Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Plodia interpunctella
(Indian meal moth)

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Datasheet

Plodia interpunctella (Indian meal moth)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Plodia interpunctella
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Indian meal moth
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleLarva
Caption
CopyrightUSDA-ARS
LarvaUSDA-ARS
TitlePupa
Caption
CopyrightUSDA
PupaUSDA
TitleAdult
Caption
CopyrightUSDA
AdultUSDA

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Plodia interpunctella (Hübner)

Preferred Common Name

  • Indian meal moth

Other Scientific Names

  • Ephestia interpunctella Hübner
  • Tinea interpunctella Hübner

International Common Names

  • English: cloaked-not-horn moth; horn compressed vegetable moth; mealworm moth
  • Spanish: palomilla bandeada del trigo; palomilla India de la harina; polilla de la fruta seca (Argentina); polilla de la harina de la India
  • French: polilla de la fruta seca; pyrale des fruits secs; pyrale indienne de la farine; teigne du ble
  • Portuguese: traca indiana da farinha

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kupferrote Doerrobst-Motte
  • Israel: ash hakemach haodi
  • Italy: plodia fasciata; tignola fasciata del grano
  • Japan: nosime-kokuga
  • Netherlands: vruchtmot
  • Norway: torrfruktmoll
  • Turkey: meyva guvesi

EPPO code

  • PLODIN (Plodia interpunctella)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Pyralidae
  •                             Genus: Plodia
  •                                 Species: Plodia interpunctella

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 29 Apr 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresent, Widespread
EthiopiaPresent
LesothoPresent, Widespread
MalawiPresent, Widespread
MoroccoPresent
NigeriaPresent
South AfricaPresent
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

ChinaPresent
IndiaPresent
-HaryanaPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent, Widespread
South KoreaPresent, Widespread
TurkeyPresent
VietnamPresentOriginal citation: Stusák et al. (1986)
YemenPresent, Widespread

Europe

AustriaPresent
BulgariaPresent
CroatiaPresent
CyprusPresent
CzechiaPresentIntroduced1850
CzechoslovakiaPresent
DenmarkPresent
EstoniaPresentIntroduced1991
FrancePresent, Widespread
GermanyPresent, WidespreadOriginal citation: Prozell et al. (1998)
GreecePresent
ItalyPresent, Widespread
-SicilyPresent, Widespread
LatviaPresentIntroduced1924
LithuaniaPresent
NetherlandsPresentIntroducedFirst reported: 1926 - 1937
NorwayPresentIntroduced1800
PortugalPresent
RomaniaPresent
Serbia and MontenegroPresent
SlovakiaPresentIntroduced1910
SpainPresent
SwedenPresentIntroducedFirst reported: <1813
SwitzerlandPresent, Widespread
United KingdomPresent, Widespread

North America

CanadaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-British ColumbiaPresent
-OntarioPresent
MexicoPresent, Widespread
NicaraguaPresent, Widespread
United StatesPresent, Widespread
-CaliforniaPresent
-FloridaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-IllinoisPresent
-IowaPresent
-KansasPresent
-MinnesotaPresent
-NebraskaPresent
-OklahomaPresent
-South CarolinaPresent
-TexasPresent
-WisconsinPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresentOriginal citation: Attia et al., 1984
-New South WalesPresent
-VictoriaPresent
New ZealandPresentIntroduced1923

South America

BrazilPresent
-AmazonasPresent
ChilePresent

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Growth Stages

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Post-harvest

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / webbing
Seeds / external feeding
Seeds / webbing

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis entomocidus Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis tolworthi Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Bracon brevicornis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Bracon hebetor Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Chrysoperla carnea Predator
Diadromus pulchellus Parasite
Dibrachys cavus Parasite
Glabromicroplitis croceipes Parasite
Granulosis virus Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Lyctocoris campestris Predator
Metarhizium anisopliae Pathogen
Mus musculus Predator
Nosema heterosporum Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Nosema plodiae Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Oryzaephilus mercator Predator
Oryzaephilus surinamensis Predator Eggs; Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Paecilomyces farinosus Pathogen
Peregrinator biannulipes Predator
Pyemotes tritici Parasite
Spilochalcis albifrons Parasite
Tribolium castaneum Predator Eggs; Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Tribolium confusum Predator
Trichogramma brevicapillum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma browningi Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma deion Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma fuentesi Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma funestum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma platneri Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma pretiosum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma thalense Parasite Eggs
Vairimorpha plodiae Pathogen
Venturia canescens Parasite
Vipio vulgaris Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Xylocoris flavipes Predator Arthropods|Larvae

References

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Adler C, 1998. Protection of stored products with nitrogen and carbon dioxide. Mitt. Biol. Bundesanst. Land-Forstwirtsch., 342:277-293

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Anderson P, L÷fqvist J, 1996. Asymmetric oviposition behaviour and the influence of larval competition in the two pyralid moths Ephestia kuehniella and Plodia interpunctella. Oikos, 76(1):47-56; 27 ref

Arbogast RT, Chini SR, 2005. Abundance of Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) and Cadra cautella (Walker) infesting maize stored on South Carolina farms: seasonal and non-seasonal variation. Journal of Stored Products Research, 41(5):528-543. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T8Y-4F923T4-1&_user=3796239&_handle=V-WA-A-W-E-MsSAYZA-UUA-U-AAWBZCEBUA-AAWAWVUAUA-WAYYEEBVZ-E-U&_fmt=summary&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F2005&_rdoc=5&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%235099%232005%23999589994%23597429!&_cdi=5099&view=c&_acct=C000000593&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=3796239&md5=fe9b58d2902f55d6dba65b4e5b91d0fb

Arbogast RT, Kendra PE, Mankin RW, McDonald RC, 2002. Insect infestation of a botanicals warehouse in north-central Florida. Journal of Stored Products Research, 38(4):349-363

Arthur FH, 1997. Residual susceptibility of Plodia interpunctella to deltamethrin dust: effects of concentration and time of exposure. Journal of Stored Products Research, 33(4):313-319; 10 ref

Arthur FH, Liu SW, Zhao BG, Phillips TW, 2009. Residual efficacy of pyriproxyfen and hydroprene applied to wood, metal and concrete for control of stored-product insects. Pest Management Science, 65(7):791-797. http://www.interscience.wiley.com/pestmanagementscience

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Athanassiou CG, Eliopoulos PA, 2004. Occurrence of stored-product pyralid moths and their parasitoids in stored currant and in vineyards. Bulletin OILB/SROP [Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group "Integrated Protection of Stored Products", Kusadasi, Turkey, 16-19 September, 2003.], 27(9):181-190

Attia FI, 1984. Insecticide and fumigant resistance in insects of grain and stored-products in Australia. Proceedings of the Third International Working Conference on Stored-Product Entomology. October 23-28, 1983, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA: Kansas State University, 196-208

Bell CH, 1975. Effects of temperature and humidity on development of four pyralid moth pests of stored products. Journal of Stored Products Research, 11(3/4):167-175

Beninato S, Russo A, Garzia GT, 1999. Arthropods infesting stored pistachios in Sicily. Phytophaga (Palermo), 9:3-14; 26 ref

Bowditch TG, 1997. Penetration of polyvinyl chloride and polypropylene packaging films by Ephestia cautella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae, and Tribolium confusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) adults. Journal of Economic Entomology, 90(4):1028-1031; 7 ref

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Collins DA, Binns TJ, 1996. Efficacy of different formulations of pirimiphos-methyl and etrimfos when admixed with oilseed rape, against susceptible storage insect and mite species. Crop Protection, 15(8):707-714; 32 ref

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DONAHAYE E, CALDERON M, 1964. Survey of insects infesting dates in storage in Israel. Israel Journal of Agricultural Research, 14(3):97-100 pp

Dowdy AK, McGaughey WH, 1996. Using random amplified polymorphic DNA to differentiate strains of the Indianmeal moth (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Environmental Entomology, 25(2):396-400; 14 ref

Dunkel FV, Sears LJ, 1998. Fumigant properties of physical preparations from mountain big sagebrush, Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. vaseyana (Rydb.) beetle for stored grain insects. Journal of Stored Products Research, 34(4):307-321; 43 ref

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Gomes FB, Krug C, Tavares JG, 2015. First record of the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hubner 1813) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) for Brazil nut. Bioscience Journal, 31(6):1708-1710. http://www.seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/29433/17383

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Hassan Bouka, Mohamed Chemseddine, Mohamed Abbassi, Brun J, 2001. The date moth in the area of Tafilalet in the southeast of Morocco. (La pyrale des dattes dans la région de Tafilalet au Sud-Est du Maroc.) Fruits (Paris), 56(3):189-196

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Johnson JA, Valero KA, Hannel MM, 1997. Effect of low temperature storage on survival and reproduction of Indianmeal moth (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Crop Protection, 16(6):519-523; 20 ref

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Tadesse A, Basedow T, 2004. A survey of insect pest problems and stored product protection in stored maize in Ethiopia in the year 2000. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 111(3):257-265

Trematerra P, 1997. Integrated pest managements of stored-product insects: practical utilization of pheromones. Anzeiger fnr Schadlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz, 70:41-44

Trematerra P, 1997. Some aspects of the sexual behaviour of the Lepidoptera Pyralidae infesting stored products. Anzeiger fnr Schadlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz, 70(5):87-91

Trematerra P, Fiorilli F, 1999. Occurrence of arthropods in a Central Italy feed-mill. Anzeiger fnr Schadlingskunde, 72(6):158-163

Tsuji H, 1963. Experimental studies on the larval diapause of the Indian-meal moth, Plodia interpunctella Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Thesis, Kyushu University, Fukuoka: Kokodo Ltd, Tokyo, Japan

Tzanakakis ME, 1959. An ecological study of the Indian meal-moth, Plodia interpunctella, with emphasis on diapause. Hilgardia, 29:205-246

Ukeh DA, Udo IA, 2008. Analysis of insect populations in stored crops in Cross River State. Nigeria. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 14(1):31-36. http://www.home.att.net~africantech/GJPAS/GJPAS.htm

Urban A, Schmidt H, 1993. Moth pests on sultanas controlled biologically. Plant Protection News, No. 31:8-9

USEPA, 2006. Lepidopteran pheromones; exemption from a requirement of a tolerance. Federal Register, 71., USA: United States Environmental Protection Agency, 45395-400

Vail PV, Hoffmann DF, Tebbets JS, 1993. Autodissemination of Plodia interpunctella (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) granulosis virus by healthy adults. Journal of Stored Products Research, 29(1):71-74

Weston PA, Barney RJ, 1998. Comparison of three trap types for monitoring insect populations in stored grains. Journal of Economic Entomology, 91(6):1449-1457; 21 ref

Yoshida T, 1984. Historical change in the status of stored product insect pests especially in Japan. Proceedings of the Third International Working Conference on Stored-Product Entomology. October 23-28, 1983, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas USA Manhattan, Kansas, USA; Kansas State University, 655-668

Zettler JL, McDonald LL, Redlinger LM, Jones RD, 1973. Plodia interpunctella and Cadra cautella resistance in strains to malathion and synergised pyrethrins. Journal of Economic Entomology, 66:1049-1050

Zhu JunWei, Ryne C, Unelius CR, Valeur PG, L÷fstedt C, 1999. Reidentification of the female sex pheromone of the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella: evidence for a four-component pheromone blend. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 92(2):137-146; 22 ref

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