Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Prunus persica
(peach)

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Datasheet

Prunus persica (peach)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 October 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Prunus persica
  • Preferred Common Name
  • peach
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Beverage base
  • Fuelwood
  • Ornamental
  • Shade and shelter

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleFoliage and immature fruit
Caption
Copyright©Li Jiyuan
Foliage and immature fruit©Li Jiyuan
Ripe peach fruits on tree.
TitleFruit
CaptionRipe peach fruits on tree.
CopyrightUSDA-ARS
Ripe peach fruits on tree.
FruitRipe peach fruits on tree.USDA-ARS
Prunus persica: mature peaches produced in Zhejiang, China.
TitleRipe fruits
CaptionPrunus persica: mature peaches produced in Zhejiang, China.
Copyright©Li Jiyuan
Prunus persica: mature peaches produced in Zhejiang, China.
Ripe fruitsPrunus persica: mature peaches produced in Zhejiang, China.©Li Jiyuan
Prunus persica: (a) flowering shoot; (b) vertical section of flower; (c) stamen; (d) fruit-bearing shoot; (e) kernel; (f) seed.
TitlePlant parts
CaptionPrunus persica: (a) flowering shoot; (b) vertical section of flower; (c) stamen; (d) fruit-bearing shoot; (e) kernel; (f) seed.
CopyrightMeng Ling
Prunus persica: (a) flowering shoot; (b) vertical section of flower; (c) stamen; (d) fruit-bearing shoot; (e) kernel; (f) seed.
Plant partsPrunus persica: (a) flowering shoot; (b) vertical section of flower; (c) stamen; (d) fruit-bearing shoot; (e) kernel; (f) seed.Meng Ling

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Prunus persica (L.) Batsch

Preferred Common Name

  • peach

Variety

  • Prunus persica var. aganonuci persica (Schübler & Martens) Yü et Lu
  • Prunus persica var. aganopersica Reich.
  • Prunus persica var. compressa (Loud.) Yü et Lu
  • Prunus persica var. persica Sieb. et Zucc
  • Prunus persica var. scleronuci persica (Schübler & Martens) Yü et Lu
  • Prunus persica var. scleropersica (Reich.) Yü et Lu

Other Scientific Names

  • Amygdalus persica L.
  • Persica vulgaris Mill.

International Common Names

  • English: nectarine; peach tree
  • Spanish: duraznero; melocotonero
  • French: pêcher
  • Chinese: peirsich; tao; tho
  • Portuguese: pecegueiro

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: pessegueiro
  • Germany: Pfirsichbaum
  • Indonesia: persik
  • Italy: percoche; pesco
  • Japan: momo
  • Laos: khai
  • Malaysia: persik
  • Netherlands: perzikboom
  • Philippines: peras
  • Sweden: persikatraed
  • Thailand: hungmon; makmuan
  • Vietnam: dào

EPPO code

  • PRNPS (Prunus persica)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rosales
  •                         Family: Rosaceae
  •                             Genus: Prunus
  •                                 Species: Prunus persica

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Adelphocoris lineolatus (lucerne bug); Adoxophyes orana (summer fruit tortrix); Amblypelta cocophaga (coconut bug); American plum line pattern virus (American line pattern of plum); Amphitetranychus viennensis (hawthorn (spider) mite); Anarsia lineatella (peach twig borer); Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly); Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly); Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (apricot butteratura); Arabis mosaic virus (hop bare-bine); Argentinean Peach Yellows; Armillaria heimii (armillaria root rot); Armillaria luteobubalina (armillaria root rot); Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Armillaria tabescens (armillaria root rot); Aromia bungii (red necked longicorn); Bactrocera aquilonis; Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Bactrocera psidii (South Sea guava fruit fly); Bactrocera pyrifoliae; Bactrocera trivialis; Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Bactrocera tuberculata; Bactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly); Botryosphaeria ribis (canker: apple); Brachycaudus helichrysi (leaf-curling plum aphid); Brachycaudus schwartzi (almond aphid); Brevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite); Bromus hordeaceus (soft brome); Bryobia rubrioculus (brown apple mite); Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium; Candidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail); Capnodis tenebrionis (capnodis, peach); Carposina sasakii (peach fruit moth); Ceratitis quinaria (five-spotted fruit fly); Ceresa alta (buffalo treehopper); Cherry rasp leaf virus (cherry rasp leaf); Cherry virus A; Choreutis pariana (apple-and-thorn skeletonizer); Commelina benghalensis (wandering jew); Coniochaeta prunicola; Conogethes punctiferalis (castor capsule borer); Conotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio); Cossus cossus (carpenter moth); Cuscuta reflexa (dodder); Cydia pomonella (codling moth); Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass); Diaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus); Drosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila); Epidiaspis leperii (European pear scale); Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth); Eulecanium tiliae (nut scale); Euphorbia hirta (garden spurge); Euschistus servus (brown stink bug); Euschistus tristigmus (soldier, bug, three spotted); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Forficula auricularia (European earwig); Frankliniella intonsa (thrips, flower); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Galinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Grapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth); Halyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Heliotropium europaeum (common heliotrope); Homalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter); Hyalopterus pruni (mealy plum aphid); Longidorus (longidorids); Lygus lineolaris (tarnished plant bug); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Meloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne floridensis; Monilia polystroma (Asiatic brown rot); Monilinia fructicola (brown rot); Monilinia fructigena (brown rot); Monilinia laxa (blossom blight); Monilinia mumecola; Monilinia yunnanensis; Myrobalan latent ringspot virus; Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Naupactus xanthographus (South American fruit tree weevil); Pandemis cerasana (common twist moth); Panonychus ulmi (European red spider mite); Pantomorus cervinus (Fuller's rose beetle); Paratrichodorus porosus; Parlatoria oleae (olive scale); Parthenolecanium corni (European fruit lecanium); Parthenolecanium persicae (peach scale); Peach latent mosaic viroid (American mosaic of peach); Peach mosaic virus (american mosaic of peach); Peach rosette mosaic virus (rosette mosaic of peach); peach rosette phytoplasma (peach rosette phytoplasma); Peach wart disease; peach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows); Philaenus spumarius (meadow froghopper); Phlyctinus callosus (vine calandra); Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (cotton root rot); Phytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees); Phytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Phytoplasma pruni (peach X-disease); Phytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll); Platynota stultana (omnivorous leaf roller); Plum pox virus (sharka); Podosphaera pannosa (powdery mildew of rose); Podosphaera tridactyla (powdery mildew of apricot); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode); Proeulia auraria (Chilean fruit tree leaf folder); Proeulia chrysopteris; Prune dwarf virus (cherry ring mottle); Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (almond bud failure); Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale); Pseudomonas amygdali (bacterial: almond canker); Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis (lettuce marginal leaf blight); Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (bacterial decline of stone fruit); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Pythium vexans (damping off); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Saissetia coffeae (hemispherical scale); Saturnia pyri (giant emperor moth); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Scutellonema brachyurus; Sphaerolecanium prunastri (plum scale); Strawberry latent ringspot virus (latent ring spot of strawberry); Synanthedon exitiosa (peachtree borer); Synanthedon pictipes (lesser peachtree borer); Taphrina deformans (peach leaf curl); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Tetranychus fijiensis; Tetranychus kanzawai (kanzawa spider mite); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Thaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth); Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (evergreen bagworm); Tomato black ring virus (ring spot of beet); Tomato ringspot virus (ringspot of tomato); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode); Valsa ceratosperma (dieback of apple); Venturia carpophila (almond scab); Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (bacterial canker of stone fruit); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode); Xiphinema rivesi (dagger nematode); Xyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle); Xylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines); Yponomeuta padellus (cherry ermine moth)

Minor host of:

Acanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur); Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Anastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly); Anastrepha striata (guava fruit fly); Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly); Aonidiella citrina (yellow scale); Aonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale); Apate monachus (black borer); Aphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Aphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid); Apiosporina morbosa (black knot); Aporia crataegi (black-veined white); Apple mosaic virus (chestnut mosaic); Apple stem grooving virus; Apricot pseudo-chlorotic leaf spot virus; Archips fuscocupreanus; Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Aspergillus flavus (Aspergillus ear rot); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale); Aspidiotus nerii (Oleander scale); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly); Bactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly); Bactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly); Bactrocera facialis; Bactrocera jarvisi (Jarvis' fruit fly); Bactrocera kirki; Bactrocera neohumeralis; Botryosphaeria stevensii (Botryosphaeria disease, grapevine); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Brachycaudus persicae (black peach aphid); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Ceratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly); Ceratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly); Ceroplastes floridensis (soft scale); Ceroplastes japonicus (tortoise wax scale); Cherry green ring mottle virus (cherry vein yellow spot); Cherry necrotic rusty mottle virus (cherry necrotic rusty mottle disease); Cherry rusty mottle disease (cherry rusty mottle (American)); Chinavia hilaris (green stink bug); Colletotrichum truncatum (soyabean anthracnose); Dactylonectria pauciseptata; Diabrotica speciosa (cucurbit beetle); Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis (pear oyster scale); Diaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale); Eudocima fullonia (fruit-piercing moth); Eutypa lata (Eutypa dieback); Frankliniella gardeniae; Frankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); Fusicoccum amygdali; Ganoderma lucidum (basal stem rot: Hevea spp.); Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Grapholita funebrana (red plum maggot); Grapholita packardi (cherry fruitworm); Grapholita prunivora (plum moth); Haplothrips gowdeyi (gold-tipped tubular thrips); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Heterobasidion annosum; Hop stunt viroid (hop stunt viroid); Hoplolaimus indicus (lance nematode); Icerya seychellarum (Seychelles scale); Iphiclides podalirius; Leucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth); Little cherry virus; Malacosoma americanum (eastern tent caterpillar); Malacosoma parallela (mountain ring silk moth); Mamestra brassicae (cabbage moth); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Monilinia polystroma; Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Operophtera brumata (winter moth); Orgyia leucostigma (white-marked tussock moth); Orobanche cernua (nodding broomrape); Ostrinia nubilalis (European maize borer); Pangaeus bilineatus (burrowing bug); Panonychus citri (citrus red mite); Pantoea ananatis (fruitlet rot of pineapple); Parabemisia myricae (bayberry whitefly); Penicillium expansum (blue mould of stored apple); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Phoma glomerata (blight: grapevine); Phorodon humuli (hop vine aphid); Phytophthora cactorum (apple collar rot); Phytophthora meadii (rubber leaf drop); Phytoplasma brasiliense; Phytoplasma fraxini (ash yellows); Phytoplasma pyri (pear decline); Pratylenchus zeae (root lesion nematode); Pseudococcus longispinus (long-tailed mealybug); Pseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive); Pterochloroides persicae (peach black aphid); Pythium debaryanum (damping-off); Rhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly); Rhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot); Richardia brasiliensis (white-eye (Australia)); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Scolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle); Setaria faberi (giant foxtail); Solanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade); Spilonota ocellana (eyespotted bud moth); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Stellaria media (common chickweed); Stigmina carpophila (gumspot of stone fruit); Tessaratoma papillosa (litchi stink bug); Thrips angusticeps (field thrips); Thrips australis; Thrips imaginis (plague thrips); Tobacco mosaic virus (tobacco mosaic); Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae (plum rust); Urophorus humeralis (pineapple sap beetle); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xestia c-nigrum (spotted cutworm); Xiphinema italiae; Xyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer); Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)

Wild host of:

Anthonomus quadrigibbus (apple curculio)

Associated with (not a host):

Aspergillus fumigatus; Aspergillus terreus; Epicoccum nigrum (red blotch of grains); Mycosphaerella tassiana (antagonist of Botrytis cinerea); Pseudomonas fluorescens (pink eye: potato); Spiroplasma citri (stubborn disease of citrus)

Host of (source - data mining):

Acleris fimbriana; Aculus fockeui (plum rust mite); Agriotes lineatus (wireworm); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Anastrepha chiclayae; Anomis mesogona; Archips rosana (European leaf roller); Archips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller); Argyrotaenia ljungiana; Asymmetrasca decedens; Botryosphaeria dothidea (canker of almond); Botryosphaeria obtusa (black rot of apple); Brachycaudus amygdalinus; Carpophilus freemani; Carpophilus mutilatus (flower beetle); Colladonus montanus (leafhopper, mountain); Colletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry); Cotinis nitida (june beetle, green); Cryptodiaporthe castanea; Ctenopseustis obliquana; Cuerna costalis; Diaspidiotus ancylus (putnam scale); Diaspidiotus prunorum; Didesmococcus unifasciatus; Diplocarpon maculatum (black spot: pear); Diptacus gigantorhynchus (plum gall mite); Dysaphis plantaginea (rosy apple aphid); Edwardsiana rosae (rose leafhopper); Euschistus variolarius (onespotted stink bug); Euzophera bigella (fruit, pyralid); Frankliniella; Frankliniella cestrum; Graphocephala versuta; Haptoncus luteolus; Helicotylenchus erythrinae (spiral nematode); Homalodisca insolita; Hyalopterus amygdali (peach, aphid, mealy); Lacanobia oleracea (bright-line brown-eye moth); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Lygus pratensis (plant bug, tarnished); Lyonetia clerkella (apple, leaf miner); Malacosoma indicum; Megaplatypus mutatus; Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Mercetaspis halli (hall, scale); Metcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug); Monolepta australis (leaf beetle, redshouldered); Mucor piriformis (Mucor post-harvest decay); Mycosphaerella pruni-persicae (peach leaf spot); Myzus varians; Neoaliturus fenestratus; Neonectria radicicola (black root of strawberry); Odontotermes lokanandi; Oncometopia orbona; Oraesia emarginata (fruit piercing moth); Oraesia excavata (fruit piercing moth); Parallelia stuposa; Paraphlepsius irroratus; Pestalotia disseminata (leaf spot: Eucalyptus spp.); Phoma pomorum (leaf spot: apple); Phyllocoptes abaenus; Phyllonorycter cerasicolella; Phyllonorycter pomonella; Phytophthora citricola (black hop root rot); Platynota idaeusalis (tufted apple, bud moth); Pseudococcus maritimus (grape mealybug); Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast); Psorosticha zizyphi (citrus leafroller); Rhizopus arrhizus (barn rot of tobacco); Rhizopus stolonifer (bulb rot); Scaphytopius acutus; Schizophyllum commune (wood rot); Scolytus rugulosus (shothole borer); Taeniothrips meridionalis; Tetranychus turkestani (strawberry, spider mite); Thrips major (rubus, thrips); Thrips obscuratus (new Zealand flower thrips); Thyanta custator; Thyas juno; Trametes versicolor (wood decay); Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae var. discolor (rust: peach); Trichothecium roseum (fruit rot of tomato); Valsa leucostoma (dieback: fruit trees); Zygina flammigera (fruit tree leafhopper)

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Shade and shelter

Fuels

  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Fruits
  • Honey/honey flora

Materials

  • Gum/resin
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Containers

  • Boxes
  • Cases

Furniture

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • For light construction