Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pratylenchus brachyurus
(root-lesion nematode)

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Datasheet

Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 15 May 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pratylenchus brachyurus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • root-lesion nematode
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Nematoda
  •       Family: Pratylenchidae
  •         Genus: Pratylenchus
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    Compendia
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    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pratylenchus brachyurus (Godfrey, 1929) Filipjev & Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1941

Preferred Common Name

  • root-lesion nematode

Other Scientific Names

  • Anguillulina (Pratylenchus) brachyura (Godfrey, 1929) Goodey, 1932 (W. Schneider, 1939)
  • Anguillulina brachyura (Godfrey, 1929), Goodey, 1932
  • Pratylenchus leiocephalus Steiner, 1949
  • Pratylenchus pratensis Thorne, 1949
  • Pratylenchus steineri Lordello, Zamith & Boock, 1954
  • Tylenchus (Chitinotylenchus) brachyurus Godfrey, 1929 (Filipjev, 1934)
  • Tylenchus brachyurus Godfrey, 1929

International Common Names

  • English: meadow nematode; smooth headed nematode

EPPO code

  • PRATBR (Pratylenchus brachyurus)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Nematoda
  •             Family: Pratylenchidae
  •                 Genus: Pratylenchus
  •                     Species: Pratylenchus brachyurus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AfghanistanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
Brunei DarussalamPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
Georgia (Republic of)PresentMotsinger et al., 1976
IndiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-Andhra PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-AssamPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-BiharPresentBasu, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-DelhiPresentSethi and Swarup, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-Himachal PradeshPresentPrasad, 1988; Sethi and Swarup, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-Indian PunjabPresentSethi and Swarup, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-KarnatakaPresentKhan and Reddy, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-KeralaPresentReddy et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-MaharashtraPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-RajasthanPresentSethi and Swarup, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-Tamil NaduPresentKumar, 1997; Reddy et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-TripuraPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-Uttar PradeshPresentSingh, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-UttarakhandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-West BengalPresentRama and Dasgupta, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2003
IndonesiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-JavaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
IranPresentTanhamaafi et al., 2005; Mirghasemi et al., 2014
IsraelWidespreadWinslow, 1960; CABI/EPPO, 2003
JapanPresentGotoh, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Korea, Republic ofPresentHan et al., 2006
MalaysiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-SarawakPresentAnon, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2003
OmanPresentMani et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2003
PakistanPresentBridge et al., 1990; Anwar et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003
PhilippinesPresentBridge et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2003
SingaporePresent, few occurrencesChin, 1969; AVA, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Sri LankaPresentGnanapragasam, 1991; Kumarasinghe et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2003
TurkeyPresentTemiz, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2003
UzbekistanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
VietnamWidespreadSharma et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003

Africa

BeninPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
BotswanaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
CameroonPresentSakwe and Geraert, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Côte d'IvoirePresentMeige, 1957; Guerout, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EgyptPresentOteifa, 1962; CABI/EPPO, 2003
GambiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
GhanaPresentOsei et al., 2005
GuineaPresentCoyne et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2003
KenyaPresentKimenju et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2003
MadagascarPresentBaudin & Huu Hai, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003
MalawiPresentCorbett, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2003
MauritiusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
MozambiquePresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
NigeriaPresentEgunjobi, 1974; Khan and Misari, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003
RéunionPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
SenegalPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
South AfricaPresentWillers and Smart, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2003
TogoPresentde Guiran, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2003
UgandaPresentBafokuzara, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
ZambiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
ZimbabwePresentAnon, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003

North America

CanadaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-OntarioWidespreadMountain, 1954; CABI/EPPO, 2003
MexicoPresentRoman, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2003
USAPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-AlabamaPresentSteiner, 1949; MINTON et al., 1963; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-ArkansasPresentJackson and Sturgeon, 1973; Thames, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-CaliforniaWidespreadSiddiqi et al., 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-FloridaPresentMcGowan, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-GeorgiaPresentThames, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-HawaiiPresentGodfrey, 1929; Rohrbach and Apt, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-KentuckyWidespreadChapman, 1956; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-LouisianaPresentJensen, 1972; Birchfield et al., 1978; Rebois and Golden, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-MarylandPresentJenkins et al., 1957; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-MississippiWidespreadRebois and Golden, 1978; Thames, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-North CarolinaPresentShepherd and Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-OklahomaPresentSturgeon and Russell, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-South CarolinaPresentAlexander, 1963; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-TennesseeWidespreadThames, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-TexasPresentThames, 1982; Wheeler and Starr, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-VirginiaPresentSteiner, 1945; CABI/EPPO, 2003

Central America and Caribbean

BelizePresentBridge et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Costa RicaPresentLopez and Salazar, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2003
CubaWidespreadGandoy & Ortega, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2003
GuatemalaPresentJenkins and Bird, 1962; CABI/EPPO, 2003
HondurasPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
Puerto RicoWidespreadAyala et al., 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Trinidad and TobagoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003

South America

BoliviaPresentCorbett and Clark, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2003
BrazilPresentLordello, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-AcrePresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-BahiaPresentSharma and Sher, 1973; Zem et al., 1978; Zem, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-CearaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-Espirito SantoPresentLordello & Viega, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-GoiasPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Araújo et al., 2014
-Mato GrossoPresentSilva et al., 2004
-Mato Grosso do SulPresentAsmus, 2004
-Minas GeraisPresentD'Antonio et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-ParaibaPresentde Moura & de Moura, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-ParanaPresentGotoh, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-PernambucoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-Rio de JaneiroPresentGoes et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-Rio Grande do NortePresentSouza, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Torres et al., 2015
-Rio Grande do SulPresentLordello and Marini, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-Santa CatarinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
-Sao PauloPresentCosta, 1977; D'Antonio et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Bonfim et al., 2012
ColombiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
French GuianaPresentCadet et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2003
GuyanaPresentSingh, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2003
PeruWidespreadWhitehead, 1968; Lordello, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VenezuelaPresentLoof, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2003

Europe

BulgariaPresentBaicheva, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
CyprusPresentFauna Europaea, 2014
ItalyPresentFauna Europaea, 2014
Russian FederationPresentChernyak, 1968

Oceania

AustraliaPresentColbran, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-QueenslandWidespreadBroadley, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2003
-Western AustraliaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
Cook IslandsPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
FijiPresentBridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003
NiuePresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
SamoaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
TongaPresentBridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Pre-emergence, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / wilting
Roots / cortex with lesions
Roots / necrotic streaks or lesions
Roots / reduced root system
Seeds / lesions on seeds
Stems / stunting or rosetting
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Growing medium accompanying plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Roots adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches adults; eggs; juveniles Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Acosta N, Malek RB, 1981. Symptomatology and histopathology of soybean roots infected by Pratylenchus scribneri and P. alleni. Journal of Nematology, 13(1):6-12

Alexander PM, 1963. Stylet bearing nematodes associated with various plants in South Carolina, 1962-63. Plant Disease Reporter, 47:978-982

Anon., 1972. Annual Report of the Research Branch, Department of Agriculture for the year 1972. Sarawak, Ministry of Agriculture and Drainage and Irrigation. Plant Nematology 5:40-71.

Anon., 1989. Bureau of nematology: nematode detections of special interest. Triology Technical Report, 28(8):8-9.

Anwar SA, Gorsi SD, Shakoor A, 1993. Effect of Longidorus elongatus, Meloidogyne incognita and Pratylenchus brachyurus on peanut growth. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 11(2):115-124; 20 ref

Araújo Filho JVde, Castro-Moretti FR, Bonfim Junior MF, 2014. Pratylenchus brachyurus (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae) in Guariroba in the state of Goiás, Brazil. Helminthologia, 51(4):352-354. http://link.springer.com/article/10.2478%2Fs11687-014-0252-5

Asmus GL, 2004. Occurrence of plant-parasitic nematodes in cotton crops in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. (Ocorrência de nematóides fitoparasitos em algodoeiro no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul.) Nematologia Brasileira, 28(1):77-86

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services, Plant Health Centre, Agri-food & Veterinary Authority, Singapore

Ayala AE, González-Tejera E, Irizarry H, 1969. Pineapple nematodes and their control. In: Peachey JE, ed. Nematodes of Tropical Crops. St. Albans, UK: Tech. Commun. Commonw. Bur. Helminth., No. 40, 210-224

Badra T, Steele WM, Caveness FE, 1980. The employment of a non-fumigant nematicide for control of the root-knot and lesion nematodes on yams and crop preservation in storage. Nematropica, 10(2):81-85

Bafokuzara ND, 1982. Nematodes associated with pineapples in Uganda. Nematropica, 12(1):45-49

Baicheva O, 1982. The nematode fauna of tobacco from some districts of the Rhodope tobacco region. Khelmintologiya, No.13:3-11

Basu SD, 1968. Eelworms- A progress report on a few more groups found in N.E. Indian Tea Soils. Two and a Bud, 15:70-71

Basu SD, 1978. Root lesion nematode (Pratylenchus sp.) in bamboo hedge. Two and a Bud, 25(2):98-99

Baudin P, Huu-Hai V, 1973. Tobacco diseases in Madagascar. Agronomie Tropicale, II, 28(2):189-207

Bhattacharya C, Dasgupta MK, Mukherjee B, 2012. Biodiversity of plant parasitic nematodes of cashew plantations in Tripura, India. Nematologia Mediterranea, 40(2):163-168. http://www.edizioniets.com

Birchfield W, 1960. A new species Catenaria parasitic on nematodes of sugarcane. Mycopathologia et Mycologia Applicata, 12:331-338

Birchfield W, 1972. Effects of some nematicides on plant nematodes and sugarcane yields. Proceedings of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, 14th Congress 1971. Baton Rouge, USA: Franklin Press Inc., 1022-1029

Birchfield W, Hollis JP, Martin WJ, 1978. A list of nematodes associated with some Louisiana plants. Technical Bulletin, Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, No. 101

Bird GW, McCarter SM, Roncadori RW, 1971. Role of nematodes and soil-borne fungi in cotton stunt. Journal of Nematology, 3:17-22

Bonfim Júnior MF, Machado ACZ, Araújo Filho JV, 2012. Pratylenchus brachyurus (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae) on macadamia in Brazil. Australasian Plant Disease Notes, 7(1):5-6. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13314-011-0032-8/fulltext.html

Boswell TE, 1968. Pathogenicity of Pratylenchus brachyurus to Spanish peanuts. PhD thesis. Texas, USA: Texas A&M University

Boswell TE, Grichar WJ, 1983. Nematicide trial for control of lesion nematodes, 1980. Fungicide and Nematicide Tests, 38:3

Boyd FT, Dickson DW, 1971. Plant-parasitic nematodes: occurrence in Florida, sensitivity to temperatures, and effect on tropical forage yields. Proceedings of the Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida, 31:267-268

Boyle LW, 1950. Several species of parasitic nematodes on peanuts in Georgia. Plant Disease Reporter, 34:61-62

Bridge J, 1988. Plant parasitic nematode problems in the Pacific islands. Journal of Nematology, 20:173-183

Bridge J, Hunt DJ, Hunt P, 1996. Plant-parasitic nematodes of crops in Belize. Nematropica, 26(2):111-119; 13 ref

Bridge J, Luc M, Plowright RA, 1990. Nematode parasites of rice. In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J, eds. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 69-108

Broadley RA, 1981. Distribution and control of root-knot and root lesion nematodes on peanuts in north Queensland. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, 21(109):223-226

Brodie BB, 1976. Vertical distribution of three nematode species in relation to certain soil properties. Journal of Nematology, 8(3):243-247

Brodie BB, Good JM, Jaworski CA, 1970. Population dynamics of plant nematodes in cultivated soil: Effect of summer cover crops in newly cleared land. Journal of Nematology, 2(3):217-222

Brodie BB, Murphy WS, 1975. Population dynamics of plant nematodes as affected by combinations of fallow and cropping sequence. Journal of Nematology, 7(1):91-92

Brodie BB, Quattlebaum BH, 1970. Vertical distribution and population fluctuations of three nematode species as correlated with soil temperature, moisture and texture. Phytopathology, 60:1286

Brooks TL, Perry VG, 1967. Pathogenicity of Pratylenchus brachyurus to citrus. Plant Disease Reporter, 51:569-73

CABI/EPPO, 2003. Pratylenchus brachyurus. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 887. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Cadet P, van den Berg E, 1995. Plant parasitic nematodes of cultivated plants in French Guyana. Phytoma, 474:41-44

Campos P, 1997. Nematodes of the fig crop. Informe Agropecuario Belo Horizonte, 18(188):33-38

Campos P, Sivapalan P, Gnanapragasam NC, 1990. Nematode parasites of Coffee, Cocoa and Tea. In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J, eds. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Sub Tropical and Tropical Agriculture. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 387-430

Campos VP, Lima RD, 1986. Nematoides parasitas do cafeeiro. In: Rena AB, Malavolta E, Rocha M, Yamada T, eds. Cultura do Cafeeiro, fatores que aftetam a produtividade. Piracicaba, SP, Brazil: Associacao Brasileira para Pesquisa da Potassa e do Fosfato, 379-389

Caswell EP, Sarah JL, Apt WJ, 1990. Nematode Parasites of Pineapple In: Luc M, Sikora RA, Bridge J, eds. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Sub tropical and Tropical Agriculture. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 519-537

Caveness FE, 1967. Nematology Studies 1960-1965. End tour Progress Report. Nigeria: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources

Caveness FE, Olayode G, Couper DC, Claassen SL, 1987. Nematodes in soybean plots identified, yield losses assessed. IITA Research Briefs, 8(2):4

Chapman RA, 1956. Plant parasitic nematodes associated with strawberry in Kentucky. Plant Disease Reporter, 40:179-81

Charchar JM, Huang CS, 1980. Host range of Pratylenchus brachyurus. I. Graminep. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 5(3):351-357

Charchar JM, Huang CS, 1981. Host range of Pratylenchus brachyurus II. Vegetables. Fitopatologia-Brasileira, 6(1):67-72

Charchar JM, Huang CS, 1981. Host range of Pratylenchus brachyurus. III. Different species. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 6(3):469-473

Chernyak EK, 1968. Reproduction of Pratylenchus brachyurus Godfrey, 1929 on root callus tissue. Mater. nauch. Konf. Obshch. Gel'mint. Uzbek., September 1968. Tashkent: Izdat. Akad. Nauk Uzbek., SSR, pp. 135-137

Chin CL, 1969. Lesion nematode, Pratylenchus brachyurus, attacking Cryptomeria japonica in Singapore. Plant Disease Reporter, 53 (10):798

Christie JR, 1959. Plant Nematodes: Their Bionomics and Control. Gainesville, USA: University of Florida

Coelho SMBM, Filho H da SM, Franco JF, 1984. Effect of systemic insecticides-nematicides in control of nematodes on potatoes. Revista de Agricultura, Piracicaba, Brazil, 59(2):127-136

Cohn E, 1972. Nematode diseases of citrus. In: Webster JM, ed. Economic Nematology. London, UK: Academic Press, 215-244

Colbran RC, 1968. Nematodes- important pests of peanuts. Division of Plant Industry, Department of Primary Industries, Queensland, Australia, Advisory Leaflet No. 955

Colbran RC, 1969. Cover crops and nematode control in pineapples. Qd. Agric. J. 95:658-661

Corbett DCM, 1967. Nematodes as plant parasites in Malawi. PANS, 13:151-162

Corbett DCM, 1976. Pratylenchus brachyurus. C.I.H. Descriptions of Plant-parasitic Nematodes, Set 6 ( No. 89) Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 4 pp

Corbett DCM, Clark SA, 1983. Surface features in the taxonomy of Pratylenchus species. Revue de Nematologie, 6(1):85-98

Costa AS, 1977. Investigations on soybean diseases carried out in the State of Sao Paulo. Summa Phytopathologica, 3(1):3-30

Coyne DL, Plowright RA, Fofana I, 1996. Preliminary investigations of nematodes associated with rice in Guinea, Benin and Togo. Afro-Asian Journal of Nematology, 6(1):70-73; 16 ref

da Ponte, JJ, 1987. The nematodes of cowpeas and their importance. Nematologia Brasileira, 11:36-41

D'Antonio AM, Libeck PR, Coelho AJE, de Paulo V, 1980. Zlevssntamento de nematoides parasitass do cafeeiro que ocorrem no sul de Minas Gerais. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Pesquisas Cafeeiras, Campos do Jordao. Rio de Janeiro, IBC/GERCA: 440

Davies TG, 1965. The occurrence of a dagger nematode in North Wales. Plant Pathology, 14: 92-93

Dickerson OJ, Darling JM, Griffin GD, 1964. Pathogenicity and population trends of Pratylenchus penetrans on potato and corn. Phytopathology, 54:317-322

Dickson DW, 1985. Nematode diseases of peanut. Nematology Circular No.121, Florida, USA: Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services

Dickson DW, Smart GC, Jr. , 1971. Control of Meloidogyne arenaria and Pratylenchus penetrans on peanut with foliar applications of a systemic nematicide. Journal of Nematology, 3:307-308

Dinardo-Miranda LL, Spironello A, Martins ALM, 1997. Population dynamics of plant parasitic nematodes in pineapple cultivations. Nematologia Brasileira, 21(1):49-57; 14 ref

Ducharme EP, Suit RF, 1953. Nematodes associated with avocado roots in citrus spreading decline areas. Plant Disease Reporter, 37:427-428

Dunn RA, 1973. Resistance in potato (Solanum tuberosum) to Pratylenchus penetrans. International Congress of Plant Pathology (2nd) Minneapolis, Minnesota, September 5-12. Abstracts of the papers. St Paul, Minnesota, USA: American Phytopathological Society Inc., No. 0860

Egunjobi OA, 1974. Nematodes and maize growth in Nigeria. I. Population dynamics of Pratylenchus brachyurus in and about the roots of maize and its effects on maize production at Ibadan. Nematologica, 20(2):181-186

Egunjobi OA, 1984. Effects of intercropping maize with grain legumes and fertilizer treatment on populations of Pratylenchus brachyurus Godfrey (Nematoda) and on the yield of maize (Zea mays L.). Protection Ecology, 6(2):153-167

Egunjobi OA, 1987. An integrated control strategy for a nematode pest of maize in Nigeria. International Nematology Network Newsletter, 4(4):40-49; 32 ref

Egunjobi OA, Afolami SO, 1976. Effects of neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf extracts on populations of Pratylenchus brachyurus and on the growth and yield of maize. Nematologica, 22(2):125-132

Egunjobi OA, Larinde MA, 1975. Nematodes and maize growth in Nigeria. II. Effects of some amendments on populations of Pratylenchus brachyurus and on the growth and production of maize (Zea mays) in Nigeria. Nematologia Mediterranea, 3(1):65-73

Endo BY, 1959. Responses of root lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus brachyurus and P. zeae to various plants and soil types. Phytopathology, 49(7):417-421

Esser RP, 1980. A bacterial spore parasite of nematodes. Nematology Circular, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, No. 63:3 pp

Fauna Europaea, 2014. Fauna Europaea version 2. Web Service available online at http://www.faunaeur.org

Feldmesser J, Feder WA, Rebois RV, Hutchins PC, 1960. Longevity of Radopholus similis and Pratylenchus brachyurus in the green-house. Anat. Rec. 137(3):355

Feldmesser JWA, Hannon CI, 1965. An evaluation of the role of Pratylenchus in the decline of citrus. Phytopathology, 55:1058

Feldmesser JWA, Rebois RV, 1965. Temperature and moisture effects on Pratylenchus brachyurus. Nematologica, 11(1):37-38

Ferraz LCCB, 1995. Pathogenicity of Pratylenchus brachyurus to three soyabean cultivars. Nematologia Brasileira, 19(1/2):1-8; 8 ref

Ferraz LCCB, 1996. Reaction of soyabean cultivars to Pratylenchus brachyurus. Nematologia Brasileira, 20(1):22-31; 7 ref

Gandoy P, Ortego J, 1980. Nematodes parasitic on pineapple in Cuba and possibilities for their control. Ciencias de la Agricultura, 7:19-28

Gay CM, Bird GW, 1973. Influence of concomitant Pratylenchus brachyurus and Meloidogyne spp. on root penetration and population dynamics. Journal of Nematology, 5:212-217

Gnanapragasam NC, 1991. Report of Tea Research Institute of Sri Lanka. Talawakelle, Sri Lanka: Tea Research Institute of Sri Lanka

Gnonhouri PG, Ouya A, AssiTnan B, AtsT Y, 2000. Resistance and tolerance of Ananas comosus to Pratylenchus brachyurus in Ivory Coast. Cahiers Agricultures, 9(2):145-147; 8 ref

Godfrey GH, 1929. A destructive root disease of pineapples and other plants due to Tylenchus brachyurus n.sp. Phytopathology, 19:611-629

Goes A de, Vieira A, Gadelha RS de S, Zem AC, 1982. Nematodes associated with pineapple in Rio de Janeiro. Trabalhos apresentados a V Reuniao Brasileira de Nematologia, 9-13 fevereiro de 1981, Londrina, PR, Brasil. Publicacao No.5, 1981. Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil: Sociedade Brasileira de Nematologia, 183-189

Goly PG, TThT H, 1997. Effects of pineapple weeds on Pratylenchus brachyurus in C(te d'Ivoire. Cahiers Agricultures, 6(3):199-202; 17 ref

Gongcalves W, Thomaziello RA, Moraes MV, Fernandes JAE, Costa AM, Corsi T, Jungueira CA, Lacerda LAO, 1978. Estimativas de danos ocasionados pelos nematoides do cafeeiro. In: 6 o Congresso Brasileiro de Pesquisas Cafeeiras de Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paolo, Brazil- IBC/GERCA: 182-186

Good JM, Boyle LW, Hammons RO, 1958. Studies on Pratylenchus brachyurus on peanuts. Phytopathology, 48:530-535

Good JM, Robertson WK, Thompson LG, 1954. Effect of crop rotation on populations of meadow nematode, Pratylenchus leicocephalus in Norfolk loamy fine sand. Plant Disease Reporter, 38:178-180

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