Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pectinophora scutigera
(pink spotted bollworm)

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Datasheet

Pectinophora scutigera (pink spotted bollworm)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pectinophora scutigera
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pink spotted bollworm
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Mature fourth instar larva of P. scutigera on damaged cotton boll.
TitleMature fourth instar larva
CaptionMature fourth instar larva of P. scutigera on damaged cotton boll.
CopyrightPaul Walker
Mature fourth instar larva of P. scutigera on damaged cotton boll.
Mature fourth instar larvaMature fourth instar larva of P. scutigera on damaged cotton boll.Paul Walker

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pectinophora scutigera Holdaway

Preferred Common Name

  • pink spotted bollworm

Other Scientific Names

  • Platyedra scutigera Holdaway

International Common Names

  • English: bollworm; bollworm, pink spotted; Queensland pink bollworm
  • French: ver du cotonnier

Local Common Names

  • Australia: Queensland pink bollworm

EPPO code

  • PLAYSC (Pectinophora scutigera)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Gelechiidae
  •                             Genus: Pectinophora
  •                                 Species: Pectinophora scutigera

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Africa

BeninPresentMensah et al., 2008

North America

USARestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-HawaiiPresentZimmerman, 1978; EPPO, 2014

Oceania

AustraliaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-Australian Northern TerritoryPresentCommon, 1958
-New South WalesPresentWalker, 1991a; EPPO, 2014
-QueenslandPresentWalker, 1991a; Holdaway, 1926; Common, 1958; EPPO, 2014
GuamRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
Micronesia, Federated states ofPresentCommon, 1958
New CaledoniaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
Northern Mariana IslandsPresentEPPO, 2014
Papua New GuineaRestricted distributionBallard, 1927; EPPO, 2014

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / extensive mould
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / frass visible
Fruit / internal feeding
Fruit / obvious exit hole
Inflorescence / fall or shedding
Inflorescence / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Apanteles Parasite Larvae
Brachymeria Parasite Pupae
Chelonus Parasite Larvae
Eriborus Pathogen Larvae
Lissopimpla excelsa Parasite Pupae
Trichogrammatoidea bactrae Parasite Eggs

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx larvae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Fruits (inc. pods) eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Leaves eggs Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches eggs Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Ballard E, 1927. The entomological problems of Queensland cotton growing. Empire Cotton Growing Review, 4:196-205.

Common IFB, 1958. A revision of the pink bollworms of cotton (Pectinophora Busck (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)) and related genera in Australia. Australian Journal of Zoology, 6:268-306.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Flint HM; Stone M, 1985. Pectinophora scutigera (Holdaway) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae): monitoring populations and disrupting sexual communication with Z,Z- and Z,E-7, 11-16:Ac in the field. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 24(4):281-286

Holdaway FG, 1926. The pink bollworm of Queensland. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 17:67-83.

Holdaway FG, 1929. Confirmatory evidence of the validity of the species Pectinophora scutigera, Holdaway (Queensland pink bollworm), from a study of the genitalia. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 20:179-185.

Mensah R; Vodouhê DS; Sanfilippo D, 2008. A new tool for Africa's organic cotton growers. Pesticides News. London, UK: Pesticide Action Network UK, 5-7. http://www.pan-uk.org

Noble RM; Walker PW, 1990. Pteridine compounds in adults of the pink-spotted bollworm, Pectinophora scutigera. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 57(1):77-83

Page FD; Modini MP; Murray M, 1982. Pinkspotted bollworm survey. The Australian Cottongrower, 3:11.

Passlow T; Sabine BNE, 1963. Two pink bollworms of cotton. Queensland Agricultural Journal, 89:354-356.

Rothschild GHL, 1975. Attractants for monitoring Pectinophora scutigera and related species in Australia. Environmental Entomology, 4(6):983-985

Sabine BNE, 1969a. Occurrence of the pink-spotted bollworm (Pectinophora scutigera (Holdaway)) in Queensland. The Journal of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science, 35:99-102.

Sabine BNE, 1969b. Effects of burial on overwintering populations of pink-spotted bollworm (Pectinophora scutigera (Holdaway)). Queensland Journal of Agricultural and Animal Sciences, 26:609-624.

Vickers RA, 1982. Some aspects of reproduction in Pectinophora scutigera (Holdaway) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 21:63-68.

Walker PW, 1991. Effects of delayed mating on the reproduction of Pectinophora scutigera (Holdaway) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 30(4):339-340

Walker PW, 1991a. The biology and ecology of the pink-spotted bollworm, Pectinophora scutigera (Holdaway) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. University of Queensland.

Walker PW; Zalucki MP; Twine P, 1989. Control of the pink-spotted bollworm by mating disruption. The Australian Cottongrower, 10:88-93.

Zimmerman EC, 1978. Insects of Hawaii, 9:1757-1759. Honolulu, Hawaii: The University Press of Hawaii.

Distribution Maps

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