Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Prunus armeniaca
(apricot)

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Datasheet

Prunus armeniaca (apricot)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Prunus armeniaca
  • Preferred Common Name
  • apricot
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Beverage base
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Fruits
  • Ornamental
  • Revegetation
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Prunus armeniaca L.

Preferred Common Name

  • apricot

Other Scientific Names

  • Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.

International Common Names

  • English: apricot tree
  • Spanish: albaricoquero; chabacano; damasco
  • French: abricotier; apricotier
  • Russian: abrikos
  • Chinese: xing shu
  • Portuguese: albicoqueiro; alpercheiro; damasqueiro

Local Common Names

  • Armenia: tsiran
  • Czechoslovakia (former): meruka
  • Denmark: abrikostræ
  • Germany: aprikosenbaum; marillenbaum
  • Greece: veryokkia
  • Hungary: kajszi
  • Italy: albicocco
  • Netherlands: abrikozenboom
  • Poland: morela
  • Romania: cais
  • Serbia: kajsija
  • Slovakia: marhul'a
  • Sweden: aprikosträd; aprikostraed

EPPO code

  • PRNAR (Prunus armeniaca)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rosales
  •                         Family: Rosaceae
  •                             Genus: Prunus
  •                                 Species: Prunus armeniaca

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Adelphocoris lineolatus (lucerne bug); Adoxophyes orana (summer fruit tortrix); Alternaria tenuissima (nailhead spot of tomato); Anarsia lineatella (peach twig borer); Apiognomonia erythrostoma (cherry leaf scorch); Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (apricot butteratura); Apple mosaic virus (chestnut mosaic); Apple stem grooving virus; Apricot latent virus; Apricot ring pox and cherry twisted leaf diseases (ring pox disease of apricot); Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Aromia bungii (red necked longicorn); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Brachycaudus schwartzi (almond aphid); Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium; Carpophilus (dried-fruit beetles); Carpophilus hemipterus (dried fruit beetle); Ceratitis quinaria (five-spotted fruit fly); Ceratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight); Cherry virus A; Choreutis pariana (apple-and-thorn skeletonizer); Commelina benghalensis (wandering jew); Commelina diffusa (spreading dayflower); Conotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio); Cornu aspersum (common garden snail); Cydia pomonella (codling moth); Diaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus); Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth); Euproctis chrysorrhoea (brown-tail moth); Eutypa lata (Eutypa dieback); Forficula auricularia (European earwig); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Grapholita funebrana (red plum maggot); Grapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth); Hoplocampa; Hyalopterus pruni (mealy plum aphid); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Monilia polystroma (Asiatic brown rot); Monilinia fructigena (brown rot); Monilinia laxa (blossom blight); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Naupactus xanthographus (South American fruit tree weevil); Paratrichodorus porosus; peach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Phytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll); Plum bark necrosis stem pitting-associated virus; Plum pox virus (sharka); Podosphaera clandestina var. clandestina (powdery mildew of cherry); Podosphaera tridactyla (powdery mildew of apricot); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode); Proeulia auraria (Chilean fruit tree leaf folder); Proeulia chrysopteris; Prune dwarf virus (cherry ring mottle); Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Saturnia pyri (giant emperor moth); Sphaerolecanium prunastri (plum scale); Strawberry latent ringspot virus (latent ring spot of strawberry); Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Tomato ringspot virus (ringspot of tomato); Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (bacterial canker of stone fruit); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle); Xylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle); Xylotrechus namanganensis (namangan longhorn beetle)

Minor host of:

Aeolesthes sarta (city longhorn beetle); Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly); Anoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Aphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid); Apiosporina morbosa (black knot); Aporia crataegi (black-veined white); Archips fuscocupreanus; Argyrotaenia citrana (orange tortrix); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Bactrocera jarvisi (Jarvis' fruit fly); Bactrocera neohumeralis; Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Blumeriella jaapii (cherry leaf spot); Botryosphaeria obtusa (black rot of apple); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Cadra cautella (dried currant moth); Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Carposina sasakii (peach fruit moth); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Ceratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly); Ceroplastes destructor (white wax scale); Cherry green ring mottle virus (cherry vein yellow spot); Cherry necrotic rusty mottle virus (cherry necrotic rusty mottle disease); Cherry rusty mottle disease (cherry rusty mottle (American)); Chinavia hilaris (green stink bug); Colletotrichum fioriniae; Corcyra cephalonica (rice meal moth); Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus; Cydia latiferreana (filbertworm); Drosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila); Erwinia amylovora (fireblight); Eulecanium tiliae (nut scale); Grapholita prunivora (plum moth); Hemicriconemoides mangiferae; Hop stunt viroid (hop stunt viroid); Indarbela quadrinotata (bark eating caterpillar); Iphiclides podalirius; Leucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Malacosoma parallela (mountain ring silk moth); Monilinia fructicola (brown rot); Myzus mumecola; Operophtera brumata (winter moth); Orgyia leucostigma (white-marked tussock moth); Orobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape); Orobanche cernua (nodding broomrape); Orobanche ramosa (branched broomrape); Peach latent mosaic viroid (American mosaic of peach); peach rosette phytoplasma (peach rosette phytoplasma); Penicillium expansum (blue mould of stored apple); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Phytophthora cactorum (apple collar rot); Phytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees); Phytophthora citrophthora (brown rot of citrus fruit); Phytophthora nicotianae (black shank); Phytophthora tropicalis; Phytoplasma mali (apple proliferation); Phytoplasma pruni (peach X-disease); Podosphaera pannosa (powdery mildew of rose); Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (almond bud failure); Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Pterochloroides persicae (peach black aphid); Rhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Scutellonema brachyurus; Stigmina carpophila (gumspot of stone fruit); Synanthedon exitiosa (peachtree borer); Taphrina deformans (peach leaf curl); Urophorus humeralis (pineapple sap beetle); Xiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode); Xyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)

Wild host of:

Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot)

Associated with (not a host):

Pseudomonas fluorescens (pink eye: potato); Tectocepheus velatus

Host of (source - data mining):

Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Anthonomus piri (apple bud weevil); Archips rosana (European leaf roller); Archips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller); Asteromella mali; Austroagallia sinuata; Botryosphaeria dothidea (canker of almond); Capnodis tenebrionis (capnodis, peach); Carpophilus mutilatus (flower beetle); Cenopalpus pulcher (scarlet, mite, flat (England)); Colladonus montanus (leafhopper, mountain); Cryptodiaporthe castanea; Ctenopseustis obliquana; Diaspidiotus prunorum; Diaspidiotus pyri (pear, scale); Enarmonia formosana (bark tortrix); Eurytoma schreineri; Hoplocampa flava (plum, sawfly); Hoplocampa minuta (plum, fruit sawfly); Microtermes unicolor; Neoaliturus fenestratus; Neoaliturus haematoceps; Neonectria radicicola (black root of strawberry); Odontotermes lokanandi; Parthenolecanium persicae (peach scale); Phoma pomorum (leaf spot: apple); Planotortrix excessana (orchard leafroller); Psammotettix striatus (European grass-feeding leafhopper); Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast); Recurvaria nanella (lesser bud moth); Rhizopus stolonifer (bulb rot); Schizophyllum commune (wood rot); Scolytus rugulosus (shothole borer); Synanthedon myopaeformis (hornet clearwing moth); Thrips obscuratus (new Zealand flower thrips); Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae (plum rust); Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae var. discolor (rust: peach); Valsa leucostoma (dieback: fruit trees); Venturia carpophila (almond scab)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Environmental

  • Revegetation

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Fruits
  • Honey/honey flora
  • Oil/fat

Materials

  • Essential oils

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore