Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Burkholderia andropogonis
(bacterial leaf stripe of sorghum and corn)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Burkholderia andropogonis (bacterial leaf stripe of sorghum and corn)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Burkholderia andropogonis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bacterial leaf stripe of sorghum and corn
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Betaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Burkholderiales
  •         Family: Burkholderiaceae

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Leaf streaks on sorghum.
TitleSymptoms on leaf
CaptionLeaf streaks on sorghum.
CopyrightISU
Leaf streaks on sorghum.
Symptoms on leafLeaf streaks on sorghum.ISU

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Burkholderia andropogonis (Smith 1911) Gillis et al. 1995

Preferred Common Name

  • bacterial leaf stripe of sorghum and corn

Other Scientific Names

  • Aplanobacter stizolobii Wolf 1920
  • Bacterium andropogonis Smith 1911
  • Bacterium stizolobii (Wolf) McCulloch 1920
  • Bacterium woodsii Smith 1911
  • Phytobacterium andropogonis (Smith) Magrou & Prévot 1948
  • Phytobacterium stizolobii (Wolf) Magrou & Prévot 1948
  • Phytobacterium woodsii (Smith) Magrou & Prévot 1948
  • Phytomonas andropogonis (Smith) Bergey et al. 1930
  • Phytomonas stizolobii (Wolf) Bergey et al. 1930
  • Phytomonas woodsii (Smith) Bergey et al. 1930
  • Pseudomonas andropogonis (Smith 1911) Stapp 1928
  • Pseudomonas andropogonis pv. stizolobii (Wolf) Palleroni 1984
  • Pseudomonas stizolobii (Wolf) Stapp 1935
  • Pseudomonas woodsii (Smith 1911) Stevens 1925

International Common Names

  • Spanish: bacteriosis del maiz; quemaduras bacterianas del maíz
  • French: bactériose du maïs; brûlure bactérienne du maïs

Local Common Names

  • Australia: stripe disease of sorghum
  • Germany: Blattfleckenkrankheit: Mais
  • USA: bacterial blight of chickpea; bacterial leaf spot (corn); bacterial spot of white clover; bacterial stripe of sorghum and corn

EPPO code

  • PSDMAD (Burkholderia andropogonis)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Betaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Burkholderiales
  •                 Family: Burkholderiaceae
  •                     Genus: Burkholderia
  •                         Species: Burkholderia andropogonis

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

Brunei DarussalamPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
ChinaRestricted distributionBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-HainanPresentTang et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-Hong KongPresentLi and Boer, 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2015
IraqPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
IsraelAbsent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2015
JapanPresentBradbury, 1986; Morikawa et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-HonshuPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
PakistanPresentAkhtar, 1985; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
PhilippinesPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
TaiwanPresent, few occurrencesLiu and Chem, 1978; Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
ThailandPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015

Africa

EgyptPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
EthiopiaPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
KenyaRestricted distributionBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
MauritaniaAbsent, unreliable recordFrison and Sadio, 1987; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
NigeriaPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
RwandaPresentGatsinze, 1984; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
South AfricaPresent, few occurrencesBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
SudanPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
TogoPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
UgandaPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
ZambiaPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
ZimbabwePresent, few occurrencesBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015

North America

CanadaPresent, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-AlbertaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
-British ColumbiaPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-Nova ScotiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
-OntarioPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-QuebecPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
MexicoRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
USAWidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-ArkansasPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-CaliforniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
-District of ColumbiaPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-FloridaPresentBradbury, 1986; Walker and Hodge, 1991; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-GeorgiaPresentBradbury, 1986; Day et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-HawaiiPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-IllinoisPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
-IndianaPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-IowaPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-KansasPresentBradbury, 1986; Anderson and Tisserat, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-LouisianaPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-MainePresentCaruso, 1984; Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-MassachusettsPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-MississippiPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-MissouriPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-NebraskaPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-New JerseyPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-New MexicoPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-New YorkPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-North CarolinaPresentBradbury, 1986; Nelson and Campbell, 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-North DakotaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
-OhioPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
-OklahomaPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-PennsylvaniaPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-South DakotaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
-TexasPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-UtahPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-VirginiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
-WashingtonPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015

Central America and Caribbean

Costa RicaPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
CubaPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
El SalvadorPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
HaitiRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
HondurasPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015

South America

ArgentinaRestricted distributionBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
BrazilRestricted distributionRobbs et al., 1982; Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-Minas GeraisPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-Santa CatarinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
-Sao PauloPresentAlmeida et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2015
ColombiaAbsent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
UruguayWidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
VenezuelaPresentTrujillo and Hernandez, 1991; Hernandez et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2015

Europe

BulgariaRestricted distributionBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
HungaryPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
ItalyPresentBradbury, 1986; Scortichini et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
PolandPresentTekiela, 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2015
PortugalPresentEloy and Cruz, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2015
Russian FederationRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-Russian Far EastPresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
UKAbsent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014

Oceania

Micronesia, Federated states ofPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
AustraliaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-Australian Northern TerritoryRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-New South WalesRestricted distributionAllen, 1972; Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-QueenslandRestricted distributionBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-VictoriaRestricted distributionBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
-Western AustraliaRestricted distributionBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
New ZealandPresent, few occurrences1982Shanks and Hale, 1984; Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Inflorescence / lesions on glumes
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / odour
Seeds / lesions on seeds
Stems / discoloration of bark
Stems / distortion
Stems / internal discoloration
Stems / internal red necrosis
Stems / stunting or rosetting

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Wood

References

Top of page

Akhtar MA, 1985. Effect of temperature and relative humidity on bacterial stripe and bacterial leaf blight of sorghum. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(3):216-217

Allen RN, 1972. Diseases of Golden Tares in the Richmond Valley of New South Wales. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales, 83(4):244-246

Allen RN; Hayward AC; Halliday WJ; Fulcher J, 1970. Bacterial blight of Vicia sativa: Aetiology of the disease and identification of the pathogen. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences, 23:597-606.

Almeida IMG; Beriam LOS; Sannazzaro AM; Rodrigues Neto J, 2009. Bacterial leaf spot on Ruscus sp. caused by Burkholderia andropogonis in Brazil. (Mancha bacteriana em Ruscus sp. causada por Burkholderia andropogonis no Brasil.) Tropical Plant Pathology, 34(5):339-342. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1982-56762009000500008&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt

Anderson D; Tisserat N, 1994. Bacterial leaf spot of statice caused by Pseudomonas andropogonis. Plant Disease, 78(12):1218

Bradbury JF, 1973. Pseudomonas andropogonis. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria, No. 372. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Bradbury JF, 1986. Guide to Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

CABI/EPPO, 2012. Burkholderia andropogonis. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No.April. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 495 (Edition 3).

CABI/EPPO, 2015. Burkholderia andropogonis. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No.April. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 495 (Edition 4).

Caruso FL, 1984. Bacterial blight of chickpea incited by Pseudomonas andropogonis. Plant Disease, 68(10):910-913

Claflin LE; Ramundo BA; Leach JE; Qhobela M, 1992. Bacterial disease of sorghum. In: de Milliano WAJ, Frederiksen RA, Bengston GD, eds. Sorghum and Millet Diseases: a Second Review. Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, 135-151.

Day JL; Duncan RR; Raymer PL; Thompson DS; Zummo N, 1995. Registration of 'Top 76-6' sweet sorghum. Crop Science, 35(4):1211-1213; 8 ref.

Diatloff A; Rochecouste J, 1991. The pattern of spread of bacterial leaf spot of carnations in a commercial field crop. Australasian Plant Pathology, 20(1):27-30

Elliott C; Smith EF, 1929. A bacterial stripe disease of sorghum. Journal of Agricultural Research, 38:1-22.

Eloy M; Cruz L, 2008. New bacterial disease of carnation in Portugal caused by Burkholderia andropogonis. Revista de Ciências Agrárias (Portugal), 31(2):89-95.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Forbes G; Crespo L, 1983. Screening for resistance to bacterial stripe on sorghum with dried infested leaf material. Sorghum Newsletter, 26:106-107.

Frison EA; Sadio D, 1987. Diseases of sorghum and millet in Mauritania. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 35(2):55-61

Fuerst JA; Hayward AC, 1969. The sheathed flagellum of Pseudomonas stizolobii. Journal of General Microbiology, 58:239-245.

Fuerst JA; Hayward AC, 1980. The effect of temperature on the formation of sheathed flagella by Pseudomonas stizolobii. Journal of General Microbiology, 117(1):111-117

Gatsinze F, 1984. Sorghum & Millet Improvement in Eastern Africa. Nairobi, Kenya: SAFGRAD/ICRISAT.

Gitaitis RD; Miller J; Wells HD, 1983. Bacterial leaf spot of white clover in Georgia. Plant Disease, 67(8):913-914

Goto M; Starr MP, 1971. A comparative study of Pseudomonas andropogonis, P. stizolobii, and P. alboprecipitans. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 37:233-241.

Hernandez J; Hernandez Y; Garrido MJ; Trujillo GE, 1992. Identification of bacterial leaf stripe of sorghum caused by Pseudomonas andropogonis in Venezuela. Fitopatologia Venezolana, 5(1):13-16

Hernandez Y; Trujillo G, 2001. Detection of phytopathogenic bacteria in maize (Zea mays L.) seeds. Interciencia, 26(3):108-112.

Hsu ST; Chang RJ; Tzeng KC; Leung LK, 1991. Occurrence of bacterial stripe of corn in Taiwan. Plant Protection Bulletin (Taipei), 33(4):376-383

Hullake M; Esele JPE, 1992. Sorghum diseases in Eastern Africa. In: de Milliano WAJ, Frederiksen RA, Bengston GD, eds. Sorghum and Millet Diseases: a Second Review. Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, 21-29.

Karganilla A; Elazegui FA, 1970. Local diseases of sorghum. Philippine Phytopathology, 6:83-88.

Li X; Boer SHde, 2005. First report of Burkholderia andropogonis causing leaf spots of Bougainvillea sp. in Hong Kong and clover in Canada. Plant Disease, 89(10):1132. HTTP://www.apsnet.org

Li X; Dorsch M; Dot T del; Sly LI; Stackebrandt E; Hayward AC, 1993. Phylogenetic studies of the rRNA group II pseudomonads based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 74(3):324-329

Liu K- S; Huang Y- C; Chen C, 1978. Studies on pathogenicity of Pseudomonas andropogoni in corn. Memoirs of the College of Agriculture National Taiwan University, 18(2):57-65

Liu KS; Chem C, 1978. Using whole set of translocation stock to locate resistant genes of bacterial stripe in corn. Journal of the Agricultural Association of China, No. 104:5-12

Luttrell ES, 1950. Grain diseases in Georgia - 1949. Plant Disease Reporter, 34:45-52.

Mitchell RE, 1994. Dihydrorhizobitoxine, a minor product of Pseudomonas andropogonis. Phytochemistry, 37(2):373-375

Moffett ML; Hayward AC; Fahy PC, 1986. Five new hosts of Pseudomonas andropogonis occurring in eastern Australia: host range and characterization of isolates. Plant Pathology, 35(1):34-43

Morikawa T; Yamamoto T; Fukuda T; Nomura Y; Inagaki K, 1993. Bacterial post-harvest diseases of tulip in Japan. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 59(1):10-17

Navaratnam SJ; Hayward AC, 1979. Bacterial blight of chick pea. Australasian Plant Pathology, 8(2):18

Nelson SC; Campbell CL, 1991. Outbreak of black spot of white clover caused by Pseudomonas andropogonis in North Carolina. Plant Disease, 75(5):537

Nelson SC; Campbell CL, 1992. Incidence and patterns of association of pathogens in a leaf spot disease complex on white clover in the Piedmont region of North Carolina. Phytopathology, 82(10):1013-1021

Nelson SC; Campbell CL, 1993. Comparative spatial analysis of foliar epidemics on white clover caused by viruses, fungi, and a bacterium. Phytopathology, 83(3):288-301

Robbs CF; Neto JR; Ribeiro R de LD; Kirmura O, 1982. Bacterial leaf spot of ornamental Triplaris caused by Pseudomonas andropogonis. In: Lozano JC, ed. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical Cali Colombia, 54-59

Rothwell A; Hayward AC, 1964. A bacterial disease of Bougainvillea. Rhodesian Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(2):97-99.

Scortichini M; Mosconi C; Rossi MP, 1990. Evaluation of Italian cultivars and landraces of chickpea for resistance to Pseudomonas andropogonis. Agricoltura Mediterranea, 120(4):436-439

Shanks JC; Hale CN, 1984. New plant disease record in New Zealand: bacterial leaf spot of carnation. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 27(3):437-439

Tang QH; Yu FY; Zhang SQ; Niu XQ; Zhu H; Song WW; Han CW; Wu DY; Qin WQ, 2013. First report of Burkholderia andropogonis causing bacterial leaf spot of betel palm in Hainan Province, China. Plant Disease, 97(12):1654. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

TARR SAJ, 1962. Diseases of sorghum, Sudan grass and broom corn. Kew, Commonwealth Mycological Inst., xi + 380 pp.

Tekiela A, 2005. Maize diseases. (Choroby kukurydzy.) Ochrona Roslin, 50(6):12-15.

Togawa M; Takikawa Y, 1991. Bacterial brown spot of Ruscus sp. caused by Pseudomonas andropogonis. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 57(5):729-731

Trujillo GE; Hernandez YA, 1991. Plant diseases of bacterial origin. Investigaciones sobre enfermedades de plantas 1989-1991. Laboratorios de Bacteriologia, Micologia y Virologia Vegetal. Instituto de Botanica Agricola-Facultad de Agronomia-UCV Maracay, Venezuela; Facultad de Agronomia, Universidad Central de Venezuela, 1-9

Ullstrup JA, 1960. Bacterial stripe of corn. Phytopathology, 50:906-910.

Vidaver AK; Carlson RR, 1978. Leaf spot of field corn caused by Pseudomonas andropogonis. Plant Disease Reporter, 62(3):213-216

Walker SE; Hodge NC, 1991. Bacterial leaf spot of Bougainvillea in Florida caused by Pseudomonas andropogonis. Plant Disease, 75(9):968

Wehlburg C, 1962. Bacterial leaf stripe of sweet corn. Plant Disease Reporter, 46:98-99.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map