N; Amano T, 1986. Studies on the environmental factors and control methods of bacterial grain rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas glumae Kurita et Tabei. 1. Ecology and crop loss assessment (in Japanese, English abstract). Research Bulletin of the Aichi Ken Agricultural Research Centre, 18:55-66.

Kan M, 1985. Effect of nitrogen fertilizers on development of bacteria grain rot of rice (abstract in Japanese). Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 51:337.

Katsube K; Takeda S, 1997. Suppression of bacterial seedling rot and bacterial seedling blight of rice on the pool nursery. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, No. 48:43-46; 8 ref.

Koga K; Furuya N; Wang Z; Wakimoto S; Matsuyama N, 1993. Pathogenicity of the Tn5 inserted mutant strains of Pseudomonas glumae. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 37(3-4):359-369

Krieg NR, 1984. Family Pseudomonaceae. Bergey's Manual. Systematic Bacteriology, 1:189-190.

Kurita T; Tabei H, 1967. On the causal agent of bacterial grain rot of rice [abstract in Japanese]. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 33:111.

Lee JC; Yokoyama T, 1988. Studies on control and environmental conditions of Pseudomonas glumae on rice bacterial grain rot. Research Reports of the Rural Development Administration, Crop Protection, 30(2):51-56

Luo J; Xie G; Li B; Lihui X, 2007. First report of Burkholderia glumae isolated from symptomless rice seeds in China. Plant Disease, 91(10):1363. HTTP://www.apsnet.org

Matsuda I; Koiso K; Iwasaki S; Sato Z, 1988. Detection of Pseudomonas glumae by calcium oxalate crystals in the colony. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Plant Pathology, Kyoto, Japan, August 20-27,1988. Phytopathological Society of Japan, Japan. Section II, Abstract 1-5:85.

Mew TW, 1989. An overview of the world bacterial blight situation. In: Bacterial blight of rice. Los Banos, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute, 7-12.

Miyagawa H; Ozaki K; Kimura T, 1988. Pathogenicity of Pseudomonas glumae and P. plantarii to the ears and leaves of graminaceous plants. Bulletin of the Chugoku National Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 3:31-43; 17 ref.

Mogi S, 1988. Proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Plant Pathology, Kyoto, Japan, August 20-27, 1988. Phytopathological Society of Japan, Japan. Section XIII, Abstract 3-3:403.

Morita H; Dhanapala MP, 1990. "So-called" grain sterility of rice in Sri Lanka in 1985 Yala and 1985-86 Maha cropping seasons. Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 34(1):20-26

Nandakumar R; Rush MC; Correa F, 2007. Association of Burkholderia glumae and B. gladioli with panicle blight symptoms on rice in Panama. Plant Disease, 91(6):767. HTTP://www.apsnet.org

Nandakumar R; Shahjahan AKM; Yuan XL; Dickstein ER; Groth DE; Clark CA; Cartwright RD; Rush MC, 2009. Burkholderia glumae and B. gladioli cause bacterial panicle blight in rice in the southern United States. Plant Disease, 93(9):896-905. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Ohata K, 1981. Change in the outbreak of rice diseases in mechanized transplant cultures. Japan Pesticide Information, No. 38:9-12

Ohmori K; Watanabe Y, 1986. Efficacy of S-(4-methylsulfonyloxyphenyl) N-methylthiocarbamate (methasulfocarb) for control of bacterial seedling rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas glump Kurita et Tabei. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 52(1):78-81

Ouedraogo SL; Somda I; Borro F; Sere Y, 2004. Detection and characterization of plant pathogenic bacteria transmitted by seed rice in Burkina Faso. (Detection et caracterisation des bacteries phytopathogenes transmises par les semences du riz au Burkina Faso.) Agronomie Africaine, 16(2):9-17. http://www.ajol.info/viewarticle.php?jid=7&id=46409&layout=abstract

Riera-Ruiz C; Vargas J; Cedeño C; Quirola P; Escobar M; Cevallos-Cevallos JM; Ratti M; Peralta EL, 2014. First report of Burkholderia glumae causing bacterial panicle blight on rice in Ecuador. Plant Disease, 98(7):988-989. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Sato Z; Koiso Y; Iwasaki S; Matsuda I; Shirata A, 1989. Toxins produced by Pseudomonas glumae. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 55(3):353-356

Sayler RJ; Cartwright RD; Yang YN, 2006. Genetic characterization and real-time PCR detection of Burkholderia glumae, a newly emerging bacterial pathogen of rice in the United States. Plant Disease, 90(5):603-610.

Tabei H; Azegami K; Fukuda T; Goto T, 1989. Stomatal infection of rice grain with Pseudomonas glumae, the causal agent of the bacterial grain rot of rice. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 55(2):224-228

Tsushima S; Mogi S; Naito H; Saito H, 1989. Existence of Pseudomonas glumae on the rice seeds and development of the simple method for detecting P. glumae from the rice seeds. Bulletin of the Kyushu National Agricultural Experiment Station, 25(3):261-270

Tsushima S; Mogi S; Naito H; Saito H, 1991. Populations of Pseudomonas glumae on rice plants. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 57(2):145-152

Tsushima S; Naito H, 1991. Spatial distribution and dissemination of bacterial grain rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas glumae. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 57(2):180-187

Tsushima S; Naito H; Koitabashi M, 1996. Population dynamics of Pseudomonas glumae, the causal agent of bacterial grain rot of rice, on leaf sheaths of rice plants in relation to disease development in the field. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 62(2):108-113; 18 ref.

Tsushima S; Naito H; Mogi S, 1991. Reduction of virulence and colonial variation of Pseudomonas glumae cultured on PSA medium. Bulletin of the Kyushu National Agricultural Experiment Station, 26(4):361-379

Tsushima S; Tsuno K; Mogi S; Wakimoto S; Saito H, 1987. The multiplication of Pseudmonas glump on rice grains. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 53(5):663-667

Tsushima S; Wakimoto S; Mogi S, 1986. Medium for detecting Pseudomonas glump Kurita et Tabei, the causal bacterium of grain rot of rice. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 52(2):253-259

Urakami T; Ito-Yoshida C; Araki H; Kijima T; Suzuki KI; Komagata K, 1994. Transfer of Pseudomonas plantarii and Pseudomonas glumae to Burkholderia as Burkholderia spp. and description of Burkholderia vandii sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 44(2):235-245

Uyematsu T; Yoshimura D; Nishiyama K; Ibaraki T; Fuji H, 1976. Occurrence of bacterial seedling rot in nursery flat caused by grain rot bacterium Pseudomonas glumae (in Japanese, English abstr.). Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 42:310-312.

Webster RK; Gunnell PS, 1992. Compendium of rice diseases. St Paul, USA: American Phytopathological Society, viii + 62 pp.

Yamaguchi T, 1986. Nursery tray application of fungicides for the control of rice diseases. Japan Pesticide Information, (49):10-14.

Yasunaga T; Matsumoto H; Shigematsu Y, 1985. Grain infection and control of bacterial grain rot of rice [in Japanese, English abstract]. Reports of Ehime Agricultural Experiment Station, 24:21-28.

Yokoyama T; Nakayama T, 1986. Effect of meteorological factors at heading stages on development of bacterial grain rot [abstract in Japanese]. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 52:107.

Zeigler RS; Alvarez E, 1989. Differential culture medium for Pseudomonas species causing sheath rot (ShR) and grain discoloration (GlD) of rice. International Rice Research Newsletter, 14(1):27-28

Zeigler RS; Alvarez E, 1989. Grain discoloration of rice caused by Pseudomonas glumae in Latin America. Plant Disease, 73(4):368

Zeigler RS; Alvarez E, 1990. Characteristics of Pseudomonas spp. causing grain discoloration and sheath rot of rice, and associated pseudomonad epiphytes. Plant Disease, 74(11):917-922

Zhou XG, 2014. First report of bacterial panicle blight of rice caused by Burkholderia glumae in South Africa. Plant Disease, 98(4):566. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Ziegler RS; Alvarez E, 1990. Nonfluorescent Pseudomonas strains causing rice sterility and grain discoloration in Colombia. International Rice Research Newsletter, 15(3):28-29

Distribution Maps

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