Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Alfalfa mosaic virus
(alfalfa yellow spot)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Alfalfa mosaic virus (alfalfa yellow spot)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Alfalfa mosaic virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • alfalfa yellow spot
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Group: "RNA viruses"
  •       Family: Bromoviridae
  •         Genus: Alfamovirus

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Alfalfa mosaic virus particles.

Reproduced with permission from IACR Rothamsted: http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
TitleVirus particles
CaptionAlfalfa mosaic virus particles. Reproduced with permission from IACR Rothamsted: http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
CopyrightIACR/Rothamsted
Alfalfa mosaic virus particles.

Reproduced with permission from IACR Rothamsted: http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
Virus particlesAlfalfa mosaic virus particles. Reproduced with permission from IACR Rothamsted: http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/IACR/Rothamsted

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Alfalfa mosaic virus

Preferred Common Name

  • alfalfa yellow spot

Other Scientific Names

  • alfalfa mosaic alfamovirus
  • alfalfa virus 1 and 2
  • lucerne mosaic virus
  • Marmor medicaginis
  • potato calico virus

International Common Names

  • English: tomato necrotic tip curl

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Luzerne Mosaikvirus; Nekrotische Spitzenkraeuselung der Tomate; Paprikabuntblaettrigkeit

English acronym

  • AMV

EPPO code

  • AMV000 (Alfalfa mosaic alfamovirus)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Group: "RNA viruses"
  •             Family: Bromoviridae
  •                 Genus: Alfamovirus
  •                     Species: Alfalfa mosaic virus

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EgyptPresentElnagar et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EthiopiaPresentMih and Hanson (1998); Edeme and Hanson (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
KenyaPresent, LocalizedKaiser and Robertson (1976); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
LibyaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
MoroccoPresentFischer (1979); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
NigeriaPresentChalam et al. (2008)
South AfricaPresentPietersen et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
SudanPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
TanzaniaPresent, LocalizedKaiser and Robertson (1976); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
TunisiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
ZambiaPresentNdunguru and Kapooria (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)

Asia

AzerbaijanPresentEPPO (2020)
BangladeshPresentICRISAT (1982); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
ChinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Inner MongoliaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ShaanxiPresentLu and Li (1992); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ZhejiangPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
IndiaPresentNain et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MaharashtraPresentMali et al. (1977); Vyanjane and Mali (1981); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
IranPresentKaiser et al. (1972); CABI and EPPO (2002); Pourrahim and Farzadfar (2016); EPPO (2020)
IraqPresentSalama and El-Behadli (1979); El-Muadhidi et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2002)
IsraelPresentMarco and Bar-Joseph (1972); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
JapanPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-HokkaidoPresentIizuka and Yoshida (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-HonshuPresentIizuka (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
JordanPresent, WidespreadNIENHAUS and SAAD (1967); Al-Mabrouk and Mansour (1998); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
KyrgyzstanPresentGorbunova et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
LebanonPresent, WidespreadNIENHAUS and SAAD (1967); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
MyanmarPresent, LocalizedReddy et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
NepalPresentICRISAT (1982); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
OmanPresentZadjali et al. (2002)
PakistanPresentMakkouk et al. (1998); Makkouk et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
Saudi ArabiaPresentAl-Shahwan et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
South KoreaPresentPark et al. (1975); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
SyriaPresentMouhanna et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
TaiwanPresentLee (1977); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
TajikistanPresentGorbunova et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
TurkeyPresentNart (1972); Erdiller and Akbaș (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002); Ozdemİr et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
UzbekistanPresentGorbunova et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
YemenPresentAlhubaishi et al. (1987); Walkey et al. (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)

Europe

AustriaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
BelarusPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
BelgiumPresentVanderveken (1972); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
BulgariaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
CroatiaPresentVrandečić et al. (2013)
CyprusPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
CzechiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
CzechoslovakiaPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)Original citation: Musil et al., 1972
DenmarkPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
FinlandPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
FrancePresentMarchoux and Rougier (1974); Vuittenez et al. (1974); Cardin and Moury (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); Cardin et al. (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
GermanyPresent, WidespreadSchmelzer and Schmidt (1968); Beczner et al. (1972); Bercks et al. (1973); Cardin and Moury (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
GreecePresentAvgelis and Katis (1989); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
HungaryPresent, WidespreadBeczner (1972); Gaborjanyi and Nagy (1972); Wolf (1972); Wolf and Schmelzer (1973); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
IrelandPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
ItalyPresent, WidespreadConti et al. (1972); Parrella et al. (1998); Bellardi et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
LithuaniaPresentStanyulis (1974); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
NetherlandsPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
PolandPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
PortugalPresentHenriques (1987); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
RomaniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
RussiaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Central RussiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Southern RussiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
SerbiaPresentEPPO (2020); Delibašić et al. (2013)
Serbia and MontenegroPresentTosic and Pesic (1975); CABI and EPPO (2002)
SlovakiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
SloveniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
SpainPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Mallor et al. (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
SwitzerlandPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
UkrainePresentMoskovets and Lavrukh (1973); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
United KingdomPresent, Few occurrencesGIBBS and TINSLEY (1961); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-EnglandPresentEPPO (2020)
-Northern IrelandPresentEPPO (2020)
-ScotlandPresentEPPO (2020)

North America

CanadaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-AlbertaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-British ColumbiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ManitobaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-New BrunswickPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Nie et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
-OntarioPresentBerkeley (1947); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Prince Edward IslandPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-QuebecPresentPaliwal (1982); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
MexicoPresentDíaz-Valasis et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
United StatesPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-AlabamaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ArkansasPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresentSNYDER and RICH (1942); Campbell et al. (1971); Rahman and Peaden (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ConnecticutPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-DelawarePresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-GeorgiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-IdahoPresentRahman and Peaden (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-IllinoisPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-IndianaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-IowaPresentFisher and Nameth (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-KansasPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-KentuckyPresentTaylor et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-LouisianaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MarylandPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MassachusettsPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MichiganPresentFisher and Nameth (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); Lockhart et al. (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MinnesotaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Lockhart et al. (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MississippiPresentTaylor et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MissouriPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MontanaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-NebraskaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-NevadaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-New HampshirePresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-New JerseyPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-New MexicoPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-New YorkPresentSchroeder and Provvidenti (1972); Carroll and Provvidenti (1989); CABI and EPPO (2002); Lockhart et al. (2002); EPPO (2020)
-North CarolinaPresentLucas and Harper (1972); Gooding and Rufty (1987); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-North DakotaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Hobbs et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
-OhioPresentFisher and Nameth (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-OregonPresentFORD. R. E. (1965); Rahman and Peaden (1993); Larsen and Myers (1998); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-PennsylvaniaPresentLeath and Barnett (1981); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-South CarolinaPresentBarnett and Gibson (1977); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-TennesseePresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-TexasPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-UtahPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-VermontPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-VirginiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-WashingtonPresentRahman and Peaden (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-WisconsinPresentCRILL et al. (1970); CABI and EPPO (2002); Piñeyro et al. (2002); EPPO (2020)
-WyomingPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentNorton and Johnstone (1998); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-New South WalesPresentHulse et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-QueenslandAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-South AustraliaPresentHulse et al. (1993); Jayasena et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-TasmaniaPresentHulse et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-VictoriaPresentHulse et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Western AustraliaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Coutts and Jones (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
New ZealandPresentFletcher (1993); Fletcher (2001); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)

South America

ArgentinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
BrazilPresentAlmeida et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ParanaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Sao PauloPresentMoreira et al. (2010)
ChilePresentSepúlveda et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2002); Peña et al. (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
ColombiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EcuadorPresentColimba et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
PeruPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
VenezuelaPresentMayoral et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Roots / reduced root system
Stems / discoloration of bark
Vegetative organs / internal rotting or discoloration
Whole plant / dwarfing

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Fruits (inc. pods) Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Leaves Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
True seeds (inc. grain) Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Growing medium accompanying plants
Wood

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

Top of page
VectorSourceReferenceGroupDistribution
Acyrthosiphon kondoiInsect
Acyrthosiphon pisumInsect
Aphis craccivoraInsect
Aphis gossypiiInsect
Aphis spiraecolaInsect
Myzus persicaeInsect

References

Top of page

Accotto GP, Riccioni L, Barba M, Boccardo G, 1997. Comparison of some molecular properties of ourmia melon and epirus cherry viruses, two representatives of a proposed new virus group. Journal of Plant Pathology, 78(1):87-91.

Alhubaishi AA, Walkey DGA, Webb MJW, Bolland CJ, Cook AA, 1987. A survey of horticultural plant virus diseases in the Yemen Arab Republic. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 35(4):135-143

Al-Mabrouk O, Mansour AN, 1998. Viruses affecting lentil in Jordan. Indian Phytopathology, 51(1):1-9.

Almeida AM, Bianchini A, Costa AS, Vega J, 1982. Calico mosaic, a new virus disease of soybean in Brazil. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 7(1):133-138

Al-Shahwan IM, Abdalla OA, Al-Saleh MA, 1998. Potato viruses in central Saudi Arabia. Journal of King Saud University, Agricultural Sciences, 10(1):45-53; 17 ref.

Avgelis A, Katis N, 1989. Identification of alfalfa mosaic virus in Greek alfalfa crops. Journal of Phytopathology, 125(3):231-237

Babovic M, 1975. Comparative studies of alfalfa mosaic virus transmission through seeds of some American and Yugoslav lucerne populations. Arhiv za Poljoprivredne Nauke, 28(103):73-79

Bailiss KW, Offei SK, 1990. Alfalfa mosaic virus in lucerne seed during seed maturation and storage, and in seedlings. Plant Pathology, 39(3):539-547

Bailiss KW, Ollennu LLA, 1986. Effect of alfalfa mosaic virus isolates on forage yield of lucerne (Medicago sativa) in Britain. Plant Pathology, 35(2):162-168

Balasubramaniam M, Ibrahim A, Kim BS, Loesch-Fries LS, 2006. Arabidopsis thaliana is an asymptomatic host of Alfalfa mosaic virus. Virus Research, 121(2):215-219. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01681702

Bariana HS, Shannon AL, Chu PWG, Waterhouse PM, 1994. Detection of five seedborne legume viruses in one sensitive multiplex polymerase chain reaction test. Phytopathology, 84(10):1201-1205

Barnett OW, Gibson PB, 1977. Effect of virus infection on flowering and seed production of the parental clones of Tillman white clover (Trifolium repens). Plant Disease Reporter, 61(3):203-207

Beczner L, 1972. The occurrence of new strains of alfalfa mosaic virus in Hungary. Novenyvedelmi Kutato Intezet Kozlemenyei, 6:101-118

Beczner L, Hosszu J, Kajati I, 1973. Data on the incidence of alfalfa mosaic virus in Hungary. Novenytermeles, 23(3):259-265

Beczner L, Manninger S, 1973. The spread of alfalfa mosaic virus on different lucerne varieties. Novenytermeles, 22(1):15-23

Beczner L, Schmelzer K, Schmidt HE, 1972. Investigations on the occurrence of alfalfa mosaic virus in lucerne stands of the German Democratic Republic. Archiv fur Pflanzenschutz, 8:407-419

Bellardi MG, Autonell CR, Bertaccini A, 1999. Virus and phytoplasma infections on 'officinal' plants in Emilia-Romagna. III report. Informatore Fitopatologico, 49(6):47-53; 27 ref.

Ben Moussa A, Makni M, Marrakchi M, 2000. Identification of the principal viruses infecting tomato crops in Tunisia. Bulletin OEPP, 30(2):293-296; 22 ref.

Bercks R, Lesemann D, Querfurth G, 1973. On the detection of alfalfa mosaic virus in a grapevine. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 76(2):166-171

Berkeley GH, 1947. A strain of alfalfa mosaic virus on pepper in Ontario. Phytopathology 37:781-789.

Blancard D, Ano G, Cailleteau B, 1994. Principal viruses affecting tobacco in France. Annales du Tabac. Section 2, No. 26:39-50; 51 ref.

Brederode FT, Taschner PEM, Posthumus E, Bol JF, 1995. Replicase-mediated resistance to alfalfa mosaic virus. Virology (New York), 207(2):467-474; 34 ref.

Brunt AA, Crabtree K, Dallwitz MJ, Gibbs AJ, Watson L (eds), 1996. Viruses of plants. Descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL, 1484 pp.

Burke DW, 1963. Incidence of viruses infectious to beans in plants of twelve alfalfa varieties. Plant Disease Reporter, 47:845-847.

CABI/EPPO, 2002. Alfalfa mosaic virus. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 388. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Cali S, 1990. Investigations of virus infections of lucerne in central Anatolia and their transmission through weeds and seeds. Arastirma Yayinlari Serisi Yayin, No. 72.

Campbell RN, Melugin N, Stella A, 1971. Plant Disease Reporter 55:322-325.

Cardin L, Moury B, 2000. First report of alfalfa mosaic virus in Pachysandra terminalis in Europe. Plant Disease, 84(5):594; 2 ref.

Cardin L, Onesto JP, Moury B, 2002. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Physostegia virginiana. Plant Disease, 86(1):72; 1 ref.

Carroll JE, Provvidenti R, 1989. First reported viral disease of Swedish ivy caused by alfalfa mosaic virus. Plant Disease, 73(2):183

Castro R, Sandoval BC, 1998. Virus diseases affecting tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) in South-Central Chile. Agro-Ciencia, 14(2):289-292; 8 ref.

Chalam VC, Parakh DB, Khetarpal RK, Maurya AK, Anju Jain, Shamsher Singh, 2008. Interception of seed-transmitted viruses in cowpea and mungbean germplasm imported during 2003. Indian Journal of Virology, 19(1):12-16. http://www.virologysociety.org

Colimba J, Falcón E, Castro ER, Davila-Aldas D, Pallas V, Sanchez-Navarro JA, Gomez G, 2016. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus in red pepper plants in Ecuador. Plant Disease, 100(5):1026. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Conti GG, Favali MA, Vegetti G, 1972. The behaviour of yellow spot mosaic virus, a strain of alfalfa mosaic virus, in different host plants. Symptomatology and ultrastructural observations. Rivista di Patologia Vegetale, 4, 8(4):323-340

Coutts BA, Jones RAC, 2002. Temporal dynamics of spread of four viruses within mixed species perennial pastures. Annals of Applied Biology, 140(1):37-52; 49 ref.

Crill P, Hagedorn DJ, Hanson EW, 1970. Agricultural Research Bulletin, University of Wisconsin 280, 40 pp.

Delgado Enquita I, Luna Calvo L, 1992. Incidences of mosaic and enation viruses in selected alfalfa plants. Pastos, 22(1):85-92; 6 ref.

Delibasic G, Tanovic B, Hrustic J, Stankovic I, Bulajic A, Vucurovic A, Krstic B, 2013. First report of the natural infection of Robinia pseudoacacia with Alfalfa mosaic virus. Plant Disease, 97(6):851. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Diaz-Valasis M, Cadena-Hinojosa MA, Torres Vazquez E, Cardenas S E, 1992. Aetiology of yellow spot of potatoes grown on the central plateau of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatologia, 10(1):60-63

Edeme J, Hanson J, 2000. First report of alfalfa mosaic, bean common mosaic, and broad bean stain viruses in Macrotyloma axillare. Plant Disease, 84(5):594; 1 ref.

Edwardson JR, Christie RG, 1997. Viruses infecting peppers and other solanaceous crops. Volume 1. Viruses infecting peppers and other solanaceous crops. Volume 1., 336 pp.; [^italic~University of Florida Monograph 18-I.^roman~]; many ref.

El-Muadhidi MA, Makkouk KM, Kumari SG, Myasser Jerjess, Murad SS, Mustafa RR, Feras Tarik, 2001. Survey for legume and cereal viruses in Iraq. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 40(3):224-233; 42 ref.

Elnagar S, El-Sheikh MAK, Maklad FM, Kabeil SSA, 1995. Field observations on the natural infection of potato with two aphid-borne viruses. Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Cairo, 46(2):289-297

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Erdiller G, Akbas B, 1994. Plant viruses in Ankara rivers and lakes. Journal of Turkish Phytopathology, 23(3):119-126; 25 ref.

Fajolu OL, Wen RH, Hajimorad MR, 2010. Occurrence of Alfalfa mosaic virus in soybean in Tennessee. Plant Disease, 94(12):1505. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Finetti Sialer MM, Parrella G, Papanice M, Vovlas C, Gallitelli D, 2000. Biodiversity of viruses infecting tomato in Italy: methods for diagnosis and diversification. Bulletin OEPP, 30(2):301-304; 13 ref.

Fischer HU, 1979. The identification and differentiation of virus infections of broad bean. Awamia, 57:41-72

Fisher JR, Nameth ST, 2000. Virus assessment of Ajuga reptans cultivars reveals alfalfa mosaic, tobacco streak, and cucumber mosaic (CMV) viruses, and a CMV satellite RNA. HortScience, 35(2):230-234; 23 ref.

Fitchen JH, Beachy RN, 1993. Genetically engineered protection against viruses in transgenic plants. Annual Review of Microbiology, 47:739-763

Fletcher JD, 1993. Surveys of virus diseases in pea, lentil, dwarf and broad bean crops in South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 21(1):45-52

Fletcher JD, 2001. New hosts of alfalfa mosaic virus, cucumber mosaic virus, potato virus Y, soybean dwarf virus, and tomato spotted wilt virus in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 29(3):213-217.

Ford RE, 1965. Enation symptoms on tobacco induced by alfalfa mosaic virus. Plant Disease Reporter, 49:684-686.

Fortass M, Bos L, 1991. Survey of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) for viruses in Morocco. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 97(6):369-380

Frosheiser FI, 1974. Alfalfa mosaic virus transmission to seed through alfalfa gametes and longevity in alfalfa seed. Phytopathology, 64:102-105.

Fuentes S, Jayasinghe U, 1993. Potato yellowing, caused by a new bacilliform virus. Fitopatologia, 28(1):22-37

Gaborjanyi R, Nagy F, 1972. Termesztett gyogynovenyeink virus- es mikoplazma betegsegei. Herba-Hungarica, 11(2):39-51.

Gibbs AJ, 1962. Lucerne mosaic virus in British lucerne crops. Plant Pathology, 11:167-171.

Gibbs AJ, Tinsley TW, 1961. Lucerne mosaic virus in Great Britain. Plant Pathology, 10:61.

Gooding GV Jr, Rufty RC, 1987. Distribution, incidence, and strains of viruses in burley tobacco in North Carolina. Plant Disease, 71(1):38-40

Gorbunova NI, Shevtsova LB, Shevyakova MI, Soboleva AB, 1989. Virus and mycoplasma diseases of lucerne. Zashchita Rastenii (Moskva), 7:20

Grieco F, Martelli GP, Savino V, Piazzolla P, 1992. Properties of olive latent virus 2. Rivista di Patologia Vegetale, 2(3):125-136

Haj Kassem AA, Makkouk KM, Attar N, 2001. Viruses on cultivated forage legumes in Syria. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 19(2):73-79; 34 ref.

Hajimorad MR, Dietzgen RG, Francki RIB, 1990. Differentiation and antigenic characterization of closely related alfalfa mosaic virus strains with monoclonal antibodies. Journal of General Virology, 71(12):2809-2816

He B, Fajolu OL, Wen R-H, Hajimorad MR, 2010. Seed transmission of Alfalfa mosaic virus in soybean. Plant Health Progress Online.

He B, Hill JH, Hajimorad MR, 2011. Factors to improve detection of Alfalfa mosaic virus in soybean. Plant Health Progress, No.September:PHP-2010-0926-02-RS. http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/php/elements/sum2.aspx?id=9525

Hemmati K, McLean DL, 1977. Gamete-seed transmission of alfalfa mosaic virus and its effect on seed germination and yield in alfalfa plants. Phytopathology, 67(5):576-579

Henriques MIC, 1987. Solanum nigrum L. and wild alfalfa plants as natural hosts for alfalfa mosaic virus, in Portugal. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 26(1):43-45

Hobbs HA, Domier LL, Nelson BD, 2012. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus and Soybean dwarf virus on soybean in North Dakota. Plant Disease, 96(12):1829. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Hull R, 1969. Alfalfa mosaic virus. Advances in Virus Research, 15:265-433.

Hull R, 1970. Studies on alfalfa mosaic virus. IV. An unusual strain. Virology, 42:282-292.

Hulse LB, Helms K, Waterhouse PM, 1993. National survey of viruses in pastures of subterranean clover. III. Equipment for large scale screening of viruses by ELISA. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 44(8):1883-1890

ICRISAT, 1982. Chickpea diseases. ICRISAT Annual Report 1981. Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, 93-97.

Iizuka N, 1990. Studies on virus diseases of adzuki bean (Vigna angularis Wight) in Japan. Bulletin of the Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station, 82:77-113

Iizuka N, Yoshida K, 1988. Incidence of mosaic disease in soybean in Hokkaido, and seed transmission of the causal viruses. Research Bulletin of the Hokkaido Agricultural Experiment Station, 150:33-43

Ioannou N, Vakis NJ, 1988. Production of seed potatoes in Cyprus: incidence and economic importance of virus diseases. Potato Research, 31(1):55-65

Jaspars EMJ, Bos L, 1980. Alfalfa Mosaic Virus. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 229. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 4 pp.

Jayasena KW, Hajimorad MR, Law EG, Rehman AU, Nolan KE, Zanker T, Rose RJ, Randles JW, 2001. Resistance to alfalfa mosaic virus in transgenic barrel medic lines containing the virus coat protein gene. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 52(1):67-72; 27 ref.

Jayasena KW, Ingham BJ, Hajimorad MR, Randles JW, 1997. The sense and antisense coat protein gene of alfalfa mosaic virus strain N20 confers protection in transgenic tobacco plants. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 48(4):503-510; 36 ref.

Jones RAC, 1992. Further studies on losses in productivity caused by infection of annual pasture legumes with three viruses. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 43(5):1229-1241

Jones RAC, Ferris DG, 2000. Suppressing spread of alfalfa mosaic virus in grazed legume pasture swards using insecticides and admixture with grass, and effects of insecticides on numbers of aphids and three other pasture pests. Annals of Applied Biology, 137(3):259-271; 58 ref.

Jones RAC, Nicholas DA, 1992. Studies on alfalfa mosaic virus infection of burr medic (Medicago polymorpha) swards: seed-borne infection, persistence, spread and effects on productivity. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 43(3):697-715

Jones RAC, Pathipanawat W, 1989. Seed-borne alfalfa mosaic virus infecting annual medics (Medicago spp.) in western Australia. Annals of Applied Biology, 115(2):263-277

Kaiser WJ, 1984. Thermotherapy of Russet Burbank potato tubers and plants infected with alfalfa mosaic virus. Plant Disease, 68(10):887-890

Kaiser WJ, Danesh D, Okhovvat M, Mossahebi G, 1972. Virus diseases of lentil in Iran. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology, 8(3-4):75-84.

Kaiser WJ, Hannan RM, 1983. Additional hosts of alfalfa mosaic virus and its seed transmission in tumble pigweed and bean. Plant Disease, 67(12):1354-1357

Kaiser WJ, Robertson DG, 1976. Notes on East African plant virus disease. II. Alfalfa mosaic virus. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, 42(1):47-54

Kazinczi G, Horvath J, Lesemann D-E, 2002. Perennial plants as new natural hosts of three viruses. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 109(3):301-310.

Kemp WG, 1978. Mulches protect peppers from viruses. Canada Agriculture, 23(2):22-24

Kennedy JS, Day MF, Eastop VF, 1962. A Conspectus of Aphids as Vectors of Plant Viruses. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL.

Kitajima EW, Mulder J, Formiga LCM, Marinho VLA, Lin MT, 1987. Natural infection of clover (Trifolium sp.) by alfalfa mosaic virus in the State of Parana. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 12(3):284-286

Laguna IG, Rodriquez Pardina PE, Truol GA, Nieves J, 1988. Diseases of viral aetiology on soyabean (Glycine max) in Argentina. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 13(3):192-198

Laguna IG, Truol G, Pardina PER, Nieves JA, 1989. Virus diseases of soybean cultivars in Argentina. In: A. J. Pascale ed. World Soybean Research Conference IV Proceedings. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Orientacion Grafica Editora, 1425-1430.

Larsen RC, Myers JR, 1998. First report of red clover vein mosaic carlavirus naturally infecting lentil. Plant Disease, 82(9):1064; 1 ref.

Latham LJ, Jones RAC, 2001. Incidence of virus infection in experimental plots, commercial crops, and seed stocks of cool season crop legumes. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 52(3):397-413; 72 ref.

Leath KT, Barnett OW, 1981. Viruses infecting red clover in Pennsylvania. Plant Disease, 65(12):1016-1017

Lee ST, 1977. Strains of alfalfa mosaic virus on potatoes found in Taiwan. Journal of the Agricultural Association of China, 98:76-84.

Lockhart B, Mollov D, Daughtrey M, 2013. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus occurrence in hydrangea in the United States. Plant Disease, 97(9):1258. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Lockhart BE, Mollov D, 2012. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus occurrence in Tecoma capensis in the USA. Plant Health Progress, No.August:PHP-2012-0824-02-BR. http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/php/elements/sum.aspx?id=10476&photo=5796

Lockhart BEL, Fetzer J, Westendrop J, 2002. Previously unreported viral diseases of Aster, Heuchera, Lobelia, Pulmonaria and Physostegia in the USA. Acta Horticulturae, No.568:221-224; 9 ref.

Lu TB, Li Y, 1992. Analysis on sedimentation coefficient of alfalfa mosaic virus. Microbiology, 19(1):4-6

Lucas LT, Harper CR, 1972. Mechanically transmissible viruses from Ladino clover in North Carolina. Plant Disease Reporter, 56:774-776.

Makkouk KM, Bashir M, Jones R, 1998. First record of faba bean necrotic yellows virus and beet western yellows luteovirus affecting lentil and chickpea in Pakistan. Plant Disease, 82(5):591; 2 ref.

Makkouk KM, Bashir M, Jones RAC, Kumari SG, 2001. Survey for viruses in lentil and chickpea crops in Pakistan. Zeitschrift fu^umlaut~r Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 108(3):258-268; 34 ref.

Mali VR, 1998. An appraisal of alfalfa mosaic alfamovirus (AMV) and AMV diseases in Marathwada (India). Indian Journal of Virology, 14(2):93-104; 3 pp of refs.

Mali VR, Nirmal DD, Patil FS, 1977. Effect of alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) on the growth and nitrogen content of soybean. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 2(3):276-277

Mallor C, Luis-Arteaga M, Cambra MA, Fernßndez-Cavada S, 2002. Natural infection of field-grown borage (Borago officinalis) by alfalfa mosaic virus in Spain. Plant Disease, 86(6):698; 2 ref.

Marchoux G, Rougier J, 1974. Alfalfa mosaic virus: isolation from lavandin (Lavandula hybrida Rev.) and eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). Annales de Phytopathologie, 6(2):191-196

Marco S, Bar-Joseph M, 1972. A mosaic disease of Tecomaria capensis caused by alfalfa mosaic virus. Plant Disease Reporter, 56(12):1035-1037

Mayoral ML, Uzcategui R, Oropeza T, Gil F, Garcia V, 1988. Weeds and alfalfa cultivars as reservoirs of a temperature-sensitive strain of alfalfa mosaic virus in Venezuela. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 95(6):635-641

McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC, 1994. Infection of alternative hosts associated with annual medics (Medicago spp.) by alfalfa mosaic virus and its persistence between growing seasons. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 45(7):1413-1426

McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC, 1995. Occurrence of alfalfa mosaic and subterranean clover red leaf viruses in legume pastures in Western Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 46(4):763-774

Mih AM, Hanson J, 1998. Alfalfa mosaic virus: occurrence and variation among isolates from forage legumes in Ethiopia. Tropical Grasslands, 32(2):118-123; 20 ref.

Mishra MD, Raychaudhuri SP, Ghosh A, Wilcoxson RD, 1980. Berseem mosaic, a seed-transmitted virus disease. Plant Disease, 64(5):490-492

Moreira AG, Kitajima EW, Rezende JAM, 2010. Identification and partial characterization of a Carica papaya-infecting isolate of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Brazil. Journal of General Plant Pathology, 76(2):172-175. http://www.springerlink.com/content/f668204214354x5h/?p=063a68a0975b4e8597178a572bb4ed52&pi=11

Morelli M, Martelli GP, 2015. Detection of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Laurustinus in Apulia. Journal of Plant Pathology, 97(1):214. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3244

Morris TJ, Dodds JA, 1979. Isolation and analysis of double-stranded RNA from virus-infected plant and fungal tissue. Phytopathology, 69(8):854-858.

Moskovets SN, Lavrukh LA, 1973. Susceptibility of lucerne varieties regionalized in the Ukraine to mosaic virus. Vestnik Sel'skokhozyaistvennoi Nauki, Moskva, 11:28-30

Mouhanna AM, Makkouk KM, Ismail ID, 1994. Survey of virus diseases of wild and cultivated legumes in the coastal region of Syria. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 12(1):12-19

Muller WJ, Helms K, Waterhouse PM, 1993. National survey of viruses in pastures of subterranean clover. II. Statistical methodology for large scale quantitative ELISA. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 44(8):1863-1881

Nain PS, Narayan Rishi, Bishnoi SS, 1994. Growth stages of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) vis-a-vis seed transmission of viruses. Indian Journal of Virology, 10(1):33-37

Nain PS, Rishi N, Bishnoi SS, 1994. Profile of viral diseases of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in northern India. Indian Journal of Virology, 10(2):128-136

Nart T, 1972. Studies on two natural inhibitors of virus infection. Journal of Turkish Phytopathology, 1(3):81-96

Ndunguru J, Kapooria RG, 2000. The role of non-Capsicum hosts in the ecology of alfalfa mosaic alfamovirus in pepper growing areas of Lusaka Province, Zambia. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 30(1):11-14; 12 ref.

Nechadi S, Benddine F, Moumen A, Kheddam M, 2002. Status of tomato viruses and control strategy in Algeria. Bulletin OEPP, 32(1):21-24; 9 ref.

Nie X, Koeyer Dde, Liang Z, Dickison V, Singh M, Hawkins G, 2015. Identification and first report of a potato tuber necrosis-inducing isolate of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Canada. Plant Disease, 99(11):1658. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Nienhaus F, Saad AT, 1967. First report on plant virus diseases in Lebanon, Jordan and Syria. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflzenschutz, 74:459-471.

Norton MR, Johnstone GR, 1998. Occurrence of alfalfa mosaic, clover yellow vein, subterranean clover red leaf, and white clover mosaic viruses in white clover throughout Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 49(4):723-728; 24 ref.

Ozdemir S, Erilmez S, Paylan IC, 2011. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus in eggplant in Turkey. Journal of Plant Pathology, 93(4, Supplement):S4.82. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/issue/view/118

Paliwal YC, 1982. Virus diseases of alfalfa and biology of alfalfa mosaic virus in Ontario and western Quebec. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 4(2):175-179

Park EK, La YJ, Heu I, Lee YD, 1975. Serological investigation of virus diseases of tobacco plant (Nicotiana tabacum L.) in Korea. Korean Journal of Plant Protection, 14(2):59-63

Parrella G, Cavicchi L, Bellardi MG, 2012. First record of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Teucrium fruticans in Italy. Plant Disease, 96(2):294-295. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Parrella G, Fiallo-Olivé E, Navas-Castillo J, 2012. First report of China rose (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) as a host of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Spain. Plant Disease, 96(3):462. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Parrella G, Greco B, Cennamo G, Griffo R, Stinca A, 2013. Araujia sericifera new host of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Italy. Plant Disease, 97(10):1387. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Parrella G, Laterrot H, STlassiT KG, Marchoux G, 1998. Inheritance of resistance to alfalfa mosaic virus in Lycopersicon hirsutum f. glabratum PI 134417. Journal of Plant Pathology, 80(3):241-243; 16 ref.

Pathipanawat W, Jones RAC, Sivasithamparam K, 1997. Factors influencing transmission of alfalfa mosaic virus through seed of annual medics (Medicago spp.) and the genetic control of seed transmission rate. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 48(7):989-997; 37 ref.

Peña E, Olate E, Chorbadjian RA, Rosales IM, 2011. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus infection in Viburnum tinus in Chile. Plant Disease, 95(9):1198. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Pesic Z, Hiruki C, 1988. Comparison of ELISA and dot-hybridization for detection of alfalfa mosaic virus in alfalfa pollen. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 10(2):116-122

Pietersen G, Staples SM, Kasdorf GGF, Jooste AEC, 1998. Relative abundance of soybean viruses in South Africa. African Plant Protection, 4(2):65-70; 33 ref.

Pineyro MJ, Albrecht KA, Mondjana AM, Grau CR, 2002. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Kura clover (Trifolium amgibuum) in Wisconsin. Plant Disease, 86(6):695; 3 ref.

Polivanova TA, 1988. Vetch diseases caused by viruses. Sbornik Nauchnykh Trudov po Prikladnoi Botanike, Genetike i Selektsii, 117:81-85

Polßk Z, 1996. Spontaneous hosts of alfalfa mosaic virus ascertained in ruderal plant associations of central Bohemia. Ochrana Rostlin, 32(3):161-165; 20 ref.

Pourrahim R, Farzadfar S, 2016. Biological and molecular characterization of Alfalfa mosaic virus infecting trumpet creeper (Campsis radicans) in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology, 164(4):276-280. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0434

Price LK, McLean GD, 1982. Detecting alfalfa mosaic virus in sap. Australasian Plant Pathology, 11(4):48-49

Rahman F, Peaden RN, 1993. Incidence of viruses on alfalfa in western North America. Plant Disease, 77(2):160-162

Reagan TE, Gooding GV Jr, Kennedy GG, 1979. Evaluation of insecticides and oil for suppression of aphid-borne viruses in tobacco. Journal of Economic Entomology, 72(4):538-540

Reddy MV, Baw UA, Hein UM, Moe UK, Su UT, Sethi SC, 1991. Survey of chickpea diseases in Myanmar. International Chickpea Newsletter, No. 24:46-47; [1 map, 1 tab.].

Roossinck MJ, Bujarski J, Ding SW, Hajimorad R, Hanada K, Scott S, Tousignant M, 2000. Family Bromoviridae. In Van Regenmortel MHV, Fauguet CM, Bishop DHL, Carstens EB, Lemon SM, Maniloff J, Mayo MA, McGeoch DJ, Prongle CR, Wickner RB, eds. Virus Taxonomy; Seventh Report on Taxonomy of Viruses. San Diego, USA: Academic Press, 923-935.

Salama E-SA, El-Behadli AH, 1979. Strain of alfalfa mosaic virus on broadbean in Iraq. Bulletin of the Natural History Research Centre, 7(3):101-112

Schmelzer K, Schmidt HE, 1968. Untersuchungen an Viren der Zier- und Wildgeholze 6. Mitteilung: Erganzende Befunde an Caryopteris, soirce Virosen an Philadelphus, Aristolochia, Buddleia, Lycium und Aesculus. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 66:105-126.

Schroeder WT, Provvidenti R, 1972. Plant Disease Reporter, 56:285.

Sepulveda P, Morales F, Castano M, 2001. Detection of alfalfa mosaic virus in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) production regions of Chile. Agricultura Tecnica, 61(3):379-384.

Snyder WC, Rich S, 1942. Mosaic of celery caused by the virus of alfalfa mosaic. Phytopathology, 32:537-539.

Stanyulis YuP, 1974. Principal virus diseases of legume crops in Lithuania. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Instituta Zashchity Rastenii, 70-74

Sutic D, 1959. Die Rolle des Paprikasamens bei der Virusubertragung. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 36:84-93.

Swenson KG, 1952. Aphid transmission of a strain of alfalfa mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 42:261-262.

Taylor NL, Ghabrial SA, Pederson GA, McLaughlin MR, 1995. Quantification of yield benefits from incorporation of virus-resistant white clover germ plasm into grass-legume systems. Plant Disease, 79(10):1057-1061

Timmerman-Vaughan GM, Pither-Joyce MD, Cooper PA, Russell AC, Goulden DS, Butler R, Grant JE, 2001. Partial resistance of transgenic peas to alfalfa mosaic virus under greenhouse and field conditions. Crop Science, 41(3):846-853; 25 ref.

Tosic M, Pesic Z, 1975. Investigation of alfalfa mosaic virus transmission through alfalfa seed. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 83(4):320-327

Valkonen JPT, Pehu E, Watanabe K, 1992. Symptom expression and seed transmission of alfalfa mosaic virus and potato yellowing virus (SB-22) in Solanum brevidens and S. etuberosum. Potato Research, 35(4):403-410

Vanderveken J, 1972. The inhibition of the transmission of the lucerne mosaic virus by Myzus persicae by the use of oil. Parasitica, 28(2):39-45

Vrandecic K, Jurkovic D, Cosic J, Stankovic I, Vucurovic A, Bulajic A, Krstic B, 2013. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus infecting Lavandula × intermedia in Croatia. Plant Disease, 97(7):1002. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Vuittenez A, Kuszala J, Putz C, 1974. Alfalfa mosaic virus associated with a leaf necrosis ot tobacco crops in Alsace. Annales de Phytopathologie, 6(2):113-128

Vyanjane NT, Mali VR, 1981. Occurrence of alfalfa mosaic virus on brinjal in India. Indian Phytopathology, 34(2):164-168

Walkey DGA, Alhubaishi AA, Webb MJW, 1990. Plant virus diseases in the Yemen Arab Republic. Tropical Pest Management, 36(3):195-206

Weimer JL, 1931. Alfalfa mosaic. Phytopathology, 21:122-123.

Wiltshire SP, 1945. Common names of virus diseases used in the Review of Applied Mycology. Review of Applied Mycology, 24:513-544.

Wintermantel WM, Natwick ET, 2012. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus infecting basil (Ocimum basilicum) in California. Plant Disease, 96(2):295. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Wolf P, 1972. Virus diseases of dill, Anethum graveolens. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 7(1/3):209-211

Wolf P, Schmelzer K, 1973. Virus diseases of carrot (Daucus carota L.) Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 8:311-327.

Xu DongMei, Collins GB, Hunt AG, Nielsen MT, 1998. Resistance to alfalfa mosaic virus in transgenic burley tobaccos expressing the AMV coat protein gene. Crop Science, 38(6):1661-1668; 40 ref.

Xu DongMei, Collins GB, Hunt AG, Nielsen MT, 1999. Agronomic performance of transgenic burley tobaccos expressing TVMV or AMV coat protein genes with and without virus challenges. Crop Science, 39(4):1195-1202; 26 ref.

Xu H, Nie J, 2006. Identification, characterization, and molecular detection of Alfalfa mosaic virus in potato. Phytopathology, 96(11):1237-1242.

Zadjali AD, Matrooshi AR, Moghal SM, 2002. Occurrence, distribution and properties of Alfalfa Mosaic Virus. Sultan Qaboos University Journal for Scientific Research - Agricultural Sciences, 7(1):47-51; 24 ref.

Özdemir S, Erilmez S, 2012. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus and Cucumber mosaic virus in pepino in Turkey. Journal of Plant Pathology, 94(4, Supplement):S4.91. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/

Distribution References

Alhubaishi A A, Walkey D G A, Webb M J W, Bolland C J, Cook A A, 1987. A survey of horticultural plant virus diseases in the Yemen Arab Republic. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin. 35 (4), 135-143.

Al-Mabrouk O, Mansour A N, 1998. Viruses affecting lentil in Jordan. Indian Phytopathology. 51 (1), 1-9.

Almeida A M, Bianchini A, Costa A S, Vega J, 1982. Calico mosaic, a new virus disease of soybean in Brazil. (Mosaico calico: nova virose da soja no Brasil.). Fitopatologia Brasileira. 7 (1), 133-138.

Al-Shahwan I M, Abdalla O A, Al-Saleh M A, 1998. Potato viruses in central Saudi Arabia. Journal of King Saud University, Agricultural Sciences. 10 (1), 45-53.

Avgelis A, Katis N, 1989. Identification of alfalfa mosaic virus in Greek alfalfa crops. Journal of Phytopathology. 125 (3), 231-237. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.1989.tb01064.x

Barnett O W, Gibson P B, 1977. Effect of virus infection on flowering and seed production of the parental clones of Tillman white clover (Trifolium repens). Plant Disease Reporter. 61 (3), 203-207.

Beczner L, 1972. The occurrence of new strains of alfalfa mosaic virus in Hungary. (A lucerna mozaik virus uj torzseinek Magyarorszagi fellepese.). Novenyvedelmi Kutato Intezet Kozlemenyei. 101-118.

Beczner L, Schmelzer K, Schmidt H E, 1972. Investigations on the occurrence of alfalfa mosaic virus in lucerne stands of the German Democratic Republic. (Untersuchungen uber das Auftreten des Luzernemosaik-Virus in Luzernebestaenden der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik.). Archiv fur Pflanzenschutz. 407-419.

Bellardi M G, Autonell C R, Bertaccini A, 1999. Virus and phytoplasma infections on 'officinal' plants in Emilia-Romagna. III report. (Infezioni da virus e fitoplasmi in piante officinali in Emilia-Romagna. III contributo.). Informatore Fitopatologico. 49 (6), 47-53.

Bercks R, Lesemann D, Querfurth G, 1973. On the detection of alfalfa mosaic virus in a grapevine. (Uber den Nachweis des alfalfa mosaic virus in einer Weinrebe.). Phytopathologische Zeitschrift. 76 (2), 166-171.

Berkeley G H, 1947. A strain of the Alfalfa mosaic virus on Pepper in Ontario. Phytopathology. 37 (11), 781-789 pp.

CABI, EPPO, 2002. Alfalfa mosaic virus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 388.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Campbell RN, Melugin N, Stella A, 1971. Plant Disease Reporter., 55 322-325.

Cardin L, Moury B, 2000. First report of alfalfa mosaic virus in Pachysandra terminalis in Europe. Plant Disease. 84 (5), 594. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.5.594B

Cardin L, Onesto J P, Moury B, 2002. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Physostegia virginiana. Plant Disease. 86 (1), 72. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.1.72D

Carroll J E, Provvidenti R, 1989. First reported viral disease of Swedish ivy caused by alfalfa mosaic virus. Plant Disease. 73 (2), 183. DOI:10.1094/PD-73-0183C

Chalam V C, Parakh D B, Khetarpal R K, Maurya A K, Anju Jain, Shamsher Singh, 2008. Interception of seed-transmitted viruses in cowpea and mungbean germplasm imported during 2003. Indian Journal of Virology. 19 (1), 12-16. http://www.virologysociety.org

Colimba J, Falcón E, Castro E R, Davila-Aldas D, Pallas V, Sanchez-Navarro J A, Gomez G, 2016. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus in red pepper plants in Ecuador. Plant Disease. 100 (5), 1026. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-15-0820-PDN

Conti G G, Favali M A, Vegetti G, 1972. The behaviour of yellow spot mosaic virus, a strain of alfalfa mosaic virus, in different host plants. Symptomatology and ultrastructural observations. Rivista di Patologia Vegetale, 4. 8 (4), 323-340.

Coutts B A, Jones R A C, 2002. Temporal dynamics of spread of four viruses within mixed species perennial pastures. Annals of Applied Biology. 140 (1), 37-52. DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2002.tb00155.x

CRILL P, HAGEDORN D J, HANSON E W, 1970. Research Bulletin, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, Wisconsin University. 40 pp.

Delibašić G, Tanović B, Hrustić J, Stanković I, Bulajić A, Vučurović A, Krstić B, 2013. First report of the natural infection of Robinia pseudoacacia with Alfalfa mosaic virus. Plant Disease. 97 (6), 851. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-12-1136-PDN

Díaz-Valasis M, Cadena-Hinojosa M A, Torres Vázquez E, Cárdenas S E, 1992. Aetiology of yellow spot of potatoes grown on the central plateau of Mexico. (Identificación de los agentes causales de las manchas amarillas de la papa cultivada en la mesa central de México.). Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología. 10 (1), 60-63.

Edeme J, Hanson J, 2000. First report of alfalfa mosaic, bean common mosaic, and broad bean stain viruses in Macrotyloma axillare. Plant Disease. 84 (5), 594. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.5.594D

El-Muadhidi M A, Makkouk K M, Kumari S G, Myasser Jerjess, Murad S S, Mustafa R R, Feras Tarik, 2001. Survey for legume and cereal viruses in Iraq. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 40 (3), 224-233.

Elnagar S, El-Sheikh M A K, Maklad F M, Kabeil S S A, 1995. Field observations on the natural infection of potato with two aphid-borne viruses. Bulletin of Faculty of Agriculture, University of Cairo. 46 (2), 289-297.

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Erdiller G, Akbaș B, 1994. Plant viruses in Ankara rivers and lakes. Journal of Turkish Phytopathology. 23 (3), 119-126.

Fischer H U, 1979. The identification and differentiation of virus infections of broad bean. (Agents viraux isoles des cultures de feve, leur determination et differenciation.). Awamia. 41-72.

Fisher J R, Nameth S T, 2000. Virus assessment of Ajuga reptans cultivars reveals alfalfa mosaic, tobacco streak, and cucumber mosaic (CMV) viruses, and a CMV satellite RNA. HortScience. 35 (2), 230-234.

Fletcher J D, 1993. Surveys of virus diseases in pea, lentil, dwarf and broad bean crops in South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science. 21 (1), 45-52.

Fletcher J D, 2001. New hosts of Alfalfa mosaic virus, Cucumber mosaic virus, Potato virus Y, Soybean dwarf virus, and Tomato spotted wilt virus in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science. 29 (3), 213-217.

FORD R E, 1965. Enation symptoms in Tobacco induced by Alfalfa mosaic virus. Plant Disease Reporter. 49 (8), 684-686.

Gaborjanyi R, Nagy F, 1972. Virus and mycoplasma diseases of cultivated medicinal plants in Hungary. (Termesztett gyogynovenyeink virus- es mikoplazma betegsegei.). Herba Hungarica. 11 (2), 39-51.

GIBBS A J , TINSLEY T W, 1961. Lucerne mosaic virus in Great Britain. Plant Pathology. 10 (2), 61-62 pp. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.1961.tb00004.x

Gooding G V Jr, Rufty R C, 1987. Distribution, incidence, and strains of viruses in burley tobacco in North Carolina. Plant Disease. 71 (1), 38-40. DOI:10.1094/PD-71-0038

Gorbunova N I, Shevtsova L B, Shevyakova M I, Soboleva A B, 1989. Virus and mycoplasma diseases of lucerne. Zashchita Rasteniĭ (Moskva). 20.

Henriques M I C, 1987. Solanum nigrum L. and wild alfalfa plants as natural hosts for alfalfa mosaic virus, in Portugal. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 26 (1), 43-45.

Hobbs H A, Domier L L, Nelson B D, 2012. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus and Soybean dwarf virus on soybean in North Dakota. Plant Disease. 96 (12), 1829. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-12-0673-PDN

Hulse L B, Helms K, Waterhouse P M, 1993. National survey of viruses in pastures of subterranean clover. III. Equipment for large scale screening of viruses by ELISA. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 44 (8), 1883-1890. DOI:10.1071/AR9931883

ICRISAT, 1982. Chickpea diseases. In: ICRISAT Annual Report 1981, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. 93-97.

Iizuka N, 1990. Studies on virus diseases of adzuki bean (Vigna angularis Wight) in Japan. Bulletin of the Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station. 77-113.

Iizuka N, Yoshida K, 1988. Incidence of mosaic disease in soybean in Hokkaido, and seed transmission of the causal viruses. Research Bulletin of the Hokkaido Agricultural Experiment Station. 33-43.

Jayasena K W, Hajimorad M R, Law E G, Rehman A U, Nolan K E, Zanker T, Rose R J, Randles J W, 2001. Resistance to alfalfa mosaic virus in transgenic barrel medic lines containing the virus coat protein gene. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 52 (1), 67-72. DOI:10.1071/AR00059

Kaiser W J, Danesh D, Okhovvat M, Mossahebi G, 1972. Virus diseases of lentil in Iran. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology. 8 (3/4), 75-84, 32-33.

Kaiser W J, Robertson D G, 1976. Notes on East African plant virus disease II. Alfalfa mosaic virus. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal. 42 (1), 47-54.

Larsen R C, Myers J R, 1998. First report of red clover vein mosaic carlavirus naturally infecting lentil. In: Plant Disease, 82 (9) 1064. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.1998.82.9.1064A

Leath K T, Barnett O W, 1981. Viruses infecting red clover in Pennsylvania. Plant Disease. 65 (12), 1016-1017. DOI:10.1094/PD-65-1016

Lee S-T, 1977. Strains of alfalfa mosaic virus on potatoes found in Taiwan. Journal of the Agricultural Association of China. 76-84.

Lockhart B E L, Fetzer J, Westendrop J, 2002. Previously unreported viral diseases of Aster, Heuchera, Lobelia, Pulmonaria and Physostegia in the USA. Acta Horticulturae. 221-224.

Lu T B, Li Y, 1992. Analysis on sedimentation coefficient of alfalfa mosaic virus. Microbiology. 19 (1), 4-6.

Lucas L T, Harper C R, 1972. Mechanically transmissible viruses from Ladino clover in North Carolina. Plant Disease Reporter. 56 (9), 774-776.

Makkouk K M, Bashir M, Jones R A C, Kumari S G, 2001. Survey for viruses in lentil and chickpea crops in Pakistan. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz. 108 (3), 258-268.

Makkouk K M, Bashir M, Jones R, 1998. First record of faba bean necrotic yellows virus and beet western yellows luteovirus affecting lentil and chickpea in Pakistan. Plant Disease. 82 (5), 591. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.1998.82.5.591D

Mali V R, Nirmal D D, Patil F S, 1977. Effect of alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) on the growth and nitrogen content of soybean. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities. 2 (3), 276-277.

Mallor C, Luis-Arteaga M, Cambra M A, Fernández-Cavada S, 2002. Natural infection of field-grown borage (Borago officinalis) by alfalfa mosaic virus in Spain. Plant Disease. 86 (6), 698. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.6.698A

Marchoux G, Rougier J, 1974. Alfalfa mosaic virus: isolation from lavandin (Lavandula hybrida Rev.) and eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). (Virus de la mosaique de la luzerne: isolement a partir du lavandin (Lavandula hybrida Rev.) et de l'aubergine (Solanum melongena L.).). Annales de Phytopathologie. 6 (2), 191-196.

Marco S, Bar-Joseph M, 1972. A mosaic disease of Tecomaria capensis caused by alfalfa mosaic virus. Plant Disease Reporter. 56 (12), 1035-1037.

Mayoral M L, Uzcategui R, Oropeza T, Gil F, Garcia V, 1988. Weeds and alfalfa cultivars as reservoirs of a temperature-sensitive strain of alfalfa mosaic virus in Venezuela. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz. 95 (6), 635-641.

Mih A M, Hanson J, 1998. Alfalfa mosaic virus: occurrence and variation among isolates from forage legumes in Ethiopia. Tropical Grasslands. 32 (2), 118-123.

Moreira A G, Kitajima E W, Rezende J A M, 2010. Identification and partial characterization of a Carica papaya-infecting isolate of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Brazil. Journal of General Plant Pathology. 76 (2), 172-175. http://www.springerlink.com/content/f668204214354x5h/?p=063a68a0975b4e8597178a572bb4ed52&pi=11 DOI:10.1007/s10327-010-0220-y

Moskovets S N, Lavrukh L A, 1973. Susceptibility of lucerne varieties regionalized in the Ukraine to mosaic virus. (Vospriimchivost' raionirovannykh na Ukraine sortov lyutserny k virusu mozaiki.). Vestnik Sel'skokhozyaistvennoi Nauki, Moskva. 28-30.

Mouhanna A M, Makkouk K M, Ismail I D, 1994. Survey of virus diseases of wild and cultivated legumes in the coastal region of Syria. Arab Journal of Plant Protection. 12 (1), 12-19.

Nain P S, Rishi N, Bishnoi S S, 1994. Profile of viral diseases of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in northern India. Indian Journal of Virology. 10 (2), 128-136.

Nart T, 1972. Studies on two natural inhibitors of virus infection. Journal of Turkish Phytopathology. 1 (3), 81-96.

Ndunguru J, Kapooria R G, 2000. The role of non-Capsicum hosts in the ecology of alfalfa mosaic alfamovirus in pepper growing areas of Lusaka Province, Zambia. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology. 30 (1), 11-14.

Nie X, Koeyer D de, Liang Z, Dickison V, Singh M, Hawkins G, 2015. Identification and first report of a potato tuber necrosis-inducing isolate of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Canada. Plant Disease. 99 (11), 1658. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-04-15-0423-PDN

NIENHAUS F, SAAD A T, 1967. First report on plant virus diseases in Lebanon, Jordan, and Syria. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten, Pflanzenpathologie und Pflanzenschutz. 74 (7-8), 459-471.

Norton M R, Johnstone G R, 1998. Occurrence of alfalfa mosaic, clover yellow vein, subterranean clover red leaf, and white clover mosaic viruses in white clover throughout Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 49 (4), 723-728. DOI:10.1071/A97114

Ozdemİr S, Erİlmez S, Paylan I C, 2011. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus in eggplant in Turkey. Journal of Plant Pathology. 93 (4, Supplement), S4.82. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/issue/view/118

Paliwal Y C, 1982. Virus diseases of alfalfa and biology of alfalfa mosaic virus in Ontario and western Quebec. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. 4 (2), 175-179.

Park E K, La Y J, Heu I, Lee Y D, 1975. Serological investigation of virus diseases of tobacco plant (Nicotiana tabacum L.) in Korea. Korean Journal of Plant Protection. 14 (2), 59-63.

Parrella G, Laterrot H, Sélassié K G, Marchoux G, 1998. Inheritance of resistance to alfalfa mosaic virus in Lycopersicon hirsutum f. glabratum PI 134417. Journal of Plant Pathology. 80 (3), 241-243.

Peña E, Olate E, Chorbadjian R A, Rosales I M, 2011. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus infection in Viburnum tinus in Chile. Plant Disease. 95 (9), 1198. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-11-0414

Pietersen G, Staples S M, Kasdorf G G F, Jooste A E C, 1998. Relative abundance of soybean viruses in South Africa. African Plant Protection. 4 (2), 65-70.

Piñeyro M J, Albrecht K A, Mondjana A M, Grau C R, 2002. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus in Kura clover (Trifolium amgibuum) in Wisconsin. Plant Disease. 86 (6), 695. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.6.695A

Pourrahim R, Farzadfar S, 2016. Biological and molecular characterization of Alfalfa mosaic virus infecting trumpet creeper (Campsis radicans) in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology. 164 (4), 276-280. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0434 DOI:10.1111/jph.12416

Rahman F, Peaden R N, 1993. Incidence of viruses on alfalfa in western North America. Plant Disease. 77 (2), 160-162. DOI:10.1094/PD-77-0160

Reddy M V, Baw U A, Hein U M, Moe U K, Su U T, Sethi S C, 1991. Survey of chickpea diseases in Myanmar. International Chickpea Newsletter. 46-47.

Salama E-S A, El-Behadli A H, 1979. Strain of alfalfa mosaic virus on broadbean in Iraq. Bulletin of the Natural History Research Centre. 7 (3), 101-112.

Schmelzer K, Schmidt HE, 1968. (Untersuchungen an Viren der Zier- und Wildgeholze 6. Mitteilung: Erganzende Befunde an Caryopteris, soirce Virosen an Philadelphus, Aristolochia, Buddleia, Lycium und Aesculus). In: Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 66 105-126.

Schroeder WT, Provvidenti R, 1972. Plant Disease Reporter., 56 285.

Sepúlveda P, Morales F, Castaño M, 2001. Detection of alfalfa mosaic virus in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) production regions of Chile. (Detección del virus del mosaico de la alfalfa en regiones productoras de frejol (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) en Chile.). Agricultura Técnica. 61 (3), 379-384.

SNYDER W C , RICH S, 1942. Mosaic of Celery caused by the virus of Alfalfa mosaic. Phytopathology. 32 (6), 537-539 pp.

Stanyulis Yu P, 1974. Principal virus diseases of legume crops in Lithuania. (Osnovnye virusnye bolezni bobovykh kul'tur v Litve.). Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Instituta Zashchity Rastenii. 70-74.

Taylor N L, Ghabrial S A, Pederson G A, McLaughlin M R, 1995. Quantification of yield benefits from incorporation of virus-resistant white clover germ plasm into grass-legume systems. Plant Disease. 79 (10), 1057-1061. DOI:10.1094/PD-79-1057

Tosic M, Pesic Z, 1975. Investigation of alfalfa mosaic virus transmission through alfalfa seed. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift. 83 (4), 320-327.

Vanderveken J, 1972. The inhibition of the transmission of the lucerne mosaic virus by Myzus persicae by the use of oil. (Inhibition de la transmission du virus de la mosaique de la luzerne par Myzus persicae a l'aide d'huile.). Parasitica. 28 (2), 39-45.

Vrandečić K, Jurković D, Ćosić J, Stanković I, Vučurović A, Bulajić A, Krstić B, 2013. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus infecting Lavandula × intermedia in Croatia. Plant Disease. 97 (7), 1002. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-12-1142-PDN

Vuittenez A, Kuszala J, Putz C, 1974. Alfalfa mosaic virus associated with a leaf necrosis ot tobacco crops in Alsace. (Le virus de la mosaique de la luzerne associe a une maladie necrotique des feuilles du tabac dans les cultures en Alsace.). Annales de Phytopathologie. 6 (2), 113-128.

Vyanjane N T, Mali V R, 1981. Occurrence of alfalfa mosaic virus on brinjal in India. Indian Phytopathology. 34 (2), 164-168.

Walkey D G A, Alhubaishi A A, Webb M J W, 1990. Plant virus diseases in the Yemen Arab Republic. Tropical Pest Management. 36 (3), 195-206.

Wolf P, 1972. Virus diseases of dill, Anethum graveolens. (Viruskrankheiten des Dills (Anethum graveolens L.).). Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 7 (1/3), 209-211.

Wolf P, Schmelzer K, 1973. Virus diseases of carrot (Daucus carota L.). (Viruskrankheiten der Mohre (Daucus carota L.).). Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 8 (3/4), 311-327.

Zadjali A D, Matrooshi A R, Moghal S M, 2002. Occurrence, distribution and properties of Alfalfa Mosaic Virus. Sultan Qaboos University Journal for Scientific Research - Agricultural Sciences. 7 (1), 47-51.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map