Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Populus deltoides



Populus deltoides (poplar)


  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Populus deltoides
  • Preferred Common Name
  • poplar
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Fuelwood
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

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A shelterbelt of P. deltoides.
CaptionA shelterbelt of P. deltoides.
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
A shelterbelt of P. deltoides.
ShelterbeltA shelterbelt of P. deltoides.©K.M. Siddiqui
P. deltoides block plantation.
CaptionP. deltoides block plantation.
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
P. deltoides block plantation.
PlantationP. deltoides block plantation.©K.M. Siddiqui
A nursery of P. deltoides.
CaptionA nursery of P. deltoides.
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
A nursery of P. deltoides.
NurseryA nursery of P. deltoides.©K.M. Siddiqui
Foliage of Populus deltoides.
TitleBranch with leaves
CaptionFoliage of Populus deltoides.
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Foliage of Populus deltoides.
Branch with leavesFoliage of Populus deltoides.©K.M. Siddiqui


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall

Preferred Common Name

  • poplar

Other Scientific Names

  • Populus angulata Aiton
  • Populus fremontii var. wislizeni
  • Populus sargentii Dode

International Common Names

  • English: black poplar of eastern North America; Carolina poplar; eastern cottonwood; eastern poplar; necklace poplar; plains cottonwood
  • Spanish: álamo virginiana; chopo de Virginia
  • French: peuplier américain; peuplier de Virginie; peuplier du Canada; peuplier du Texas; peuplier noir d'Amérique

Local Common Names

  • Germany: amerikanische Pappel; amerikanische Schwarzpappel; Kanadische Schwarz- Pappel; ostamerikanische Pappel; Rosenkranzpappel; Texaspappel
  • India: bagnu; bahar; baupipal; chalaun; phalash
  • Italy: pioppo canadese; pioppo nero americano; Pioppo nero d'America
  • Netherlands: Amerikaanse Populier
  • Pakistan: poplar; safaida
  • Sweden: amerikansk poppel; kanadensisk poppel

EPPO code

  • POPAG (Populus angulata)
  • POPDE (Populus deltoides)
  • POPSA (Populus sargentii)


  • Populus deltoides subsp. deltoides
  • Populus deltoides subsp. monilifera
  • Populus deltoides subsp. wislizeni

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Salicales
  •                         Family: Salicaceae
  •                             Genus: Populus
  •                                 Species: Populus deltoides

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Agrilus anxius (bronze birch borer); Anoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle); Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale); Cryptorhynchus lapathi (poplar and willow borer); Drepanopeziza punctiformis (leaf spot: poplar); Gypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer); Lepidosaphes ulmi (oystershell scale); Megaplatypus mutatus; Melampsora medusae (poplar leaf rust); Melampsora populnea; Paranthrene dollii (poplar borer); Paranthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth); Parasa vivida (stinging caterpillar); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Tremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp); Xanthomonas populi (bacterial canker of poplar)

Minor host of:

Cochliobolus heterostrophus (southern leaf spot); Drepanopeziza populorum (poplar leaf browning); Epilachna vigintioctopunctata (hadda beetle); Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Orgyia leucostigma (white-marked tussock moth); Orgyia postica (cocoa tussock moth); Parasa lepida (nettle caterpillar); Phloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid); Tylenchorhynchus acutus (stylet-stunt nematode)

Wild host of:

Indarbela quadrinotata (bark eating caterpillar); Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode)

Host of (source - data mining):

Chaitophorus populicola (smokywinged poplar aphid); Chrysomela scripta (cottonwood leaf beetle); Chrysomela tremula (aspen leaf beetle); Clostera fulgurita; Coptotermes kishori; Melampsora laricis-populina (poplar rust); Microtermes unicolor; Myllocerus viridanus; Pemphigus populicaulis (poplar leaf-petiole, gall aphid); Pemphigus populitransversus (poplar petiolegall aphid); Taphrina populina (yellow: poplar leaf blister); Venturia populina (dieback: poplar)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed


  • Agroforestry
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak


  • Fuelwood


  • Ornamental


  • Carved material
  • Fibre
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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  • Boxes
  • Cases
  • Crates
  • Pallets


Other cellulose derivatives


  • Short-fibre pulp

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction

Wood wool

Wood-based materials

  • Fibreboard
  • Hardboard
  • Particleboard
  • Plywood
  • Wood cement


  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Matches
  • Pencils
  • Sports equipment
  • Toys