Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pinus taeda
(loblolly pine)

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Datasheet

Pinus taeda (loblolly pine)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pinus taeda
  • Preferred Common Name
  • loblolly pine
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Windbreak

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Entabeni State Forest, Northern Transvaal, South Africa.
TitlePlantation
CaptionEntabeni State Forest, Northern Transvaal, South Africa.
CopyrightEnvironmentek, CSIR, South Africa
Entabeni State Forest, Northern Transvaal, South Africa.
PlantationEntabeni State Forest, Northern Transvaal, South Africa.Environmentek, CSIR, South Africa
Old tree growing in the Congaree National Monument near Columbia, South Carolina, USA.
TitleBark
CaptionOld tree growing in the Congaree National Monument near Columbia, South Carolina, USA.
CopyrightJohn Seiler, Virginia Tech Forestry Department
Old tree growing in the Congaree National Monument near Columbia, South Carolina, USA.
BarkOld tree growing in the Congaree National Monument near Columbia, South Carolina, USA.John Seiler, Virginia Tech Forestry Department
Young bark of a planted near Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.
TitleBark
CaptionYoung bark of a planted near Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.
CopyrightJohn Seiler, Virginia Tech Forestry Department
Young bark of a planted near Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.
BarkYoung bark of a planted near Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.John Seiler, Virginia Tech Forestry Department
TitleFoliage
Caption
CopyrightJohn Seiler, Virginia Tech Forestry Department
FoliageJohn Seiler, Virginia Tech Forestry Department
TitleFemale strobilus
Caption
CopyrightJohn Seiler, Virginia Tech Forestry Department
Female strobilusJohn Seiler, Virginia Tech Forestry Department
TitleMature cones
Caption
CopyrightJohn Seiler, Virginia Tech Forestry Department
Mature conesJohn Seiler, Virginia Tech Forestry Department
Form of a large tree growing in a river bottom near Laurenburg, North Carolina, USA.
TitleMature habit
CaptionForm of a large tree growing in a river bottom near Laurenburg, North Carolina, USA.
CopyrightJohn Seiler, Virginia Tech Forestry Department
Form of a large tree growing in a river bottom near Laurenburg, North Carolina, USA.
Mature habitForm of a large tree growing in a river bottom near Laurenburg, North Carolina, USA.John Seiler, Virginia Tech Forestry Department

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pinus taeda L.

Preferred Common Name

  • loblolly pine

International Common Names

  • Spanish: pino de incienso
  • French: pin a l'encens

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Weihrauch- Kiefer
  • Italy: pino da incenso
  • South Africa: taeda pine
  • USA: Arkansas pine; North Carolina pine; oldfield pine; southern pine

EPPO code

  • PIUTD (Pinus taeda)

Trade name

  • hard pine
  • loblolly pine
  • southern pine
  • southern yellow pine
  • yellow pine

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Pinus
  •                             Species: Pinus taeda

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Armillaria heimii (armillaria root rot); Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Cronartium comandrae (comandra blister rust); Cronartium fusiforme (southern fusiform rust); Dendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle); Diodia teres (poorjoe); Diprion similis (white pine sawfly); Eulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid); Gibberella circinata (pitch canker); Hemiberlesia pitysophila (pine needle hemiberlesian scale); Heterobasidion araucariae; Hylastes ater (black pine bark beetle); Hylobitelus xiaoi; Ips calligraphus (six-spined ips); Ips grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle); Monochamus carolinensis (pine sawyer); Mycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight); Mycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine); Mycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight); Oracella acuta (loblolly pine mealybug); Pissodes nemorensis (northern pine weevil); Rhyacionia frustrana (Nantucket pine tip moth); Rubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry); Senecio vulgaris; Sirex noctilio (woodwasp); Xylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)

Minor host of:

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed); Atropellis piniphila (twig blight of pine); Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode); Coleosporium asterum (needle cast: red pine); Cronartium comptoniae (sweet fern blister rust); Cronartium quercuum (pine-oak rust); Cyrtogenius luteus; Dendrolimus punctatus (Masson pine caterpillar); Heterobasidion annosum; Leptographium procerum (white pine root decline); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Monochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer); Pineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid); Pythium debaryanum (damping-off); Rhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth); Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode)

Wild host of:

Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode)

Associated with (not a host):

Armillaria gallica

Host of (source - data mining):

Atta texana (Texas leafcutting ant); Contarinia acuta; Dendroctonus terebrans (beetle, black turpentine); Dioryctria amatella (pine, coneworm, southern); Dioryctria clarioralis (blister, coneworm); Dioryctria disclusa (webbing coneworm); Dioryctria merkeli; Dioryctria taedivorella; Gibberella sacchari (pineapple eye rot); Hypothenemus eruditus; Ips avulsus (pine, engraver, small southern); Lambdina pellucidaria; Leptoglossus corculus; Melanoplus bivittatus (twostriped grasshopper); Melanoplus femurrubrum (redlegged grasshopper); Neodiprion pratti (jack pine, sawfly); Neodiprion taedae (pine, sawfly, lobolly); Pseudophilippia quaintancii; Rhizina undulata (conifers root rot); Schistocerca americana (south American locust); Tarsonemus ips; Tarsonemus krantzi; Tetyra bipunctata (shieldbacked pine seed bug); Toumeyella parvicornis (pine tortoise scale); Toumeyella pini; Xyleborus ferrugineus (black twig borer)

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Fibre
  • Gum/resin
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Poisonous to mammals
  • Wood/timber

Wood Products

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Boats

Containers

  • Boxes
  • Cases
  • Crates
  • Pallets

Furniture

Pulp

  • Long-fibre pulp

Railway sleepers

Roundwood

  • Building poles
  • Piles
  • Pit props
  • Posts
  • Roundwood structures
  • Stakes
  • Transmission poles

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction
  • Wall panelling

Veneers

Wood-based materials

  • Composite boards
  • Flakeboard
  • Laminated strand lumber
  • Laminated veneer lumber
  • Laminated wood
  • Oriented strand lumber
  • Oriented strandboard
  • Parallel strand lumber
  • Particleboard
  • Plywood
  • Waferboard

Woodware

  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Toys