Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Prunus avium
(sweet cherry)

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Datasheet

Prunus avium (sweet cherry)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Prunus avium
  • Preferred Common Name
  • sweet cherry
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Charcoal
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); mature tree in flower. April 2004.
TitleHabit
CaptionPrunus avium (sweet cherry); mature tree in flower. April 2004.
Copyright©Benjamin Gimmel/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); mature tree in flower. April 2004.
HabitPrunus avium (sweet cherry); mature tree in flower. April 2004.©Benjamin Gimmel/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); monospecific plantation, aged 9 years. Trees are 7m high, stem diameter approx. 13cm. Appenine region, nr. Arezzo, central Italy.
TitleYoung plantation
CaptionPrunus avium (sweet cherry); monospecific plantation, aged 9 years. Trees are 7m high, stem diameter approx. 13cm. Appenine region, nr. Arezzo, central Italy.
Copyright©Fulvio Ducci
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); monospecific plantation, aged 9 years. Trees are 7m high, stem diameter approx. 13cm. Appenine region, nr. Arezzo, central Italy.
Young plantationPrunus avium (sweet cherry); monospecific plantation, aged 9 years. Trees are 7m high, stem diameter approx. 13cm. Appenine region, nr. Arezzo, central Italy.©Fulvio Ducci
Prunus avium (sweet cherry)' winter habit of an isolated wild cherry tree, age 45-years; d.b.h. 50 cm; height 17 m. Location: Brescia, Lombardy, N. Italy.
TitleWild cherry, 45-year-old tree in winter
CaptionPrunus avium (sweet cherry)' winter habit of an isolated wild cherry tree, age 45-years; d.b.h. 50 cm; height 17 m. Location: Brescia, Lombardy, N. Italy.
Copyright©Fulvio Ducci
Prunus avium (sweet cherry)' winter habit of an isolated wild cherry tree, age 45-years; d.b.h. 50 cm; height 17 m. Location: Brescia, Lombardy, N. Italy.
Wild cherry, 45-year-old tree in winterPrunus avium (sweet cherry)' winter habit of an isolated wild cherry tree, age 45-years; d.b.h. 50 cm; height 17 m. Location: Brescia, Lombardy, N. Italy.©Fulvio Ducci
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); bark, with typical lenticels and bark stripes.
TitleBark
CaptionPrunus avium (sweet cherry); bark, with typical lenticels and bark stripes.
Copyright©Fulvio Ducci
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); bark, with typical lenticels and bark stripes.
BarkPrunus avium (sweet cherry); bark, with typical lenticels and bark stripes.©Fulvio Ducci
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); twigs and foliage.
TitleLeaves
CaptionPrunus avium (sweet cherry); twigs and foliage.
Copyright©Fulvio Ducci
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); twigs and foliage.
LeavesPrunus avium (sweet cherry); twigs and foliage.©Fulvio Ducci
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); blossom.
TitleFlowers
CaptionPrunus avium (sweet cherry); blossom.
Copyright©Fulvio Ducci
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); blossom.
FlowersPrunus avium (sweet cherry); blossom.©Fulvio Ducci
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); wild cherry developing somatic embryos obtained from immature cotyledons.
TitleSomatic embryos
CaptionPrunus avium (sweet cherry); wild cherry developing somatic embryos obtained from immature cotyledons.
Copyright©Fulvio Ducci
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); wild cherry developing somatic embryos obtained from immature cotyledons.
Somatic embryosPrunus avium (sweet cherry); wild cherry developing somatic embryos obtained from immature cotyledons.©Fulvio Ducci

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Prunus avium (L.) L.

Preferred Common Name

  • sweet cherry

Other Scientific Names

  • Cerasus avium (L.) Moench
  • Cerasus nigra Mill.
  • Prunus avium var. aspleniifolia (G. Kirchn.) H. Jaeger
  • Prunus cerasus var. avium L.
  • Prunus macrophylla Poir.

International Common Names

  • English: cherry; cherry (sweet); gean; mazzard; wild cherry
  • Spanish: cerezo; cerezo silvestre; guinda
  • French: cerisier; guigne; merisier
  • Chinese: yingtao shu
  • Portuguese: cerejeira

Local Common Names

  • Croatia: tresnja
  • Czechoslovakia (former): tresen
  • Denmark: fugle kirsebær
  • Finland: kirsika
  • Germany: Süsskirsche; Vögelkirsche
  • Greece: kerasia
  • Hungary: cseresznye
  • Italy: ciliegio selvatico; ciligio dolce
  • Japan: sakura
  • Netherlands: kerseboom; kriek; zoete kers
  • Norway: kirsebær
  • Poland: czeresnia
  • Romania: cires
  • Serbia: tresnja
  • Slovakia: ceresna
  • Sweden: fågelbär; körsbar; sötkörsbär
  • Turkey: kiraz
  • UK/England and Wales: gean; mazzard cherry
  • USA: gean; mazzard

EPPO code

  • PRNAV (Prunus avium)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rosales
  •                         Family: Rosaceae
  •                             Genus: Prunus
  •                                 Species: Prunus avium

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Adoxophyes orana (summer fruit tortrix); Amphitetranychus viennensis (hawthorn (spider) mite); Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (apricot butteratura); Apple mosaic virus (chestnut mosaic); Apricot ring pox and cherry twisted leaf diseases (ring pox disease of apricot); Arabis mosaic virus (hop bare-bine); Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Aromia bungii (red necked longicorn); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Blumeriella jaapii (cherry leaf spot); Bryobia rubrioculus (brown apple mite); Candidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma); Capnodis tenebrionis (capnodis, peach); Carnation ringspot virus; Ceresa alta (buffalo treehopper); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Cherry leaf roll virus (walnut ringspot); Cherry necrotic rusty mottle virus (cherry necrotic rusty mottle disease); Cherry rasp leaf virus (cherry rasp leaf); Cherry rough fruit agent (cherry rough fruit); Cherry rusty mottle disease (cherry rusty mottle (American)); Cherry virus A; Choreutis pariana (apple-and-thorn skeletonizer); Choristoneura rosaceana (oblique banded leaf roller); Conotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio); Cossus cossus (carpenter moth); Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis (pear oyster scale); Drosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila); Epidiaspis leperii (European pear scale); Euproctis chrysorrhoea (brown-tail moth); Forficula auricularia (European earwig); Grapholita funebrana (red plum maggot); Grapholita packardi (cherry fruitworm); Halyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug); Homona magnanima (oriental tea tortrix); Hyalopterus pruni (mealy plum aphid); Hyphantria cunea (mulberry moth); Leucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth); Little cherry virus; Little cherry virus 1 (little cherry ); Little cherry virus 2; Longidorus (longidorids); Monilinia fructicola (brown rot); Monilinia laxa (blossom blight); Myrobalan latent ringspot virus; Myzus cerasi (black cherry aphid); Naupactus xanthographus (South American fruit tree weevil); Nymphalis polychloros (large tortoiseshell butterfly); Pandemis cerasana (common twist moth); Philaenus spumarius (meadow froghopper); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Phytoplasma pruni (peach X-disease); Podosphaera clandestina var. clandestina (powdery mildew of cherry); Podosphaera tridactyla (powdery mildew of apricot); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode); Prune dwarf virus (cherry ring mottle); Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale); Pseudomonas syringae pv. morsprunorum (bacterial canker of stone fruits); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Raspberry ringspot virus (ringspot of raspberry); Rhagoletis cerasi (European cherry fruit fly); Rhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly); Rhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly); Rhagoletis indifferens (western cherry fruit fly); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Saturnia pyri (giant emperor moth); Sphaerolecanium prunastri (plum scale); Strawberry latent ringspot virus (latent ring spot of strawberry); Synanthedon pictipes (lesser peachtree borer); Tetranychus kanzawai (kanzawa spider mite); Tomato ringspot virus (ringspot of tomato); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Trirachys holosericeus (apple stem borer); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xiphinema rivesi (dagger nematode); Xyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle); Xylotrechus namanganensis (namangan longhorn beetle); Yponomeuta padellus (cherry ermine moth)

Minor host of:

Apiognomonia erythrostoma (cherry leaf scorch); Aporia crataegi (black-veined white); Apple rubbery wood phytoplasma (apple rubbery wood); Apple scar skin viroid (apple dimple); Apple stem grooving virus; Archips fuscocupreanus; Archips podanus (great brown twist moth); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Aureobasidium pullulans (blue stain of wood); Bactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly); Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Ceroplastes japonicus (tortoise wax scale); Chaetocnema confinis (flea beetle); Cherry green ring mottle virus (cherry vein yellow spot); Chinavia hilaris (green stink bug); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Diaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus); Diaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale); Diplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease); Erannis defoliaria (mottled umber moth); Eutypa lata (Eutypa dieback); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Frankliniella australis; Globisporangium irregulare (dieback: carrot); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Grapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth); Grapholita prunivora (plum moth); Hedya nubiferana (bud moth); Homalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter); Hop stunt viroid (hop stunt viroid); Lobesia botrana (European grapevine moth); Lopholeucaspis japonica (Japanese baton shaped scale); Malacosoma neustria (common lackey); Malacosoma parallela (mountain ring silk moth); Monilinia fructigena (brown rot); Monilinia polystroma; Murgantia histrionica (harlequin bug); Operophtera brumata (winter moth); Orgyia antiqua (European tussock moth); Orgyia leucostigma (white-marked tussock moth); Panonychus ulmi (European red spider mite); Parabemisia myricae (bayberry whitefly); Peach latent mosaic viroid (American mosaic of peach); peach rosette phytoplasma (peach rosette phytoplasma); Peach wart disease; Penicillium expansum (blue mould of stored apple); Phyllonorycter crataegella (apple blotch leafminer); Phytophthora cactorum (apple collar rot); Phytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees); Phytophthora citrophthora (brown rot of citrus fruit); Phytophthora drechsleri (watermelon fruit rot); Phytophthora nicotianae (black shank); Phytoplasma mali (apple proliferation); Phytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll); Phytoplasma ziziphi; Plum pox virus (sharka); Podosphaera clandestina; Pratylenchus loosi (root lesion nematode); Proeulia auraria (Chilean fruit tree leaf folder); Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (almond bud failure); Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Recurvaria nanella (lesser bud moth); Rhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Spilonota ocellana (eyespotted bud moth); Stigmina carpophila (gumspot of stone fruit); Synanthedon exitiosa (peachtree borer); Thekopsora areolata (cherry spruce rust); Thrips imaginis (plague thrips); Tobacco necrosis virus (augusta disease of tulip); Tomato bushy stunt virus (Lycopersicon virus 4); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (bacterial canker of stone fruit); Xestia c-nigrum (spotted cutworm); Xiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode); Xylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines); Zeiraphera isertana

Wild host of:

Hoplocampa

Associated with (not a host):

Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma); Mycosphaerella tassiana (antagonist of Botrytis cinerea); Polistes dominula (European paper wasp); Pseudomonas fluorescens (pink eye: potato); Spiroplasma citri (stubborn disease of citrus)

Host of (source - data mining):

Aculus fockeui (plum rust mite); Agriopis bajaria; Anthonomus rectirostris; Apolygus lucorum (small green plant bug); Archips rosana (European leaf roller); Archips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller); Arthrinium phaeospermum; Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Brachycaudus amygdalinus; Cicadella viridis (leafhopper, green); Cladosporium macrocarpum; Colladonus montanus (leafhopper, mountain); Cryptodiaporthe castanea; Diaspidiotus prunorum; Enarmonia formosana (bark tortrix); Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth); Euzophera semifuneralis (American plum borer); Frankliniella tritici (eastern flower thrips); Fusarium poae (central: Chrysanthemum spp. bud rot); Iphiclides podalirius; Macrothylacia rubi; Mucor piriformis (Mucor post-harvest decay); Mycosphaerella cerasella (shot-hole: stone fruit); Myrmica rubra (ant, red (England)); Paraphlepsius irroratus; Petunia asteroid mosaic virus; Phenacoccus aceris (apple mealybug); Phialophora parasitica (wilt: date palm); Phoma pomorum (leaf spot: apple); Phyllonorycter cerasicolella; Phyllonorycter elmaella (western tentiform leafminer); Phyllonorycter pomonella; Phytophthora syringae (twig blight of lilac); Pithomyces sacchari; Platynota idaeusalis (tufted apple, bud moth); Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast); Rhagoletis tabellaria; Rhizopus stolonifer (bulb rot); Rhynchites auratus; Saperda scalaris; Swammerdamia pyrella; Synanthedon hector (cherry tree borer); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Valsa leucostoma (dieback: fruit trees); Venturia cerasi (cherry scab); Zeuzera multistrigata

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter

Fuels

  • Charcoal

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Fruits
  • Honey/honey flora

Materials

  • Dye/tanning
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Charcoal

Furniture

Lignin products

Veneers

Wood-based materials

  • Improved wood