Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Prunus
(stone fruit)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Prunus (stone fruit)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Prunus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • stone fruit
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Prunus cerasus (sour cherry); sour cherry orchard during blooming. April 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionPrunus cerasus (sour cherry); sour cherry orchard during blooming. April 2009.
Copyright©Glysiak-2009/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Prunus cerasus (sour cherry); sour cherry orchard during blooming. April 2009.
HabitPrunus cerasus (sour cherry); sour cherry orchard during blooming. April 2009.©Glysiak-2009/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); mature tree in flower. April 2004.
TitleHabit
CaptionPrunus avium (sweet cherry); mature tree in flower. April 2004.
Copyright©Benjamin Gimmel/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Prunus avium (sweet cherry); mature tree in flower. April 2004.
HabitPrunus avium (sweet cherry); mature tree in flower. April 2004.©Benjamin Gimmel/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Prunus cerasus (sour cherry); flowers. Klodzko, Poland. May 2015.
TitleFlowers
CaptionPrunus cerasus (sour cherry); flowers. Klodzko, Poland. May 2015.
Copyright©Jacek Halicki-2015/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Prunus cerasus (sour cherry); flowers. Klodzko, Poland. May 2015.
FlowersPrunus cerasus (sour cherry); flowers. Klodzko, Poland. May 2015.©Jacek Halicki-2015/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Prunus cerasus (sour cherry); ripe fruits on branch, with foliage. Austria. June 2011.
TitleFruits
CaptionPrunus cerasus (sour cherry); ripe fruits on branch, with foliage. Austria. June 2011.
Copyright©Friedrich Boehringer (aka Benutzer Böhringer)-2011/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.5
Prunus cerasus (sour cherry); ripe fruits on branch, with foliage. Austria. June 2011.
Fruits Prunus cerasus (sour cherry); ripe fruits on branch, with foliage. Austria. June 2011.©Friedrich Boehringer (aka Benutzer Böhringer)-2011/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.5

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Prunus L.

Preferred Common Name

  • stone fruit

Other Scientific Names

  • Amygdalus L.
  • Laurocerasus Duhamel
  • Pygeum Gaertn.

International Common Names

  • English: ornamental species prunus
  • French: especes ornementales Prunus; fruits a noyau

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Zier-Arten Prunus

EPPO code

  • PRNSS (Prunus sp.)
  • PRNSZ (Prunus sp. (ornamental))

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rosales
  •                         Family: Rosaceae
  •                             Genus: Prunus

List of Pests

Top of page

Major host of:

Aleurodicus dispersus (whitefly); Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly); Apple mosaic virus (chestnut mosaic); Apple stem pitting virus (apple Spy 227 epinasty & decline); Brachycaudus helichrysi (leaf-curling plum aphid); Cacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix); Carpophilus hemipterus (dried fruit beetle); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Ceratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight); Ceresa alta (buffalo treehopper); Ceroplastes japonicus (tortoise wax scale); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Choristoneura rosaceana (oblique banded leaf roller); Conotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio); Cossus cossus (carpenter moth); Cuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder); Diaspidiotus lenticularis (round olive scale); Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis (pear oyster scale); Diaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale); Drosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila); Epichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix); Epidiaspis leperii (European pear scale); Euproctis chrysorrhoea (brown-tail moth); Fomes fomentarius (hoof fungus); Grapholita prunivora (plum moth); Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm); Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips); Homona magnanima (oriental tea tortrix); Hyalopterus pruni (mealy plum aphid); Inonotus hispidus (shaggy bracket); Lepidosaphes ulmi (oystershell scale); Lymantria obfuscata (Indian gypsy moth); Metcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug); Monilia polystroma (Asiatic brown rot); Monilinia fructigena (brown rot); Monilinia polystroma; Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Operophtera brumata (winter moth); Pandemis heparana (apple brown tortrix); Papilio multicaudatus (two-tailed tiger swallowtail); Parthenolecanium corni (European fruit lecanium); Phellinus igniarius (hardwood trunk rot); Philaenus spumarius (meadow froghopper); Phytophthora cactorum (apple collar rot); Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale); Platypus quercivorus (oak ambrosia beetle); Plum bark necrosis stem pitting-associated virus; Podosphaera tridactyla (powdery mildew of apricot); Popillia japonica (Japanese beetle); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale); Pseudococcus calceolariae (scarlet mealybug); Pseudococcus comstocki (Comstock mealybug); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Rhopalosiphum padi (grain aphid); Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (rice root aphid); Saissetia oleae (olive scale); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Scolytus rugulosus (shothole borer); Smerinthus planus planus; Taeniothrips inconsequens (pear thrips); Tetranychus pacificus (Pacific spider mite); Tomato ringspot virus (ringspot of tomato); Tremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp); Venturia carpophila (almond scab); Venturia cerasi (cherry scab); Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (bacterial canker of stone fruit); Xiphinema (dagger nematode); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)

Minor host of:

Aeolesthes sarta (city longhorn beetle); Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass); Anoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle); Aonidiella citrina (yellow scale); Aonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale); Aphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid); Armillaria heimii (armillaria root rot); Armillaria luteobubalina (armillaria root rot); Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Armillaria tabescens (armillaria root rot); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Aulacaspis tubercularis (mango scale); Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma); Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale); Ceroplastes rubens (red wax scale); Ceroplastes rusci (fig wax scale); Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale); Coccus hesperidum (brown soft scale); Costelytra zealandica (grass grub); Cryptococcus uzbekistanensis; Cydia latiferreana (filbertworm); Dialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly); Dociostaurus maroccanus (Moroccan locust); Emex australis (Doublegee); Ephestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth); Eutetranychus africanus (citrus brown mite); Eutetranychus banksi (citrus mite, Texas); Grapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth); Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); Hypera postica (lucerne weevil); Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale); Lambdina fiscellaria (eastern hemlock looper); Leptosphaeria coniothyrium (cane blight); Leucoma salicis (satin moth); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Malacosoma disstria (forest tent caterpillar); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm); Myzus cerasi (black cherry aphid); Papilio eurymedon (pale swallowtail); Parabemisia myricae (bayberry whitefly); Parlatoria pergandii (chaff scale); Peach mosaic virus (american mosaic of peach); Phorodon humuli (hop vine aphid); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Phytophthora chlamydospora; Podosphaera leucotricha (powdery mildew of apple); Pratylenchus thornei; Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (almond bud failure); Pterochloroides persicae (peach black aphid); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Scolytus multistriatus (smaller European elm bark beetle); Scolytus scolytus (large elm bark beetle); Sphaerolecanium prunastri (plum scale); Tobacco ringspot virus; Trichodorus primitivus; Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)

Wild host of:

Acronicta rumicis (knotgrass moth); Apiognomonia erythrostoma (cherry leaf scorch); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Rhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot); Thekopsora areolata (cherry spruce rust)

Associated with (not a host):

Anarsia lineatella (peach twig borer); Longidorus euonymus

Host of (source - data mining):

Aculus fockeui (plum rust mite); Capnodis tenebrionis (capnodis, peach); Diptacus gigantorhynchus (plum gall mite); Erythroneura elegantula (leafhopper, grape); Hyalopterus amygdali (peach, aphid, mealy); Hyles livornica; Phyllocoptes abaenus; Pulvinaria hydrangeae; Scolytus amygdali; Stigmina carpophila (gumspot of stone fruit); Valsa leucostoma (dieback: fruit trees)