Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Peronosclerospora maydis
(downy mildew of maize)

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Datasheet

Peronosclerospora maydis (downy mildew of maize)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 March 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Peronosclerospora maydis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • downy mildew of maize
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Chromista
  •     Phylum: Oomycota
  •       Class: Oomycetes
  •         Order: Peronosporales

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Peronosclerospora maydis (downy mildew of maize); Typical pale stripes in maize leaf due to downy mildew. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. March 2015.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionPeronosclerospora maydis (downy mildew of maize); Typical pale stripes in maize leaf due to downy mildew. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. March 2015.
Copyright©Kembangraps/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Peronosclerospora maydis (downy mildew of maize); Typical pale stripes in maize leaf due to downy mildew. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. March 2015.
SymptomsPeronosclerospora maydis (downy mildew of maize); Typical pale stripes in maize leaf due to downy mildew. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. March 2015.©Kembangraps/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Peronosclerospora maydis (downy mildew of maize); This maize plant has its tassel bent due to downy mildew. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. March 2015.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionPeronosclerospora maydis (downy mildew of maize); This maize plant has its tassel bent due to downy mildew. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. March 2015.
Copyright©Kembangraps/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Peronosclerospora maydis (downy mildew of maize); This maize plant has its tassel bent due to downy mildew. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. March 2015.
SymptomsPeronosclerospora maydis (downy mildew of maize); This maize plant has its tassel bent due to downy mildew. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. March 2015.©Kembangraps/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Close up of symptoms of Java downy mildew on maize in West Java.
TitleSymptoms on maize leaves
CaptionClose up of symptoms of Java downy mildew on maize in West Java.
CopyrightRob Williams/CAB International
Close up of symptoms of Java downy mildew on maize in West Java.
Symptoms on maize leavesClose up of symptoms of Java downy mildew on maize in West Java.Rob Williams/CAB International
Maize plants growing on the bunds of rice fields in West Java, showing typical chlorosis of systemic downy mildew.
TitleSymptoms on maize crop
CaptionMaize plants growing on the bunds of rice fields in West Java, showing typical chlorosis of systemic downy mildew.
CopyrightRob Williams/CAB International
Maize plants growing on the bunds of rice fields in West Java, showing typical chlorosis of systemic downy mildew.
Symptoms on maize cropMaize plants growing on the bunds of rice fields in West Java, showing typical chlorosis of systemic downy mildew.Rob Williams/CAB International
Maize plants growing on the bunds of rice fields in West Java, showing typical chlorosis of systemic downy mildew.
TitleSymptoms on maize crop
CaptionMaize plants growing on the bunds of rice fields in West Java, showing typical chlorosis of systemic downy mildew.
CopyrightRob Williams/CAB International
Maize plants growing on the bunds of rice fields in West Java, showing typical chlorosis of systemic downy mildew.
Symptoms on maize cropMaize plants growing on the bunds of rice fields in West Java, showing typical chlorosis of systemic downy mildew.Rob Williams/CAB International

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Peronosclerospora maydis (Racib.) C. Shaw

Preferred Common Name

  • downy mildew of maize

Other Scientific Names

  • Peronospora maydis Racib.
  • Sclerospora maydis Butl. & Bisby

International Common Names

  • English: downy mildew: maize; Java downy mildew
  • Spanish: mildiu del maiz
  • French: mildiou du mais

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Falscher Mehltau: Mais

EPPO code

  • PRSCMA (Peronosclerospora maydis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Chromista
  •         Phylum: Oomycota
  •             Class: Oomycetes
  •                 Order: Peronosporales
  •                     Family: Peronosporaceae
  •                         Genus: Peronosclerospora
  •                             Species: Peronosclerospora maydis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 16 Aug 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent
SomaliaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)

Asia

ChinaPresent
-GuangxiPresent
-YunnanPresent
IndiaPresent, Localized
-BiharPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
IndonesiaPresent, Localized
-JavaPresent
-Lesser Sunda IslandsPresent
IsraelAbsent
JapanAbsent, Never occurred, Invalid presence record(s)
TaiwanPresent
ThailandPresent

North America

JamaicaPresent, Localized

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
-Northern TerritoryPresent
-QueenslandPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent

South America

ArgentinaAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)Original citation: SENASA, 2011, personal communication
VenezuelaPresent

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours

References

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Bonde MR, 1982. Epidemiology of downy mildew diseases of maize, sorghum and pearl millet. Tropical Pest Management, 28(1):49-60

Bonde, M. R., Peterson, G. L., Kenneth, R. G., Vermeulen, H. D., Sumartini, Bustaman, M., 1992. Effect of temperature on conidial germination and systemic infection of maize by Peronosclerospora species. Phytopathology, 82(1), 104-109. doi: 10.1094/Phyto-82-104

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database Paris, France: EPPO.https://gd.eppo.int/

Hirose, S., Nojima, K., 1978. A consideration on the roguing of diseased plants for maize downy mildew control. Japanese Journal of Crop Science, 47(1), 141-146. doi: 10.1626/jcs.47.141

Kajiwara T, Kobayashi T, Inaba T, Sudjadi M, Otjim S, 1979. Control of Java corn downy mildew caused by Sclerospora maydis (Rac.) Butl. by echlomezol. Journal of Pesticide Science, 4(4):425-430

Kenneth RG, 1976. The downy mildews of corn and other graminae in Africa and Isreal, and the present state of knowledge and research. Kasetsart Journal, 10:148-159

Mikoshiba H, 1983. Studies on the control of downy mildew disease of maize in tropical countries of Asia. Technical Bulletin of the Tropical Agriculture Research Center, No.16:62 pp

Purakusumah H, 1965. Seed-borne primary infection in downy mildew Sclerospora maydis (Racib.) Butler. Nature, 207:1312-1313

Semangoen H, 1970. Studies on downy mildew of maize in Indonesia with special reference to the perennation of the fungus. Indian Phytopathology, 23:307-320

Tantera DM, Bustaman M, Molina RP, 1986. Efficacy of three systemic fungicides against downy mildew (Peronosclerospora maydis (Rac.) Butler) of maize (Zea mays L.). Indonesian Journal of Crop Science, 2(1):37-50

The Phytopathological Society of Japan, 2020. Common Names of Plant Diseases in Japan (2020.8 edition). Japan: The Phytopathological Society of Japan.pp.843.

UK, CAB International, 1993. Peronosclerospora maydis. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases , (October (Edition 2)) Wallingford, UK: CAB International.Map 510. doi: 10.1079/DMPD/20046500510

Distribution References

Bonde M R, Peterson G L, Kenneth R G, Vermeulen H D, Sumartini, Bustaman M, 1992. Effect of temperature on conidial germination and systemic infection of maize by Peronosclerospora species. Phytopathology. 82 (1), 104-109. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-82-104

CABI, 2021. CABI Distribution Database: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2014. EPPO Global database (available online). Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), Japan, 2020. communication to CABI., Japan: Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF).

Muis A, Nonci N, Pabendon M B, 2016. Geographical distribution of Peronosclerospora spp., the causal organism of maize downy mildew, in Indonesia. AAB Bioflux. 8 (3), 143-155. http://www.aab.bioflux.com.ro/docs/2016.143-155.pdf

The Phytopathological Society of Japan, 2020. Common Names of Plant Diseases in Japan (2020.8 edition)., Japan: The Phytopathological Society of Japan. pp.843.

Distribution Maps

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