Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pristiphora abietina
(lesser spruce sawfly)

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Datasheet

Pristiphora abietina (lesser spruce sawfly)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pristiphora abietina
  • Preferred Common Name
  • lesser spruce sawfly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Top of a young spruce tree damaged by P. abietina attack.
TitleDamage symptom
CaptionTop of a young spruce tree damaged by P. abietina attack.
CopyrightInstitut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Top of a young spruce tree damaged by P. abietina attack.
Damage symptomTop of a young spruce tree damaged by P. abietina attack.Institut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Continuously damaged tree with a lot of adventitious leaders.
TitleDamage symptom
CaptionContinuously damaged tree with a lot of adventitious leaders.
CopyrightInstitut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Continuously damaged tree with a lot of adventitious leaders.
Damage symptomContinuously damaged tree with a lot of adventitious leaders.Institut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Swollen bud with needles discoloured by oviposition.
TitleDamage symptom
CaptionSwollen bud with needles discoloured by oviposition.
CopyrightInstitut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Swollen bud with needles discoloured by oviposition.
Damage symptomSwollen bud with needles discoloured by oviposition.Institut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Shaggy shoot with numerous larvae of P. abietina.
TitleLarvae
CaptionShaggy shoot with numerous larvae of P. abietina.
CopyrightInstitut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Shaggy shoot with numerous larvae of P. abietina.
LarvaeShaggy shoot with numerous larvae of P. abietina. Institut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Female ovipositing into a swollen bud on a tree top.
TitleFemale ovipositing
CaptionFemale ovipositing into a swollen bud on a tree top.
CopyrightInstitut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Female ovipositing into a swollen bud on a tree top.
Female ovipositingFemale ovipositing into a swollen bud on a tree top.Institut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Egg pocket with an egg of P. abietina in the discoloured needle.
TitleEgg
CaptionEgg pocket with an egg of P. abietina in the discoloured needle.
CopyrightInstitut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Egg pocket with an egg of P. abietina in the discoloured needle.
EggEgg pocket with an egg of P. abietina in the discoloured needle.Institut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Beauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); natural enemy. Cocoon with coremia of Beauveria bassiana, which has killed the larva inside.
TitleNatural enemy
CaptionBeauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); natural enemy. Cocoon with coremia of Beauveria bassiana, which has killed the larva inside.
Copyright©Institut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna
Beauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); natural enemy. Cocoon with coremia of Beauveria bassiana, which has killed the larva inside.
Natural enemyBeauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); natural enemy. Cocoon with coremia of Beauveria bassiana, which has killed the larva inside.©Institut für Forstentomologie, Forstpathologie, Forstschutz, Vienna

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pristiphora abietina (Christ, 1791)

Preferred Common Name

  • lesser spruce sawfly

Other Scientific Names

  • Lygaeonematus abietina
  • Lygaeonematus abietinus
  • Lygaeonematus abietum Hartig 1836
  • Lygaeonematus pini Retzius
  • Nematus abietinus Christ 1783
  • Nematus abietum
  • Nematus pini Retzius 1783
  • Pristiphora abietum
  • Pristiphora pini

International Common Names

  • English: gregarious spruce sawfly
  • Spanish: nemato de la picea
  • French: némate de l'épicéa

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: bladhveps; granhveps, lille
  • Finland: kuusenneulaspistiaeinen
  • Germany: Blattwespe, Kleine Fichten-; Kleine Fichtenblattwespe
  • Hungary: kis lucfenyo leveldarazs
  • Italy: nemato dell'abete rosso; tentredine dell'abete rosso
  • Netherlands: sparrebladwesp
  • Norway: granbarveps, liten
  • Poland: zawodnica swierkowa
  • Slovakia: piliarka smrekova
  • Sweden: granstekeln, lilla

EPPO code

  • PRISAB (Pristiphora abietina)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hymenoptera
  •                         Family: Tenthredinidae
  •                             Genus: Pristiphora
  •                                 Species: Pristiphora abietina

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Stems / dieback
Stems / fasciation
Whole plant / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Anatis ocellata Predator Larvae
Athous subfuscus Predator Pupae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Pupae
Bessa selecta Parasite Larvae
Carabus hortensis Predator Pupae
Cleptes semiauratus Parasite Pupae
Ctenochira flavicauda Parasite Larvae
cytoplasmic polyhedrosis viruses Pathogen
Endasys erythrogaster Parasite Pupae
Erromenus punctulatus Parasite Larvae
Formica polyctena Predator
Metarhizium anisopliae Pathogen Larvae/Pupae
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen
Oresbius bipunctatus Parasite Pupae
Paecilomyces farinosus Pathogen Larvae/Pupae
Pleolophus brachypterus Parasite
Pleolophus vestigialis Parasite Pupae
Pterostichus oblongopunctatus Predator Pupae
Tritneptis klugii Parasite Pupae

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves eggs; larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

Wood Packaging

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Wood Packaging not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Loose wood packing material
Non-wood
Processed or treated wood
Solid wood packing material with bark
Solid wood packing material without bark

References

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Beier-Petersen B, 1956. Bladhvepsen Lygaeonematus abietinus Christ som skadedyr pa rodgran i Sonderjylland. Det. Forstl. Forsogsv. Danm., 22:275-355.

Berger R von; Katzensteiner K, 1994. Mass outbreak of the small spruce sawfly Pristiphora abietina (Christ) (Hym., Tenthredinidae) in Hausruck. 2: Influence of air pollution. Journal of Applied Entomology, 118(3):253-266

Büttner H, 1956. Die Beeinträchtigung von Raupen einiger Forstschädlinge durch mineralische Düngung der Futterpflanzen. Naturwiss., 43:454.

Capecki Z, 1956. Dwa dokuczliwe szkodniki swierka sposrod rosliniarek. Sylvan, 100:17-26.

Christiansen E, 1969. Insect pests in forests of the Nordic countries 1961-1966. Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift, 17:153-158.

Egger A, 1989. The effect and persistence of chemical and biological control measures against the spruce sawfly (Pristiphora abietina). Centralblatt fur das Gesamte Forstwesen, 106(2):67-77

Ehnström B; Annila E; Austara O; Harding S; Ottosson JG, 1998. Insect pests in forests of the Nordic countries 1982-1986. Rapport fra skogforskningen, Supplement 2, As, Norway.

Escherich E, 1942. Die Forstinsekten Mitteleuropas. Vol. V. Hymenoptera (Hautflügler) und Diptera (Zweiflügler). Berlin: Paul Parey.

Francke-Grosmann H, 1953. Volume 5: Symphyta (Chalastogastra, Tenthredinoidea). In: Blunck H, ed. Handbuch der Pflanzenkrankheiten. Berlin-Hamburg, Germany: Paul Parey, 166-215.

Führer E; Rosner S; Schmied A; Wegensteiner R, 2001. Studies on the significance of pathogenic fungi in the population dynamics of the lesser spruce sawfly, Pristiphora abietina Christ. (Hym., Tenthredinidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 125(5):235-242; 18 ref.

Gebert AK, 1994. Biologisch-ökologische Untersuchungen in Kalamitätsgebieten der Kleinen Fichtenblattwespe, Pristiphora abietina Christ (Hym.: Tenthredinidae). München, Germany: Diss. Ludwing Maximilian Univ.

Harding S; Annila E; Ehnström B; Halldorsson G; Kvamme T, 1998. Insect pests in forests of the Nordic countries 1987-1990. Rapport fra skogforskningen, Supplement 3. As, Norway.

Holonec L; Cherechesiu V; Taut I, 2004. Research regarding the presence of the deleterious agent Pristiphora abietina in the pine arbors outside the specific spreading area. Buletinul Universitatii de Stiinte Agricole si Medicina Veterinara Cluj-Napoca. Seria Horticultura [Symposium "Prospects of the 3rd Millenium Agriculture" Sections: 4. Horticulture and Forestry; 5. Economics and Management; 10. Miscellaneous, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 20-23 October, 2004.], 61:127-132.

Holusa J, 2002. Species composition of spruce tenthredinids (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae) in the eastern part of the Czech Republic. Biologia (Bratislava), 57(2):213-222; many ref.

Houpert G; Klein P, 1974. Premiere observations sur la biologie et les degats du nemate de l'epicea dans le Massif Vosgien. Rev. Forest. Franc., 26:45-50.

Jonaitis VP, 1970. The parasites of the small spruce sawfly Lygaeonematus abietinus Christ (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae) and their role in reduction of populations of the pest. Entomological Review, 49:36-37.

Kolubajiv S, 1958. On the bionomics, ecology and epidemiology of Spruce Sawflies of the group Nematini. Sborn. Csl. Akad. Zemed. (Lesn.) 4:123-150.

Kovacevic Z, 1956. Primjenjena entomologija, Knjiga III, Sumski Stetnici. Zagreb.

Merker E, 1962. Augenblicklicher Stand der Untersuchungen über die schädigende Wirkungsweise von Düngestoffen auf Waldschädlinge. Allgemeine Forst- und Jagdzeitung, 133:81-83.

Merker E; Niechziol W, 1957. Die Abhängigkeit der Kleinen Fichtenblattwespe (Lygaeo-nematus pini Retz.) vom Wasserhaushalt des Bodens. Allgemeine Forstzeitschrift, 12:526-530.

Muche WH, 1974. The Nematine genera Pristiphora Latreille, Pachynematus Konow and Nematus Panzer (Hym., Temthredinidae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 21(1/3):1-137

Netherer S; Führer E, 1999. Assessment of the predisposition of forest sites and stands to epidemics of the little spruce sawfly Pristiphora abietina. Allgemeine Forst- und Jagdzeitung, 170(3):53-60; 34 ref.

Niechziol W, 1958. Die Bekämpfung der Kleinen Fichtenblattwespe als forstlichen Dauerschädling auf ökologischem Wege. Allgemeine Forstzeitschrift, 13:317-319.

Nigitz HP, 1974. Parasites of the lesser spruce-sawfly, Pristiphora abietina Christ. (Hymen., tenthredinidae), in Steiermark. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 76(2):167-189

Nägeli W, 1936. Die Kleine Fichtenblattwespe. Mitteilungen Schweizerischen Anstalt für das Forstliche Versuchswesen, 19:211-381.

Ohnesorge B, 1957. Untersuchungen über die Populationsdynamik der Kleinen Fichtenblatt-wespe, Pristiphora abietina (Christ) (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae). I. Teil, Fertilität und Mortalität. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 40:443-393.

Ohnesorge B, 1958. Das Austreiben der Fichte und ihr Befall durch die Kleine Fichtenblatt-wespe Pristiphora abietina (Christ). Forstw. Centralblatt, 77:335-347.

Pavlovskii EN, 1955. Vrediteli lesa. Spravochnik. Moskva - Leningrad, USSR: Izdatelstvo Akademii Nauk SSSR.

Pschorn-Walcher H, 1982. Suborder Symphyta, sawflies. In: Schwenke W, ed. Die Forstschaedlinge Europas. 4. Hautflügler und Zweiflügler. Hamburg, Germany: Paul Parey, 66-129.

Rosner S; Führer E, 1996. Studies on the overwintering strategy of the spruce sawfly, Pristiphora abietina Christ. (Hym., Tenthredinidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 120(4):225-230; 30 ref.

Schafellner C; Berger R; Dermutz A; Führer E; Mattanovich J, 1999. Relationship between foliar chemistry and susceptibility of Norway spruce (Pinaceae) to Pristiphora abietina (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Canadian Entomologist, 131(3):373-385; 4 pp of ref.

Schafellner C; Berger R; Mattanovich J; Führer E, 1996. Variations in spruce needle chemistry and implications for the Little Spruce Sawfly, Pristiphora abietina. In: Mattson WJ, Niemelä P, Rousi M, eds. Dynamics of Forest Herbivory: Quest for Pattern and Principle. USDA Forestry Service General Technical Report NC-183, NC Forest Experimental Station, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA, 55108:248-256.

Schedl KE, 1953. Die Kleine Fichtenblattwespe (Lygaeonematus pini Retz.). Wien, Forstliche Bundesversuchsanstalt Mariabrunn, 1-140.

Schimitschek E, 1947. Massenauftreten wichtiger Forstinsekten in Österreich. Forst- und Holzwirt, 70:158-204.

Schmied A; Führer E, 1996. The impact of ground beetle species (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in spruce stands damaged by Pristiphora abietina (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Entomologia Generalis, 21(1/2):81-94; 18 ref.

Schmied A; Führer E, 1996. The importance of ichneumonid wasps in areas where damage is caused by Pristiphora abietina Christ (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 103(6):644-657; 24 ref.

Schwarz F, 1981. Die Fichtenblattwespe-ein Dauerschädling der Fichte im Alpenvorland? Amtliche Linzer Ztg., 47.

Schwarz M, 1989. Die Parasiten und Räuber (Antagonisten) der Kokons der Kleinen Fichtenblattwespe, Pristiphora abietina (Christ) im Hausruck (OÖ). Diplomarbeit, University of Salzburg, Austria.

Titovsek J, 1994. Dynamics of forest pests in Slovenia. Zbornik Gozdarstva in Lesarstva, Ljubljana, No.43:31-76

Toth J ed, 1999. Erdeszeti rovartan. Agro Inform, Kiado, Budapest.

Valenta VT; Jonaitis VP; Zajanckauskas PA, 1970. Liuan. NILH, Kaunas.

Ward D; Keane M; Seaby D, 1993. Harmful Organisms in Forestry Production. In: Kavanagh JA, Brennan P, eds. Plant Health. Dublin, Ireland: Royal Irish Academy.

Wiener L, 1995. Forest protection treatment project against the spruce sawfly. Forderungsdienst, 43(5):149-151

Distribution Maps

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