Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pratylenchus zeae
(root lesion nematode)

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Datasheet

Pratylenchus zeae (root lesion nematode)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pratylenchus zeae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • root lesion nematode
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Nematoda
  •       Family: Pratylenchidae
  •         Genus: Pratylenchus

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Nematodes (stained with acid fuchsin) endoparastic in rice roots. P. zeae causes mechanical damage and discrete light-brown lesions in the root cortex; the lesions become necrotic, darken and coalesce as the nematode population increases.
TitleNematodes in rice root
CaptionNematodes (stained with acid fuchsin) endoparastic in rice roots. P. zeae causes mechanical damage and discrete light-brown lesions in the root cortex; the lesions become necrotic, darken and coalesce as the nematode population increases.
CopyrightJohn Bridge/CABI BioScience
Nematodes (stained with acid fuchsin) endoparastic in rice roots. P. zeae causes mechanical damage and discrete light-brown lesions in the root cortex; the lesions become necrotic, darken and coalesce as the nematode population increases.
Nematodes in rice rootNematodes (stained with acid fuchsin) endoparastic in rice roots. P. zeae causes mechanical damage and discrete light-brown lesions in the root cortex; the lesions become necrotic, darken and coalesce as the nematode population increases.John Bridge/CABI BioScience
Female isolated from sugarcane in Papua New Guinea.
TitleFemale nematode
CaptionFemale isolated from sugarcane in Papua New Guinea.
CopyrightJohn Bridge/CABI BioScience
Female isolated from sugarcane in Papua New Guinea.
Female nematodeFemale isolated from sugarcane in Papua New Guinea.John Bridge/CABI BioScience

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pratylenchus zeae Graham, 1951

Preferred Common Name

  • root lesion nematode

Other Scientific Names

  • Pratylenchus indicus Das 1960

International Common Names

  • English: nematode, Corn root lesion
  • Spanish: nemátodo de las lesiones; nematodo maiz
  • French: anguillule des racines du mais

Local Common Names

  • Japan: Morokosi-negusare-sentyu

EPPO code

  • PRATZE (Pratylenchus zeae)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Nematoda
  •             Family: Pratylenchidae
  •                 Genus: Pratylenchus
  •                     Species: Pratylenchus zeae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AfghanistanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
ChinaPresentXie et al., 2007
-FujianPresentXie et al., 2007
-HainanPresentXie et al., 2007
IndiaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2001
-Andhra PradeshPresentSharma et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-BiharPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-DelhiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-GujaratPresentSharma et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-HaryanaPresentSharma et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-Himachal PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-Indian PunjabPresentSharma et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-Jammu and KashmirPresentZaki and Mantoo, 2003
-KarnatakaPresentSharma et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-KeralaPresentSharma et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-Madhya PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-MaharashtraPresentJagdale et al., 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-OdishaPresentRay et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-RajasthanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-Tamil NaduPresentSharma et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-Uttar PradeshPresentSharma et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-West BengalPresentSharma et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001
IndonesiaRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2001
-SumatraWidespreadProt et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001
IraqPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
JapanPresentGotoh, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001
MalaysiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
OmanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
PakistanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
PhilippinesWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2001
Sri LankaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
TaiwanPresentChen et al., 2009
TurkeyPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
VietnamPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001

Africa

BeninPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
Burkina FasoPresentCadet & Merny, 1978; Spaull and Cadet, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2001
CameroonPresentSamsoen and Geraert, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2001
Côte d'IvoirePresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
EgyptPresentOteifa, 1962; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EthiopiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
GambiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
GhanaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
GuineaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
KenyaPresentWolff, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001
MadagascarPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
MalawiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
MozambiquePresentOever & Mangan, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001
NamibiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
NigeriaPresentBabatola, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2001
SenegalPresentFortuner, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2001
SomaliaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
South AfricaPresentWaele and Berg, 1988; Spaull and Cadet, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2001
TanzaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
TogoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
UgandaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
ZambiaPresentLawn, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001
ZimbabwePresentAnonymous, 1972; Martin, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2001

North America

CanadaPresentYu Qing, 2008
USARestricted distributionBirchfield, 1960; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-ArkansasPresentRobbins et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-FloridaPresentMead, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-GeorgiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-HawaiiPresentSchenck and Schmitt, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-LouisianaPresentAtkins et al., 1957; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-MississippiPresentCuarezma-Teran, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-North CarolinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-TexasPresentAtkins et al., 1957; CABI/EPPO, 2001

Central America and Caribbean

BarbadosPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
BelizePresentBridge et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2001
Costa RicaPresentSancho and Salazar, 1985 Nematodos parasitos del arroz; CABI/EPPO, 2001
CubaPresentGateva and Penton, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2001
El SalvadorPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
JamaicaPresentSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2001
MartiniquePresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
PanamaPresentPinochet, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001
Puerto RicoPresentValle-Lamboy and Ayala, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2001
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
Trinidad and TobagoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001

South America

ArgentinaPresentCostilla, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2001
BrazilWidespreadGomes Carneiro et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-AcrePresentSharma et al., 2001
-AlagoasPresentMoura et al., 2000
-Espirito SantoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-GoiasPresentMachado et al., 2010
-Mato GrossoPresentSilva et al., 2008
-Minas GeraisPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-ParaibaPresentMoura et al., 2000; Rosa et al., 2003
-ParaibaPresentMoura et al., 2000; Rosa et al., 2003
-PernambucoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-Rio de JaneiroPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-Rio Grande do NortePresentMoura et al., 2000
-Rio Grande do SulPresentMonteiro, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-Sao PauloPresentMonteiro, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001
ColombiaPresentTrevathan et al., 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EcuadorPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
VenezuelaPresentLoof, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2001

Europe

AustriaPresentFauna Europaea, 2014
BulgariaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
CroatiaPresentFauna Europaea, 2014
SloveniaPresentFauna Europaea, 2014

Oceania

AustraliaRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2001
-New South WalesPresentNSW, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2001
-QueenslandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2001
-Western AustraliaPresentRiley and Kelly, 2002
FijiPresentBridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001
Papua New GuineaPresentBridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001
SamoaPresentBridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001
TongaPresentBridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Roots / cortex with lesions
Roots / necrotic streaks or lesions
Roots / reduced root system
Whole plant / dwarfing

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Growing medium accompanying plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Roots adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Anon, 1972. FAO Plant Protection Commission, SE Asia and Pacific Region. Rice pest and diseases and weeds, SE Asia and Pacific Region, 21.

Atkins JG, Fielding MJ, Hollis JP, 1957. Preliminary studies on the root parasitic nematodes of rice in Texas and Louisiana. FAO Plant Potection Bulletin, 5:53-56.

Aung T, Prot JC, 1990. Effects of crop rotations on Pratylenchus zeae and on yield of rice cultivar UPL Ri-5. Revue de Ne^acute~matologie, 13(4):445-447; 8 ref.

Australia, New South Wales Department of Agriculture, 1978. Plant disease survey 1976-77, Biology Branch. Articles and notes on the occurrence of plant diseases in New South Wales for the twelve months ending 30th June, 1977. Plant disease survey 1976-77, Biology Branch. Articles and notes on the occurrence of plant diseases in New South Wales for the twelve months ending 30th June, 1977. NSW Department of Agriculture. Rydalmere, NSW, 55 pp.

Babatola JO, 1984. Rice nematode problems in Nigeria: their occurrence, distribution and pathogenesis. Tropical Pest Management, 30(3):256-265

Birchfield W, 1960. A new species of Catenaria parasitic on nematodes of sugarcane. Mycopathologia et Mycologia Applicata, 13:331-338.

Bridge J, 1988. Plant-parasitic nematode problems in the Pacific Islands. Journal of Nematology, 20(2):173-183.

Bridge J, Hunt DJ, Hunt P, 1996. Plant-parasitic nematodes of crops in Belize. Nematropica, 26(2):111-119; 13 ref.

CABI/EPPO, 2001. Pratylenchus zeae. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Map No. 830. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Chen DY, Ni HF, Yen JH, Tsay TT, 2009. Identification of a new recorded root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus zeae (Nematoda: Tylenchoidea, Pratylenchidae) from corn plantations in Taiwan. Plant Pathology Bulletin, 18(2):111-118. http://www.pp.nchu.edu.tw/cpps/index.htm

Costilla MA, 1973. The nematode Pratylenchus zeae Graham in sugar cane. Revista Industrial y Agricola de Tucuman, 50(2):39-43

Das VM, 1960. Studies on the nematode parasites of plants in Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh, India). Zeitschrift Parasitenk, 19:553-605.

Fauna Europaea, 2014. Fauna Europaea version 2. Web Service available online at http://www.faunaeur.org.

Fortuner R, 1975. Nematode root-parasites associated with rice in Senegal (High Casamance and Central and Northern regions) and in Mauritania. Cahiers O.R.S.T.O.M., Serie Biologie, nematologie., 10(3):147-159

Fortuner R, 1976. Pratylenchus zeae. C.I.H. Descriptions of Plant-parasitic Nematodes, Set 6, No. 77:3 pp.

Gateva S, Penton G, 1971. Phytonematode fauna at different stages in two rice varieties and the fauna of rice field weeds. Ciencias Agropecuarias, Serie 1, Ingenieria Agronomica, No. 10:19 pp.

Gomes Carneiro RMD, Lordello LGE, Gomes Carneiro R, Monteiro AR, 1980. Fluctuacao populacional de quatro especies de nematoides parasitos de cana-de-acucar (Saccharum officinarum L.) em relacao a pluviosidade e umidade do solo. Trabalhos apresentados a IV Reuniao de Nematologia, Sociedade Brasileira de Nematologia, Piricicaba, SP, Brazil: 127-141.

Gotoh A, 1968. The plant-parasitic nematodes found associated with major crops in Okinawa, the Ryuku Islands. Proceedings of the Association for Plant Protection of Kyushu, 14:77-82.

Graham TW, 1951. Nematode root rot of tobacco and other plants. South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, 390.

Khan SA, 1963. Occurrence and pathogenicity of Pratylenchus zeae on sugarcane in Louisiana. Proceedings of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, 11:711-717.

Loof PAA, 1964. Freeliving and plant parasitic nematodes from Venezuela. Nematologica, 10:201-300.

Machado ACZ, Bonfim Júnior MF, Araújo Filho JVde, 2010. Pequi is a host for Pratylenchus zeae in the Brazilian Cerrado Region. Plant Disease, 94(6):790. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Martin GC, 1967. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with sugarcane production in Rhodesia. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 15:45-58.

Monteiro AR, 1968. Ocorrencia no Brasil de importante nematoide fitoparasito. O Solo, 60:81.

Moura RM, Pedrosa EMR, Maranhão SRVL, Macedo MEA, Moura AM, Silva EG, Lima RF, 2000. Occurrence of two nematodes Pratylenchus zeae and Meloidogyne spp. on sugarcane in the Northeast of Brazil. (Ocorrência dos nematóides Pratylenchus zeae e Meloidogyne spp. em cana-de-açúcar no Nordeste do Brasil.) Fitopatologia Brasileira, 25(1):101-103.

Oliveira SAde, Eulálio J, Barozzi ICC, Giora FC, Kubo RK, Oliveira CMGde, 2012. Identification of plant-parasitic nematodes of ornamental bulbs and use of hidrotermotherapy to control Pratylenchus crenatus on lily. (Identificação de nematoides parasitos de plantas em bulbos ornamentais e uso da hidrotermoterapia no controle de Pratylenchus crenatus em lírio.) Revista Brasileira de Horticultura Ornamental, 18(2):155-162. http://www.sbfpo.com.br

Olowe T, Corbett DCM, 1976. Aspects of the biology of Pratylenchus brachyurus and P. zeae. Nematologica, 22(2):202-211

Oteifa BA, 1962. Species of root lesion nematodes commonly associated with economic crops in the Delta of the UAR. Plant Disease Reporter, 46:572-575.

Pinochet J, 1987. Management of plant parasitic nematodes in central America: The Panama experience. In: Veetch JA, Dickson DW, eds. Vistas on Nematology. Hyattsville, Maryland, USA: Society of Nematologists, 105-113.

Plowright RA, Hunt DJ, 1994. Plant parasitic nematodes of upland, hydromorphic and inland swamp rice ecosystems in C(te d'Ivoire. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology, 4(1):61-67; 26 ref.

Plowright RA, Matias D, Aung T, Mew TW, 1990. The effect of Pratylenchus zeae on the growth and yield of upland rice. Revue de Ne^acute~matologie, 13(3):283-292; 12 ref.

Prot JC, 1993. Monetary value estimates of nematode problems, research proposal and priorities: the rice example in South and Southeast Asia. Fundamental and Applied Nematology, 16(5):385-388; 34 ref.

Prot JC, Herman M, Ahmadin A, 1992. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with upland rice in Sitiung, West Sumatra, Indonesia. International Rice Research Newsletter, 17:27-28.

Prot JC, Savary S, 1993. Interpreting upland rice yield and Pratylenchus zeae relationships: correspondence analyses. Journal of Nematology, 25(2):277-285; 17 ref.

Ray S, Das SN, Catling HD, 1987. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with deepwater rice in Orissa, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 12:20-21.

Riley IT, Kelly SJ, 2002. Endoparasitic nematodes in cropping soils of Western Australia. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 42(1):49-56.

Rosa RCTda, Moura RMde, Pedrosa EMR, 2003. Effects of using Crotalaria juncea and carbofuran in sugarcane. (Efeitos do uso de Crotalaria juncea e carbofuran observados na colheita de cana planta.) Nematologia Brasileira, 27(2):167-171.

Sahoo CR, Sahu SC, 1994. Studies on the effect of different oil-cakes and two nematicides in the control of lesion nematode, Pratylenchus zeae in rice. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 2:30-32.

Samsoen L, Gerprt E, 1975. Nematode fauna of rice paddies in the Cameroon. I. Tylenchida. Revue de Zoologie Africaine, 89(3):536-554

Sancho CL, Salazar L, 1985. Nematodos parasitos del arroz (Oryza sativa) en el sureste de Costa Rica. Agronomia-Costarricense, 9:161-163.

Schenck S, Schmitt DP, 1992. Survey of nematodes on coffee in Hawaii. Journal of Nematology, 24(4, Supplement):771-775

Schotman CYL, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. RLAC-PROVEG, No. 21:80 pp.

Sharma NN, Edward JC, Misra SL, Chandrashekar M, 1992. Studies on phytonematodes associated with important rice growing tracts of India. Current Nematology, 3(2):107-109; 4 ref.

Sharma RD, Cavalcanti Mde JB, Valentin JF, 2001. Nematodes associated with Marandu grass in the State of Acre, Brazil. (Nematóides associados ao capim-Marandu no Estado do Acre.) Comunicado Técnico - Embrapa Cerrados, No.46:4 pp.

SHER SA, ALLEN MW, 1953. Revision of the genus Pratylenchus (Nematoda : Tylenchidae). University of California Publications in Zoology, 57(6):441-470.

Silva RA, Oliveira CMG, Inomoto MM, 2008. Fauna of plant-parasitic nematodes in natural and cultivated areas of the Amazon forest, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. (Fauna de fitonematóides em áreas preservadas e cultivadas da floresta amazônica no Estado de Mato Grosso.) Tropical Plant Pathology, 33(3):204-211. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1982-56762008000300005&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt

Singh GP, 1978. Nematode pod rot and rust - two serious diseases of groundnut in Ranchi. Indian Phytopathology, 31(3):357-358

Spaull VW, Cadet P, 1990. Nematode parasites of sugarcane. In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J, eds. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 461-491.

Taylor DP, Jenkins WR, 1957. Variation within the nematode genus Pratylenchus, with the descriptions of P. hexincisus n. sp. and P. subpenetrans n. sp. Nematologica, 2:159-174.

Valle-Lamboy S, Ayala A, 1980. Pathogenicity of Meloidogyne incognita and Pratylenchus zeae, and their association with Pythium graminicola on roots of sugar-cane in Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 64(3):338-347.

Waele D de, Berg E van den, 1988. Nematodes associated with upland rice in South Africa, with a description of Hemicycliophora oryzae sp. n, Nemata: Criconematoidea. Revue de Nématologie, 11:45-51.

Wolff Schoemaker RLP, 1968. Population studies of plant-parasitic nematodes around sugarcane roots in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Nematologica, 14:295-299.

Xie ZhiCheng, LüWeiCheng, Yang Qing, Cheng Jing, Zhang ShaoSheng, 2007. Eight species of nematodes parasitized at the roots of rice. Journal of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (Natural Science Edition), 36(1):20-24.

Yu Qing, 2008. Species of Pratylenchus (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae) in Canada: description, distribution, and identification. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 30(3):477-485. http://pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/tcjpp/plant.html

Zaki FA, Mantoo MA, 2003. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with temperate fruits in Kashmir valley, India. Pest Management and Economic Zoology, 11(1):97-101.

Distribution Maps

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