Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Allium sativum
(garlic)

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Datasheet

Allium sativum (garlic)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Allium sativum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • garlic
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Traditional/folklore
  • Vegetable
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Allium sativum (garlic); ready for culinary use. Full head of garlic beside another with removed cloves (one clove has been peeled).
TitleHeads of garlic
CaptionAllium sativum (garlic); ready for culinary use. Full head of garlic beside another with removed cloves (one clove has been peeled).
Copyright©Donovan Govan-2005/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Allium sativum (garlic); ready for culinary use. Full head of garlic beside another with removed cloves (one clove has been peeled).
Heads of garlicAllium sativum (garlic); ready for culinary use. Full head of garlic beside another with removed cloves (one clove has been peeled).©Donovan Govan-2005/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Allium sativum L.

Preferred Common Name

  • garlic

Other Scientific Names

  • Allium sativum L. var. sativum

International Common Names

  • Spanish: ajo
  • French: ail
  • Arabic: thawm
  • Portuguese: alho

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Knoblauch
  • Italy: aglio
  • Netherlands: knoflook
  • Sweden: loek, vit-

EPPO code

  • ALLSA (Allium sativum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Liliales
  •                         Family: Liliaceae
  •                             Genus: Allium
  •                                 Species: Allium sativum

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Aceria tulipae (dry bulb mite); Alternaria porri (purple blotch); Araecerus fasciculatus (cocoa weevil); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Aulacorthum solani (foxglove aphid); Brachycerus albidentatus (onion weevil); Brachycerus muricatus (garlic weevil); Brachycerus undatus (garlic weevil); Chenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot); Ciborinia allii (neck rot of onion); Colletotrichum dematium (leaf spot); Ditylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode); Ditylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode); Dyspessa ulula (garlic borer); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Galinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier); Galinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier); Garlic common latent virus; Garlic virus B; Garlic virus C; Garlic virus D; Garlic virus X; Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Leek yellow stripe virus; Liriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer); Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer); Listroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Mamestra brassicae (cabbage moth); Melilotus indica (Indian sweetclover); Neotoxoptera formosana; Onion yellow dwarf virus (onion yellow dwarf); Pantoea agglomerans (bacterial grapevine blight); Petrobia latens (brown wheat mite); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis (lettuce marginal leaf blight); Puccinia allii (rust of allium, onion, leek and garlic); Rhizoglyphus echinopus (bulb mite); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Shallot latent virus; Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Stemphylium vesicarium (onion leaf blight); Stromatinia cepivora (white rot of onion and garlic); Thrips tabaci (onion thrips); Tobacco mosaic virus (tobacco mosaic); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. allii

Minor host of:

Acrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth); Alternaria dauci (leaf blight of carrot); Aphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Botryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic); Botrytis aclada (grey mould of onion); Burkholderia cepacia (sour skin of onion); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Cryptoblabes gnidiella (citrus pyralid); Delia antiqua (onion fly); Diaporthe phaseolorum var. sojae (pod blight: soyabean); Dickeya chrysanthemi (bacterial wilt of chrysanthemum and other ornamentals); Erwinia persicinus; Erwinia rhapontici (rhubarb crown rot); Fusarium proliferatum; Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Helicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Helminthosporium allii (dry rot: garlic); Iris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot); Lettuce necrotic yellows virus; Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Paratrichodorus porosus; Peronospora destructor (downy mildew of onion); Phomopsis longicolla (pod and stem blight); Phytomyza gymnostoma (onion leaf miner); Pratylenchus zeae (root lesion nematode); Pseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive); Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Sminthurus viridis (lucerne flea); Spergula arvensis (corn spurry); Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Stemphylium solani (grey leaf spot); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Thrips angusticeps (field thrips); Tobacco rattle virus (spraing of potato); Tomato spotted wilt virus (tomato spotted wilt); Tyrophagus putrescentiae (cereal mite); Urocystis cepulae (onion smut); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt)

Associated with (not a host):

Aphelenchus avenae (fungivorous nematode); Bacillus pumilus; Bacillus subtilis; Delia platura (bean seed fly); Hypocrea rufa (green mould of narcissus); Penicillium aurantiogriseum (crown rot of asparagus); Pseudomonas fluorescens (pink eye: potato)

Host of (source - data mining):

Acrolepia sapporensis; Agriotes lineatus (wireworm); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Cercospora duddiae (leaf spot of onion and garlic); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cepae (basal rot of onion); Garlic latent virus; Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower); Penicillium expansum (blue mould of stored apple); Penicillium hirsutum (bulb rot of hyacinth); Penicillium italicum (blue mould); Pleospora herbarum (leaf blight of onion); Pseudomonas marginalis (kansas lettuce disease); Pyrenochaeta terrestris (pink root of onion); Rhizoglyphus robini; Rhizoglyphus setosus; Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Suillia lurida; Tarsonemus bilobatus; Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore