Burkholderia glumae (bacterial grain rot)
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PicturesTop of page
IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- Burkholderia glumae (Kurita & Tabei 1967) Urakami et al. 1994
Preferred Common Name
- bacterial grain rot
Other Scientific Names
- Pseudomonas glumae Kurita & Tabei 1967
International Common Names
- English: bacterial panicle blight of rice; bacterial seedling rot; grain discoloration of rice; grain rot; grain sterility of rice; rice grain rot; rice seedling blight; rice seedling rot; sheath rot
- PSDMGM (Burkholderia glumae)
Taxonomic TreeTop of page
- Domain: Bacteria
- Phylum: Proteobacteria
- Class: Betaproteobacteria
- Order: Burkholderiales
- Family: Burkholderiaceae
- Genus: Burkholderia
- Species: Burkholderia glumae
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.
|Continent/Country/Region||Distribution||Last Reported||Origin||First Reported||Invasive||Reference||Notes|
|-Hainan||Present||Luo et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2013|
|Japan||Present||Uyematsu et al., 1976; Goto et al., 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2013|
|Korea, Republic of||Present||Lee and Yokoyama, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2013|
|Nepal||Present||IPPC, 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2013|
|Sri Lanka||Present||Morita and Dhanapala, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2013|
|Taiwan||Present||Chien et al., 1983; Chien and Chang, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2013|
|Burkina Faso||Present||Ouedraogo et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2013|
|South Africa||Present||Zhou, 2014|
|USA||Restricted distribution||Nandakumar et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013|
|-Arkansas||Present||Sayler et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2013|
Central America and Caribbean
|Costa Rica||Present||CABI/EPPO, 2013|
|Dominican Republic||Present||CABI/EPPO, 2013|
|Panama||Present||Nandakumar et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2013|
|Colombia||Present||Ziegler & Alvarez, 1990b; Ziegler and Alvarez, 1990a; CABI/EPPO, 2013|
|Ecuador||Present||CABI/EPPO, 2013; Riera-Ruiz et al., 2014|
Growth StagesTop of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage
List of Symptoms/SignsTop of page
|Inflorescence / discoloration panicle|
|Inflorescence / lesions on glumes|
|Inflorescence / rot|
|Inflorescence / twisting and distortion|
|Leaves / rot|
|Leaves / wilting|
|Seeds / discolorations|
|Seeds / empty grains|
|Seeds / lesions on seeds|
|Seeds / rot|
|Seeds / shrivelled|
Plant TradeTop of page
|Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transport||Pest stages||Borne internally||Borne externally||Visibility of pest or symptoms|
|Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx||Yes||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|Leaves||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|True seeds (inc. grain)||Yes||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport|
|Fruits (inc. pods)|
|Growing medium accompanying plants|
|Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches|
ReferencesTop of page
Chien CC; Chang YC, 1987. The susceptibility of rice plants at different growth stages and of 21 commercial rice varieties to Pseudomonas glump. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 36(3):302-310
Endo Y, 1985. Infection time of bacterial grain rot of rice and chemical control of seedling rot resulted from infected seeds (in Japanese). Kongetsu no Noyaku, 29(2):77-81.
Furuya N; Okamoto T; Kori Y; Matsuyama N; Wakimoto S, 1991. Control of bacterial seedling rot of rice by avirulent strains of Pseudomonas glumae.. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 57(3):371-376; 13 ref.
Goto K; Ohata K, 1956. New bacterial diseases of rice (bacterial brown stripe and bacterial grain rot) [abstract in Japanese]. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 21:46.
Goto K; Ohata K, 1958. Bacterial grain rot of rice. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 23:155.
Goto T, 1980. Effect of temperatures on panicle infection in bacterial grain rot of rice [abstract in Japanese]. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 46:398.
Goto T, 1982. Integrated control of bacterial grain rot of rice (in Japanese). Kongetsu no Noyaku, 26(8):42-46.
Goto T, 1983. Advances in the studies on epidemiology of bacterial grain rot of rice [in Japanese]. Shokubutsu Boeki, 37:395-399.
Goto T, 1983. Effect of thiram seed protectant on bacterial seedling rot of rice by Pseudomonas glumae. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 34:107-108.
Goto T; Nishiyama N; Ohata K, 1983. The causal agents of bacterial grain rot and similar diseases of grain [abstract in Japanese]. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 49:79.
Hikichi Y, 1993. Mode of action of oxolinic acid against bacterial seedling rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas glumae. I. Relationship between population dynamics of P. glumae on seedling of rice and disease severity of bacterial seedling rot of rice. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 59(4):441-446
Isogawa Y, 1986. Relationship between factors governing infection of bacterial grain rot of rice and disease severity and yields (in Japanese). Kongetsu no Nogyo, 30:97-101.
Isogawa Y; Kato S; Li SH, 1989. Studies on environmental factors and control methods of bacterial grain rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas glumae Kurita et Tabei II. Chemical control methods. Research Bulletin of the Aichi-Ken Agricultural Research Centre, No. 21:85-90
Isogawa Y; Kato S; Uebayashi Y; Kato N; Amano T, 1986. Studies on the environmental factors and control methods of bacterial grain rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas glumae Kurita et Tabei. 1. Ecology and crop loss assessment (in Japanese, English abstract). Research Bulletin of the Aichi Ken Agricultural Research Centre, 18:55-66.
Kan M, 1985. Effect of nitrogen fertilizers on development of bacteria grain rot of rice (abstract in Japanese). Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 51:337.
Katsube K; Takeda S, 1997. Suppression of bacterial seedling rot and bacterial seedling blight of rice on the pool nursery. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, No. 48:43-46; 8 ref.
Koga K; Furuya N; Wang Z; Wakimoto S; Matsuyama N, 1993. Pathogenicity of the Tn5 inserted mutant strains of Pseudomonas glumae. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 37(3-4):359-369
Krieg NR, 1984. Family Pseudomonaceae. Bergey's Manual. Systematic Bacteriology, 1:189-190.
Kurita T; Tabei H, 1967. On the causal agent of bacterial grain rot of rice [abstract in Japanese]. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 33:111.
Lee JC; Yokoyama T, 1988. Studies on control and environmental conditions of Pseudomonas glumae on rice bacterial grain rot. Research Reports of the Rural Development Administration, Crop Protection, 30(2):51-56
Matsuda I; Koiso K; Iwasaki S; Sato Z, 1988. Detection of Pseudomonas glumae by calcium oxalate crystals in the colony. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Plant Pathology, Kyoto, Japan, August 20-27,1988. Phytopathological Society of Japan, Japan. Section II, Abstract 1-5:85.
Mew TW, 1989. An overview of the world bacterial blight situation. In: Bacterial blight of rice. Los Banos, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute, 7-12.
Miyagawa H; Ozaki K; Kimura T, 1988. Pathogenicity of Pseudomonas glumae and P. plantarii to the ears and leaves of graminaceous plants. Bulletin of the Chugoku National Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 3:31-43; 17 ref.
Mogi S, 1988. Proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Plant Pathology, Kyoto, Japan, August 20-27, 1988. Phytopathological Society of Japan, Japan. Section XIII, Abstract 3-3:403.
Nandakumar R; Shahjahan AKM; Yuan XL; Dickstein ER; Groth DE; Clark CA; Cartwright RD; Rush MC, 2009. Burkholderia glumae and B. gladioli cause bacterial panicle blight in rice in the southern United States. Plant Disease, 93(9):896-905. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis
Ohmori K; Watanabe Y, 1986. Efficacy of S-(4-methylsulfonyloxyphenyl) N-methylthiocarbamate (methasulfocarb) for control of bacterial seedling rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas glump Kurita et Tabei. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 52(1):78-81
Ouedraogo SL; Somda I; Borro F; Sere Y, 2004. Detection and characterization of plant pathogenic bacteria transmitted by seed rice in Burkina Faso. (Detection et caracterisation des bacteries phytopathogenes transmises par les semences du riz au Burkina Faso.) Agronomie Africaine, 16(2):9-17. http://www.ajol.info/viewarticle.php?jid=7&id=46409&layout=abstract
Riera-Ruiz C; Vargas J; Cedeño C; Quirola P; Escobar M; Cevallos-Cevallos JM; Ratti M; Peralta EL, 2014. First report of Burkholderia glumae causing bacterial panicle blight on rice in Ecuador. Plant Disease, 98(7):988-989. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis
Sayler RJ; Cartwright RD; Yang YN, 2006. Genetic characterization and real-time PCR detection of Burkholderia glumae, a newly emerging bacterial pathogen of rice in the United States. Plant Disease, 90(5):603-610.
Tabei H; Azegami K; Fukuda T; Goto T, 1989. Stomatal infection of rice grain with Pseudomonas glumae, the causal agent of the bacterial grain rot of rice. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 55(2):224-228
Tsushima S; Mogi S; Naito H; Saito H, 1989. Existence of Pseudomonas glumae on the rice seeds and development of the simple method for detecting P. glumae from the rice seeds. Bulletin of the Kyushu National Agricultural Experiment Station, 25(3):261-270
Tsushima S; Naito H; Koitabashi M, 1996. Population dynamics of Pseudomonas glumae, the causal agent of bacterial grain rot of rice, on leaf sheaths of rice plants in relation to disease development in the field. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 62(2):108-113; 18 ref.
Tsushima S; Naito H; Mogi S, 1991. Reduction of virulence and colonial variation of Pseudomonas glumae cultured on PSA medium. Bulletin of the Kyushu National Agricultural Experiment Station, 26(4):361-379
Tsushima S; Wakimoto S; Mogi S, 1986. Medium for detecting Pseudomonas glump Kurita et Tabei, the causal bacterium of grain rot of rice. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 52(2):253-259
Urakami T; Ito-Yoshida C; Araki H; Kijima T; Suzuki KI; Komagata K, 1994. Transfer of Pseudomonas plantarii and Pseudomonas glumae to Burkholderia as Burkholderia spp. and description of Burkholderia vandii sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 44(2):235-245
Uyematsu T; Yoshimura D; Nishiyama K; Ibaraki T; Fuji H, 1976. Occurrence of bacterial seedling rot in nursery flat caused by grain rot bacterium Pseudomonas glumae (in Japanese, English abstr.). Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 42:310-312.
Yamaguchi T, 1986. Nursery tray application of fungicides for the control of rice diseases. Japan Pesticide Information, (49):10-14.
Yasunaga T; Matsumoto H; Shigematsu Y, 1985. Grain infection and control of bacterial grain rot of rice [in Japanese, English abstract]. Reports of Ehime Agricultural Experiment Station, 24:21-28.
Yokoyama T; Nakayama T, 1986. Effect of meteorological factors at heading stages on development of bacterial grain rot [abstract in Japanese]. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 52:107.
Distribution MapsTop of page
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