Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Granulosis virus
(granuloviruses)

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Datasheet

Granulosis virus (granuloviruses)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Granulosis virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • granuloviruses
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "ssDNA viruses"
  •     Group: "DNA viruses"
  •       Order: Caudovirales
  •         Family: Baculoviridae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Granulosis virus infected larvae. Plutella xylostella (Diamond Back Moth) larvae on a cabbage leaf.  The yellow larva (a) is GV infected, the green larva (b) is uninfected.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionGranulosis virus infected larvae. Plutella xylostella (Diamond Back Moth) larvae on a cabbage leaf. The yellow larva (a) is GV infected, the green larva (b) is uninfected.
CopyrightDavid Grzywacz
Granulosis virus infected larvae. Plutella xylostella (Diamond Back Moth) larvae on a cabbage leaf.  The yellow larva (a) is GV infected, the green larva (b) is uninfected.
SymptomsGranulosis virus infected larvae. Plutella xylostella (Diamond Back Moth) larvae on a cabbage leaf. The yellow larva (a) is GV infected, the green larva (b) is uninfected.David Grzywacz

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Granulosis virus

Preferred Common Name

  • granuloviruses

English acronym

  • GV

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "ssDNA viruses"
  •         Group: "DNA viruses"
  •             Order: Caudovirales
  •                 Family: Baculoviridae
  •                     Genus: Baculovirus
  •                         Species: Granulosis virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

Cabo VerdePresentKunjeku et al. (1998)
Côte d'IvoirePresentKunjeku et al. (1998)
EgyptPresentKunjeku et al. (1998)
KenyaPresent, LocalizedNativeParnell et al. (1999)
South AfricaPresentWhitlock (1974); Kunjeku et al. (1998)
TunisiaPresentKunjeku et al. (1998)

Asia

BangladeshPresentCABI (Undated a)
ChinaPresent, WidespreadNativeEntwistle (1998)
-GuangdongPresentIntroducedEntwistle (1998)Established
-HebeiPresentIntroducedEntwistle (1998)Established
GeorgiaPresentCABI (Undated a)
IndiaPresentNativeEaswaramoorthy (1998)
-Tamil NaduPresentRabindra et al. (1997)
JapanPresent, WidespreadNativeKunumi (1998); Moscardi (1999)
-HonshuPresentCABI (Undated a)
MalaysiaPresentIntroducedAbdul-Kadir (1992)Establishment uncertain
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentIntroducedAbdul-Kadir (1992)Establishment uncertain
PakistanPresentIntroducedGreathead and Greathead (1992)Established
TaiwanPresentNativeJones et al. (1998)
YemenPresentKunjeku et al. (1998)

Europe

AustriaPresent, LocalizedNativeHuber (1998)
BulgariaPresentIntroducedLipa (1998)Establishment uncertain
DenmarkPresentNativeHuber (1998)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentNativeLipa (1998)
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresentCABI (Undated a)
FrancePresentIntroducedHuber (1998)Established
GermanyPresentIntroducedHuber (1998)Established
GreecePresentIntroducedHuber (1998)Established
HungaryPresentIntroducedLipa (1998)Establishment uncertain
ItalyPresentIntroducedHuber (1998)Established
LatviaPresentIntroducedLipa (1998)Establishment uncertain
NetherlandsPresentIntroducedHuber (1998)Established
PolandPresentIntroducedLipa (1998)Established
RussiaPresentIntroducedLipa (1998)Established
-Central RussiaPresentIntroducedLipa (1998)Establishment uncertain
SpainPresentNativeHuber (1998)
SwitzerlandPresentIntroducedCopping (1998)Established
UkrainePresentIntroducedLipa (1998)Establishment uncertain
United KingdomPresentIntroducedHuber (1998)Established

North America

CanadaPresentIntroducedCunningham (1998)Established
-British ColumbiaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-Nova ScotiaPresentIntroducedCunningham (1998)Establishment uncertain
-OntarioPresentIntroducedCunningham (1998)Establishment uncertain
-QuebecPresentCABI (Undated a)
MexicoPresentHuber (1998)
United StatesPresentIntroducedCunningham (1998)Established
-CaliforniaPresentCunningham (1998)
-New YorkPresentCABI (Undated a)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentIntroducedBriese (1982); Teakle (1998)Establishment uncertain
New ZealandPresentIntroducedTeakle (1998)Establishment uncertain

South America

ArgentinaPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)Established; Original citation: Olivera (1998)
BoliviaPresentGreathead (Undated)
BrazilPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Olivera (1998)
ChilePresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)Establishment uncertain; Original citation: Olivera (1998)
ColombiaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Olivera (1998)
PeruPresentNativeCABI (Undated)Original citation: Olivera (1998)
UruguayPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)Establishment uncertain; Original citation: Olivera (1998)

Natural enemy of

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SpeciesStages attackedCountries where known to occurReferences
Achaea janataLarvae
Adoxophyes oranaLarvae
Adoxophyes orana fasciataLarvae
Agrotis exclamationisLarvae
Agrotis ipsilonLarvae
Agrotis segetumLarvae
Amsacta lactineaLarvae
Anomis flavaLarvae
Apamea ancepsLarvae
Archips argyrospilusLarvae
Archips breviplicanusLarvae
Artona funeralisLarvae
Autographa californicaLarvae
Autographa gammaLarvae
Celaena leucostigmaLarvae
Chilo auriciliusLarvae
Chilo infuscatellusLarvae
Chilo partellusLarvae
Chilo sacchariphagus
Chilo suppressalis
Choristoneura freemaniLarvae/Larvae
Choristoneura fumiferana
Clostera anachoretaLarvae
Clostera restituraLarvae
Cnaphalocrocis medinalis
Cydia nigricana
Cydia pomonellaLarvae
Darna trimaLarvae
Dendrolimus superans sibiricusLarvae
Dendrolimus tabulaeformisLarvae
Diatraea saccharalisLarvae
Dioryctria abietellaLarvae
Erinnyis elloLarvae
Euproctis pseudoconspersaLarvae
Eurysacca melanocamptaLarvae
Galleria mellonella
Grapholita molestaLarvae
Hadula trifolii
Helicoverpa armigera
Helicoverpa punctigera
Herpetogramma licarsisalisLarvae
Homona magnanimaLarvae
Hypena scabraLarvae
Lambdina fiscellariaLarvae
Lobesia botranaLarvae
Mamestra brassicae
Manduca sexta
Mocis frugalisLarvae
Mythimna separataLarvae
Mythimna unipunctaLarvae
Ocnogyna baeticaLarvae
Parasa bicolorLarvae
Parasa consociaLarvae
Parasa lepidaLarvae
Parocneria orientaLarvae/Pupae
Phalaenoides glycinaeLarvae
Phthorimaea operculellaLarvae
Pieris brassicaeLarvaeBarkat et al., 2014
Pieris rapae
Pieris rapae crucivoraLarvae
Plodia interpunctellaLarvae
Plutella xylostellaLarvae
Psilogramma incretaLarvae
Samia cynthia riciniLarvae
Scirpophaga excerptalisLarvae
Scirpophaga incertulasLarvae
Sesamia creticaLarvae
Sesamia inferensLarvae
Spodoptera exigua
Spodoptera frugiperdaLarvae
Spodoptera littoralis
Spodoptera lituraLarvae
Thaumatotibia leucotretaLarvae
Trichoplusia ni
Tuta absoluta
Xestia c-nigrumLarvae

References

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Abdul-Kadir HB, 1992. Potential of several baculoviruses to control diamond back moth and Crociduloma binotalis on cabbages. In: Telekar NS, ed. Diamond Back Moth and other Crucifer Pests. Proceedings of the Second International Workshop, Tainan, Taiwan, 10-14 December 1990, 185-192.

Asayama T; Osaki N, 1970. A granulosis virus of the diamond-back moth, Plutella xylostella. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 15:284-286.

Briese DT, 1982. Genetic basis for resistance to a granulosis virus in the potato moth Phthorimaea operculella. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 39(2):215-218

Burges HD, ed. , 1998, Formulation of Microbial Biopesticides. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Copping LG, 1998. The biopesticide manual: world compendium. The biopesticide manual: world compendium., xxxvii + 333 pp.

Cunningham J, 1995. Baculoviruses as microbial insecticides. In: Reuveni I, ed. Novel approaches to Integrated Pest Management. Boca Raton, USA: Lewis Publishers.

Cunningham JT, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: North America. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 313-331.

Easwaramoorthy ES, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Indian subcontinent. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 232-243.

Entwistle PF, 1998 A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Peoples Republic of China. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 258-268.

Entwistle PF, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Central America and the Caribbean America. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 332-338.

Evans HF; Shapiro M, 1997. Viruses. In: Lacey L, ed. Manual of Techniques in Insect Pathology. San Diego, USA: Academic Press.

Francki RIB; Fauquet CM; Knudson DL; Brown F; eds, 1991. Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses. Fifth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Archives of Virology, Supplement 2. Vienna, Austria: Springer-Verlag.

Greathead DJ; Greathead AH, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information, 13(4):61N-68N.

Huber J, 1986. Practical Application for Insect Control. In: Granados RR, Federici BA, eds. Biology of the Baculoviruses, Vol. 2. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Huber J, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Western Europe. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 201-215.

Hunter-Fujita FR; Entwistle PF; Evans HF; Crook NE; eds, 1998. Insect viruses and pest management. Chichester, UK: Wiley.

Hunter-Fujita FR; Vasiljevic S; Jones KA; Cherry A, 1997. Effect of mixed infections of GV and NPV on the biology of the Egyptian cotton leafworm Spodoptera littoralis. In: Evans HF, ed. Microbial insecticides novelty or necessity? Proceedings of a Symposium held at the University of Warwick, Coventry, UK, 16-18 April, 1997. Farnham, UK: British Council Crop Protection Council, No. 68, 271-278.

Jones KA, 2000. Bioassays of entomopathogenic viruses. In: Navon A, Ascher KRS, eds. Bioassays of Entomopathogenic Microbes and Nematodes. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 95-139.

Jones KA; Zelazny B; Ketunuti U; Cherry A; Grzywacz D, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: South East Asia and Western Pacific In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 244-257.

Kadir HBA; Payne CC; Crook NE; Fenlon JS; Winstanley D, 1999. The comparative susceptibility of the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella and some other major lepidopteran pests of brassica crops to a range of baculoviruses. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 9(3):421-433; 37 ref.

Kunjeku E; Jones KA; Moawad G, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests:Africa, the near East and Middle East. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 280-302.

Kunumi Y, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Japan. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 269-279.

Lipa JJ, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 216-231.

Moscardi F, 1999. Assessment of the application of baculoviruses for control of Lepidoptera. Annual Review of Entomology, 44:257-289.

Murphy FA; Fauquet CM; Bishop DHL; Ghabriel SA; Jarvis AV; Martelli GP; Mayo MA; Summers MD, 1995. Virus taxonomy, classification and nomenclature of viruses. Sixth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Archives of Virology Supplement 10. Vienna, Austria/New York, USA: Springer Verlag.

Oliveira MRV de, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: South America. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 339-355.

Parnell M; Grzywacz D; Cherry A; Kibata G; Ong'aro J; Simons S; Oduor G; Brown M; Jones KA, 1999. Strain variation of Plutella xylostella (diamond back moth) granulovirus isolated in East Africa. Proceedings of the 22nd meeting of the Society of Invertebrate pathology, Irvine, California, August 22-27, 1999.

Puri SN; Murthy KS; Sharma OP, 1996. Resource Inventory for IPM - I. New Delhi, India: National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, ICAR.

Rabindra RJ; Geetha N; Renuka S; Varadharajan S; Regupathy A, 1997. Occurrence of granulosis virus from two populations of Plutella xylostella (L) in India. In: Sivapragasam A, Loke WH, Hussan AK, Lim GS, eds. Diamond Back Moth and other Crucifer Pests. Proceedings of the Third International Workshop, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 29 October-1 November 1996, 113-115.

Shieh TR, 1989. Industrial production of viral pesticides. Advances in Virus Research, 36:315-343

Tanada Y; Hess RT, 1991. Baculoviridae: granulosis viruses. In: Atlas of Invertebrate Viruses, Adams JR, Bonami JR, eds. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, 227-258.

Teakle RE, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Australasia. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 303-312.

UK British Crop Protection Council, 1997. Microbial insecticides: novelty or necessity? Proceedings of a Symposium held at the University of Warwick, Coventry, UK, 16-18 April 1997. Microbial insecticides: novelty or necessity? Proceedings of a Symposium held at the University of Warwick, Coventry, UK, 16-18 April 1997., x + 302 pp.; [^italic~BCPC Symposium Proceedings^roman~ No. 68].

Vail PV; Tebbets JS; Cowan DC; Jenner KE, 1991. Efficacy and persistence of a granulosis virus against infestations of Plodia interpunctella (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on raisins. Journal of Stored Products Research, 27(2):103-107

Whitlock VH, 1974. Symptomatology of two viruses infecting Heliothis armigera. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 23(1):70-75

Winstanley D; Rovesti L, 1993. Insect viruses as biocontrol agents. In: D Gareth Jones, ed. Exploitation of Microorganisms. London, UK: Chapman Hall, 105-136.

Distribution References

Abdul-Kadir HB, 1992. Potential of several baculoviruses to control diamond back moth and Crociduloma binotalis on cabbages. In: Diamond Back Moth and other Crucifer Pests [Proceedings of the Second International Workshop, Tainan, Taiwan, 10-14 December 1990], [ed. by Telekar NS]. 185-192.

Anon, 1998. The biopesticide manual: world compendium. [ed. by Copping L G]. Farnham, UK: British Crop Protection Council. xxxvii + 333 pp.

Briese D T, 1982. Genetic basis for resistance to a granulosis virus in the potato moth Phthorimaea operculella. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 39 (2), 215-218. DOI:10.1016/0022-2011(82)90013-1

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cunningham JT, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: North America. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 313-331.

Easwaramoorthy ES, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Indian subcontinent. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 232-243.

Entwistle P F, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Peoples Republic of China. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management. [ed. by Hunter Fujita F R, Entwistle P F, Evans H F, Crook N]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 258-268.

Greathead D J, Greathead A H, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information. 13 (4), 61N-68N.

Greathead DJ, Undated. BIOCAT Database (unpublished)., Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Huber J, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Western Europe. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 201-215.

Jones KA, Zelazny B, Ketunuti U, Cherry A, Grzywacz D, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: South East Asia and Western Pacific. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 244-257.

Kunjeku E, Jones KA, Moawad G, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests:Africa, the near East and Middle East. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 280-302.

Kunumi Y, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Japan. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 269-279.

Lipa JJ, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 216-231.

Moscardi F, 1999. Assessment of the application of baculoviruses for control of Lepidoptera. Annual Review of Entomology. 257-289. DOI:10.1146/annurev.ento.44.1.257

Parnell M, Grzywacz D, Cherry A, Kibata G, Ong'aro J, Simons S, Oduor G, Brown M, Jones KA, 1999. Strain variation of Plutella xylostella (diamond back moth) granulovirus isolated in East Africa. [Proceedings of the 22nd meeting of the Society of Invertebrate pathology, Irvine, California, August 22-27, 1999],

Rabindra RJ, Geetha N, Renuka S, Varadharajan S, Regupathy A, 1997. Occurrence of granulosis virus from two populations of Plutella xylostella (L) in India. In: Diamond Back Moth and other Crucifer Pests [Proceedings of the Third International Workshop, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 29 October-1 November 1996], [ed. by Sivapragasam A, Loke WH, Hussan AK, Lim GS]. 113-115.

Teakle RE, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: Australasia. In: Insect Viruses and Pest Management, [ed. by Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE]. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 303-312.

Whitlock V H, 1974. Symptomatology of two viruses infecting Heliothis armigera. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 23 (1), 70-75. DOI:10.1016/0022-2011(74)90075-5

Distribution Maps

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