Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pandemis cerasana
(common twist moth)

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Datasheet

Pandemis cerasana (common twist moth)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pandemis cerasana
  • Preferred Common Name
  • common twist moth
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult P. cerasana. Wing-span: 16-24 mm.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult P. cerasana. Wing-span: 16-24 mm.
CopyrightAldo Pollini
Adult P. cerasana. Wing-span: 16-24 mm.
AdultAdult P. cerasana. Wing-span: 16-24 mm. Aldo Pollini
Egg plaques of P. cerasana. Each egg is about 1 mm in diameter.
TitleEggs
CaptionEgg plaques of P. cerasana. Each egg is about 1 mm in diameter.
CopyrightAldo Pollini
Egg plaques of P. cerasana. Each egg is about 1 mm in diameter.
EggsEgg plaques of P. cerasana. Each egg is about 1 mm in diameter.Aldo Pollini
Final instar larva of P. cerasana. Length about 20 mm.
TitleLarva
CaptionFinal instar larva of P. cerasana. Length about 20 mm.
CopyrightAldo Pollini
Final instar larva of P. cerasana. Length about 20 mm.
LarvaFinal instar larva of P. cerasana. Length about 20 mm. Aldo Pollini
Young fruits damaged by the winter generation larvae of P. cerasana.
TitleEarly fruit damage
CaptionYoung fruits damaged by the winter generation larvae of P. cerasana.
CopyrightAldo Pollini
Young fruits damaged by the winter generation larvae of P. cerasana.
Early fruit damageYoung fruits damaged by the winter generation larvae of P. cerasana.Aldo Pollini
Erosion of leaves on the apex shoot by first generation larvae of P. cerasana.
TitleLeaf damage
CaptionErosion of leaves on the apex shoot by first generation larvae of P. cerasana.
CopyrightAldo Pollini
Erosion of leaves on the apex shoot by first generation larvae of P. cerasana.
Leaf damageErosion of leaves on the apex shoot by first generation larvae of P. cerasana.Aldo Pollini
Superficial erosion on pear fruits by first generation larvae of P. cerasana.
TitleFruit damage
CaptionSuperficial erosion on pear fruits by first generation larvae of P. cerasana.
CopyrightAldo Pollini
Superficial erosion on pear fruits by first generation larvae of P. cerasana.
Fruit damageSuperficial erosion on pear fruits by first generation larvae of P. cerasana.Aldo Pollini

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pandemis cerasana (Hübner)

Preferred Common Name

  • common twist moth

Other Scientific Names

  • Pandemis flavana Stephens
  • Pandemis grossulariana Stephens
  • Pandemis ribeana Hübner

International Common Names

  • English: barred fruit-tree tortrix; currant tortrix
  • French: tordeuse verte

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: lædergul frugtbladvikler
  • Finland: herukkakääriäinen
  • Germany: Breitwickler; Johannisbeer
  • Italy: tortrice del ribes; tortrice verde-gialla
  • Sweden: lädergul vecklare

EPPO code

  • PANDRI (Pandemis ribeana)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Tortricidae
  •                             Genus: Pandemis
  •                                 Species: Pandemis cerasana

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

ChinaPresentHwang (1974)

Europe

BulgariaPresentVelcheva (2011)
CroatiaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Ciglar & Smidt, 1983
CzechiaPresentKula (1997)
GermanyPresentMletzko and Zech (1972)
HungaryPresentReichart et al. (1973)
ItalyPresentPasqualini et al. (1983); Tremblay (1986); Castellari (1988); Pollini (1998)
LithuaniaPresentIvinskis and Pakal'nishkis (1983)
PolandPresentKrakowiak (1974); Koslinska (1978)
RussiaPresentBatasheva (1981)
-SiberiaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Tibatina Zolotarenko (1976)
SwitzerlandAbsent, Intercepted onlyBillen (1988)
United KingdomPresentMorgan (1980); Spalding (1988)

North America

CanadaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-British ColumbiaPresentMutuura (1980)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / lesions: scab or pitting
Fruit / obvious exit hole
Inflorescence / external feeding
Inflorescence / lesions; flecking; streaks (not Poaceae)
Leaves / leaves rolled or folded

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Actia pilipennis Parasite Larvae
Apanteles ater Parasite Larvae
Apanteles xanthostigma Parasite Larvae
Apechthis rufata Parasite
Ascogaster rufidens Parasite Eggs/Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Italy
Blondelia nigripes Parasite Larvae
Brachymeria lasus Parasite
Colpoclypeus florus Parasite Larvae
Dolichogenidea laevigata Parasite Larvae
Elodia morio Parasite Larvae
Eurysthaea scutellaris Parasite Larvae
Ischnus inquisitorius Parasite Pupae
Itoplectis alternans Parasite Pupae
Lypha dubia Parasite Larvae
Macrocentrus linearis Parasite Eggs/Larvae
Meteorus gyrator Parasite Larvae
Meteorus ictericus Parasite Larvae
Nemorilla floralis Parasite Larvae
Oedemopsis scabricula Parasite Larvae
Phaeogenes invisor Parasite
Pseudoperichaeta nigrolineata Parasite Larvae
Zenillia libatrix Parasite Larvae

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Leaves eggs; larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Angeli G; Mattedi L; Maines R, 1993. Tortricid leaf miners in the fruit crops of Trento. Informatore Fitopatologico, 43(5):15-19; 13 ref.

Angelova R, 1983. Parasites of leaf-rollers (subfam. Tortricinp, Lep.) in apple orchards. Nauchni Trudove, Vissh Selskostopanski Institut 'Vasil Kolarov', 28(3):95-102

Baldassari N, 1996. Il cedro deodara nuova pianta ospite di Dendrolimus pini L. (Lep. Lasiocampidae), Pandemis cerasana (Hubner) e Argyrotaenia pulchellana (Thunberg) (Lep. Tortricidae). Monti e Boschi, 47:1-39.

Barbara C; Faccioli G; Antropoli A, 1994. Pandemis cerasana and Archips podanus: relationship between pheromone-trapped males, larval infestation and fruit damage in Italian pear orchards. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 17(2):6-12

Bariselli M, 1991. Risposta alla temperatura delle uova di Pandemis cerasana Hb. (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae). Tesi di laurea Facoltà di Agraria-Istituto di Entomologia Università degli Studi di Bologna.

Batasheva ZN, 1981. Leafrollers on raspberry. Zashchita Rastenii, 6:41.

Billen W, 1988. Tropical insects in Basle, II. Mitteilungen der Entomologischen Gesellschaft Basel, 38(2-3):53-57

Briolini G; Tiso R; Butturini A, 1994. Some phenological forecasting models for pear pests. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 17(2):13-17

Bugiani R; Tiso R; Butturini A; Govoni P; Ponti I, 1996. Forecasting models and warning services in Emilia-Romagna (Italy). Bulletin OEPP, 26(3/4):595-603; 18 ref.

Butkevich NA, 1986. Leaf-rollers of the spring complex occurring on oak in the forestry experimental woodland of the TSKkA. Byulleten' Glavnogo Botanicheskogo Sada, 43:71-72.

Castellari PL, 1988. Studies on Pandemis cerasana Hb. (=ribeana Hb.), Archips podanus Scop., A. rosanus L., Argyrotpnia pulchellana Haw. (Lep. Tortricidae) and a method for their control. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Universita degli Studi di Bologna, 42:139-174

Charles PJ, 1974. The complex of parasites and predators of tortricids other than the codling moth and the summer fruit tortrix. Brochure, Section Regionale Ouest Palearctique, Organisation Internationale de Lutte Biologique contre les Animaux et les Plantes Nuisibles, 3:39-47.

Ciglar I; Schmidt L, 1983. Insect fauna of the apple orchard 'Borinci' - Vinkovci, Croatia, Yugoslavia. Acta Entomologica Jugoslavica, 19(1/2):83-90

Doganlar M; Beirne BP, 1978. Fruit tree leafrollers (Lepidoptera) and parasites (Hymenoptera) introduced in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 75:23-24

Hwang KH, 1974. Identification of ten species of leaf-rollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on apple trees in north China. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 17(1):29-42

Ioriatti C; Pasqualini E; Delaiti M, 1996. Sudio dell'attivita di Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner su tre specie di Tortricidi ricamatori del melo. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia 'Guido Grandi' della Universita degli Studi di Bologna, 50:73-93.

Ivinskis PP; Pakal'nishkis SA, 1983. Microlepidoptera of orchard coenoses of the Lithuanian SSR. Acta Entomologica Lituanica, 6:55-75

Koslinska M, 1978. Fauna of leaf rollers (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) on apple trees in some regions of Poland. Part III. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 48(1):105-113

Krakowiak A, 1974. Occurrence of leaf rollers (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) in the orchards of the Poznan region. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 44(4):835-838

Kula E, 1997. Moth fauna in birch stands in an air-polluted area - I. Imagoes. Lesnictvi^acute~ - Forestry, 43(7):289-295; 18 ref.

Lozzia GC; Trematerra P, 1986. Guided control in the apple orchards of the Valtella district: leaf-rolling tortricids and their flight periods. Difesa delle Piante, 9(3):245-260

Maini S; Pasqualini E; Bortolotti A; Castellari PL, 1983. Sex pheromone of Pandemis cerasana Hb. (= ribeana Hb.): field tests on the attractiveness of various mixtures of components. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Universita degli Studi di Bologna, 37:101-108

Metlitskii OZ; Aristov AN; Zeinalov AS; Bulyginas LV, 1993. Mavrik in berry crops. Zashchita Rastenii (Moskva), 12:14-16.

Miczulski B; Koslinska M, 1976. Parasites of leafrollers (Tortricidae) occurring in apple orchards in some regions of Poland. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 46(1):165-178

Mletzko HG; Zech E, 1972. Ecological investigations on tortrix moths (Lep., Tortricidae) in an intensively managed apple orchard. Nachrichtenblatt für den Pflanzenschutzdienst in der DDR, 26(12):242-245

Morgan MJ, 1980. Microlepidoptera in Bangor. Notes on the species taken in a Rothamsted light-trap, 1966-1978. Entomologist's Gazette, 31(1):23-36

Mutuura A, 1980. Two Pandemis species introduced into British Columbia, with a comparison of native North American species (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist, 112(6):549-554

Nicoli G; Corazza L; Cornale R, 1990. Biological control of lepidopterous tortricid leafrollers on pear with Bacillus thuringiensis Berl. ssp. kurstaki.. Informatore Fitopatologico, 40(6):55-62; 19 ref.

Papp J; Reichart G, 1973. Data on knowledge of some Braconid parasites on moth pests of fruit trees (Lepidoptera et Hymenoptera). Folia Entomologica Hungarica, 26(2):363-371

Pasqualini E; Antropoli A; Pari P; Faccioli G, 1992. Biological control in integrated pest management systems for apple and pear orchards. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 27(1-4):507-512; 9 ref.

Pasqualini E; Bertolotti A; Maini S; Briolini G; Castellari PL, 1983. Spatial distribution and phenology of adult emergence of three species of Lepidoptera Tortricidae leaf-rollers in Emilia-Romagna. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Universita degli Studi di Bologna, 37:109-121

Pasqualini E; Civolani C; Vergnani S; Natale D; Accinelli G, 1997. Bacillus thuringiensis per la difesa da Pandemis cerasana su pomacee. L'Informatore Agrario, 16:65-70.

Pollini A, 1998. Manuale di entomologia applicata. Bologna, Italy: Edagricole, 1462 pp.

Pollini A; Ponti I; Laffi F, 1988. Fitofagi delle piante da frutto. Verona, Italy: Edizioni L'Informatore Agrario.

Reichart G; Javor A; Berezvai F; Molnar J; Szegeny A, 1973. Composition of set of pests to be found in curled spring shoots of pome fruit trees in Hungary. Novenyvedelmi Kutato Intezet Kozlemenyei, 7:67-78

Spalding A, 1988. The moths of Wistman's wood, Dartmoor. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 1(4):129-132

Tibatina IA, 1976. The Microlepidoptera of broad-leaved forests of western Siberia. In: Zolotarenko GS, ed. Trudy Biologicheskogo Instituta, Sibirskoe Otdelenie, Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 18:347-357

Tiso R; Butturini A; Berardinis Ede; Briolini G, 1993. A phenological model for the apple and pear leaf-roller Pandemis cerasana (Hb.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia `Guido Grandi' della Universita^grave~ degli Studi di Bologna, No. 47:101-110; 20 ref.

Tremblay E, 1986. Entomologia applicata. Napoli, Italy: Liguori Editore, 381 pp.

Velcheva N, 2011. Externally-feeding lepidopteran complex on untreated apple trees-species composition, domination and occurrence. Rasteniev'dni Nauki, 48(5):475-483.

Ziarkiewicz T; Kozlowska A, 1973. Species of injurious Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) living on rose. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 43(3):627-630

Distribution References

Batasheva Z N, 1981. Leafrollers on raspberry. Zashchita Rastenii. 41.

Billen W, 1988. Tropical insects in Basle, II. (Tropische Insekten in Basel, II.). Mitteilungen der Entomologischen Gesellschaft Basel. 38 (2-3), 53-57.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Castellari P L, 1988. Studies on Pandemis cerasana Hb. (=ribeana Hb.), Archips podanus Scop., A. rosanus L., Argyrotaenia pulchellana Haw. (Lep. Tortricidae) and a method for their control. (Ricerche su Pandemis cerasana Hb. (=ribeana Hb.), Archips podanus Scop., A. rosanus L., Argyrotaenia pulchellana Haw. (Lep. Tortricidae) e su di un metodo per combatterli.). Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 139-174.

Hwang K H, 1974. Identification of ten species of leaf-rollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on apple trees in north China. Acta Entomologica Sinica. 17 (1), 29-42.

Ivinskis P P, Pakal'nishkis S A, 1983. Microlepidoptera of orchard coenoses of the Lithuanian SSR. Acta Entomologica Lituanica. 55-75.

Koslinska M, 1978. Fauna of leaf rollers (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) on apple trees in some regions of Poland. Part III. (Fauna zwojkowek (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) na jabloniach w niektorych okolicach Polski. Czesc III.). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne. 48 (1), 105-113.

Krakowiak A, 1974. Occurrence of leaf rollers (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) in the orchards of the Poznan region. (Wystepowanie zwojek (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) w sadach okolic Poznania.). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne. 44 (4), 835-838.

Kula E, 1997. Moth fauna in birch stands in an air-polluted area - I. Imagoes. (Fauna motýlů porostů brbreve˜íy v imisní oblasti - I. Imaga.). Lesnictví - Forestry. 43 (7), 289-295.

Mletzko H G, Zech E, 1972. Ecological investigations on tortrix moths (Lep., Tortricidae) in an intensively managed apple orchard. (Okologische Untersuchungen an Fruchtschalen- und Knospenwicklern (Lep., Tortricidae) in einer Apfelintensivanlage.). Nachrichtenblatt fur den Pflanzenschutzdienst in der DDR. 26 (12), 242-245.

Morgan M J, 1980. Microlepidoptera in Bangor. Notes on the species taken in a Rothamsted light-trap, 1966-1978. Entomologist's Gazette. 31 (1), 23-36.

Mutuura A, 1980. Two Pandemis species introduced into British Columbia, with a comparison of native North American species (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist. 112 (6), 549-554.

Pasqualini E, Bertolotti A, Maini S, Briolini G, Castellari P L, 1983. Spatial distribution and phenology of adult emergence of three species of Lepidoptera Tortricidae leaf-rollers in Emilia-Romagna. (Distribuzione spaziale e fenologia degli sfarfallamenti di tre specie di Lepidotteri Tortricidi ricamatori in Emilia-Romagna.). Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 109-121.

Pollini A, 1998. (Manuale di entomologia applicata)., Bologna, Italy: Edagricole. 1462 pp.

Reichart G, Javor A, Berezvai F, Molnar J, Szegeny A, 1973. Composition of set of pests to be found in curled spring shoots of pome fruit trees in Hungary. (Almastermesu gyumolcsfak tavaszi osszesodort hajtasaiban talalhato kartevoegyuttesek osszetetele.). Novenyvedelmi Kutato Intezet Kozlemenyei. 67-78.

Spalding A, 1988. The moths of Wistman's wood, Dartmoor. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History. 1 (4), 129-132.

Tremblay E, 1986. (Entomologia applicata)., Napoli, Italy: Liguori Editore. 381 pp.

Velcheva N, 2011. Externally-feeding lepidopteran complex on untreated apple trees-species composition, domination and occurrence. Rasteniev'dni Nauki. 48 (5), 475-483.

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