Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Paratrichodorus porosus

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Datasheet

Paratrichodorus porosus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Paratrichodorus porosus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Nematoda
  •       Family: Trichodoridae
  •         Genus: Paratrichodorus

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Line drawing of P. porosus - A. Amphid. B. Oesophageal region of female. C. Stylet region of female. D. Basal oesophageal region of male. E. Tale end of male. F. Oesophageal region of male. G. En face view of female. H. Entire female. I-J. Lateral and ventral views of vulva region showing vulva and ventromedian advulval body pores.
TitleP. porosus
CaptionLine drawing of P. porosus - A. Amphid. B. Oesophageal region of female. C. Stylet region of female. D. Basal oesophageal region of male. E. Tale end of male. F. Oesophageal region of male. G. En face view of female. H. Entire female. I-J. Lateral and ventral views of vulva region showing vulva and ventromedian advulval body pores.
CopyrightM.R. Siddiqi
Line drawing of P. porosus - A. Amphid. B. Oesophageal region of female. C. Stylet region of female. D. Basal oesophageal region of male. E. Tale end of male. F. Oesophageal region of male. G. En face view of female. H. Entire female. I-J. Lateral and ventral views of vulva region showing vulva and ventromedian advulval body pores.
P. porosusLine drawing of P. porosus - A. Amphid. B. Oesophageal region of female. C. Stylet region of female. D. Basal oesophageal region of male. E. Tale end of male. F. Oesophageal region of male. G. En face view of female. H. Entire female. I-J. Lateral and ventral views of vulva region showing vulva and ventromedian advulval body pores.M.R. Siddiqi

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Paratrichodorus porosus (Allen, 1957) Siddiqi, 1974

Other Scientific Names

  • Atlantadorus porosus (Allen, 1957) Siddiqi, 1980
  • Paratrichodorus (Atlantadorus) porosus (Allen, 1957) Siddiqi, 1974
  • Trichodorus bucrius Lordello & Zamith, 1958
  • Trichodorus porosus Allen, 1957

EPPO code

  • TRIHPS (Paratrichodorus porosus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Nematoda
  •             Family: Trichodoridae
  •                 Genus: Paratrichodorus
  •                     Species: Paratrichodorus porosus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

South AfricaPresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: Vermeulen & Heyns 1983, 1985

Asia

ChinaPresent
-FujianPresent
-YunnanPresent
-ZhejiangAbsent, Intercepted only
IndiaPresent
-RajasthanPresent
-SikkimPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-West BengalPresent
IranPresentGilan
JapanPresent, Widespread
-HonshuPresent
-ShikokuPresent
South KoreaPresent
Sri LankaPresent
UzbekistanPresent
VietnamPresent

Europe

ItalyPresent
PortugalPresent
-AzoresPresent
-MadeiraPresent
RussiaPresent
-Central RussiaPresent
United KingdomAbsent, Intercepted only

North America

Costa RicaPresent
United StatesPresent
-AlabamaPresent
-ArkansasPresent
-CaliforniaPresent, Widespread
-FloridaPresent, Widespread
-HawaiiPresent
-MichiganPresent
-New JerseyPresent
-North CarolinaPresent, Widespread
-South CarolinaPresent
-TennesseePresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
-New South WalesPresent, Widespread
-QueenslandPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
Papua New GuineaPresent

South America

BrazilPresent
-BahiaPresent
-Sao PauloPresent, Widespread
ChilePresent

Growth Stages

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Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / premature drop
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Leaves / wilting
Roots / reduced root system
Roots / soft rot of cortex
Roots / stubby roots
Stems / dieback
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Land vehiclesWith soil Yes
Soil, sand and gravel Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Roots adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Allen MW, 1957. A review of the nematode genus Trichodorus with descriptions of ten new species. Nematologica, 2:32-62.

Anderson EJ, 1965. Plant-parasitic nematodes in fruit trees nurseries of New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 90:225-230

Ayala A; Allen MW, 1966. Transmission of the Californian tobacco rattle virus by three species of the nematode genus Trichodorus. Nematologica, 12:87.

Ayala A; Allen MW, 1968. Transmission of the California tobacco rattle virus, CTRV. by three species of the nematode genus Trichodorus. Journal of Agriculture, University of Puerto Rico, 52:101-125.

AYALA A; ALLEN MW; NOFFSINGER EM, 1970. Host range, biology, and factors affecting survival and reproduction of the stubby root nematode. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 54:341-369.

Barriga R, 1965. Parasitism of Camellias by some nematode species. Nematologica, 34:34.

Bird GW, 1971. Digestive system of Trichodorus porosus. Journal of Nematology 3(1):50-57.

Bratus' EI, 1976. The nematode fauna of onion and its rhizosphere in the Tashkent area. VIII Vsesoyuznoe soveshchanie no nematodnym boleznyam sel'skokhozyaistvennykh kul'tur. Tezisy dokladov i soobshchenii. Kishinev, USSR: Izdatel'stvo "Shtiintsa", 127-128.

CABI/EPPO, 2009. Paratrichodorus porosus. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No.October. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 1066 (Edition 1).

Carneiro RMDG; Carneiro RG; Monteiro AR, 1982. Vertical distribution of four sugarcane nematodes in relation to soil factors. In: : Lordello LGE, ed. Trabalhos apresentados a VI reuniao Brasileira de nematologia, 8-12 fevereiro de 1982, Fortaleza. Publicacao No. 6. Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil: Sociedade Brasileira de Nematologia, 117-132

Chau NN, 1997. On some trichodorids (Nematoda: Trichodoridae) from Vietnam. International Journal of Nematology, 7(1):80-84; 10 ref.

Chévres-Román R; Gross HD; Sasser JN, 1971. Influence of selected nematode species and number of consecutive plantings of corn and sorghum on forage production, chemical composition and plant and soil, and water use efficiency. Nematropica, 1(2):40-41.

Decraemer W, 1995. The family Trichodoridae: stubby root and virus vector nematodes. The family Trichodoridae: stubby root and virus vector nematodes., xvi + 360 pp.; [Developments In Plant Pathology 6]; 15 pp. of ref.

Gomes Carneiro RMD; Lordello LGE; Gomes Carneiro R; Rocha Monteiro A, 1980. Population fluctuations of four nematode species parasitic on sugar-cane in relation to rainfall and soil humidity. In: Lordello LGE, ed. Trabalhos apresentados a IV Reuniao Brasileira de Nematologia, 16-20 de julho de 1979, Sao Paulo. Publicacao No. 4. Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil: Sociedade Brasileira de Nematologia,127-141

Heyns J, 1975. Paratrichodorus christei. CIH Descriptions of Plant-parasitic Nematodes, Set 5, No. 69. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 4 pp.

Khan TH; Jairajpuri MS; Ahmad W, 1989. Descriptions of some new and known species of dorylaim nematodes. Nematologica, 35(4):419-437; 13 ref.

Lee YB, 1976. Two genera of Trichodoridae (Trichodoroidea: Nematoda) new to Korea. Korean Journal of Plant Protection, 15(2):75-78

Liu R; Cheng H, 1990. Occurrence of trichodorid species (Nematoda: Trichodoridae) in China. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University, 13:50-54.

Lordello LGE; Zamith APL, 1958. Nota sobre género Trichodorus Cobb, 1913, com descritâo de Trichodorus bucrius sp. n. (Nematoda: Dorylaimoidea). Ann. Acad. Brs. Sci., 30:103-105.

Mamiya Y, 1967. Descriptive notes on three species of Trichodorus (Dorylaimida: Trichodoridae) from forest nurseries in Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 2:61-68.

McLeod RW, 1979. Plant parasitic and soil nematodes found in New South Wales. Department of Agriculture, New South Wales. Science Bulletin, 87:1-48.

Nishizawa T, 1973. Pathogenicity of Trichodorus porosus to Chinese yam. Japanese Journal of Nematology, 3:33-37

Nishizawa T, 1973. Study of the causal agents of the black scurf-like syndrome of Chinese yam by inoculation experiments. 17th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology, Nagano, Japan 3-5 April 1973, 136

Nishizawa T, 1975. Investigation on morphological variation, reproduction and host range of Paratrichodorus (Atlantadorus) porosus. Japanese Journal of Nematology, 5:26-31

Pedram M; Pourjam E; Panahandeh Y; Soleymanzadeh M; Atighi MR; Roshan-Bakhsh A; Ehsani A, 2015. Additional data on Iranian trichodorids (Triplonchida: Trichodoridae) and proposal for a new synonymy. Nematology, 17(10):1185-1191. http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/10.1163/15685411-00002933

Sheedy JG; Clewett TG; Hodda M; Thompson JP, 2010. First record of stubby-root nematode (Paratrichodorus porosus) associated with barley in Australia. Australasian Plant Disease Notes, 5(1):66-69. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/208.htm

Shishida Y, 1979. Studies on nematodes parasitic on woody plants. 1. Family Trichodoridae (Thorne, 1933) Clark, 1961. Japanese Journal of Nematology, 9:28-44

Siddiqi MR, 1962. Trichodorus pakistanensis n.sp. (Nematoda: Trichodoridae) with observations on T. porosus Allen, 1957, T. mirzai Siddiqi, 1960, and T. minor Colbran, 1956, from India. Nematologica, 8:193-200.

Siddiqi MR, 1980. On the generic status of Atlantadorus Siddiqi, 1974 and Nanidorus Siddiqi, 1974 (Nematoda: Trichodoridae). Systematic Parasitology, 1(2):151-152

Sturhan D, 1973. Ergebnisse der Forschungsreise auf die Azoren 1969. II. Zur Nematodenfauna der Azoren. Bolm. Mus. munic. Funchal., 27:18-25.

Vermeulen WJJ; Heyns J, 1983. Studies on Trichodoridae (Nematoda: Dorylaimida) from South Africa. Phytophylactica, 15(1):17-34

Vermeulen WJJ; Heyns J, 1985. Further studies on southern African Trichodoridae (Nematoda: Dorylaimida). Phytophylactica, 16:301-305.

Distribution References

Aballay E, Eriksson B, 2006. Trichodorid nematodes in the central area of Chile. Nematologia Mediterranea. 34 (1), 43-48.

ALLEN M W, 1957. A review of the nematode genus Trichodorus with descriptions of ten new species. Nematologica. 2 (1), 32-62.

ANDERSON E J, 1965. Plant parasitic nematodes in fruit tree nurseries of New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 225-230.

Bratus' E I, 1976. The nematode fauna of onion and its rhizosphere in the Tashkent area. In: VIII Vsesoyuznoe soveshchanie no nematodnym boleznyam sel'skokhozyaistvennykh kul'tur. Tezisy dokladov i soobshchenii. Kishinev, USSR: Izdatel'stvo "Shtiintsa". 127-128.

CABI, EPPO, 2009. Paratrichodorus porosus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CABI. Map 1066 (Edition 1). DOI:10.1079/DMPD/20093245825

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chau N N, 1997. On some trichodorids (Nematoda: Trichodoridae) from Vietnam. International Journal of Nematology. 7 (1), 80-84.

CHÉVRESROMÁN R, GROSS H D, SASSER J N, 1971. The influence of selected nematode species and number of consecutive plantings of corn and sorghum on forage production, chemical composition of plant and soil, and water use efficiency. Nematropica. 1 (2), 40-41, 46.

Decraemer W, 1995. The family Trichodoridae: stubby root and virus vector nematodes. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. xvi + 360 pp.

Gomes Carneiro R M D, Lordello L G E, Gomes Carneiro R, Rocha Monteiro A, 1980. Population fluctuations of four nematode species parasitic on sugar-cane in relation to rainfall and soil humidity. (Flutuacao populacional de quatro especies de nematoides parasitos da cana de acucar (Saccharum officiarum L.) em relacao a pluviosidade e umidade do solo.). In: Trabalhos apresentados a IV Reuniao Brasileira de Nematologia, 16-20 de julho de 1979, Sao Paulo. Publicacao No. 4. [ed. by : Lordello L G E]. Piracicaba, SP, Brazil: Sociedade Brasileira de Nematologia. 127-141.

Lee Y B, 1976. Two genera of Trichodoridae (Trichodoroidea: Nematoda) new to Korea. Korean Journal of Plant Protection. 15 (2), 75-78.

Liu R, Cheng H, 1990. Occurrence of trichodorid species (Nematoda: Trichodoridae) in China. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University. 13 (2), 50-54.

Lordello LGE, Zamith APL, 1958. (Nota sobre género Trichodorus Cobb, 1913, com descritâo de Trichodorus bucrius sp. n. (Nematoda: Dorylaimoidea)). In: Ann. Acad. Brs. Sci. 30 103-105.

MAMIYA Y, 1967. Descriptive notes on three species of Trichodorus (Dorylaimida: Trichodoridae) from forest nurseries in Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology. 2 (2), 61-68.

McLeod R W, 1979. Plant parasitic and soil nematodes found in New South Wales. In: Science Bulletin, Department of Agriculture, New South Wales, 48 pp.

Nishizawa T, 1975. Investigation on morphological variation, reproduction and host range of Paratrichodorus (Atlantadorus) porosus. Japanese Journal of Nematology. 26-31.

Pedram M, Pourjam E, Panahandeh Y, Soleymanzadeh M, Atighi M R, Roshan-Bakhsh A, Ehsani A, 2015. Additional data on Iranian trichodorids (Triplonchida: Trichodoridae) and proposal for a new synonymy. Nematology. 17 (10), 1185-1191. http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/10.1163/15685411-00002933 DOI:10.1163/15685411-00002933

Reighard G L, Henderson W G, Scott S O, Subbotin S A, 2019. First report of the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne floridensis infecting Guardian® Peach Rootstock in South Carolina, USA. Journal of Nematology. DOI:10.21307/jofnem-2019-061

Sheedy J G, Clewett T G, Hodda M, Thompson J P, 2010. First record of stubby-root nematode (Paratrichodorus porosus) associated with barley in Australia. Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 5 (1), 66-69. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/208.htm DOI:10.1071/DN10024

Shishida Y, 1979. Studies on nematodes parasitic on woody plants. 1. Family Trichodoridae (Thorne, 1933) Clark, 1961. Japanese Journal of Nematology. 28-44.

Siddiqi MR, 1962. Trichodorus pakistanensis n.sp. (Nematoda: Trichodoridae) with observations on T. porosus Allen, 1957, T. mirzai Siddiqi, 1960, and T. minor Colbran, 1956, from India. In: Nematologica, 8 193-200.

Sturhan D, 1973. Results of the study tour to the Azores 1969. International study project of the Makaronesian area. II. Nematode fauna of the Azores. (Ergebnisse der Forschungsreise auf die Azoren 1969. Internationales Forschungsprojekt Makaronesischer Raum. II. Zur Nematodenfauna der Azoren.). Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal. 18-25.

Vyas N, Kadela P, Nama P, Deepika Y, 2008. Community analysis of plant-parasitic nematodes in and around IGNP region of Jaisalmer, Rajasthan. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India. 11 (2), 415-417.

Distribution Maps

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