Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Prunus domestica
(plum)

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Datasheet

Prunus domestica (plum)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Prunus domestica
  • Preferred Common Name
  • plum
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Beverage base
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Fruits
  • Oil/fat
  • Spices and culinary herbs

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Leaves and ripe fruit of Stanley plum variety.
TitleLeaves and ripe fruit
CaptionLeaves and ripe fruit of Stanley plum variety.
CopyrightGeorge M. Greene
Leaves and ripe fruit of Stanley plum variety.
Leaves and ripe fruitLeaves and ripe fruit of Stanley plum variety.George M. Greene
Leaves and green fruit of Stanley plum variety.
TitleLeaves and green fruit
CaptionLeaves and green fruit of Stanley plum variety.
CopyrightGeorge M. Greene
Leaves and green fruit of Stanley plum variety.
Leaves and green fruitLeaves and green fruit of Stanley plum variety.George M. Greene
Dried fruit of P. domestica.
TitlePrune
CaptionDried fruit of P. domestica.
CopyrightStaci L. Grimes
Dried fruit of P. domestica.
PruneDried fruit of P. domestica.Staci L. Grimes
Mature form of P. domestica.
TitleTree habit
CaptionMature form of P. domestica.
CopyrightStaci L. Grimes
Mature form of P. domestica.
Tree habitMature form of P. domestica.Staci L. Grimes
Young form of P. domestica.
TitleTree habit
CaptionYoung form of P. domestica.
CopyrightStaci L. Grimes
Young form of P. domestica.
Tree habitYoung form of P. domestica.Staci L. Grimes
Healthy tree bark of P. domestica.
TitleTree bark
CaptionHealthy tree bark of P. domestica.
CopyrightStaci L. Grimes
Healthy tree bark of P. domestica.
Tree barkHealthy tree bark of P. domestica.Staci L. Grimes
Black knot of plum (Apiosporina morbosa) on P. domestica.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionBlack knot of plum (Apiosporina morbosa) on P. domestica.
CopyrightStaci L. Grimes
Black knot of plum (Apiosporina morbosa) on P. domestica.
SymptomsBlack knot of plum (Apiosporina morbosa) on P. domestica.Staci L. Grimes
Redbanded leaf roller larva, A. velutinana.|Redbanded leaf roller larva, Argyrotaenia velutinana.
TitleLarva|Pest species
CaptionRedbanded leaf roller larva, A. velutinana.|Redbanded leaf roller larva, Argyrotaenia velutinana.
CopyrightLarry A. Hull
Redbanded leaf roller larva, A. velutinana.|Redbanded leaf roller larva, Argyrotaenia velutinana.
Larva|Pest speciesRedbanded leaf roller larva, A. velutinana.|Redbanded leaf roller larva, Argyrotaenia velutinana.Larry A. Hull
Black knot of plum (Apiosporina morbosa) and cytospora canker (white: Leucostoma cincta) on P. domestica.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionBlack knot of plum (Apiosporina morbosa) and cytospora canker (white: Leucostoma cincta) on P. domestica.
CopyrightStaci L. Grimes
Black knot of plum (Apiosporina morbosa) and cytospora canker (white: Leucostoma cincta) on P. domestica.
SymptomsBlack knot of plum (Apiosporina morbosa) and cytospora canker (white: Leucostoma cincta) on P. domestica.Staci L. Grimes
Eggs of the European red mite, Panonychus ulmi.
TitlePest species
CaptionEggs of the European red mite, Panonychus ulmi.
CopyrightLarry A. Hull
Eggs of the European red mite, Panonychus ulmi.
Pest speciesEggs of the European red mite, Panonychus ulmi.Larry A. Hull
Plum curculio weevil, Conotrachelus nenuphar, with snout (rostrum) embedded in apple.
TitlePest species
CaptionPlum curculio weevil, Conotrachelus nenuphar, with snout (rostrum) embedded in apple.
CopyrightLarry A. Hull
Plum curculio weevil, Conotrachelus nenuphar, with snout (rostrum) embedded in apple.
Pest speciesPlum curculio weevil, Conotrachelus nenuphar, with snout (rostrum) embedded in apple.Larry A. Hull

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Prunus domestica L.

Preferred Common Name

  • plum

Variety

  • Prunus domestica subsp. domestica L.
  • Prunus domestica subsp. institia (L.) C.K. Schneid.

Other Scientific Names

  • Prunus insititia L.

International Common Names

  • English: damson; European plum; garden plum; greengage plum; prune plum
  • Spanish: cirolero; ciruelo
  • French: prunier; prunier commun
  • Russian: sliwa
  • Arabic: khokh
  • Chinese: li zi
  • Portuguese: ameixoeira

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: blomme
  • Germany: Pflaume; Pflaumenbaum; Zwetschge
  • Hungary: finom dolog; magas prémium; mazsola; zsíros allas
  • Italy: prugna
  • Japan: hadankyou; puramu; ume
  • Netherlands: pruim
  • Norway: plomme
  • Poland: sliwa
  • Sweden: plommon

EPPO code

  • PRNDO (Prunus domestica)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rosales
  •                         Family: Rosaceae
  •                             Genus: Prunus
  •                                 Species: Prunus domestica

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Adoxophyes orana (summer fruit tortrix); American plum line pattern virus (American line pattern of plum); Anarsia lineatella (peach twig borer); Apiosporina morbosa (black knot); Aporia crataegi (black-veined white); Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (apricot butteratura); Arabis mosaic virus (hop bare-bine); Armillaria heimii (armillaria root rot); Aromia bungii (red necked longicorn); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Brachycaudus helichrysi (leaf-curling plum aphid); Bryobia rubrioculus (brown apple mite); Candidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail); Carnation ringspot virus; Carpophilus hemipterus (dried fruit beetle); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Cherry virus A; Conotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio); Cossus cossus (carpenter moth); Cydia pomonella (codling moth); Diaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus); Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis (pear oyster scale); Drosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila); Epidiaspis leperii (European pear scale); Eulecanium tiliae (nut scale); Eupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth); Euproctis chrysorrhoea (brown-tail moth); Forficula auricularia (European earwig); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Grapholita funebrana (red plum maggot); Grapholita prunivora (plum moth); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Homalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter); Hoplocampa; Hyalopterus pruni (mealy plum aphid); Hyphantria cunea (mulberry moth); Malacosoma neustria (common lackey); Monilinia fructicola (brown rot); Monilinia fructigena (brown rot); Monilinia laxa (blossom blight); Naupactus xanthographus (South American fruit tree weevil); Otiorhynchus cribricollis (weevil, apple); Pandemis cerasana (common twist moth); Panonychus ulmi (European red spider mite); Parlatoria oleae (olive scale); Parthenolecanium corni (European fruit lecanium); Parthenolecanium persicae (peach scale); Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Plum pox virus (sharka); Podosphaera clandestina var. clandestina (powdery mildew of cherry); Podosphaera tridactyla (powdery mildew of apricot); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode); Proeulia auraria (Chilean fruit tree leaf folder); Proeulia chrysopteris; Prune dwarf virus (cherry ring mottle); Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (almond bud failure); Pseudomonas syringae pv. morsprunorum (bacterial canker of stone fruits); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Saissetia coffeae (hemispherical scale); Saturnia pyri (giant emperor moth); Sphaerolecanium prunastri (plum scale); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Strawberry latent ringspot virus (latent ring spot of strawberry); Synanthedon pictipes (lesser peachtree borer); Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Tomato ringspot virus (ringspot of tomato); Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae (plum rust); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (bacterial canker of stone fruit); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode); Xiphinema rivesi (dagger nematode); Xyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle); Yponomeuta padellus (cherry ermine moth)

Minor host of:

Adoretus versutus (rose beetle); Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Amphitetranychus viennensis (hawthorn (spider) mite); Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly); Apple mosaic virus (chestnut mosaic); Apricot pseudo-chlorotic leaf spot virus; Archips fuscocupreanus; Archips podanus (great brown twist moth); Archips rosana (European leaf roller); Argyrotaenia velutinana (redbanded leafroller); Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Aspergillus flavus (Aspergillus ear rot); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Bactrocera neohumeralis; Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Biscogniauxia rosacearum; Biston suppressaria (tea looper); Blumeriella jaapii (cherry leaf spot); Botryosphaeria dothidea (canker of almond); Botryosphaeria obtusa (black rot of apple); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); Carposina sasakii (peach fruit moth); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Ceratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly); Ceroplastes rubens (red wax scale); Cherry green ring mottle virus (cherry vein yellow spot); Cherry necrotic rusty mottle virus (cherry necrotic rusty mottle disease); Cherry rusty mottle disease (cherry rusty mottle (American)); Chinavia hilaris (green stink bug); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cotinis nitida (june beetle, green); Criconemella xenoplax (ring nematode); Diaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale); Erwinia amylovora (fireblight); Eudocima fullonia (fruit-piercing moth); Eutypa lata (Eutypa dieback); Ganoderma lucidum (basal stem rot: Hevea spp.); Grapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth); Grapholita packardi (cherry fruitworm); Heterobasidion annosum; Hop stunt viroid (hop stunt viroid); Hysteroneura setariae (rusty plum aphid); Leucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth); Little cherry virus; Lobesia botrana (European grapevine moth); Lolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Macrosiphum rosae (rose aphid); Malacosoma americanum (eastern tent caterpillar); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm); Microcyclosporella mali; Murgantia histrionica (harlequin bug); Operophtera brumata (winter moth); Orgyia leucostigma (white-marked tussock moth); Otiorhynchus armadillo (armadillo weevil); Parabemisia myricae (bayberry whitefly); Paratrichodorus porosus; Parlatoria pergandii (chaff scale); Peach latent mosaic viroid (American mosaic of peach); peach rosette phytoplasma (peach rosette phytoplasma); Penicillium digitatum (green mould); Penicillium expansum (blue mould of stored apple); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Phlyctinus callosus (vine calandra); Phorodon humuli (hop vine aphid); Phyllonorycter crataegella (apple blotch leafminer); Phytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees); Phytoplasma mali (apple proliferation); Phytoplasma pruni (peach X-disease); Phytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll); Platynota flavedana (rusty brown, tortricid); Platynota idaeusalis (tufted apple, bud moth); Plum bark necrosis stem pitting-associated virus; Poa annua (annual meadowgrass); Podosphaera leucotricha (powdery mildew of apple); Popillia japonica (Japanese beetle); Pseudococcus longispinus (long-tailed mealybug); Pseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug); Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast); Pterochloroides persicae (peach black aphid); Rhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Sowbane mosaic virus; Spilonota ocellana (eyespotted bud moth); Synanthedon exitiosa (peachtree borer); Tessaratoma papillosa (litchi stink bug); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Thekopsora areolata (cherry spruce rust); Thrips imaginis (plague thrips); Tobacco necrosis virus (augusta disease of tulip); Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae var. discolor (rust: peach); Urochloa plantaginea (marmeladegrass); Valsaria insitiva (dieback of stone fruit trees); Venturia carpophila (almond scab); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode); Xyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer); Xylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)

Wild host of:

Eriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot)

Associated with (not a host):

Aspergillus fumigatus; Aspergillus terreus; Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma); Mycosphaerella tassiana (antagonist of Botrytis cinerea); Pseudomonas fluorescens (pink eye: potato)

Host of (source - data mining):

Acalitus phloeocoptes (plum, blister mite); Acronicta psi (grey dagger moth); Aculus fockeui (plum rust mite); Agriopis bajaria; Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly); Asymmetrasca decedens; Bifiditermes beesoni; Cenopalpus lanceolatisetae; Chymomyza amoena; Colladonus montanus (leafhopper, mountain); Colletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry); Coptotermes heimi; Cydia janthinana; Cydia lobarzewskii; Diaporthe ambigua (canker: pear); Diaspidiotus ancylus (putnam scale); Diaspidiotus prunorum; Diptacus gigantorhynchus (plum gall mite); Eotetranychus carpini (mite, yellow); Eotetranychus pruni; Eotetranychus uncatus; Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth); Eudocima tyrannus (leaf-like moth, akebia); Eurytoma schreineri; Euzophera semifuneralis (American plum borer); Frankliniella cestrum; Frankliniella tritici (eastern flower thrips); Geotrichum candidum (citrus race) (citrus sour rot); Heterotermes indicola; Hoplocampa flava (plum, sawfly); Hoplocampa minuta (plum, fruit sawfly); Hypurus bertrandi (weevil, portulaca leafmining); Iphiclides podalirius; Macroposthonia xenoplax; Malacosoma indicum; Mucor piriformis (Mucor post-harvest decay); Myllocerus laetivirens; Odontotermes lokanandi; Oraesia excavata (fruit piercing moth); Phoma pomorum (leaf spot: apple); Phyllocoptes abaenus; Phyllonorycter cerasicolella; Phyllonorycter elmaella (western tentiform leafminer); Pseudococcus maritimus (grape mealybug); Psorosticha zizyphi (citrus leafroller); Rhizopus stolonifer (bulb rot); Swammerdamia pyrella; Taphrina pruni (bladder plums); Thyas juno; Typhlodromus invectus; Zetzellia talhouki

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Fruits
  • Oil/fat
  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Essential oils

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore