Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Prunus dulcis
(almond)

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Datasheet

Prunus dulcis (almond)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Prunus dulcis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • almond
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Honey/honey flora
  • Ornamental
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb

Preferred Common Name

  • almond

Other Scientific Names

  • Amygdalus communis L.
  • Amygdalus communis var dulcis Borkh.
  • Amygdalus dulcis Mill.
  • Prunus amygdalus Batsch
  • Prunus communis (L.) Arcang., nom. illeg.
  • Prunus communis Arcangeli
  • Prunus dulcis var. amara (DC.) Buchheim
  • Prunus dulcis var. fragilis (Borkh.) Focke

International Common Names

  • English: bitter almond; sweet almond
  • Spanish: almendro
  • French: amande; amandier; amandier commun
  • Chinese: badanmu; biantao; bordanxing; xinren shu
  • Portuguese: amendoeira

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: amendoeira-doce
  • Czechoslovakia (former): maldon
  • Denmark: mandeltrae
  • Germany: mandel; Mandelbaum
  • Greece: amygdalia
  • Hungary: mandula
  • India: badam
  • Italy: mandorlo
  • Netherlands: amandelbloom
  • Poland: migdalek
  • Romania: migdal
  • Serbia: badem
  • Slovakia: mandla
  • Sweden: mandelträd
  • USA: almond

EPPO code

  • PRNDA (Prunus dulcis var. amara)
  • PRNDF (Prunus dulcis var. fragilis)
  • PRNDU (Prunus dulcis)

Subspecies

  • Prunus dulcis subsp. sativa

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rosales
  •                         Family: Rosaceae
  •                             Genus: Prunus
  •                                 Species: Prunus dulcis

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Amyelois transitella (navel orange worm); Anarsia lineatella (peach twig borer); Aporia crataegi (black-veined white); Apple mosaic virus (chestnut mosaic); Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Armillaria tabescens (armillaria root rot); Botryosphaeria ribis (canker: apple); Brachycaudus helichrysi (leaf-curling plum aphid); Bromus hordeaceus (soft brome); Bryobia rubrioculus (brown apple mite); Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium; Capnodis tenebrionis (capnodis, peach); Ceratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight); Ceresa alta (buffalo treehopper); Criconemella (ring nematode); Cydia latiferreana (filbertworm); Cydia pomonella (codling moth); Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass); Diaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus); Euproctis chrysorrhoea (brown-tail moth); Eurytoma amygdali (almond fruit wasp); Euzophera pinguis (olive moth); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Homalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter); Hop stunt viroid (hop stunt viroid); Malacosoma neustria (common lackey); Malacosoma parallela (mountain ring silk moth); Monilinia fructigena (brown rot); Monilinia laxa (blossom blight); Naupactus xanthographus (South American fruit tree weevil); Otiorhynchus cribricollis (weevil, apple); Parthenolecanium persicae (peach scale); peach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows); Philaenus spumarius (meadow froghopper); Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (cotton root rot); Phytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Plum pox virus (sharka); Podosphaera tridactyla (powdery mildew of apricot); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode); Prune dwarf virus (cherry ring mottle); Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (almond bud failure); Pseudomonas amygdali (bacterial: almond canker); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Saturnia pyri (giant emperor moth); Theba pisana (white garden snail); Tribolium castaneum (red flour beetle); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Trirachys holosericeus (apple stem borer); Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (bacterial canker of stone fruit); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines); Xylotrechus namanganensis (namangan longhorn beetle); Yponomeuta padellus (cherry ermine moth)

Minor host of:

Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly); Anastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly); Apomyelois ceratoniae (blunt-winged knot-horn); Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (apricot butteratura); Armillaria luteobubalina (armillaria root rot); Aspergillus flavus (Aspergillus ear rot); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Botryosphaeria dothidea (canker of almond); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Cadra cautella (dried currant moth); Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); Carposina sasakii (peach fruit moth); Colletotrichum coccodes (anthracnose); Collophora hispanica; Diplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease); Discostroma corticola (fungal canker: rose); Ephestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth); Eutetranychus orientalis (Citrus brown mite); Eutypa lata (Eutypa dieback); Fusarium brachygibbosum; Fusicoccum amygdali; Grapholita funebrana (red plum maggot); Grapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth); Hyalopterus pruni (mealy plum aphid); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Little cherry virus; Monilinia fructicola (brown rot); Panonychus ulmi (European red spider mite); Parthenolecanium corni (European fruit lecanium); Peach latent mosaic viroid (American mosaic of peach); Peach wart disease; Phyllophaga (white grubs); Phytophthora cactorum (apple collar rot); Phytophthora chlamydospora; Phytophthora citrophthora (brown rot of citrus fruit); Phytophthora niederhauseri; Phytophthora syringae (twig blight of lilac); Phytoplasma pruni (peach X-disease); Phytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll); Polystigma fulvum; Pratylenchus thornei; Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast); Pterochloroides persicae (peach black aphid); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Scolytus amygdali; Stigmina carpophila (gumspot of stone fruit); Taphrina deformans (peach leaf curl); Tetranychus pacificus (Pacific spider mite); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Tomato black ring virus (ring spot of beet); Tomato ringspot virus (ringspot of tomato); Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae (plum rust); Ulocladium atrum (Ulocladium blight of potato); Venturia carpophila (almond scab); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt)

Wild host of:

Amphitetranychus viennensis (hawthorn (spider) mite); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Zygotylenchus guevarai

Associated with (not a host):

Botryosphaeria parva; Chrysobothris affinis; Diplodia olivarum; Metaseiulus occidentalis (western predatory mite); Neofusicoccum australe; Phaeoacremonium iranianum; Trichothecium roseum (fruit rot of tomato); Xiphinema meridianum

Host of (source - data mining):

Acalitus phloeocoptes (plum, blister mite); Aculus fockeui (plum rust mite); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Brachycaudus amygdalinus; Colletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry); Didesmococcus unifasciatus; Drosicha dalbergiae; Euzophera semifuneralis (American plum borer); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Hyalopterus amygdali (peach, aphid, mealy); Monosteira unicostata; Mycosphaerella cerasella (shot-hole: stone fruit); Myrothecium verrucaria (myrothecium blotch); Passalora rubrotincta; Phoma pomorum (leaf spot: apple); Rhizopus stolonifer (bulb rot); Scolytus rugulosus (shothole borer); Tetranychus turkestani (strawberry, spider mite); Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae var. discolor (rust: peach)

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Honey/honey flora
  • Nuts
  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Essential oils
  • Lipids
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Furniture

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Flooring
  • For light construction

Woodware

  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Tool handles
  • Toys