Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Protopulvinaria pyriformis
(pyriform scale)

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Datasheet

Protopulvinaria pyriformis (pyriform scale)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Protopulvinaria pyriformis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pyriform scale
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Protopulvinaria pyriformis (Cockerell)

Preferred Common Name

  • pyriform scale

Other Scientific Names

  • Pulvinaria pyriformis Ckll.

International Common Names

  • English: mealy shield scale
  • Spanish: coccinilla periforme; escama piriforme; queresa pulverulenta del mango

EPPO code

  • PROPPY (Protopulvinaria pyriformis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Coccoidea
  •                                 Family: Coccidae
  •                                     Genus: Protopulvinaria
  •                                         Species: Protopulvinaria pyriformis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

South AfricaPresent

Asia

IsraelPresent

Europe

FrancePresent
GreecePresent
ItalyPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-SicilyPresentEPPO Reporting Service No. 2011/082.
PortugalPresent
-AzoresPresent
SpainPresent

North America

CubaPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, Localized
-Western AustraliaPresent, Localized

South America

ColombiaPresent

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Cheiloneurus cyanonotus Parasite
Chilocorus angolensis Predator Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs South Africa avocados
Coccophagus basalis Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs South Africa avocados
Coccophagus pulvinariae Parasite Adults; Arthropods|Nymphs South Africa avocados
Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Predator
Encyrtus infelix Parasite
Metaphycus galbus Parasite South Africa avocados
Metaphycus helvolus Parasite South Africa avocados
Metaphycus stanleyi Parasite South Africa avocados
Metaphycus swirskii Parasite

References

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EPPO, 2011. EPPO Reporting Service. EPPO Reporting Service. Paris, France: EPPO. http://archives.eppo.org/EPPOReporting/Reporting_Archives.htm

IPPC, 2017. Detection of Protopulvinaria pyriformis (Pyriform scale) in Western Australia. IPPC Official Pest Report, No. AUS-82/1. FAO: Rome, Italy. https://www.ippc.int/

Novoa NM, Hamon A, Evans G, Kondo T, Oliver PH, Marrero AH, Alonso AA, 2011. The cocoideos (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea) present in the Cordillera de Guaniguanico, Pinar del Rio, Cuba, and the relationship with their hosts. (Los cocoideos (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea) presentes en la Cordillera de Guaniguanico, Pinar del Río, Cuba, y la relación con sus hospedantes.) Insecta Mundi, No.0183:1-25. http://fulltext10.fcla.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=mundi;cc=mundi;idno=SN07496737;view=text;rgn=main;a=33

Distribution References

Borges I, Soares A O, Hemptinne J L, 2006. Abundance and spatial distribution of aphids and scales select for different life histories in their ladybird beetle predators. Journal of Applied Entomology. 130 (6/7), 356-359. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0418.2006.01071.x

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2011. EPPO Global database (available online). Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

IPPC, 2017. Detection of Protopulvinaria pyriformis (Pyriform scale) in Western Australia. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. https://www.ippc.int/

Kondo T, Muñoz J A, 2016. Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) associated with avocado crop, Persea americana Mill. (Lauraceae) in Valle del Cauca and neighboring departments of Colombia. Insecta Mundi. 1-24. http://centerforsystematicentomology.org/default.asp?action=insectamundi&id=insecta_new&year=2016

Novoa N M, Hamon A, Evans G, Kondo T, Oliver P H, Marrero A H, Alonso A A, 2011. The cocoideos (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea) present in the Cordillera de Guaniguanico, Pinar del Rio, Cuba, and the relationship with their hosts. (Los cocoideos (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea) presentes en la Cordillera de Guaniguanico, Pinar del Río, Cuba, y la relación con sus hospedantes.). Insecta Mundi. 1-25. http://fulltext10.fcla.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=mundi;cc=mundi;idno=SN07496737;view=text;rgn=main;a=33

Szita É, Fetykó K G, Benedicty Z K, Kozár F, Partsinevelos G, Milonas P, Kaydan M B, 2017. Data on the scale insect (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) fauna of Greece, with description of two new species. Zootaxa. 4329 (5), 463-476. http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4329.5.4 DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4329.5.4

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